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(b) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prescribe regulations for one declaration in the case of books, magazines, newspapers, and periodicals published and imported in successive parts, numbers, or volumes, and entitled to free entry. SEC. 28. *

SEC. III. A. * * * "SEC. 4. * * Provided, That the Secretary of “E. * * * Provided, That the Secretary of tho the Treasury may make regulations by which books, Treasury may make regulations by which books, magazines and other periodicals published and im- magazines, and other periodicals published and im ported in successive parts, numbers, or volumes, ported in successive parts, numbers, or volumes, and entitled to be imported free of duty, shall re and entitled to be imported free of duty, shall require but one declaration for the entire series. quire but one declaration for the entire series.

(c) In the event that an entry is made by an agent under the provisions of section 484 of this Act and such agent is not in possession of such declaration of the consignee, such agent shall give a bond, in a form and of a penal sum prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, to produce such declaration. (d) A consignee shall not be liable for any additional or increased duties if (1) he declares at the time of entry that he is not the actual owner of the merchandise, (2) he furnishes the name and address of such owner, and (3) within ninety days from the date of entry he produces a declaration of such owner conditioned that he will pay all additional and increased duties, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Such owner shall possess all the rights of a consignee. (e) The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe separate forms for the declaration in the case of merchandise which is imported in pursuance of a purchase or agreement to purchase and merchandise which is imported otherwise than in pursuance of a purchase or agreement to purchase.

(f) Whenever such merchandise is consigned to a deceased person, or to an insolvent person who has assigned the same for the benefit of his creditors, the executor or administrator, or the assignee of such person or receiver or trustee in bankruptcy, shall be considered as the consignee; when consigned to a partnership the declaration of one of the partners only shall be required, and when consigned to a corporation such declaration may be made by any officer of such corporation, or by any other person specifically authorized by the board of directors of such corporation to make the saine. [No corresponding provisions.]

[No corresponding provisions.] ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 486. BOND.-Upon entry of any merchandise, none of which or a part only of which is sent to the public stores for inspection, examination, or appraisal, the consignee shall give a bond, conditioned that he will produce all invoices, declarations, and other documents or papers required by law or regulations made in pursuance thereof upon the entry ofimported merchandise; and that he will comply with all the requirements of the laws or regulations made in pursuance thereof relating to the importation and admission of such merchandise and will return to the collector, when demanded by such collector, pot later than ten days after the appraiser's report, such of the merchandise as was not sent to the public stores, and also will return to the collector, on demand by him, any and all merchandise found not to comply with the law and regulations governing its admission into the commerce of the United States. Such bond shall be given in a form and in a penalty to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, the penalty thereof to be paid as liquidated damages: Provided, That instead of a bond upon each entry the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe a bond to be taken from any consignee to cover all importations entered by him within å period of one year from the date thereof.

ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

No corresponding provisions.)

(No corresponding provisions.]

ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 487. The consignee, or his agent, may, at the time entry is made or at anyti me before the invoice or the merchandise has come under the observation of the appraiser for the purpose of appraisement, make such additions in the entry to or such deductions from the cost or value given in the invoice as in his opinion may raise or lower the same to the value of such merchandise.

ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

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SEC. 28. "SEC. 7. That the owner, consignee, or agent of any imported merchandise may, at the time when he shall make and verify his written entry of such merchandise, but not afterwards, make such addition in the entry

to or such deduction from the cost or value given in the invoice or pro forma invoice or statement in form of an invoice, which he shall produce with his entry, as in his opinion may raise or lower the same to the actual market value of wholesale price of such merchandise at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country from which the same has

SEC. III. A. *

"1. That the owner, consignee, or agent of any imported merchandise may, at the time when he shall make entry of such merchandise, but not after either the invoice or the merchandise has come under the observation of the appraiser, make such addition in the entry to or such deduction from the cost or value given in the invoice or pro forma invoice or statement in form of an invoice, which he shall produce with his entry, as in his opinion may raise or lower the same to the actual market value or wholesale price of such merchandise at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country from which the same has been imported; *

been imported;

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ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 488. The collector within whose district any merchandise is entered shall cause such merchandise

to be appraised.

