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(d) Such invoices shall be certified in accordance with the provisions of existing law. (e) The original of the invoice shall be filed in the office of the consular officer by whom it was certified, to be there kept untilthe Secretary of State authorizes its destruction. The duplicate, and, if made, tho quadruplicate

shall be delivered to the exporter, to be forwarded to the consignee for use in making entry of the merchandise and the triplicate shall

be promptly transmitted by the consular officer to the collector of customs at the port of entry named in the invoice.

(f) When merchandise is to be shipped from a place so remote from an American consulate as to render impracticable certification of the invoice by an American consular officer, such invoice may be certified by a consular officer of a nation at the time in amity with the United States, or if there be no such consular officer available such invoice shall be executed before a notary public or other officer having authority to administer oaths and having an official seal: Provided, That invoices for merchandise shipped to the United States from the Philippine Islands or any of its other possessions may be certified by the collector of customs or the person acting as such, or by his deputy. (No corresponding provisions.)

(No corresponding provisions.)

ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 483. OWNERSHIP FOR ENTRY.–All merchandise imported into the United States shall, for the purposes of this title, be held to be the property of the person to whom the same is consigned; and the holder of a bill of lading duly indorsed by the consignee therein named, or, if consigned to order, by the consignor, shall be deemed the consignee thereof. The underwriters of abandoned merchandise and the salvors of merchandise saved from a wreck at sea or on or along a coast of the United States may, for such purposes, be regarded as the consignees.

ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

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SEC. 28. * * “SEC. 1. That all merchandise imported into the United States shall, for the purpose of this Act, be deemed and held to be the property of the person to whom the same is consigned; and the holder of a bill of lading duly indorsed by the consignee therein named, or, if consigned to order, by the consignor, shall be deemed the consignee thereof; and in case of the abandonment of any merchandise to the underwriters the latter may be recognized as the consignee.

SEC. III. A. *

“B. That all merchandise imported into the United States shall, for the purpose of this Act, be deemed and held to be the property of the person to whom the same is consigned; and the holder of a bill of lading duly indoresd by the consignee therein named, or, if consigned to order, by the consignor, shall be deemed the consignee thereof; and in case of the abandonment of any merchandise to the underwriters the latter may be recognized as the consignee.

ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 481. ENTRY.-(a) Except as provided in sections 490, 498, 552, and 553 and in subsection (d) of section 315 of this Act, the consignee of imported merchandise shall make entiy therefor either in person or by an agent authorized by him in writing under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Such entry shall be made at the customhouse within forty-eight hours, exclusive of Sundays and holidays, after the entry of the importing vessel or report of the vehicle, or after the arrival at the port of destination in the case of merchandise transported in bond, unless the collector authorizes in writing a longer time.

(b) No merchandise shall be admitted to entry under the provisions of this section without the production of a certified invoice therefor, except that entry may be permitted if

(1) The collector is satisfied that the failure to produce such invoice is due to causes beyond the control of the person making entry;

(2) Such person makes a verified declaration in writing that he is unable to produce such invoice and (A) files therewith a seller's or shipper's invoice, or (B)if he is not in possession of a seller's or shipper's invoice files therewith a statement of the value, or the price paid, in the form of an invoice; and

(3) Such person gives a bond in a penal sum to be fixed by the Secretary of the Treasury for the production of such certified invoice within six months, and the payment of the penal sum so fixed as liquidated damages in the event such invoice is not so produced.

ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

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SEC. 28. *

“SEC. 4. That, except in case of personal effects accompanying the passenger, no importation of any merchandise exceeding one hundred dollars in value shall be admitted to entry without the production of a duly certified invoice thereofas required by law, or of an affidavit made by the owner, importer or consignee, before the collector or his deputy, showing why it is impracticable to produce such invoice; and no entry shall be made in the absence of a certified invoice, upon affidavit as aforesaid, unless such affidavit be accompanied by a statement in the form of an invoice, or otherwise, showing the actual cost of such merchandise, if purchased, or if obtained otherwise than by purchase, the actual market value or wholesale price thereof at the time of exportation to the United States in the principal markets of the country from which the same has been imported; which statement shall be verified by the oath of the owner, importer, consignee or agent desiring to make entry of the merchandise, to be administered by the collector or his deputy, and it shall be lawful for the collector or his deputy to examine the deponent under oath, touching, the sources of his knowledge, information or belief, in the premises, and to require him to produce any letter, paper or statement of account in his possession, or under his control, which may assist the officers of customs in ascertaining the actual value of the importation or any part thereof, and in

SEC. III. A. *

“E. That, except in case of personal effects accompanying the passenger, poimportation of any merchandise exceeding $100' in value shall be ad. mitted to entry without the production of a duly certified invoice thereof as required by law, or of an affidavit made by the owner, importer, or consignee, before the collector or his deputy, showing why it is impracticable to produce such invoice; and no entry shall be made in the absence of a certified invoice, upon affidavit as aforesaid, unless such affidavit be accompanied by a statement in the form of an invoice, or otherwise, showing the actual cost of such merchandise, if purchased, or if oba tained otherwise than by purchase, the actual market value or wholesale price thereof at the time of exportation to the United States in the principal markets of the country from which the same has þeen imported, which statement shall be verified by the oath of the owner, importer, consignee, or agent desiring to make entry of the merchandise, to be administered by the collector or his

deputy, and it shall be lawful for the collector or his deputy to examine the deponent under oath, touching the sources of his knowledge, information, or belief in the premises, and to require him to produce any letter, paper, or statement of account in his possession, or under his control, which may assist the officers of customs in ascertaining the actual value of the importation or any part thereof, and in default

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default of such production, when so requested, such of such production, when so requested, such owner, owner, importer, consignee or agent shall be there- importer, consignée, or agent shall be thereafter after debarred from producing any such letter, de barred' from producing any such letter, paper, or paper or statement for the purpose of avoiding any statement for the purpose of avoiding any additional additional duty, penalty or forfeiture incurred duty, penalty, or forfeiture incurred under this

Act, under this Act,

unless he shall show to the satisfac- unless he shall show to the satisfaction of the court tion of the court or the officers of the customs, as the or the officers of the customs, as the case may be, case may be, that it was not in his power to produce that it was not in his power to produce the samo the same when so demanded; and no merchandise when so demanded; and no merchandise shall be shall be admitted to entry under the provisions of admitted to entry under the provisions of this secthis section unless the collector shall be satisfied tion unless the collector shall be satisfied that the that the failure to produce a duly certified invoice failure to produce a duly certified invoice is due to is due to causes beyond the control of the owner, causes beyond the control of the owner, consignee, consignee or agent thereof: And when or agent thereof: * * *

And when entry of merentry of merchandise exceeding one hundred dollars chandise exceeding $100 in value is made by a statein value is made by a statement in the form of an ment in the form of an invoice, the collector shall invoice, the collector shall require a bond for the require a bond for the production of a duly certified production of a duly certified invoice.

invoice.
(c) The consignee shall produce the bill of lading at the time of making entry, except that

(1) If the collector is satisfied that no bill of lading has been issued, the shipping receipt or other evidence
satisfactory to the collector may be accepted in lieu thereof; and
(2) The collector is authorized to permit entry and to release merchandise from customs custody without
the production of the bill of lading is the person making such entry gives a bond satisfactory to the collector,
in a sum equal to not less than one and one-half times the invoice value of the merchandise, to produce such
bill of lading, to relieve the collector of all liability, to indemnify the collector against loss, to defend every
action brought upon a claim for loss or damage, by reason of such release from customs custody or a failure
to produce such bill lading and to entitle any person injured by reason of such release customs cus-
tody to sue on such bond in his own name, without making the collector a party thereto. Any person so
injured by such release may sue on such bond to recover any damages so sustained by him.

