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forever, of the inhabitants of each town in the feveral counties of this Commonwealth, to be called by the Selectmen, and warned in due course of law, at least seven days before the first Monday in April, for the purpose of electing persons to be Senators and Councillors : and at such meetings every male inhabitant of twenty-one years of age and upwards, having a. freehold estate within the Commonwealth of the annual income of three pounds, or any estate of the value of fixty pounds, shall have a right to give in his vote for the Senators for the district of which he is an inhabitant. And to remove all doubts concerning the meaning of the word“ inhabitant,” in this Constitution, every person shall be considered as an inhabitant, for the purpose of electing and being elected into any office or place within this State, in that town, district, or plantation, where he dwelleth, or hath his home.
The Selectmen of the several towns shall prefide at such meetings impartially; and shall receive the votes of all the inhabitants of such towns present and qualified to vote for Senators, and shall sort and count them in open townmeeting, and in presence of the town-clerk, who shall make a fair record, in presence of the
SelectSelectmen, and in open town-meeting, of the name of every person voted for, and of the number of votes against his name ; and a fair copy of this record shall be attested by the Selectmen and the Town-clerk, and shall be sealed up, directed to the Secretary of the Commonwealth for the time being, with a superscription expressing the purport of the contents thereof, and delivered by the town-clerk of such towns to the sheriff of the county in which such town lies, thirty days at least before the last Wednesday in May annually; or it shall be delivered into the Secretary's office seventeen days at least before the said last Wednesday in May; and the sheriff of each county shall deļiver all such certificates by him received into the Secretary's office seventeen days before the said laft Wednesday in May.
And the inhabitants of plantations unincorporated, qualified as this Constitution provides, who are or shall be impowered or required to assess taxes upon themselves towards the support of government, shall have the same privilege of voting for Councillors and Senators in the plantations where they reside, as town inhabitants have in their respective towns; and the plantation meetings for that purpose fhall be
held annually on the fame first Monday in April, at such place in the plantations respectively as the aftesfors thereof shall direct; which assessors shall have like authority for notifying the electors, collecting and returning the votes, as the Selectmen and town-clerks have in their several towns by this Constitution. And all other persons living in places unincorporated (qualified as aforesaid) who shall be assessed to the support of government by the assessors of an adjacent town, shall have the privilege of giving in their votes for Councillors and Senators, in the town where they shall be assessed, and be notified of the place of meeting by the Select. men of the town where they shall be assessed, for that purpose accordingly.
III. And that there may be a due convention of Senators on the last Wednesday in May annually, the Governor and five of the Council for the time being thall, as soon as may be, examine the returned copies of such records ; and fourteen days before the faid day he shall issue his summons to such persons as shall appear to be chosen by the majority of voters, to attend on that day and take their seats accordingly; provided nevertheless, that for the first
year the said returned copies shall be examined by the President and five of the Council of the former Constitution of Government, and the faid President shall, in like manner, issue his summons to the persons so elected, that they may take their seats as aforesaid..
IV. The Senate shall be the final judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of their own members, as pointed out in the Constitution ; and shall, on the said last Wednesday in May annually, determine and declare who are elected by each district to be Senators by a majority of votes : and in case there shall not appear to be the full number of Senators elected by a majority of votes for any district, the deficiency shall be supplied in the following manner, viz. The Members of the House of Representatives, and such Senators as shall be declared elected, shall take the names of such perfons as shall be found to have the highest number of votes in such district, and not elected, amounting to twice the number of Senators wanting, if there be so many voted for ; and out of these shall elect by ballot a number of Senators sufficient to fill up the vacancies in such district: and in this manner all such vacancies
shall be filled in every district of the Commonwealth; and in like manner all vacancies in the Senate, arising by death, removal out of the State, or otherwise, shall be supplied as soon as may be, after such vacancies shall happen.
V. Provided nevertheless, that no person shall be capable of being elected as a Senator, who is not seized in his own right of a freehold within this Commonwealth of the value of three hundred pounds at least, or possessed of personal estate to the value of six hundred pounds at least, or of both to the amount of the same fum, and who has not been an inhabitant of this Commonwealth for the space of five years immediately preceding his election, and at the time of his election he shall be an inhabitant in the district for which he shall be chosen.
VI. The Senate shall have power to adjourn themselves, provided such adjournments do not exceed two days at a time.
VII. The Senate shall chuse its own President, appoint its own officers, and determine its own rules of proceedings.
VIII. The Senate shall be a court with full authority to hear and determine all impeachments made by the House of Representatives