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ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 489. ADDITIONAL DUTIES.-If the final appraised value of any article of imported merchandise which is subject to an ad valorem rate of duty or to a duty based upon or regulated in any manner by the value thereof shall exceed the entered value, there shall be levied, collected, and paid, in addition to the duties imposed by law on such merchandise, an additional duty of 1 per centum of the total final appraised value thereof for each 1 per centum that such final appraised value exceeds the value declared in the entry. Such additional duty shall apply only to the particular article or articles in each invoice that are so advanced in value upon final appraisement and shall not be imposed upon any artiele upon which the amount of duty imposed by law on account of the final appraised value does not exceed the amount of duty that would be imposed if the final appraised value did not exceed the entered value, and shall be limited to 75 per centum of the final appraised value of such article or articles. Such additional duties shall not be construed to be penal and shall not be remitted nor payment thereof in any way avoided, except in the case of a manifest clerical error, upon the order of the Secretary of the Treasury, or in any case upon the finding of the Board of General Appraisers, upon a petition filed and supported by satisfactory evidence under such rules as the board may prescribe, that the entry of the merchandise at a less value than that returned upon final appraisement was without any intention to defraud the revenue of the United States or to conceal or misrepresent the facts ofthe case or to deceive the appraiser as to the value of the merchandise. If the appraised value of any merchandise exceeds the value declared in the entry by more than 100 per centum, such entry shall be presumptively fraudulent, and the collector shall seize the whole case or package containing such merchandise and proceed as in case of forfeiture for violation of the customs laws; and in any legal proceeding other than a criminal prosecution that may result from such seizure, the undervaluation as shown by the appraisal shall be presumptive evidence of fraud, and the burden of proof shall be on the claimant to rebut the same, and forfeiture shall be adjudged unless he rebuts such presumption of fraud by sufficient evidence.

ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

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SEC. 28.

SEC. III. A. “Sec. 7. * * and if the appraised value of "I. * * * and if the appraised value of any any article of imported merchandise subject to an article of imported merchandise subject to an ad ad valorem duty or to a duty based upon or regu- valorem duty or to a duty based upon or regulated lated in any manner by the value thereof shall ex- in any manner by the value thereof shall exceed ceed the value declared in the entry, there shall be the value declared in the entry, there shall be levied, levied, collected, and paid, in addition to the duties collected, and paid, in addition to the duties imimposed by law on such merchandise, an addi- posed by law on such merchandise, an additional tional duty of one per centum of the totalappraised duty of 1 per centum of the total appraised value value thereof for each one per centum that such thereof for each 1 per centum that such appraised appraised value exceeds the value declared in the value exceeds the value declared in the entry: entry: Provided, That the additional duties shall only Provided, That the additional duties shall only apply to the particular article or articles in each apply to the particular article or articles in each invoice that are so undervalued and shall not be invoice that are so undervalued and shall not be imposed upon any article upon which the amount imposed upon any article upon which the amount of duty imposed by law on account of the appraised of duty imposed by law on account of the appraised value does not exceed the amount of duty that value does not exceed the amount of duty that would be imposed if the appraised value did not be imposed if the appraised value did not exceed exceed the entered value, and shall be limited to the entered value, and shall be limited to 75 per seventy-five per centum of the appraised value of centum of the appraised value of such article or such article or articles. Such additional duties articles. Such additional duties shall not be conshall not be construed to be penal, and shall not be strued to be penal, and shall not be remitted nor remitted nor payment thereof in any way avoided payment thereof in any way avoided except in cases except in cases arising from a manifest clerical error, arising from a manifest clerical error, nor shall they nor shall they be refunded in case of exportation of be refunded in case of exportation of the merchanthe merchandise, or on any other account, nor shall dise, or on any other account, nor shall they be they be subject to the benefit of drawback:

