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(ACT of March 3d, 1813.) vet rank, and the pay and emoluments, of a colonel of cavalry; all the other inspectors general and quartermasters general shall have the brevet rank, and the pay and emoluments, of a colonel of infantry; the assistant adjutants general, assistant inspectors general, deputy quartermasters general, and topographical engineers, shall have the brevet rank, and the pay and emoluments, of a major of cavalry; and the assistant topographical engineers, and assistant deputy quartermasters general, shall have the brevet rank, and the pay and emoluments, of a captain of infantry.

Sec. IV. The assistant adjutants general, the assistant inspectors general, and the assistant topographical engineers, shall be taken from the line. The adjutants general, inspectors general, quartermasters general, deputy quartermasters general, topographical engineers, and assistant deputy quartermasters general, may be taken from the line or not, as the president may deem expedient. And officers taken from the line, and transferred to the staff, shall receive only the pay and emoluments attached to the rank in the staff; but their transfer shall be without prejudice to their rank and promotion in the line according to their said rank and seniority; which promotion shall take place according to usage, in the same manner as if they had not been thus transferred.

55. Sec. v. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the war department, and he is herby authorized, to prepare general regulations, better defining and prescribing the respective duties and powers of the several officers in the adjutant general, inspector general, quartermaster general, and commissary of ordnance, departments, of the topographical engineers, of the aids of generals, and generally of the general and regimental aff; which regulations, when approved by the president of the Whited States, shall be respected and obeyed, until altered or revoked by the same authority. And the said general regulations, thus prepared and approved, shall be laid before congress at their next session.

56. Sec. vi. The number of assistant deputy commissaries of ordnance shall not exceed sixteen, and they shall, respectively, be entitled to the brevet rank, and to the pay and emoluments, of a first lieutenant of infantry.

57. Sec. vii. For the better superintendence and management of the hospital and medical establishment of the army of the United States, there shall be a physician and surgeon general, with an annual salary of two thousand five hundred dollars, and an apothecary general, with an annual salary of eighteen hundred dollars; whose respective duties and powers shall be prescribed by the president of the United States.

58. SEC. vill. The forage, wagon, and barrack masters, shall be appointed as heretofore: but each quartermaster general, attached to any separate army, command, or district, shall be authorized, with the approbation, and under the direction, of the secretary of the war department, to appoint as many such officers,

(ACT of March 30th, 1814.) and to employ as many artificers, mechanics, and laborers, as the public service may require.

59. Sec. ix. The assistant deputy quartermasters general may be appointed, and officers taken from the line and transferred to the staff may be thus transferred, by the president of the United States alone. But all other new appointments authorized by this act shall be made by the president of the United States, with the advice and consent of the senate: Provided, That, during the recess of the senate, such appointments may be made by the president alone; in which case the same shall be laid before the senate at their next session, for their advice and consent.

60. SEC. X. Every act, and every part of any act, of congress now in force, within the purview and meaning of this act, are hereby repealed.

61. Sec. xi. All letters and packets to and from the adjutant and inspector general, adjutants general, inspectors general, quartermasters general, commissary general of ordnance, physician and surgeon general, and apothecary general, which relate to their official duties, shall be free from postage.

ACT of July 22d, 1813. 4 Bioren, 562. 62. Sec. 1. All officers in the military service of the United States who are by law entitled to forage, shall receive in lieu thereof, when not drawn in kind, an equivalent in money, at the rate of eight dollars per month for each horse, to which they may be entitled: Provided, That no allowance shall be made to any officer, for more horses than he shall actually employ in the public service.

ACT of March 30th, 1814. 4 Bioren, 667. 63. Sec. 1. The first, second, and third, regiments of artillery shall be formed into one corps, and organized into twelve battalions, as follows, to wit: six lieutenant colonels, six majors, twelve adjutants, twelve quartermasters, and forty-eight companies.

64. Sec. viii. The president of the United States hereby is authorized to prescribe the quantity and kind of clothing to be issued annually to the troops of the United States.

65. Sec. ix. From and after the first day of June next, the officers of the arıny shall be entitled to waiters agreeable to grade, as follows: a major general four waiters; a brigadier general, three; a colonel, two; the physician and surgeon general, two; a lieutenant colonel, major, and hospital surgeon, each, one; the officers of each company, three; every commissioned officer who holds a staff appointment which gives the rank of captain, or any higher grade, one; and to every company officer who commands a separate post or detachment, one; any law or regulation heretofore existing to the contrary notwithstanding.

(ACT of March 30th, 1814.) : Sec. X. No officer shall be permitted to employ as a servant any soldier from the line of the army, and that the servants of officers, not exceeding the number allowed by the preceding sec-a tion, shall be mustered with some corps of the army, and that, on the muster rolls formed in consequence thereof, payments shall be made in money to the officers employing them in lieu of wages, subsistence, and clothing, by the paymasters of the several corps or districts where such servants are mustered, at the rate allowed to privates of infantry, which shall be published to the army annually, by the secretary for the department of war.

66. Sec. xi. The president of the United States is authorized to appoint so many assistant apothecaries as the service may, in his judgment, require; each of whom shall receive the same pay and emoluments as a regimental surgeon's mate.

67. Sec. XII. From and after the passing of this act, promotions may be made through the whole army in its several lines of light artillery, artillery, infantry, and riflemen, respectively; and that the relative rank of officers of the same grade, belonging to regiments or corps already authorized, or which may be engaged to serve for five years, or during the war, be equalized and settled by the war department, agreeably to established rules; and that so much of the act, entitled “ An act for the more perfect organization of the army of the United States," passed the twenty-sixth of June, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, as comes within the purview and meaning of this act, be, and the same is hereby, repealed.

