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O per se 0, or a new crier of lanterne and candle-lights. Or they were obliged to find sure1612, 4to; and Villanies 'discovered by lantern and candle-light, and ties for

their good abearing. the help of a new crier, called Oper se 0. 1616, 4to.

Herbert, Hist. of Hen. VIII. Thus Shakespeare has even used a

See the Law Dictionaries under man per se, in evident allusion to the

good abearing. same form :

ABHOMINABLE for ABOMINABLE.
They say he is a very man per se,
And stands alone.

Tro.f. Cress., i, 2. A pedantic affectation of more corABACK. Compound of back. Back

rect speaking, founded upon a false wards.

notion of the etymology; supposing They drew aback, as half with shame confound. Spens., Shep. Kal., June, 63.

it to be from ab homine, instead of TABADE. The past tense of to abide. abominor, which is the true derivaAnd countred was with Brytons that abade

tion. Shakespeare has ridiculed this With Cassibalayn, the kyng of Brytons brade.

Hardyng's Chronicle, 1543, fol. 36. affectation in the character of the TABAFFE. Abaft. The nautical term. pedant Holofernes. Pump bullies, carpenters, quicke stop the leake.

This is abhominable which he [Don Armado] would Once heave the lead againe, and sound abaffe,

call abominable.

Love's L. L., v, 1. A shafnet lesse, seven all. Taylor's Workes, 1630.

The error, however, was not unTO ABAND, v. Contracted from aban

common. don, in the same sense.

And then I will bring in And Vortigern enforst the kingdom to aband.

Abhominable Lyving

Spens., F.Q., II, X, 65. Hym to beguile. Lusty Juv. Or. of Dr., i, p. 138. ABASHMENT. The state of being Aðhominable Lyving being a perabashed.

sonage in that allegorical drama, Which manner of abashment became her not yll. T. Aye, for thy love I'll sink; aye, for thee.

Skelton, p. 38. M. So thou wilt, I warrant, in thine abhominable sing. TO ABASTARDIZE. To render illegiti

Untrussing of Humorous Poet, iii, 140. mate, or base.

Decker probably thought, like Being ourselves

Holofernes, that this was the true Corrupted and abastardized thus,

word. Thinke all lookes ill, that doth not looke like us.

Daniel, Queen's Arc. sub. fin. To ABHOR, v. a. To protest against, or TO ABATE. To cast down, or deject the reject solemnly; an old term of canon mind.

law, equivalent to detestor.
Till at length

Therefore, I say again
Your ignorance deliver you, as most
Abated captives, to some nation,

I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul

Refuse you as iny judge. Hen. VIII, ii, 4. That won you without blows. Coriol., iii, 8.

Taken from Holinshed: To contract or cut short.

And therefore openly protested that she did utterly O weary night, o long and tedious night,

abhor, refuse, and forsake such a judge. Abate thy hours; shine comforts from the East.

Mids. N. Dr., iii, 2.

Abhore was once common. Used also, as Mr. Todd shows, by

See Spens., F. Q., I, vi, 4. Dryden.

FABIDDEN. Supported, abided. The FABBATESS. A not unusual form for

part. of abide. abbess, the principal of an abbey of

In times past verily we endured hard travaile and

most irkesome to be abidden, even through snowes and nuns. See Whiting, 1638.

the pinching cold of bitter frosts. -and at length became abbatesse there.

Holland's Ammianus Marcellinus, 1609. Holinshed's Chron., 1577. ABJECT, n. 8. A base, contemptible, TO ABEAR. To behave or demean one's or degraded person. self.

Yea, the very abjects came together against me So did the Faerie knight himself abeare. Sp., 7. Q.,V, xii, 19.

Psalm xxxv, 15, Prayerbook.

I deemed it better so to die, ABEARING, or ABERING, also Abear

Than at my foemen's feet an abject lie. ance, joined with the epithet good.