subject to the benefit of drawback: Provided, That if the appraised value of any mer- Provided, That if the appraised value of any merchandise shall exceed the value declared in the chandise shall exceed the value declared in the entry by more than seventy-five per centum, ex- entry by more than 75 per centum, except when cept when arising from a manifest clerical error, arising from a manifest clerical error, such entry

entry shall be held to be presumptively fraud- shall be held to be presumptively fraudulent, and ulent, and the collector of customs shall seize such the collector of customs shall seize such merchanmerchandise and proceed as in case of forfeiture for dise and proceed as in case of forfeiture for violation violation of the customs laws, and in any legal of the customs laws, and in any legal proceeding proceeding other than a criminal prosecution that other than a criminal prosecution that may résult may result from such seizure, the undervaluation from such seizure, the undervaluation as shown by as shown by the appraisal shall be presumptive the appraisal shall be presumptive evidence of evidence of fraud, and the burden of proof shall be fraud, and the burden of proof shall be on the claim. on the claimant to rebut the same, and forfeiture ant to rebut the same, and forfeiture shall be adshall be adjudged unless he shall rebut such pro judged unless he shall rebut such presumption of sumption offraudulent intentbysufficientevidence. fraudulent intent by sufficient evidence. The forThe forfeiture provided for in this section shall feiture provided for in this section shall apply to apply to the whole of the merchandise or the value the whole of the merchandise or the value thereof thereof in the case or package containing the par- in the case or package containing the particular ticular article or articles in each in voice which are article or articles in each invoice which are underundervalued:

valued: Upon the making of such order or finding, the additional duties shall be remitted or refunded, wholly or in part, and the entry shall be liquidated or reliquidated accordingly. Such additional duties shall not be refunded in case of exportation of the merchandise, nor shall they be subject to the benefit of drawback. All additional duties, penalties, or forfeitures applicable to merchandise entered

in connection with a certified invoice shall be alike applicable to merchandise entered in connection with

a seller's or shipper's invoice

or statement in the form of an invoice. Duties shall not, however, be assessed upon an amount less than the entered value, except in a case where the importer certifies at the time of entry that the entered value is higher than the value as defined in this Act, and that the goods are so entered in order to meet and the importer's contention in said

pending cases shall subsequently be sustained, wholly or in part, by advances by the appraiser

in similar

cases then pending on appeal for reappraisement or re-reappraisement, a final decision on reappraisement or re-reappraisement, and it shall appear that the action of the importer on entry was so taken in good faith, after due diligence and inquiry on his part, and the collector shall liquidate the entry in accordance with the final appraisement.

Provided further, That all additional duties, Provided further,. That all additional duties, penalties, or forfeitures applicable to merchandise penalties, or forfeitures applicable to merchandise entered by a duly certified invoice shall be alike entered by a duly certified invoice shall be alike applicable to merchandise entered by a pro forma applicable to merchandise entered by a pro forma invoice or statement in the form of an invoice, and invoice or statement in the form of an invoice, and no forfeiture or disability of any kind incurred no forfeiture or disability of any kind incurred under the provisions of this seetion shall be remitted under the provisions of this section shall be remitted or mitigated by the Secretary of the Treasury., or mitigated by the Secretary of the Treasury. The duty shall not, however, be assessed in any The duty shall not, however, be assessed in any case upon an amount less than the entered value.

case upon an amount less than the entered value, unless by direction of the Secrertay of the Treasury in cases in which the importer certifies at the time of entry that the entered value is higher than the foreign market value and that the goods are so entered in order to meet advances by the appraiser in similar cases then pending on appeal for reappraisement, and the importer's contention shali subsequently be sustained by a final decision on reappraisement, and it shall appear that the action of the importer on entry was taken in good faith, after due diligence and inquiry on his part, and the Secretary of the Treasury shall accompany his directions with a statement of his conclusions and his reasons therefor.

