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ing containing recreation halls, offices, and bedrooms with other helps for the homeless and others. The design must be considered, perhaps, more allied to charity and religion, but a brief description of the institution is included here. The basement will contain a large reading room and library, where the leading newspapers of the country may be found, and literature of a helpful and practical character. On the same floor, a room for games, etc. It is proposed, also, to have in the basement a coffee saloon with first-class appointments, where men may get the best of coffee and light lunch at the lowest possible prices. Connected therewith will be a conversational room, a writing room, also tub and shower baths, and a sub-basement where the boiler, engine, etc., will be located. In the summer it is proposed to use a portion of the building for a swimming tank, the size of which will be 22 by 75 feet. In other words, the floor covering the reading room, library, and game room would be taken up and beneath would be a tank ready for the water to be turned on for the use of the many who would delight in its privileges.
On the first floor it is proposed to have a public hall capable of seating 1,000 persons. A store would be on each side of the entrance, one for the sale of cheap furniture and clothing, and the other for a free labor exchange. On the second floor will be the executive offices for the Army's work in New England, a free dispensary, and the department for the relief of the poor. The three floors above would be devoted to hotel purposes, built largely on the “ Mills Hotel” plan, giving to the men a clean, comfortable room for the sum of 25 cents.
Col. W. Evans, of the Army, says : “ We hope to make this institution one which will appeal very strongly to the laboring men. It is a well-known fact that the Y. M. C. A. and kindred organizations hardly touch the laboring classes of our city, and seeing that the Salvation Army is so well in touch with them at the present time, it has been thought possible that we might be the ones to most successfully manage an institution of this kind. It is intended first of all to surround those who come within our sphere of influence with every opportunity for social intercourse offered at the present time by the saloon and pool rooms. It has been observed in many years past that a very large number of those coming to us for assistance, and who at present take advantage of our Shelters, are men who have not had the opportunity of securing an industrial education, and consequently their earning capacity is limited. Their ordinary expenses of living absorb all of their earnings, and they are not able to lay by, perhaps even a fraction, for sickness and old age, and when either of these overtake them they become public charges. The wage earners of this description, we anticipate, will receive the greatest benefits from our proposed People's Palace. The prices for the single rooms, which will be arranged on the upper floors, will be very low, and the highest sanitary conditions will be sought after in the construction and care of the same. This ought to
mean a maximum of physical comfort with a minimum of expense, with the saving to the wage earner from the degrading influences of the saloon and kindred places. Believing also that their moral and spiritual welfare will demand earnest consideration, we have planned for a public hall on the street floor in which will be held bright, interesting religious meetings nightly.”
QUARTERLY RECORD OF STRIKES.
During the fourth quarter of 1903, there were 32 strikes and lockouts in Massachusetts, by months as follows: October, eight; November, 14; December, 10. Of this number, there were six lockouts, a larger number in comparison to the total than the Bureau has reported in two years. The disputes were fewer in number than for the corresponding quarter in 1902, and numbered 16 less than those occurring during the preceding quarter. While some of the strikes were of minor importance, there were many individual strikes and lockouts which lasted a long time and involved a large number.
Causes and results of the controversies are presented in the following table:
It will be seen that out of the total number of disputes, 15, or 46.88 per cent, ended disastrously for the workingmen, while eight, or 25 per cent, succeeded or were compromised.
The following statement gives the cities and towns wherein the strikes took place, and the number occurring in each: Boston, 11; Worcester, four; Fall River and Haverhill, two each; and the following one each : Cambridge, Chelsea, Chicopee, ('linton, Lowell, Newburyport, North Attleborough, Northborough, Pittsfield, Quincy, Southbridge, Taunton, and Whitman.
The amount of time lost was heavier than has been reported for some time, as may be seen from the following: Four strikes lasted less than one week and involved 40 employés; 10 lasted one week but less
than two and involved 620 employés ; one dispute lasted three weeks, involving 15 employés ; one strike lasted two months, involving 350 employés; one strike lasted 13 weeks, involving 350 employés. In three strikes where 82 employés were involved places were filled as soon as possible. Seven strikes were pending at the close of the period, in five of which 2,188 employés were involved. In 25 disputes for which returns were made, we find the total number involved to be 3,742. Consideration of the strikes for which both duration and employés were given shows that 1,375 strikers lost 50,689 working-days. We append brief accounts of some of the most important disputes.
On October 5, the American Type Founders Co. in Boston locked out 35 employés, whereupon the others struck. It was a question of open shop, the men being asked to sign individual agreement giving them steady employment and binding them not to engage in strike or to interfere with the business of the company, but the employers would not unionize their establishments. This was part of the general strike or lockout covering the plants of the company at Chicago, St. Louis, Cincinnati, San Francisco, New York, and Philadelphia ; 350 type founders were involved. On January 2, about 13 weeks from the inauguration of the trouble, the strike was declared off by the International Council, men being ordered to return to work on the best terms they could get. Type Founders Union No. 2 involved.
