Voluntary School Prayer Constitutional Amendment: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, First Session, on S.J. Res. 73 ... and S.J. Res. 212 ... April 29, May 2, and June 27, 1983
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984 - 775 páginas
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Abington School District activities adopted allow American authority Baptist believe Board Chairman Christian church civil committee concern Congress Constitution constitutional amendment Convention debate decision effect Engel equal access establishment clause example expression fact favor federal Founding free exercise freedom groups House important individual institutions intended interpretation issue Jefferson Joint Justice legislative liberty Madison majority matter meaning meet ment moral nature neutrality objection official opinion participate permit person political practice pray prayer in public preference present President principle problem Professor prohibit proposed amendment protection public schools question reading reason reli religion religious Resolution respect rule School District school prayer secular Senator HATCH separation society speech statement suggest Supreme Court teachers Thank thought tion United University views Virginia voluntary York
Página 273 - establishment of religion' clause of the First Amendment means at least this : Neither a state nor the Federal Government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion over another.
Página 446 - Every person who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress.
Página 444 - If in the opinion of the people the distribution or modification of the constitutional powers be in any particular wrong, let it be corrected by an amendment in the way which the Constitution designates. But let there be no change by usurpation, for though this in one instance may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed.
Página 184 - Let it simply be asked, where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation desert the oaths which are the instruments of investigation in courts of justice ? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion.
Página 639 - That religion or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and the manner of discharging it, can be directed only by reason and conviction, not by force or violence ; and, therefore, all men are equally entitled to the free exercise of religion, according to the dictates of conscience ; and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian forbearance, love and charity towards each other.
Página 555 - I have lived, Sir, a long time, and the longer I live, the more convincing proofs I see of this truth — that God governs in the affairs of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the ground without his notice, is it probable that an empire can rise without his aid? We have been assured, Sir, in the sacred writings, that " except the Lord build the house they labor in vain that build it.
Página 199 - By a faction I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.
Página 273 - No tax in any amount, large or small, can be levied to support any religious activities or institutions, whatever they may be called, or whatever form they may adopt to teach or practice religion.
Página 164 - ... thus building a wall of separation between church and State.
Página 191 - All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God.