Mirr. for Mag., p. 20. A regular law phrase for the proper

tadj. To be rejected. "I will not and peaceful carriage of a loyal sub use an abject word,” i. e., a word ject. So that when men were bound

deserving of rejection. over to answer for their conduct,

Chapman, Hom. Il., ii, 317. they were said to be bound, to be of +ABILLIAMENTS. A common form, good abearing.

in the sixteenth and seventeenth cenAnd likewise to be bound, by the vertue of that, turies, for habiliments, and applied To be of good abering to Gib, her great cat.

Gamm. Gurt., O. P., ii, 74. generally to armour and warlike stores.

unawares.

And now the temples of Janus being shut, warlike is still used in this sense in trivial
abilliaments grew rusty, and Bellona put on masking-
attire.

Wilson, Hist. of James 1. language.
To ABLE, had two distinct senses.

I have bettered my ground, as you say, and quite 1. To make able, or to give power for

rid me of my wandering guests, who will rather walk seven mile about, than come where they shall be

forced to work one half hour. any purpose. And life by this Christ's] death abled, shall controll

Metamorphosis of Ajaz, 1596. Death, whom thy death slew. Donne's Divine Poems, 6th. ABRAHAM-MEN, or TOM OF BED2. To warrant, or answer for.

LAM'S MEN, or BEDLAM BEG-
None does offend, none; I say none; I'll able 'em. GARS. A set of vagabonds, who

Lear, iv, 6.
Admitted! aye, into her heart, I'll able it.

wandered about the country, soon after
Widow's Tears, 0.P., vi, 164.
Also in the same play:

the dissolution of the religious houses ; You might sit and sigh first till your heart-strings

the provision for the poor in those broke, I'llable it.

0. Pl., vi, 22. places being cut off, and no other sub-
Constable, I'U able him; if he do come to be a justice
afterward, let him thank the keeper.

stituted.
Changeling, Anc. Dr., iv, 240. And these, what name or title e'er they bear,
To sell away all the powder in the kingdom,

Jarkman, or Patrico, Cranke, or Clapper-dudgeon,
To prevent blowing up. That's safe, ile able it.

Frater, or Abram-man; I speak to all Middl. Game at Chesse, D. ii, b, act ii. That stand in fair election for the title This latter sense is the most remark

Of king of beggars. B. Fl., Begg. Bush, ii, 1. able.

See note on 0. Pl., ii, 4; and Lear, TO ABODE. To forebode, to prog

ii, 3.

Hence probably the phrase of shamnosticate, to bode. This tempest,

ming Abraham, still extant among Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded

sailors. See Roderick Random.
The sudden breach on't.

Hen. VIII, i, 1.
The night-owl cry'd, aboding luckless time. #ABRAHAM'S-EYE. A magical charm

3 Hen. VI, v, 6.

to render a thief blind, if he will not A BODEMENT. Omen, prognostic.

confess. This word occurs in a [Abode is sometimes used as a noun

manuscript on magic of the sixteenth in the same sense.]

century. Tush, man, abodements must not now affright us.

3 Hen. VI, iv, 7. ABRAID, v.a. To awaken. To rouse +ABOMINOUS, adj. Abominable. one's self. Sax. Yet here's not all, I cannot half untrusse

But, when as I did out of sleepe abray,
Etc. it's so abominous.

I found her not where I her left whilenre.
Cleareland, Character of a London Diurnall, 1647.

Spens., F. Q., IV, vi, 36. TABOTSERED. An old term in paint- Used also actively : ing, which is explained in the follow- For feare lest her unwares she should abrayd.

Spens., F. C., III, i, 61. ing extract.

Bat from his study he at last abray'd, These colours are likewise used to give the lusters Call’d by the hermit old, who to hím said. and shinings of sattens and silkes, being altered from

Fairf. T., xiii, 50. their naturall colours, when they are wrought upon ABRAM-COLOURED. Perhaps corthe abotsered or grosly layed colours, which custome hath so prerailed with many, that respecting onely rupted from auburn. vaine shewes, without any regard of the precepts of

Over all arte, they use it not onely in the above named ap- A goodly, long, thick, Abraham-colour'd beard. parrels, but also in drapery of contrary stuffes, which

Blurt Master Constable. in no sort require the luster of silkes.