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ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 490. INCOMPLETE ENTRY.-Whenever entry of any imported merchandise is not made within the time provided by law or the regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, or whenever entry of such merchandise is incomplete because of failure to pay the estimated duties, or whenever, in the opinion of the collector, entry of such merchandise can not be made for want of proper documents or other cause, or whenever the collector believes that any merchandise is not correctly and legally invoiced, he shall take the merchandise into his custody and send it to a bonded warehouse or public store, to be held at the risk and expense of the consignee until entry is made or completed and the proper documents are produced,. or a bond given for their production.

SEC. 491. UNCLAIMED GOODS. If any merchandise of which possession has been taken by the collector shall remain in bonded warehouse or public store for one year without entry thereof having been made and the duties and charges thereon paid, such merchandise shall be appraised by the appraiser of merchandise and sold by the collector at public auction as abandoned to the Government, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe. All gunpowder and other explosive substances and merchandise liable to depreciation in value by damage, leakage, or other cause to such extent that the proceeds of sale thereof may be insufficient to pay the duties, storage, and other charges, if permitted to remain in public store or bonded warehouse for a period of one year, may be sold forthwith, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe.

Src. 492. MERCHANDISE ABANDONED OR FORFEITED.-Except as provided in section 3369 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, any merchandise abandoned or forfeited to the Government under the preceding or any other provision of the customs laws, which is subject to internal revenue tax and which the collector shall be satisfied will not sell for a sufficient amount to pay such taxes, shall be forthwith destroyed under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, instead of being sold at auction.

ŠEC. 493. PROCEEDS OF SALE.-The surplus of the proceeds of sales under section 491 of this Act, after the payment of storage charges, expenses, duties, and the satisfaction of any lien for freight, charges, or contribution in general average, shall be deposited by the collector in the Treasury of the United States, i i claim therefor shall not be filed with the collector within ten days from the date of sale, and the sale of such merchandise shall exonerate the master of any vessel in which the merchandise was imported from all claims of the owner thereof, who shall, nevertheless, on due proof of his interest, be entitled to receive from the Treasury the amount of any surplus of the proceeds of sale.

SEC. 494. EXPENSE OF WEIGHING, AND SO FORTH.-In all cases in which the invoice or entry does not state the weight, quantity, or measure of the merchandise, the expense of ascertaining the same shall be collected from the consignee before its release from customs custody.

SEC. 495. PARTNERSHIP BOND.-When any bond is required by law to be executed by any partnership for any purpose connected with the transaction of business at any customhouse, the execution of such bond by any member of such partnership shall bind the other partners in like manner and to the same extent as if such other partners had personally joined in the execution, and an action or suit may be instituted on such bond against all partners as if all had executed the same.

SEC. 496. EXAMINATION OF BAGGAGE.-The collector may cause an examination to be made of the baggage of any person arriving in the United States in order to ascertain what articles are contained therein and whether subject to duty, free of duty, or prohibited notwithstanding a declaration and entry therefor has been made.

SEC. 497. FORFEITURE.-Any article not included in the declaration and entry as made, and, before examination of the baggage was begun, not mentioned in writing by such person, is written declaration and entry was required, or orally if written declaration and entry was not required, shall be subject to forfeiture and such person shall be liable to a penalty equal to the value of such article. SEC. 498. ENTRY UNDER REGULATIONS.-(a) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prescribe rules and regulations for the declaration and entry of (1) Merchandise not exceeding $100 in value, including such merehandise imported through the mails; (2) Merchandise damaged by fire or marine casualty on the voyage of importation; (3) Merchandise recovered from a wrecked or stranded vessel:

(4) Household effects used abroad and personal effects, not imported in pursuance of a purchase or agreement for purchase and not intended for sale;

(5) Articles sent by persons in foreign countries as gifts to persons in the United States; (0 Articles carried on the person or contained in the baggage of a person arriving in the United States; (7) Tools of trade of a person arriving in the United States; (8) Personal effects of citizens of the United States who have died in a foreign country; (9) Merchandise within the provisions of sections 465 and 466 of this Act at the first port of arrival;

(10) Merchandise when in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury the value thereof can not be declared; and (11) Merchandise within the provisions of the Act entitled “An Act to expedite the delivery of imported parcels and packages, not exceeding $500 in value," approved June 8, 1896.