(d) Such entry shall be signed by the consignee, or his agent, and shall set forth such facts in regard to
the importation as the Secretary of the Treasury may require for the purpose of assessing duties and to
secure a proper examination, inspection, appraisement, and liquidation, and shall be accompanied by such
invoices, bills of lading, certificates and documents as are required by law and regulations promulgated
thereunder.
[No corresponding provisions.)

[No corresponding provisions.]
(e) The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Commerce are authorized and directed to estab-
lish from time to time for statistical purposes an enumeration of articles in such detail as in their judgment
may be necessary, comprehending all merchandise imported into the United States, and as a part of the
entry there shall be attached thereto or included therein an accurate statement specifying, in terms of such
detailed enumeration, the kinds and quantities of all merchandise imported and the value of the total
quantity of each kind of article.
[No corresponding provisions.]

SEC. III. A.

“F. * * * That the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Commerce are hereby authorized and directed to establish from time to time for statistical purposes a list or enumeration of articles in such detail as in their judgment may be necessary comprehending all goods, wares, and merchandise imported into the United States, and that as a part of the declaration herein provided there shall be either attached thereto or included therein an accurate statement specifying, in the terms of the said detailed list or enumeration, the kinds and quantities of all merchandise imported, and the value of the total quantity of each kind of article, and it shall be the duty of the consular officer, to whom the invoice shall be produced, to require.

such information to be given.
(f) If any of the certificates or documents necessary to make entry of any part of merchandise arriving
on one vessel or vehicle and consigned to one consignee have not arrived, such part may be entered sub-
sequently, and notation of the packages or cases to be omitted from the original entry shall be made thereon.
One or more packages arriving on one vessel or vehicle addressed for delivery to one person and imported in
another package containing packages addressed for delivery to other persons may be separately entered,
under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. All other merchandise
arriving on one vessel or vehicle and consigned to one consignee shall be included in one entry.

(g) Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, the collector or the appraiser
may require a verified statement from the manufacturer or producer showing the cost of production of the
imported merchandise, when necessary to the appraisement of such merchandise.
(No corresponding provisions.)

[No corresponding provisions.)

ACT OF 1922. SEC. 485. DECLARATION.-(a) Every consignee making an entry under the provisions of section 484 of this Act shall make and file therewith, in a form to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, a declaration under oath, stating

(1) Whether the merchandise is imported in pursuance of a purchase or an agreement to purchase, or whether it is imported otherwise than in pursuance of a purchase or agreement to purchase;

(2) That the prices set forth in the invoice are true, in the case of merchandise purchased or agreed to be purchased; or in the case of merchandise secured otherwise than by purchase or agreement to purchase, that the statements in such invoice as to foreign value are true to the best of his knowledge and belief;

(3) That all other statements in the invoice or other documents filed with the entry, or in the entry itself, are true and correct; and

(4) That he will produce at once to the collector any invoice, paper, letter, document, or information received showing that any such prices or statements are not true or correct.

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ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

SEC. 28. * * *

“SEC. 5. That whenever merchandise imported into the United States is entered by invoice, one of the following declarations, according to the nature of the case, shall be filed with the collector of the port at the time of entry by the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, which declaration só filed shalí be duly signed by the owner, importer, consignee, or agent before the collector, or before a notary public or other officer duly authorized by law to administer oaths and take acknowledgments, who may be designated by the Secretary ofthe Treasury to receive such declarations and to certify to the identity of the persons making them, under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury; and every officer so designated shall file with the collector of the port a copy of his official signature and seal: Provided, That if any of the invoices or bills of lading of any merchandise im. ported in any one vessel which should otherwise be embraced in said entry, have not been received at the date of the entry, the declaration may state the fact, and thereupon such merchandise, of which the invoices or bills of lading are not produced, shall not be included in such entry, but may be ntered subsequently. "DECLARATION OF CONSIGNEE, IMPORTER,

AGENT, WHERE MERCHANDISE HAS BEEN ACTUALLY PURCHASED.