See note on Mer. W., i, 4, and Cor., Lomatins on Painting, by Haydock, 1598. ABOVE. The phrase above the rest ii, 3 ; in which latter place the folio was not unfrequently used in the

reads Abram for auburn. Our sense of especially, in particular.

heads are some brown, some black One night above the rest (her good fortune having some auburn," &c. See Abron, infra. made her bold) she tarrying a little longer than her houre.

Westward for Smelts, 1620. FABRICOT. An apricot. The common ABOUT. Very singularly used, in the

form of the word in the old writers. phrase about, my brains, signifying, ABRIDGEMENT.

A dramatic per“brains, go to work.”

formance; probably from the prevaFie upon't! foh!

lence of the historical drama, in which About, my brains !

Haml., ii, ad fin. Which is explained by a similar pas

the events of years were so abridged sage in Heywood :

as to be brought within the compass My brain, about again! for thou hast found

of a play.
New projects now to work on. Iron Age, 1632. Say what abridgement have you for this evening.

Mids., v, 1. †ABOUT. Out of the way. The word Look where my abridgement comes. Haml., ii, 2.

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In this place, however, the sense is rived from the A.-S. abicgan, and disputable. But this interpretation signifies to pay for, to atone for.] is strengthened by a subsequent pas

For if thou dost intend

Never so little shew of love to her, sage, in which Hamlet calls the play Thou shalt aby it.

Mids., iii, 2. ers “the abstract, and brief chronicles

But he that kill'd him shall abuy therefore.

Harringt., Ariost., sri, 54. of the time;" (1015, b,) abridgement,

Generally used with dear, or dearly. however, is not repeated there, as is Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear. 0. Pl., iii, 26. erroneously said in a note of Mr. See Todd. Steevens on the first passage.

ABYSM. Abyss. From the old French ABRON. For auburn.

abysme. A lustie courtier, whose curled head

What see'st thou else With abron locks was fairly furnished.

In the dark back-ward and abysm of time. Temp., i, 2.

Hall. Sat., B. iii, S. 5. And brutish ignorance, ycrept of late TABSCESSION. An abscess. A form Out of drad darkness of the deep abysm.

Tears of Muscs, 188. in use among the physicians of the ACADEMY. This word anciently had Shakesperian age.

the accent on the first syllable, If truly it doth turne into abscessions, and that it can

Being one of note before he was a man, not be that the gathering together and eruption of the Is still remember'd in that Academy. matter should be letted, it shall be lawfull to use

B. S. Fl., Cust. of Country, ii, 1. medicines which can both matter, open, and cleanse The fiend has much to do that keeps a school,

the ulcer. Barrough's Method of Physick, 1624. Or is the father of a family; ABSINTH. Wormwood.

Or governs but a country Academy. Seeing my injurious fortune,

Ben. Jon., Sad. Shep., ii, 1. Hath so remov'd me from my greatest blisse,

Dr. Johnson, in his Dictionary, has In teares I alwaies will delighted be, And greeve to laugh: absinth and poyson be my

quoted Love's Labour Lost for this sustenance. The Passenger of Benvenuto, 1612. accentuation, but the editions now +ABSTERGIFIE. To cleanse.

have academe in that place. Specially, when wee would abstergifie, and that the huske remaine behind in the boyling of it; but though

Love's L. L., i, 1. it refrigerates and dissecates without the huske, yet ACATER. A caterer ; a purveyor. be it as it will, I finde it no wayes friendly to my selfe.

Go bear them in to Much
The Passenger of Benvenuto, 1612.

Th' acater, let him thank her. B. Jon., Sad. Shep., ii, 6. #ABSTERSIVE. Cleansing. “ Abster

He is my wardrobe man, my acater, cook, sive, cleansing, or wiping away." Cot Butler, and steward. Ben. Jon., Dev. an Ass, i, 3.

This is also read cater, which word is grave. +To ABSUME. To take from; to de

not without authority.

