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(ACT of April 30th, 1810.) thereof; and it shall be the duty of the postmaster, at all reasonable hours, on every day of the week, to deliver, on demand, any letter, paper, or packet, to the person entitled to, or authorised to receive the same; and all letters brought to any post office half an hour before the time of making up the mail at such office, shall be forwarded therein; except at such post offices where, in the opinion of the postmaster general, it requires more time for making up the mail, and which he shall accordingly prescribe; but this shall in no case exceed one hour.

10. Sec. X. No fees or perquisites shall be received by any person employed in the general post office, on account of the duties to be performed by virtue of his appointment.

11. Sec. xii. Every letter or packet brought into the United States, or carried from one port therein to another, in any private ship or vessel, shall be charged with six cents, if delivered at the post office where the same shall arrive; and if destined to be conveyed by post to any other place, with two cents added to the ordinary rates of postage.

12. Sec. xi. If any postmaster, or other person authorised by the postmaster general, to receive the postage of letters, shall fraudulently demand or receive any rate of postage, or gratuity or reward, other than is provided by this act, for the postage of letters or packets, on conviction thereof he shall forfeit, for every such offence, one hundred dollars, and shall be rendered incapable of holding any office or appointment under the government of the United States.

13. Sec. xiv. No ship or vessel arriving at any port within the United States, where a post office is established, shall be permitted to report, make entry, or break bulk, until the master or com. mander shall have delivered to the postmaster all letters directed to any person or persons within the United States, or the territories thereof, which, under his care, or within his power, shall be brought in such ship or vessel, except such as are directed to the owner or consignee of the ship or vessel, and except also such as are directed to be delivered at the port of delivery to which such ship or vessel may be bound. And it shall be the duty of the collector, or other officer of the port, empowered to receive entries of ships or vessels, to require, from every master or commander of such ship or vessel, an oath or affirmation, purporting that he has delivered all such letters, except as aforesaid. And if any commander or master of any ship or vessel shall break bulk before he shall have complied with the requirements of this act, every such offender shall, on conviction thereof, forfeit, for every such offence, a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars.

Sec. xv. The postmasters to whom such letters may be delivered, shall pay, to the master or commander, or other person delivering the same, except the commanders of foreign packets, two cents for each letter or packet, and shall obtain, from the person delivering the same, a certificate, specifying the number of letters

(ACT of April 30th, 1810.) and packets, with the name of the ship or vessel, and the place from whence she last sailed; which certificate, together with a receipt for the money, shall be, with his quarterly accounts, transmitted to the postmaster general, who shall credit him with the amount.

14. Sec. xvi. If any person, other than the postmaster general, or his deputies, or persons by them employed, shall be concerned in setting up, or maintaining, any foot or horse post, stage wagon, or other stage carriage, or sleigh, on any established post road, or from one post town to another post town, on any road adjacent or parallel to an established post road, or any packet boat or other vessel to ply regularly from one place to another, between which a regular communication by water shall be established by the United States, and shall receive any letter or packet, other than newspapers, magazines, or pamphlets, and carry the same by such foot or horse post, stage wagon, or other stage carriage, or sleigh, packet boat or vessel, (excepting only such letter or letters as may be directed to the owner or owners of such conveyance, and relating to the same, or to the person to whom any packet or bundle in such conveyance is intended to be delivered) every person so offending shall forfeit, for every such offence, the sum of fifty dolJars: Provided, That it shall be lawful for any person to send letters or packets by a special messenger,