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to include in such rules and regulations any of the provisions of section 484 or 485 of this Act.

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SEC. 499. EXAMINATION OF MERCHANDISE.-Imported merchandise, required by law or regulations made in pursuance thereof to be inspected, examined, or appraised, shall not be delivered from customs custody, except as otherwise provided in this Act, until it has been inspected, examined, or appraised and is reported by the appraiser to have been truly and correctly invoiced and found to comply with the requirements of the laws of the United States. The collector shall designate the packages or quantities covered by any invoice or entry which are to be opened and examined for the purpose of appraise ment or otherwise and shall order such packages or quantities to be sent to the publicstores or other places for such purpose. Not less than one package of every invoice and not less than one package of every ten packages of merchandise, shall be so designated unless the Secretary of the Treasury, from the character and description of the merchandise, is of the opinion that the examination of a less proportion of packages will amply protect the revenue and by special regulation permit a less number of packages to be examined. The collector or the appraiser may require such additional packages or quantities as either of them may deem necessary. If any package is found by the appraiser to contain any article not specified in the invoice and he reports to the collector that in his opinion such article was omitted from the invoice withfraudulent intent on the part of the seller, shipper, owner, or agent, the contents of the entire package in which such article is found shall be liable to seizure, but if the appraiser reports that no such fraudulent intent is apparent then the value of said article shall be added to the entry and the duties thereon paid accordingly. If a deficiency is found in quantity, weight, or measure in the examination of any package, report thereof shall be made to the collector, who shall make allowance therefor in the liquidation of duties. ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913. [No corresponding provisions.)

(No corresponding provisions.)

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ACT OF 1922.

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SEC. 500. DUTIES OF THE APPRAISER, ASSISTANT APPRAISER, AND EXAMINER.–(a) It shall be the duty of the appraiser under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe

(1) To appraise the merchandise in the unit of quantity in which the merchandise is usually bought and sold by ascertaining or estimating the value thereof by all reasonable ways and means in his power, any statement of cost or cost of production in any invoice, affidavit, declaration, or other document to the contrary notwithstanding;

(2) To ascertain the number of yards, parcels, or quantities of the merchandise ordered or designated for examination;

(3) To ascertain whether the merchandise has been truly and correctly invoiced; (4) To describe the merchandise in order that the collector may determine the dutiable classification thereof; and

(5) To report his decisions to the collector.

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ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

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SEC. 28. *

“SEC. 10. That it shall be the duty of the appraisers of the United States, and every of them, and every person who shall act as such appraiser, or of the collector, as the case may be, by all reasonable ways and means in his or their power to ascertain, estimate, and appraise (any invoice or affidavit thereto or statement of cost, or of cost of production to the contrary notwithstanding) the actual market value and wholesale price of the merchandise at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country whence the same has been imported, and the number of yards, parcels, or quantities, and actual market value or wholesale price of every of them, as the case may require.