SEC. III. A. * * *

“F. That whenever merchandise imported into the United States is entered by invoice, a declaration upon a form to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, according to the nature of the case, shall be filed with the collector of the port at the time of entry by the owner, importer, consignee, or agent, which declaration so filed shall be duly signed by the owner, importer, consignee, or agent before the collector, or before a notary public or other officer duly authorized by law to administer oaths and take acknowledgments, under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury: Provided, That if any of the invoices or bills oflading of any merchandise imported in any one vessel which should otherwise be embraced in said entry have not been received at the date of the entry the declaration may state the fact, and thereupon such merchandise, of which the invoices or bills of lading are not produced, shall not be included in such entry, but may be entered subsequently.

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OR

“1,

do solemnly and truly declare that I am the consignee, importer, or agent of the merchandise described in the annexed entry and invoice; that the invoice and bill of lading now presented by me to the collector of

- are the true and only invoice and bill of lading by me received of all the goods, wares, and merchandise imported in the whereof

is master, from for account of any person whomsoever for whom I am authorized to enter the same; that the said invoice and bill of lading arein the state in which they were actually received by me, and that I do not know or believe in the existence of any other invoice or bill of lading of the said goods, wares, and merchandise; that the entry now de livered to the coilector contains a just and true account of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, according to the said invoice and bill of lading; that nothing has been on my part, nor to my knowledge on the part of any other person, concealed or suppressed, whereby the United States may be defrauded of any part of the duty law fully due on the said goods, wares, and merchandise; that the said invoice and the declaration therein are in all respects true, and were made by the person by whom the same purport to have been made; and that if at any time hereafter I discover any error in the said invoice, or in the account now rendered of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, or receive any other invoice of the same, I will immediately make the same known to the collector of this district. And I do further solemnly and truly declare that to the best of my knowledge and belief (insert the name and residence of the owner or owners) is (or are) the owner (or owners) of the goods, wares, and merchandise mentioned in the annered entry; that the invoice now produced by me exhibits the actual cost at the time of exportation to the United States in the principal markets of the country from whence imported of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, and includes and specifies the value of all cartons, cases, crates, boxes, sacks, casks, barrels, hogsheads, bottles, jars, demijohns, carboys, and other containers or coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, which are not otherwise specially subject to duty under any paragraph of the tariff act, and all other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing said goods, wares, and merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States, and no other or different discount, bounty, or drawback but such as has been actually allowed on the same.

"DECLARATION OF CONSIGNEE, IMPORTER, OR AGENT

WHERE MERCHANDISE HAS NOT BEEN ACTUALLY PURCHASED.

“I,

do solemnly and truly declare that I am the consignee, importer, or agent of the merchandise described in the annexed entry and invoice; that the invoice and bill of lading now presented by me to the collector of - are the true and only invoice and bill of lading by me received of all the goods, wares, and merchandise imported in the whereof is master, from for account of any person

whomsoever for whom ľ I am authorized to enter the same; that the said in. voice and bill of lading are in thestate in which they were actually received by me, and that I do not know or believe in the existence of any other invoice or bill of lading of the said goods, wares, and merchandise; that the entry now delivered to the collector contains a just and true account of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, according to the said invoice and bill of lading; that nothing has been on my part, nor to my knowledge on the part of any other person, concealed or suppressed, whereby the United States may be defrauded of any part of the duty lawfully due on the said goods, wares, and merchandise; that the said invoice and the declaration therein are in all respects true, and were mado by the person by whom the same purport to have been made; and that if at any time hereafter I discover any error in the said invoice, orin the account now rendered of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, or receive any other invoice of the same, I will immediately make the same known to the col. lector of this district. And I do further solemnly and truly declare that to the best of my knowledge and belief (insert the name and residence of the owner or owners) is (or are) the owner (or owners) of the goods, wares, and merchandise mentioned in the annexed entry; that the invoice now pro duced by me exhibits the actual market value or wholesale price at the time of exportation to the United States in the principal markets of the country from whence imported of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, and includes and specifies the value of all cartons, cases, crates, boxes, sacks, casks, barrels, hogsheads, bottles, jars, demijohns, carboys, and other containers or coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, which are not otherwise specially subject to duty under any paragraph of the tariff Act, and all other costs, charges, and expenses incident to placing said goods, wares, and merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States, and no other or different discount, bounty, or draw back but such as has been actually allowed on the same.

