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violence, and attended by a total change in the fundamental laws of a commonwealth, have a natural tendency to throw a power into the hands of their leaders, which, however disguised, must in truth be unlimited and dictatorial. The restraints of law and usage necessarily cease. The factious among the partisans of the revolution, and the animosity of those whom it has degraded or despoiled, can seldom be curbed by a gentler hand than that of absolute power; and there is no situation of human affairs, in which there are stronger temptations to those arbitrary measures of which the habit alike unfits rulers and nations from performing their parts in the system of liberty.
If, on the other hand, a plan of Constitutional Reform were heartily adopted by an Administration, it might reasonably be hoped that the benefits of such an adoption would extend beyond the immediate effects of the Reform itself. It would be a pledge that the Ministers who adopted it, would carry a liberal, popular, and reforming spirit into every branch of their Admi. nistration ; that they would not only practise economy and retrenchment, and observe moderation in enforcing, as well as lenity in executing the laws, but employ the utmost zeal in all subordinate, though important improvements; that they would undertake the reform of the Criminal, and, where necessary, of the Civil Code; that they would begin the gradual abolition of restraints on Industry and Commerce; and complete the still unfinished fabric of Religious Liberty. Such a Government, which must derive its chief hopes of strength from popular supa port, would honestly desire to consult the opinions, and, as far as possible, to satisfy the wishes of the people. A fair trial would then be made, whether the people could be conciliated by confidence, and would support a Government that put its trust in them. On the issue of the experiment, the existence of such an Administration must depend. By its failure, the situation of the country could hardly be made worse than it now is. By its success, the King of England, reinstated in the hearts of his people, at the head of a contented and united nation, would resume bis high station in the system of Europe, and, as became a Constitutional Monarch, mediate with decisive effect between the contending powers of Revolution and Despotism; instead of beholding, as at present, the strength of this great nation palsied by internal distractions; his Ministers, despised by his Royal Allies for inability to aid them; and their professions of neutrality scorned by those nations struggling for liberty, who see English Councils still directed by members of the Congress of Vienna.
QUARTERLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS,
From August to November, 1820.
AGRICULTURE. The Farmer's Magazine, No. 84. 38.
An Essay on the Uses of Salt for Agricultural Purposes, and in Horticulture. By C. W. Johnson. 35.
ANTIQUITIES, ARCHITECTURE, AND THE FINE ARTS. The Architectural Antiquities of Normandy, in a Series of 100 Etchings, representing exterior and interior Views, Elevations, and Details of the most celebrated and most curious remains of Antiquity in that Country. By John Sell Cotman. Part II. 31. 38.
The Heraldic Origin of Gothic Architecture, in answer to all foregoing Systems. By Royley Lascelles. Royal 8vo. 78.
The History and Antiquities of the Collegiate and Cathedral Church of St Patrick, near Dublin, from its foundation in 1190, to the year 1819. By W. M. Mason. 4to. 31. 38.
No. V. of Picturesque Illustrations of Buenos Ayres and Monte Video ; containing four coloured Engravings. Elephant 4to. 148.
No. V. and VI. of the English Lakes ; containing four coloured Engravings. Demy 4to, 6s.; elephant, 10s. 6d. each.
A Picturesque Tour from Geneva to Milan, by way of the Simplon, 38 coloured Plates, and a Map. 21. 12s. 6d.
No. LVII. of the Repository of Arts, containing five coloured, and one plain Engraving. Royal 8vo. 4s.
No. I. of Views in Savoy, Switzerland, and on the Rhine, from, Drawings made on the spot by John Dennis. 168. · No. IX. of the History and Antiquities of the Abbey Church of St Peter, Westminster. By J. P. Neale. Royal 4to. 16s.