15. Sec. xvii. The deputy postmasters, and other agents of the postmaster general, shall duly account and answer to him, for all way letters which shall come to their hands; and, for this purpose, the post riders, and other carriers of the mail, receiving any way letter or letters (and it shall be their duty to receive them, if presented more than two miles from a post office) shall deliver the same, together with the postage, if paid, at the first post office to which they shall afterwards arrive, where the postmaster shall duly enter the same, and specify the number, and rate or rates, in the post bill, adding to the rate of each way letter one cent, which shall be paid by the postmaster to the mail carrier from whom such way

letters shall be received. And that letters directed to persons living between post offices may be delivered, and the postage thereof duly collected, it shall be the duty of the carriers of the mail to take charge of, and deliver, all such letters as shall, for that purpose, be committed to them by any postmaster, and collect the postage thereof, which shall be paid over to such postmaster on demand. And for every letter so delivered, the mail carrier delivering the same shall be allowed to demand and receive two cents to his own use, besides the ordinary postage. And if any postmaster, or other agent of the postmaster general, shall neglect so to account, he or they so offending shall, on conviction thereof, forfeit, for every such offence, a sum not exceeding fifty dol. lars: Provided, That no mail carrier shall make such deliveries at any place not on the post road: Provided also, That the receipt and delivery of letters on the way, between post offices, shall not

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(ACT of April 30th, 1810.) be required of the mail carriers, in cases where, in the opinion of the postmaster general, the time or manner of carrying the mail, or the speed of conveyance, is incompatible with such receipts and deliveries.

16. Sec. xvi. If any person, employed in any of the departments of the general post office, shall unlawfully detain, delay, or open, any letter, packet, bag, or mail of letters, with which he shall be intrusted, or which shall have come to his possession, and which are intended to be conveyed by post, or if any such person shall secrete, embezzle, or destroy, any letter or packet intrusted to him as aforesaid, and which shall not contain any security for, or assurance relating to, money, as hereinafter described, every such offender, being thereof duly convicted, shall, for offence, be fined, not exceeding three hundred dollars, or imprisoned, not exceeding six months, or both, according to the circumstances and aggravations of the offence. And if any person, employed as aforesaid, shall secrete, embezzle, or destroy, any letter, packet, bag, or mail of letters, with which he shall be intrusted, or which shall have come to his possession, and are intended to be conveyed by post, containing any bank note or bank post bill, bill of exchange, warrant of the treasury of the United States, note of assignment of stock in the funds, letters of attorney for receiving annuities or dividends, or for selling stock in the funds, or for receiving the interest thereof, or any letter of credit, or note for or relating to payment of moneys, or any bond or warrant, draft, bill, or promissory note, covenant, contract, or agreement, whatsoever, for or relating to the payment of money, or the delivery of any article of value, or the performance of any act, matter, or thing, or any receipt, release, acquittance, or discharge, of or from any debt, covenant, or demand, or any part thereof, or any copy of any record of any judgment or decree, in any court of law or chancery, or any execution which may have issued thereon, or any copy of any other record, or any other article of value, or any writing representing the same, or if any such person, employed as aforesaid, shall steal or take any of the same out of any letter, packet, bag, or mail of letters, that shall come to his possession, he shall, on conviction, for any such offence be imprisoned not exceeding ten years. And if any person who shall have taken charge of the mail of the United States shall quit or desert the same, before he delivers it into the post office kept at the termination of his route, or to some known mail carrier, or agent of the general post office authorised to receive the same, every such person, so offending, shall forfeit and pay a sum, not exceeding five hundred dollars, for every such offence. And if any person concerned in carrying the mail of the United States shall collect, receive, or carry, any letter or packet, or shall cause or procure the same to be done, contrary to this act, every such offender shall forfeit and pay, for every such offence, a sum not exceeding fifty dollars.