“SEC. 11. That when the actual market value, as defined by law, of any article of imported merchandise, wholly or partly manufactured and subject to an ad valorem duty, or to a duty based in whole or in part on value, can not be ascertained to the satisfaction of the appraising officer, such officer shall use all available means in his power to ascertain the cost of production of such merchandise at the time of exportation to the United States, and at the place of manufacture, such cost of production to include the cost of materials and of fabrication, and all general expenses to be estimated at not less than ten per centum, covering each and every outlay of whatsoever nature incident to such production, together with the expense of preparing and putting up such merchandise ready for shipment, and an addition of not less than eight nor more than fifty per centum upon the total cost as thus ascertained; and in no case shall such merchandise be appraised upon original appraisal or reappraisement at less than the total cost of production as thus ascertained. The actual market value or wholesale price, as defined by law, of any imported merchandise which is consigned for sale in the United States, or which is sold for exportation to the United States, and which is not actually sold or freely offered for sale in usual wholesale quantities in the open market of the country of exportation to all purchasers, shall not in any case be appraised at less than the wholesale price at which such or similar imported merchandise is actually sold or freely

SEC. III. A. * * * “K. That it shall be the duty of the appraisers of the United States, and every of them, and every person who shall act as such appraiser, or of the collector, as the case may be, by all reasonable ways and means in his or their power to ascertain, estimate, and appraise (any invoice or affldavit thereto or statement of cost, or of cost of production to the contrary notwithstanding) the actual market value and wholesale price of the merchandise at the time of exportation to the United States, in the principal markets of the country whence the same has been imported, and the number of yards, parcels, or quantities, and actual market value or wholesale price of every of them, as the case may require. “L. That when the actual market value, as

Sus. defined by law, of any article of imported mer chandise, wholly or partly manufactured and subject to an ad valorem duty, or to a duty based olie in whole or in part on value, can not be ascertained to the satisfaction of the appraising officer, such officer shall use all available means in his power to ascertain the cost of production of such mer, chandise at the time of exportation to the United States, and at the place of manufacture, such cost of production to include the cost of materials and of fabrication, and all general expenses to be estimated at not less than 10 per centum, covering each and every outlay of whatsoever nature incident to such production, together with the expense of preparing and putting up such merchandise ready for shipment, and an addition of not less than 8 nor more than 50 per centum upon the total cost as thus ascertained; and in no case shall such merchandise be appraised upon original appraisal or reappraisement at less than the total cost of production as thus ascertained. The actual market value or wholesale price, as defined by law, of any imported merchandise which is consigned for sale in the United States, or which is sold for exportation to the United States, and which is not actually sold or freely offered for sale in usual wholesale quantities in the open market of the country of exportation to all purchasers, shall not in any case be appraised at less than the wholesale price at which such or similar imported merchandise is actually sold or freely

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offered for sale in usual wholesale quantities in offered for sale in usual wholesale quantities in the the United States in the open market, due allow- United States in the open market, due allowance ance by deduction being made for estimated duties by deduction being made for estimated duties thereon, cost of transportation, insurance and thereon, cost of transportation, insurance and other necessary expenses from the place of ship- other necessary expenses from the place of shipment to the place of delivery, and a commission ment to the place of delivery, and a commission not exceeding six per centum, if any has been not exceeding 6 per centum, if any has been paid

6 paid or contracted to be paid on consigned goods, or contracted to be paid on consigned goods, or or a reasonable allowance for general expenses and profits not to exceed 8 per centum and a reasonable profits (not to exceed eight per centum) on pur- allowance for general expenses (not to exceed 8 chased goods.

per centum) on purchased goods. (h) At ports where there are assistant appraisers provided for by law the appraiser shall have power to review and to revise and correct the reports of such assistant appraisers. (c) It shall be the duty of an assistant appraiser

(1) To examine and inspect such merchandise as the appraiser may direct, and to report to him the value thereof;

(2) To revise and correct the reports and to supervise and direct the work of such examiners and other employees as the appraiser may designate; and

(3) To assist the appraiser, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury or the appraiser may prescribe.

(d) It shall be the duty of an examiner to examine and inspect the merchandise and report the value and such other facts as the appraiser may require in his appraisement or report, and to perform such other duties as may be prescribed by rules and regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury or the appraiser.