Illustrations of the Novels and Tales, entitled Waverley, Guy Mannering, the Antiquary, Rob Roy, the Black Dwarf, Old Mortality, the Heart of Mid-Lothian, the Bride of Lammermoor, and a Legend of Montrose; engraved after original designs of William Allan, by Heath, Warren, Engleheart, Romney, Meyer, Lizars, &c. Duodecimo, 1l.4.s.; medium 8vo, 11. Ils. 6d.; imperial 4to, 21. 125. 6d.; colombier 4to, 31. 3s. · Picturesque Scenery on the River Meuse and its Banks, from Drawings made on the spot in 1818.' By G. Arnold, A. R. A. No. II., containing 6 Plates. ll. ls.'
Sketches representing the Native Tribes, Animals, and Scenery of Southern Africa. By William Daniell, Esq. 4to. 31. 38. ; proofs on India paper, 41. 4s. boards.
No. VI. of the English Lakes, containing four highly coloured Engravings, with descriptive Letter-press. Demy 4to. 68.
No. XXII. of the Cabinet of Arts. Royal 4to.' 36.
Characteristic Portraits of the various Tribes of Cossacks attached to the Allied Armies in 1815, taken from life, accompanied by historical particulars of their Manners, Costumes, &c. . 4to. ll. 5s.
Pyne's History of the Royal Residences, with 100 coloured Engravings, representing the State Apartments. 3 vols. 4to. 24 guineas boards, or 36 guineas large paper.
No. I. Zoological Illustrations; or, Original Figures and Descrip-, tions of New, Rare, or otherwise interesting Animals, selected principally from the classes of Ornithology, Entomology, and Conchology.' By William Swainson, F. L. S. M, W. S. &c. 48. 6d.
ARTS, SCIENCES, AND PHILOSOPHY. A Treatise on Heat, Flame, and Combustion. By T. H. Pasley. 8vo. 2s. 6d.
An Analytical Calculation of the Solar Eclipse of the 7th of September, 1820. By D. M'Grigger. 8vo. 38.
A Guide to the Stars, being an easy method of knowing the relative Position of all the principal fixed Stars. By Henry Brooke. 4to. 158. boards.
Elements of Chemistry, with its application to explain the Phenomena of Nature, and the Processes of Arts and Manufactures. By James Millar, M. D. Fellow of the College of Physicians, and Lecturer on Natural History and Chemistry. 8vo. 12s. boards.
Illustrations of Phrenology. By Sir George Mackenzie, Bart., with eighteen Engravings. 8vo. 158. boards.
Lectures on the Philosophy of the Human Mind. By the late Thomas Brown, M. D. Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh. 4 vols. 8vo. 21. 128. 6d. boards.
Description of Instruments designed for improving and extending Meteorological Observations. By John Leslie, Esq. Professor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh. 8vo.. 2s. ,
The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, conducted by Dr Brewster and Professor Jameson, (published quarterly). No. VII. with Engravings. Price 7s. 6d. sewed.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. Bibliotheca Rara et Curiosa ; or, a Catalogue of a highly curious. Collection of Books lately formed on the Continent. By Boosey & Sons. ls. 6d. .
Hurst, Robinson, and Co.'s Catalogue of Engraved Copper-Plates, by the most esteemed Artists. Also an Index of the Subjects. 28.
A Catalogue of Books in Anatomy, Medicine, Surgery, Midwifery, Chemistry, Botany, &c. &c. &c., which, with Books in every other department of Literature, are on sale at John Anderson's Medical Library, 40, West Smithfield. ls. 6d.
Simco's Catalogue for 1820; consisting of Illuminated Books, Prints, and Portraits, Manuscripts, Guillims's Heraldry, Arms, Colours, Rademaper's Views, Portraits of Kings of Scotland and Den. mark, &c. 28. 6d,
Richard Baynes's Catalogue of an extensive Collection of Ancient and Modern Books. 38.
The Life of Queen Anne Bullen, with Notes, forming No. 7. of
Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Religious Connexions of John Owen, D.D. Vice Chancellor of Oxford, and Dean of Christ Church, during the Commonwealth. By the Rev. Wm. Orme. 8vo. 125. boards.