You dainty wits? two of you to a cater, stroy. From the Lat. absumo.

To cheat him of a dinner. B. & Fl., Mad. Lov., ii, 4. He then (for hope of flight was quite expell’d)

ACATES. Often contracted to cates. Belcht from his throat (most strange to be beheld)

Provision, food, delicacies. Huge smothering smoak, which fili'd the rooms with fume,

I, and all choice that plenty can send in;
And from their eyes all light did quite absume.

Bread, wine, acates, fowl, feather, fish, or fin.
Virgil, by Vicars, 1632.

B. Jon., Sad. Skep., i, 8.

A sordid rascal, one that never made +ABURNE. For auburn.

Good meal but in his sleep, sells the acates are sent him, His head short curld : his beard an aburne browne, Fish, fowl, and venison. B. Jon., Staple of Neres, ii, 1.

Tho. Heywood, Great Britaines Troy, 1609. In the above passage I have transposed ABUS. The river Humber.

the word but, which evidently restores Foreby the river that whylome was hight

the true sense. The editions have The ancien Abus, where with courage stout He them defeated in victorious fight,

itAnd chas'd so fiercely, after fearful flight,

Never made That first their chieftain, for his safeties sake

Good meal in his sleep, but sells, &c. (Their chieftain Humber named was arigbt), Not to make a good meal in his sleep Unto the mighty streame him to betake, Where he an end of batteill and of life did make. would certainly be no sign of avarice,

Spens., F. Q., II, x, 16. since such meals cost nothing; but Hence Drayton : For my princely name,

the consequence of starving by day From Humber king of Huns, as anciently it came. may be dreaming of good meats at

Polyolb., 28, p. 1206.

night. But he does not mention the more The Mantuan, at his charges, him allow'th ancient name.

All fine acates that that same country bred.

Harr., Ariost., xliii, 139. ABY, v. For abide ; to stand to, or +To ACCEND. To light up. support the consequences. [This ex While the dark world the sun's bright beams accend,

The shadow on the body doth attend. planation is not correct; aby is de.

Owen's Epigrams, by Harvey, 1677.

TACCEPTATION. Acceptance.

accommodated: or when a man is,-being, -whereby, Sir, could my power produce forth anything

-he may be thought to be,-accommodated; which is

an excellent thing Worthy your acceptation, or my service,

2 Hen. IV, ii, 2. I would with hazard of my life performe it.

See also Ben. Jons. Poetast., iii, 4, Marmyon's Fine Companion, 1633. That your lordships acceptation may shew how

and Every Man, &c., i, 5, where he much you favour the noble name and nature of the calls it one of the words of action :

poet and book. Sir J. Harington's Epigrams, 1633. Hostess, accommodate us with another bedstaffTACCEPTIVE, adj. Accepted, or agreed The woman does not understand the words of action.

B. Jon., Ev. M. in H., i, 5. upon.

Will

you present and accommodate it to the gentleman. But myself will use acceptive darts,

Id., Poetaster, iii, 4.
And arm against him. Chapman, N., vii, 84. TO ACCORAGE, o. To encourage.
ACCESS. Accented on the first sylla But that same froward twaine would accorage,
ble.

And of her plenty adde unto their need.
I did repel his letters, and deny'd

Spens., F.Q., II, ii, 38.
His access to me.
Haml., ii, 1. +ACCORDING.

In accordance; suitAn attack of a fever.

able. And in this sikenesse wymmen fallen doun to grounde They fayrie chose, as fitst for recreation, as thouz thei hadden the fallyng yvele, and liggen The tyme accordinge, for it was Rogation. y swollen, and this accesse durith eitherwhiles ij.

The Newe Metamorphosis, 1600. daies or iij.

Medical MS., 15th cent. +TO ACCOAST, or ACCOST, v. To apTACCISE. Excise.

proach.