"DECLARATION OF OWNER IN CASES WHERE MER

CHANDISE HAS BEEN ACTUALLY PURCHASED.

“I,

do solemnly and truly declare that I am the owner by purchase of the merchandise described in the annexed entry and in voice; that the entry now delivered by me to the collector of contains a just and true account of all the goods, wares, and merchandise imported by or consigned to me, in the

whereof

is master, from ; that the invoice and entry, which I now produce, contain a just and faithful account of the actual cost of the said goods, wares, and merchandise, and include and specify the value of all cartons, cases, crates, boxes, sacks, casks, barrels, hogsheads, bottles, jars, demijohns, carboys, and other containers or coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, which are not otherwise specially subject to duty under any paragraph of the tariff Act, and all other costs, charges and expenses incident to placing said goods, wares and merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States, and no other discount, drawback, or bounty but such as has been actually allowed on the same; that I do not know nor believe in the existence of any invoice or bill of lading other than those now produced by me, and that they are in the state in which I actually received them. And I further solemnly and truly declare that I have

not in the said entry or invoice concealed or suppressed anything whereby tho United States may be defrauded of any part of the duty lawfully due on the said goods, wares, and

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“I,

do solemnly and truly declare that I am the owner (or manufacturer) of the merchandise described in the annexed entry and invoice; that the entry now delivered by me to the collector of contains a just and true account of all the goods, wares, and merchandise imported by or consigned to me in the whereof

is master, from ; that the said goods, wares, and merchandise were not actually bought by me, or by my agent, in the ordinary mode of bărgain and sale, but that nevertheless the invoice which I now produce contains a just and faithful valuation of the same, at their actual market value or wholesale price, at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country from whence imported for my account (or for account of myself or partners); that such actual market value is the price at which the merchandise described in the invoice is freely offered for sale to all purchasers in said markets and is the price which I would have received and was willing to receive for such merchandise sold in the ordinary course of trade in the usual wholesale quantities; that the said in voice contains also a just and faithful account of all the cost of finishing said goods, wares, and merchandise to their present condition, and includes and specifies the value of all cartons, cases, crates, boxes, sacks, casks, barrels, hogsheads, bottles, jars, demijohns, carboys, and other containers or coverings, whether holding liquids or solids, which are not otherwise specially subject to duty under any paragraph of the tariff Act, and all other costs and charges incident to placing said goods, wares, and merchandise in condition, packed ready for shipment to the United States, and no. other discount, drawback, or bounty, but such as has been actually allowed on the said goods, wares, and merchandise; that the said in voice and the declaration thereon are in all respects true, and were made by the person by whom the same purport to have been made; that I do not know nor believe in the existence of any invoice or bill of lading other than those now produced by me, and that they are in the state in which I actually received them. And I do further solemnly and truly declare that I have not in the said entry or invoice concealed or suppressed anything whereby the United States may be defrauded of any part of the duty lawfully due on the said goods, wares and merchandise; and that if at any time hereafter I discover any error in the said invoice, or in the account now produced of the said goods, wares and merchandise, or receive any other in voice of the same, I will immediately make the same known to the collector of this district.

“SEC. 6. That any person who shall knowingly make any false statement in the declarations provided for in the preceding section, or shall aid or procure the making of any such false statement as to any matter material thereto, shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment at hard labor not more than two years, or both, in the discretion of the court: Provided, That nothing in this section shall be construed to relieve imported merchandise from forfeiture by reason of such false statement or for any cause elsewhere provided by law.

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