Biographical Illustrations of Worcester. By John Chalmers, Esq. 8vo. 15s. boards.
Memoirs of the Life of Andrew Hofer; containing an Account of the Transactions in the Tyrol, during the year 1809, taken from the. German. By Charles Henry Hall. 8vo. 78. 6d. boards.
Memoirs of the late Rev. James Scott, one of the Ministers of Perth, containing Extracts from his Diary. By the Rev. W. A. Thomson, one of the Ministers of that City.
Trial of the Queen, Nos. 1. to 23. 8vo. 1s. each.
The Life of the late George Hill, D.D. Principal of St Mary's College, St Andrews. By George Cook, D.D. with Portrait. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
CLASSICS. Exercises for, Greek Verse ; consisting of extremely literal Translations from the Anthologia, &c. By the Rev. Edmund Squire. 78. boards.
Aristarchus Anti-Bloomfieldianus; or, a Reply to the Notice of the New Greek Thesaurus, inserted in the 44th Number of the Quarterly Review. By E. H. Barker. To which are added, the Jena Reviews of Mr Bloomfield's Edition of Callimachus and ÆschyliPersæ, translated from the German. 8vo. 45. 6d. .
Translation of Homer's Iliad. By William Cowper. 6s. boards.
Carmina Homerica, Iliad and Odyssea by Knight. 4to. ll. 59. boards.
A Dramatic Synopsis ; containing an Essay on the Political and
The Persian Heroine ; or, Downfall of
Prometheus Unbound; a lyrical drama, in four acts, with other
plained in his public Lectures, in reference to Teaching in Classes, &c. By Joseph Kemp.
The Theory of Elocution, exhibited in connexion with a New and Philosophical Account of the Nature of instituted Language. By B. H. Smart. 8vo. 7s. boards.
A Selection of Greek Sentences, with an Index and Lexicon, in Greek and English. By the Rev. G. N. Wright. 12mo. 43. bds.
The Greek Primer; or, a Praxís on the various terminations and formations of Nouns and Verbs, with copious lists of examples, Greek and English. By D. B. Hickie. 12mo. 48. 6d. boards.
The Establishments of Immanuel de Fellenberg, at Hoffwyl, considered with reference to their claims upon the attention of men in public stations. By the Count Louis de Villevieille.. 28.
A Series of Latin Exercises, selected from the best Roman Writers, and adapted to the Rules of Syntax. By Nathaniel Howard. 12mo. 38. 6d.
English Stories, Second Series. By Maria Hack. 12mo. 75.
Early Education; or, the Management of Children considered, with a view to their future character. By Miss Appleton. 8vo. 10s. 6d. boards.
Select Fables; with Cuts, designed and engraved by Thomas and John Bewick and others, previous to the year 1784, together with a Memoir, and a Descriptive Catalogue of the works of Messrs Bewick. 8vo. 15ş. boards. · Irving's Catechism of Mythology, Roman Antiquities, Grecian Antiquities, Jewish Antiquities, England and Wales, British Constitution. ls. each.
HISTORY. The History of the Jews, from the Destruction of Jerusalem to the present time. By Hannah Adams. 12s. boards.
A Polítical History of the City of Carlisle, from the year 1700 to the present time. To which is added, full and correct Lists of the Poll in 1816, and in May 1820. 25. boards.
A Dissertation on the Passage of Hannibal over the Alps, with 4. Maps. 8vo. 12s.
Recollections of the. Reign of George. HI. By John Nichols. 8vo. 12s. boards. · An Historical and Critical Account of a grand series of National Medals, published under the direction of Jaines Mudie. 4to.
Memorials of the Reformation under the Reigns of Henry VIII., Edward VI., and Queen Mary; with the Original Papers, Records,
&c. By John Strype, M.A. 7 vols. 8vo. With new Indexes. • 51, 5s.