On October 24, about 100 messenger boy's employed by the Western Union Telegraph Co. at Boston were locked out to prevent strike on account of suspension of union president; company hired girls to fill places ; new boys have also been hired. Strike has not yet been declared off by Telegraph Messenger Boys Union.
General strike of upholsterers in Boston on November 9 involved 350 men who went out to enforce demand for 44-hour week. Employers offered 48 hours, which proposition was refused. They then formed an association and voted to make 50 hours the working week. On January 9, strike was declared off, men returning to work on same terms as existed when they left. In individual cases, the pay was raised from $18 to $20 weekly. Upholsterers Union No. 53 involved.
General strike of electrical workers of Boston took place on November 12, involving 200 men who left work because firms refused to sign agreement giving increase in wages. One week later, demands were granted.
On November 9, two optical manufacturing establishments and two cutlery firms at Southbridge locked out their operatives (numbering about 1,900) because the men were organizing. The firms asked that men sign agreement stating that they were not members of a union and would not become members without giving the company a week's notice in writing. The men generally signed although the matter has not been entirely settled up to date.
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Statistics of Manufactures, (Labor Chronology, which forms a Part of [Each of these annual reports presents the Bureau Report each year, contains infor comparisons, for identical establishments, be. mation relating to Hours of Labor, Wages, tween two or more years as to Capital InTrades Unions, and Labor Legislation. Sub. vested, Goods Made, Persons Employed, sequent to 1897, all available data relating to Wages Paid, etc. The Industrial Chronology, the Condition of Workingmen have also been which forms a Part of each Report, includes included in the Chronology.)
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No. 22, MAY, 1902. Rates of Wages in City Employment -- Progress of Co-operation in Great Britain — Review of Employment and Earnings: Six months ending April 30, 1902 – Quarterly Record of Strikes - Statisti. cal Abstracts (3 c.).
No. 25, FEBRUARY, 1903. Chinese in Massachusetts — Unemployed for a Year Retired with a Competency – Dependents upon Public or Private Charity - Quarterly Record of Strikes – Strikes and Lockouts in Massachusetts for 20 years - Statistical Ab. stracts (3 c.).
No. 26, MAY, 1903. Trade and Technical Education in Massachusetts — Laws relating to Child Labor -- Review of Employment and Earnings: Six months ending April 30, 1903 Quarterly Record of Strikes — Recent Legal Labor Decisions - Statistical Abstracts (40.).
No. 27, AUGUST, 1903. Aliens in Industry - Immigration Act of the United States Labor Day - Labor Legislation in 1903 - Quar. terly Record of Strikes - Statistical Abstracts (4 c.).
No. 28, NOVEMBER, 1903. Aliens and Citizenship - Industrial Studies - Industrial Agreements - Proportional Earnings and Pro. duction -- Review of Employment and Earn. inge - Quarterly Record of Strikes - Labor Legislation in Other States and Foreign Coun. tries - Recent Legal Labor Decisions - Statis. tical Abstracts - Index to Bulletins Nos. 1 to 28 (5 c.).
Labor Bulletins. No.10, APRIL, 1899, Labor Legislation of 1898 — Trade Unionism in Massachusetts prior to 1880 - Contracts with Workingien upon Public Work - Foreign Labor Disturbances in 1897 - Quarterly Review of Employment and Earnings : Ending April, 1899 — Editorial, (4c.).
No. 11, JULY, 1899. Certain Tenement Conditions in Boston - Quarterly Review of Employment and Earnings : Ending July, 1899 (4 c.).
No. 14, MAY, 1900. Free Public Em. ployment Offices - Employment and Unemployment in the Boot and Shoe and Paper Industries - Legislation affecting Hours of Labor - Quarterly Review of Employment and Earnings: Ending April 30, 1900 --- Sta. tistical Abstracts (3c.).
No. 15, AUGUST, 1900. IIousehold Ex. penses - Comparative Occupation Statistics for the Cities of Fall River, New Bedford, and Taunton - List of Subjects pertaining to Labor considered in the Latest Reports of American Statistical Bureaus – Massachusetts Labor Legislation in 1900 – Quarterly Review of Employment and Earnings: Ending July 30, 1900 (3 c.).
No. 17, FEBRUARY, 1901. Occupations of Residents of Boston: By Districts -- Un. employment in Boston Building Trades Conjugal Condition of Women employed in Restaurants - Comparative Earnings in Five Leading Industries - Resident Pupils in Pub. lic and Private Schools in Boston - Statistical Abstracts (3 c.).
No.21, FEBRUARY, 1902. Physically De. fective Population in Massachusetts in Relation to Industry - Distribution of the Industrial Population of Massachusetts - Compulsory Arbitration in New South Wales - Quarterly Record of Strikes - Statistical Abstracts (3 c.).
Labor and Industrial Chronology.
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