68. Sec.x111. For the purpose of avoiding unnecessary expenses in the military establishment, the president of the United States is hereby authorized, in case of failure in filling the rank and file of any regiment or regiments, to consolidate such deficient regiment or regiments, and discharge all supernumerary officers: Provided, That officers so discharged shall be allowed, in addition to the mileage already authorized by law, three months' pay to each.

69. Sec. xiv. Every noncommissioned officer and private of the army, or officer, noncommissioned officer, and private of any militia or volunteer corps, in the service of the United States, who has been, or who may be, captured by the enemy, shall be entitled to receive, during his captivity, notwithstanding the expiration of his term of service, the same pay, subsistence, and allowance, to which he may be entitled whilst in the actual service of the Úni. ted States: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to entitle any prisoner of war, of the militia, to the pay and compensation herein provided, after the date of his parole, other than the travelling expenses allowed by law.

70. Sec. xvi. The commissary general of ordnance may employ in his department, besides blacksmiths and wheelwrights, other mechanics, such as the public service may require, who shall, to

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(ACT of December 15th, 1814.) gether with the said blacksmiths and wheelwrights, be mustered under the general denomination of artificers; and such artificers, being hereafter, or having been heretofore, enlisted to serve for the term of five years, or during the war, shall be entitled to the same annual allowance of clothing as is or may be provided for the soldiers of the army.

71. Sec. XVII. The physician and surgeon general of the army shall be entitled to two rations per day and forage for two horses; and in addition to their pay, as at present established by law, the regimental surgeons and regimental surgeons' mates shall be entitled to fifteen dollars per month, each.

72. Sec. xix. The aids-de-camp of major generals shall be taken from the captains and subalterns of the line; and the aidsde-camp of brigadier generals from the subalterns of the line; and that it shall not be lawful to take more than one aid-de-camp from a regiment.

73. Sec. xx. In no case shall the district paymasters or quartermasters of any grade be taken from the line of the army.

ACT of December 15th, 1814. 4 Bioren, 725. 74. Sec. I. It shall be the duty of the several officers of the army, of the staff of the army of the United States, to provide the officers, seamen, and marines of the navy of the United States, when acting or proceeding to act on shore, in cooperation with the land troops, upon the requisition of the commanding, naval, or marine officer of any such detachment of seamen or marines, under orders to act as aforesaid, with rations, also the officers and seamen with camp equipage, according to the relative rank and station of each, and the military regulations in like cases, together with the necessary transportation, as well for the men as for their baggage, provisions, and cannon: Provided, nevertheless, That the contract price of the rations which may be furnished, shall be reimbursed out of the appropriations for the support of the navy.

SEC. 11. The respective quartermasters of the army shall, upon the requisition of the commanding naval officer of any such detachment of seamen or marines, furnish the said officer and his necessary aids with horses, 'accoutrements, and forage, during the time they may be employed in cooperating with the land troops as aforesaid.

ACT of February 8th, 1815. 4 Bioren, 792.

An act for the better regulation of the ordnance department. 75. Sec. 1. From and after the

passage
of this

act, the ordnance department shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, two majors, ten captains, ten first lieutenants, ten second lieutenants, and ten third lieutenants.

(ACT of February 8th, 1815.) Sec. 11. The colonel, or senior officer of the ordnance department, is authorized to enlist, for the service of that department, for five years, as many master armorers, master carriage makers, master blacksmiths, artificers, armorers, carriage makers, blacksmiths, and laborers, as the public service, in his judgment, under the directions of the secretary for the department of war, may require.

Sec. in. It shall be the duty of the colonel of the ordnance department to direct the inspection and proving of all pieces of ordnance, cannon balls, shot, shells, small arms, and side arms, and equipments, procured for the use of the armies of the United States; and to direct the construction of all cannon and carriages, and every implement and apparatus for ordnance, and all ammunition wagons, travelling forges, and artificer's wagons, the inspection and proving of powder, and the preparation of all kinds of ammunition and ordnance stores. And it shall also be the duty of the colonel, or senior officer of the ordnance department, to furnish estimates, and, under the direction of the secretary for the department of war, to make contracts and purchases for procuring the necessary supplies of arms, equipments, ordnance, and ordnance stores.

SEC. IV. The colonel of the ordnance department shall organize and attach to regiments, corps, or garrisons, such number of artificers, with proper tools, carriages, and apparatus, under such regulations and restrictions relative to their government and number, as, in his judgment, with the approbation of the secretary for the department of war, may be considered necessary.

Sec. v. The colonel of the ordnance department, or senior officer of that department of any district, shall execute all orders of the secretary for the department of war, and, in time of war, the orders of any general, or field officer, commanding any army, garrison, or detachment, for the supply of all arms, ordnance, ammunition, carriages, forges, and apparatus, for garrison, field, or siege, service.

Sec. vi. The keepers of all magazines and arsenals shall, quarterly, or oftener, if so directed, and in such manner as directed by the colonel of the ordnance department, make correct returns to the colonel, or senior officer, of the ordnance department, of all ordnance, arms, and ordnance stores, they may have in charge.

76. Sec. VII. The costs of repairs of damages done to arms, equipments, or implements, in the use of the armies of the United States, shall be deducted from the pay of any officer or soldier in whose care or use the said arms, equipments, or implements, were, when the said damages occurred: Provided, The said damages were occasioned by the abuse or negligence of the said officer or soldier. And it is hereby made the duty of every officer commanding regiments, corps, garrisons, or detachments, to make,

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