(e) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to designate an officer of the customs as acting appraiser at a port where there is no appraiser. Such acting appraiser shall take the oath, perform all the duties, and possess all the powers of an appraiser. SEC. 28. * * *

SEC. III. A. * “SEC. 13. That the appraiser shall revise and “M. That the appraiser shall revise and correct correct the reports of the assistant appraisers as he the reports of the assistant appraisers as he may may judge proper, and the appraiser, or, at ports judge proper, and the appraiser, or, at ports where where there is no appraiser, the person acting as there is no áppraiser, the person acting as such, such, shall report to the collector his decision as to shall report to the collector his decision as to the the value of the merchandise appraised. At ports value of the merchandise appraised. At ports where there is no appraiser the certificate of the where there is no appraiser tho certificate of the customs officer to whom is committed the estimat- customs officer to whom is committed the estimating and collection of duties, of the dutiable value ing and collection of duties, of the dutiable value of any merchandise required to be appraised, shall of any merchandise required to be appraised, be deemed and taken to be the appraisement of shall be deemed and taken to be the appraisement such merchandise.

of such merchandise.

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ACT OF 1922.

SEC. 501. REAPPRAISEMENT.-The decision of the appraiser shall be final and conclusive upon all parties unless a written appeal for a reappraisement is filed with or mailed to the Board of General Appraisers by the collector within sixty days after the date of the appraiser's report, or filed by the consignee, or his agent, with the collector within ten days after the date of personal delivery, or if mailed the date of mailing of written notice of appraisement to the consignee, his agent, or his attorney. No such appeal filed by the consignee, or his agent, shall be deemed valid, unless he has complied with all the provisions of this Act relating to the entry and appraisement of such merchandise. Every such appeal shall be transmitted with the entry and the accompanying papers by the collector to the Board of General Appraisers and shall be assigned to one of the general appraisers, who shall ascertain and return the value of the merchandise and shall give reasonable notice to the importer and to the person designated to represent the Government in such proceedings of the time and place of the hearing, at which the parties and their attorneys shall have an opportunity to introduce evidence and to hear and cross-examine the witnesses of the other party and to inspect all samples and all papers admitted or offered as evidence. In finding such value affidavits of persons whose attendance can not reasonably be had, price lists, catalogues, reports or depositions of consuls, special agents, collectors, appraisers, assistant' appraisers, examiners, and other officers of the Government may be considered. Copies of official documents, when certified by an official duly authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury, may be admitted in evidence with the same force and effect as original documents. ACT OF 1909.

ACT OF 1913.

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SEC. 28. *

SEC. III. A. * “SEC. 13. * If the collector shall deem the “M. * *

* If the collector shall deem the appraisement of any imported merchandise too appraisement of any imported merchandise too low, he may, within sixty days thereafter, appeal low, he may, within sixty days thereafter, appeal to reappraisement, which shall be made by one of to reappraisement, which shall be made by one of the general appraisers, or if the importer, owner, the general appraisers, or if the importer, owner, agent, or consignee of such merchandise 'shall be agent, or consignee of such merchandise shall deem dissatisfied with the appraisement thereof, and the appraisement thereof too high, and shall have shall have complied with the requirements of law complied with the requirements of law with respect with respect to the entry and appraisement of to the entry, and appraisement of merchandise, merchandise, he may within ten days thereafter he may within ten days thereafter appeal for reapgive notice to the collector, in writing, of such praisement by giving notice thereof to the collector dissatisfaction.

in writing. Such appeal shall be deemed to be finally abandoned and waived unless within two days from the date of filing thereof the person who filed such notice shall deposit with the collector of customs a fee of $1 for each entry. Such fee shall be deposited and accounted for as miscellaneous receipts, and in case the appeal in connection with which such fee was deposited shall be finally sustained, in whole or in part, such fee shall be refunded to the importer, with the duties found to be collected in excess, from the appropriation

for the refund to importers of excess of deposits. The decision of the general appraiser, after argument on the part of the interested parties if requested by them or by either of them, shall be final and conclusive upon all parties unless within ten days from the

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