“Aborder. To approach, Twere cheap living here, were it not for the monstrous accises which are impos'd upon all sorts of accoast, abboord.” Cotgrave. payes the states almost tlie one moity as much as he +ACCOSTABLE. Approachable, easy

of access. mur at it, because it goes not to any favourit, or The French are a free and debonnaire acostable pee. private purse, but to preserve them from the

ple, both men and women. Howell's Fam. Letts., 1650. Lastly, who would have imagined that the accise To ACCOY, v. To dishearten or subdue: would have taken footing heer? a word I remember Then is your careless courage accoyd, in the last Parliament save one, so odious, that when Your careful herds with cold be annoyd. Sir D. Carleton, then Secretary of State, did but name

Spens., Shep. Kal., Feb., 47. it in the House of Commons, hee was like to be sent +What ? thinkest thou my jolly peacocks trayne to the Tower; although hee nam'd it to no ill sense Shall be acoy'd and brooke so foule a stayne? but to shew what advantage of happines the peeple

Drayton's Shepherd's Garland, 1593. of England had o're other nations, having neither

+Thou olish swaine that thus art overjoyed, the gabells of Italy, the tallies of France, or the How soon may heere thy courage be accoyed ? accise of Holland laid upon them.

I. If he be one come new fro western coast, ACCITE, v. To call, or summon.

Small cause hath he, or thou for him, to boast.

Peele's Eglogue, 1589. Our coronation doue, we will accite,

ACCREW, v. As I before remember'd, all our state. 2 Hen. IV, v, 2.

To increase. TO ACCLOY, v. To choke, or fill up.

Do you not feel your tormeuts to accrer ?

Spens., Ruines of Rome, 207. The mouldy moss which thee accloyeth.

Spens., Shep. Kal., Feb., 135. To accrue, now demands to after it, Hence Cloy.

or from. +Phlegm beeing by nature sharp, and of a brinish | +ACCRUMENT, s. Increase. quality, is the offspring of all diseases which consist

For conferring, I doe passe it over, as that wherto I of a fluxile humor; and according to the diversity of

seldome have beene beholden, yet much affecting it, places whither this brackish humor doth insinuate itself, the body is teend and accloid with divers and

and knowing that it brings a great accrument unto

wisedome and learning. manifold maladies.

Optick Gl. of Hum., 1639. Optick Glasse of Humors, 1639. To ACCOIL. To be in a coil, or bustle +ACCUSEMENT. An accusation.

Whiche neverthelesse by uptrue suggestions and of business.

forged accusements, were condemued, &c. About the cauldron many cookes accould

Holinshed's Chronicles, 1577. With hooks and ladles. Spens., T. Q. 11., ix, 30. TACCUSTOM, v. To fashion ; to form ACCOMBRE, or ACCOMBER, v. To

in manners. encumber, perplex, or destroy.

I accustome or bringe one up in maner, je morigine. Happlye there may be five less in the same nombre; He is well accustumed, 11 est bien moriginé. Palsgrave.

For their sakes I trust thu wilt not the rest accombre. +ACCUSTOMABLY. By custom ; ACCOMMODATE, v. This word it was

usually ; in constant practice. fashionable in Shakespeare's time to

Whoso sweares deceitfully, abuseth Christian fidelity.

Whoso sweares idlely, abuseth the credit of a faithfull introduce, properly or improperly, on

oath. Whoso sweares accustomably, God will playne him.

Taylor's Workes, 1630. all occasions. Ben Jonson calls it

To bate an ace, to besitate, one of “the perfumed terms of the

or show reluctance in doing anything. time." - Discoveries. The indefinite

But as most whores are vicious in their fames, use of it is well ridiculed by Bar So many of them have most vertuous names,

Though' had they be, they will not bate an ace dolph's vain attempt to define it: To be cald Prudence, Temp'rance, Faith, or Grace. Accommodated; that is, when a man is, as they say,

Taylor's Workes, 1630.

FACE.

FACHATE. The agate.

These, these are they, if we consider well,
That saphirs and the diamonds doe excell,
The pearle, the enı'rauld, and the turkesse bleu,
The sanguine corrall, ambers golden hiew,
The christall, jacinth, achate, ruby red,
The carbuncle, squar'd, cut, and pollished.