(ACT of April 30th, 1810.) 17. Sec. xix. If any person shall rob any carrier of the mail of the United States, or other person intrusted therewith, of such mail, or of part thereof, such offender or offenders shall, on conviction, be imprisoned, not exceeding ten years, and, if convicted a second time of a like offence, he or they shall suffer death; or if, in effecting such robbery of the mail the first time, the offender shall wound the person having custody thereof, or put his life in jeopardy, by the use of dangerous weapons, such offender or of. fenders shall suffer death. And if any person shall attempt to rob the mail of the United States, by assaulting the person having custody thereof, shooting at him, or his horse, or mule, or threatening him with dangerous weapons, and the robbery is not effected, every such offender, on conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment not exceeding three years. And if any person shall steal the mail, or shall steal or take from or out of any mail, or from or out of any post office, any letter or packet, or if any person shall take the mail, or any letter or packet therefrom, or from any post office, whether with or without the consent of the person having custody thereof, and shall open, embezzle, or destroy, any such mail, letter, or packet, the same containing any article of value, or evidence of any debt, due, demand, right, or claim, or any release, receipt, acquittance, or discharge, or any other article, paper, or thing, mentioned and described in the eighteenth section of this act, or if any person shall, by fraud or deception, obtain, from any person having custody thereof, any mail, letter, or packet, containing any article of value, or evidence there of, or either of the writings referred to, or next abovementioned, such offender or offenders, on conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned not exceeding seven years. And if any person shall take any letter or packet, not containing any article of value, or evidence thereof, out of a post office, or shall open any letter or packet which shall have been in a post office, or in the custody of a mail carrier, before it shall have been delivered to the person to whom it is directed, with a design to obstruct the correspondence,

into another's business or secrets, or shall secrete, embezzle, or destroy, any such mail, letter, or packet, such offender, upon conviction, shall pay, for every such offence, a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars,

18. Sec, xx. If any person shall rip, cut, tear, burn, or otherwise injure, any portmanteau, valise, or other bag, used, or designed to be used, by any person acting under the authority of the postmaster general, or any person in whom his powers are vested, in the conveyance of any mail, letter, packet, newspaper, or pamphlet, or shall draw, or break, any staple, or loosen any part of any lock, chain, or strap, attached or belonging to any such valise, portmanteau, or bag, with an intent to rob or steal any mail, letter, packet, newspaper, or pamphlet, or to render either of the same insecure, every such offender, upon conviction, shall, for every such offence, pay a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, or be im

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(ACT of April 30th, 1810.) prisoned not exceeding three years, at the discretion of the court before whom such conviction is had.

19. Sec. xxr. Every person who, from and after the passage of this act, shall procure, aid, advise, or assist, in the doing or perpetration of any of the acts or crimes, by this act forbidden to be done or performed, shall be subject to the same penalties and pun. ishments as the persons are subject to, who shall actually do or perpetrate any of said acts or crimes, according to the provision of this act.

20. Sec. xxii. Every person who shall be imprisoned by a judg. ment of court, under and by virtue of the eighteenth, nineteenth, twentieth, or twenty-first, sections of this act, shall be kept at hard labour during the period of such imprisonment.

21. Sec. xxm. The postmasters shall, respectively, publish, at the expiration of every three months, or oftener, when the postmaster general shall so direct, in one of the newspapers published at or nearest the place of his residence, for three successive weeks, a list of all the letters remaining in their respective offices, or, instead thereof, shall make out a number of such lists, and cause them to be posted at such public places in their vicinity, as shall appear to them best adapted for the information of the parties concerned; and, at the expiration of the next three months, shall send such of the said letters as then remain on hand, as dead letters, to the general post office, where the same shall be opened and inspected; and if any valuable papers or matter of consequence shall be found therein, it shall be the duty of the postmaster general to return such letter to the writer thereuf, or cause a descriptive list thereof to be inserted in one of the newspapers, published at the place most convenient to the supposed residence of the owner, if within the United States; and such letter, and the contents, shall be preserved, to be delivered to the person to whom the same shall be addressed, upon the payment of the postage, and the ex• pense of publication. And if such letter, with its contents, be not demanded by the person to whom it is addressed, or the owner thereof, or his lawful agent, within two years after the advertisement thereof as aforesaid, the said contents shall be applied to the use of the United States, until the same shall be reclaimed by the proprietor thereof. The manner of such application to be specially stated, by the postmaster general, to the secretary of the treasury.

22. Sec. xxiv. Letters and packets, to and from the following officers of the United States, shall be received and conrcyed by post, free of postage. Each postmaster, provided each of his letters or packets shall not exceed half an ounce in weight; each member of the senate, and each member and delegate of the house of representatives of the congress of the United States, the secretary of the senate, and clerk of the house of representatives, provided each letter or packet shall not exceed two ounces in weight; and, during their actual attendance in any session of congress, and

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