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It is obviously unnecessary to repeat in text the figures which are shown so graphically in the table. Three branches of occupations are noticeable from their prominence. The number unemployed for a year continuously in the building trades, including the various branches of occupations classified under that designation, was 895, or 10.73 per cent of the whole number of unemployed in the State. Another branch of occupation particularly affected was that designated as Laborers, i. e., “ unskilled labor” only. This class numbered 1,204 or 14.44 per cent. Attention is also called to the fact that in the boot and shoe industry there were 773 persons, or 9.27 per cent, unemployed during the entire year. Of the whole number, 8,339, the males numbered 7,320, or 87.78 per cent, and the females 1,019, or 12.22 per cent.
Some interesting facts are brought out in the table regarding nativity. The native born of native descent comprised 2,783, or 33.37 per cent; the native born of foreign descent, 1,982, or 23.77 per cent; the foreign born (including females and males under 21 years of age), 462, or 5.54 per cent; the foreign born, naturalized, 1,773, or 21.26 per cent; the foreign born, alien, 1,339, or 16.06 per cent. By aggregation, we secure a native born total of 4,765, or 57.14 per cent, and a foreign born total of 3,574, or 42.86 per cent, of the whole number unemployed continuously during the year.
We are able to present, as the result of a special tabulation, a line of facts showing descent in connection with place of birth. This has never before appeared in any Census report or statistical publication. Many inquiries have been made of the Bureau for information of this nature, and, notwithstanding the large expense involved for tabulation, it was decided to make it, as it was thought that the information secured would be of permanent value.
In the table, the place of birth of the father is taken to show the descent of the persons considered, although in many instances both parents had the same birthplace. Under each descent are considered the persons having the same place of birth as the father, those born in other foreign countries, and those born in the United States. For instance, under Irish descent, the number of Irish born is stated, and to this number is added those born in other foreign countries or in the United States who had an Irish born father or an Irish born father and mother. In this way, what may be termed, for want of a better designation, a “ race” aggregation is secured.
It may be stated here that, in the Report of the Bureau for 1903, one
of the Parts will be entitled “ Race in Industry.” In the tables of this Part, this subject of place of birth and descent, or “ race,” will be shown in connection with the various productive industries of the State. That is, under the Census classification of Professional will be shown not only the number of lawyers, physicians, and clergymen born in any particular State or country, but associated therewith will be their descent; i. e., in connection with the place of birth of the lawyers, physicians, and clergymen will be shown that the father or father and mother were born in the specified States or countries. The reason why those having a father only born in a particular State or country are included with those having a father and mother so born is due to the fact that by law the nationality of the father determines that of the children irrespective of that of the mother. It should, however, be borne in mind that it is not primarily the question of nationality, but that of descent; however, in order to determine the descent, it is found to be absolutely necessary to make a somewhat arbitrary decision regarding nationality.