Taylor's Workes, 1630. ACHES. The plural of ach ; was un

doubtedly a dissyllable, pronounced
aitches, and continued to be so used
to the time of Butler and Swift, which
last had it in bis Shower in London, as
first printed.

Can by their pains and ach-es find
All turns and changes of the wind.

Hudibr., III, ii, 407. The examples are too numerous to be quoted. Mr. Kemble was therefore certainly right in his dispute with the public on this word; but whether a public performer may not be too pedantically right, in some cases, is another question. Yet ach was pronounced ake, as now; for proof of

which see AJAX. ACOP. See Cop. TACQUAINTANCE. The phrase to be

of acquaintance was used commonly
in the sense of to be intimate.
I brought him to supper with me soone after he landed
and came on the shoare : for he and I have beene of
very great acquaintance alwaies from our childhood.

Terence in English, 1614. +TO ACQUISE. To acquire.

Late to go to rest, and erly for to ryse
Honour and goodes dayly to acquyse.

Enterlude of Aroryse, n. d. +ACQUISITITIOUS, adj. Acquired ;

not innate.
It was a hard question, whether his wisdom and
knowledge exceeded his choler and fear; certainly
the last couple drew him with most violence, because
they were not acquisititious, but natural.

Wilson's History of King James I. +TO ACQUIT, or ACQUITE.

quite.
His harte all vowed t exploits magnificent

Doth none but workes of rarest price endite,
Midst foes (as champion of the faith) he ment
That palme or cypress should his paines acquite.

Carer's Tasso. TACROOK. On the decline. The flies credit standth acrooke even as far.

Heywood's Spider & Flie, 1556. ACROSS. Used as a kind of exclama

tion when a sally of wit miscarried. An allusion to jousting. See BREAKACROSS.

ACTON. Hoqueton or Auqueton, Fr.

A kind of vest or jacket worn with
armour. From which, by some in-
termediate steps, the word jacket is
derived.

His acton it was all of black,
His hew berke, and his sheelde,
Ne noe man wist whence he did come,
Ne noe man knewe where he did gone,
When they came from the feelde.

Percy Rel., i, p. 53. See Glossary. It is there defined, “a kind of armour, made of taffaty or leather, quilted, etc. worn under the haberyeon, to save the body from bruises.” But if it was worn under the coat of mail, how could its colour appear? Roquefort defines it,

Espece de chemisette courte; cotte d'armes, espece de tunique.” He adds, that in Languedoc it was called jacouti, and that Borel says, thence comes jacquette, a child's dress. Glossaire de la

Langue Romane.
ACTRESSES. It is well known that

there were none in the English theatres
till after the Restoration.
Coryat says, in his account of Venice,
Here I observed certaine things that I never saw

For I saw women acte, a thing that I never saw before, though I have heard that it hath been sometimes used in London; and they performed it with as good grace, action, and gesture, and what. soever convenient for a player, as ever I saw any masculine actor. Crudities, vol. ii, p. 16, repr. A prologue and epilogue, spoken about June, 1660, turns particularly on this subject. These lines are a part of the former :

I come unknown to any of the rest,
To tell you news, I saw the lady drest;
The woman playes to-day, mistake me not,
No man in gown, or page in petty coat;
A woman to my knowledge, yet I can't,

(If I should dye) make affidavit on't.
Some French women, however, acted
at the Black Friars in 1629.

Histriomast, p. 315. The circumstance may also be traced from passages in the old dramatists. In the epilogue to “ As you like it,” which was spoken by Rosalind, the player says, If I were a woman, I would kiss as many of you as bad beards that pleas'd me, complexions that liked me, and breaths that I defy'd not." Gayton censures foreign theatres for permitting women to act.

before.

To re

I would you

Jlad kneelid, my lord, to ask me mercy; and
That, at my bidding, you could so stand up.

King. I would I had ; so I had broke thy pate,
And ask'd thee mercy fort.

Lafeu. Good faith, across ! All's Well, ii, 1.

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