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with the War of the Regulation; Whigs and Tories, by Prof. W. C. Allen; a brief summary of the Revolutionary War in N. C. and the Revolutionary Congresses of North Carolina by Thomas M. Pittman who reviews the necessary work done by these bodies preliminary to the struggle in arms. In the November issue, Dr. K. P. Battle tells in a pleasant way the story of how the Capital of North Carolina was finally fixed and how Bloomsbury, the county seat of Joel Lane, was evolved into the modern beautiful city of Raleigh.—Raleigh and the old Town of Bloomsbury.

With a brave face and sturdy strokes does President C. W. Dabney (Knoxville, Tenn.), tackle the most fundamental problem of the human race, to make us all see that "the commonwealth exists only for the children of to-day and those of the future." As a corollary, he declares, with firm insight that the "greatest problem” of the South "is that of the rural industrial school.” Others may be as unerring in diagnosing sociological troubles, but few are as determined and weighty in stating the case. Of course he is right in both views, but it is easier to move mountains of granite than elevate the mass of people to this high plane. But President Dabney is not disheartened and seizes weapons from all sides for the fray. He masses figures of illiteracy and low salaries, he draws on experience and general knowledge. He begins with extracts from Jefferson and closes with texts from the Bible—rather refractory yoke fellows, but he makes them go. (The Problem in the South, address before So. Educ. Assoc., Dec. 28, 1901: printed by General Education Board, New York, 1903).

The Proceedings of the Fifth Conference for Education in the South, consists of the minutes, reports and addresses of the meeting held in Athens, Ga., April 24, 25, 26, 1902, all forming the Bulletin of the Southern Education Board (quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 2, Aug., 1902, 8 vo., pp. viii+102, many illus., Knoxville, Tenn.). Numerous speeches were delivered of which a stenographic record was made, but editorial excision was so freely applied that the most of the 25 whose utterances are here preserved appear only in extracts. There are besides the formal words of the officers and field agents. The aim of all was not so much to furnish facts and arguments as to arouse and inspire the public mind on the vast subject of education. The occasion was noted in these Publications (see pp. 280-281 of Vol. 6).

The recent publications of the Guilford Battle Ground Company, Greensboro, N. C., include an oration delivered before the company in 1900 by Gen. H. V. Boynton on N. C. in the wars of the U. S.; address in 1901 by R. F. Beasley on the battle of Elizabethtown in 1781 and the career of Capt. James Morehead (1750-1815); address in 1902 by Thomas M. Pittman on Nathaniel Macon and by G. S. Bradshaw, on Mrs. Kerenhappuch Turner, a heroine of 1776.

Colonel J. B. Killebrew's address, "The battle of Guilford Court House,” delivered before the Tennessee division of the S. A. R., at Nashville, March 15, 1901, is obtainable in printed form (paper, pp. 15, illus., press of Newman's Co., Knoxville, Tenn., 1902). He gives a good lively description of that memorable conflict. Col. Killebrew has lately become "a member of the editorial force of the Manufacturers' Record,” Baltimore, Md., and consequently has resigned from the land and immigration department of a railroad company in Nashville.

During December, 1902, the Charleston News and Courier published in syndicate series from Baltimore American the story of the Lincoln Conspiracy, told by Samuel B. Arnold, one of the two only survivors, so said, the other being John H. Surratt. He adds nothing of significance to the facts already known with regard to the scheming. A large part of his narrative describes life in the Dry Tortugas where several of Booth's comrades were confined for a few years.


By invitation of the Legislature of South Carolina, General M. C. Butler, in January last, delivered before that body an address on Wade Hampton, eminently dignified and reflective, free frrom bias, temperate and balanced in eulogy, excellent in the summary of Hampton's military career and very interesting in the thoughtful observations on the social influences of the old system (News and Courier, Jan. 25, 1903).

Very capably and earnestly does Mr. Peter J. Hamilton emphasize the importance of studying local history, at the same time pointing out some of the most fruitful fields and methods for that locality (Register, Dec. 7, 14, 1902, Mobile, Ala., containing the address before the Epworth League of that city).

There is an index to volume 2 of Collections of the Habersham Chapter, D. A. R. (paper, pp. 697-726, Atlanta, Ga.).

SONGS FROM THE CAROLINA HILLS. By Lucille Armfield. New York: [copyr. by Doxey's]. 1902. To be had of the author, High Point, N. C., or of Stone & Barringer, Charlotte, N. C., D. pp. 68, boards, gilt top, uncut edges, $1.

The predominant note in this little volume of poems is love. They are introspective and subjective; there is little by way of appeal to nature, or of inspiration drawn from the beautiful Piedmont section of North Carolina where they were written. The favorite form is the sonnet, although the best results seem attained in the use of a five line stanza made up of 4, 3, 4, 4, 3 iambic and anapestic feet, where lines 1, 3, 4, and 2, 5 rhyme with each other as seen in “The two roses."

She gave to me a rose at dawn of day,

At dawn when we had to part,
That its beauty might cheer the weary way,
And shut from my sight the skies of ay,

Which threaten the bravest heart.

There is now and then a false note as when "is” is made to rhyme with “bliss” (p. 35, 41); "gone" with "flown” (p. 49); and the translations are less successful than original efforts.

There are some touches of poetic imagery and fire as is seen in "The making of a poet.”

For years he walked amid the human throng,

Unseeing and alone, for, fixed and far,
His gaze was set upon a wondrous star.

He yearned to catch some echoes of the song
The spheres sing in the heavens; strove full long

To shape in flaming speech the thoughts that are
So great and high that words their beauty mar;

But ever failed, for he was weak and wrong.

At last among the toiling ones he wrought

To earn life's simple bread with sweat and tears,
And learned to feel their common woes and mirth.

Then straight the words were wedded to the thought,
The strains divine resounded in his ears,

And lo! the star had come to dwell on earth.

ABNER DANIEL. By Will N. Harben. New York & London, Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1902, pp. 312.

The scene of this story lies chiefly among the mountains of North Georgia and turns on the propensity of Alfred Bishop to invest in lands with the expectation of a coming railroad. His plans seem to fail and bring with them difficulties for his son Alan who is in love with Dolly Barclay.

Alan's friend, Rayburn Miller, is a sharp, shrewd lawyer, whose maneouverings with the President of the Southern Land & Timber Company, form a striking part of the story. Miller does not believe in love, but when he meets Alan's pretty sister, he not only becomes deeply smitten, but all his theories against love vanish.

Abner Daniel, from whom the book is named, is Alan's bachelor uncle. His dry sayings show a good deal of philosophy, though at times they seem somewhat irreligious. Another original character is Pole Baker, who is a born


wire puller and whose recovery of the money is one of the interesting features of the volume. His chicken trade is a marvel of sharpness and his wire pulling and uncle Abner's speech to carry the town meeting in favor of granting the right of way to the railroad, are quite amusing.

Such words as "pine blank," "shindig," "passle," and "marster" are familiar to Southern ears, and the dialect of the mountaineers is fully given. Mr. Harben is rather severe on the society young men of Atlanta, and he makes a sly rebuke to ladies' ball dresses when he alludes to a dance with "Miss Fewclothes," of Rome, Ga.

The entire volume is interesting and shows both originality and thought, besides a good deal of quiet humor.

McDONALD FURMAN. Privateer, Sumter County, S. C.

Miss Mary H. Girardeau, of Sumter, S. C., who has been for thirteen years, a teacher, contributed to educational literature an amusing and interesting little booklet entitled “Pupils Potpourri,” which is a collection of pupils' mistakes innocently spoken and written.

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