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in the beginning of this manuscript and states that the information was given him in 1849, by Major John Redd, of Henry county, Va. At that time Major Redd must have been upwards of eighty years
"It is probable that our manuscript is the original of the information given Mr. Draper. At any rate it is evident that the questions, to which answers are given, were propounded by one well informed in regard to the history of the West.”]
The answers run through this and the next number of the magazine.
In the October, 1899, issue of the magazine there is another editorial preliminary note as follows: "[As stated in the introduction to these reminiscences, this paper by Major Redd, is in two parts, sheets roughly stitched together. The second part which is begun in this number, consists of his recollections of the prominent men of the Western frontier of Virginia and North Carolina. A number of pages are missing, the remaining account beginning with what is evidently a sketch of the life of General Joseph Martin. It is probable that the missing pages will be recovered, and if so, will be published in a future Magazine.]”
Immediately after the above preliminary note, with one line blank, the printing of MSS. goes on thus: “but all to no purpose. Burns and Barker were carried of and *
This beginning is found in the present account farther on, but the MS. here printed differs in spelling, in condensation, and change of non-essential words from that used in the Virginia Magazine, but from that point to the end of this MS. they are practically the same. The Magazine continues through January, 1900, with Redd MSS., dealing with sketches of other characters.-EDITORS.
MAJ. JOHN REDD'S STATEMENT. On this 14th day of October, 1833, personally appeared in open Court before the justices of the County Court of Henry now sitting John Redd, a resident of said county of Henry, aged seventy-eight years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefits of the Act of Congress passed 7th June, 1832. That he was born in the County of Orange in the State of Virginia in the month of October, 1755, as appears from the record of his age now in his possession, and removed to the County of Henry (then Pitsylvania County) in the month of March, 1774. That he entered the services of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated. That in the month of July, 1776, he marched with a company of Militia commanded by Capt. Joseph Martin, from the County of Henry (then Pitsylvania) as an orderly sergeant to the Long Island of Holston, where they were joined by various other companies, the whole under the command of Col. Wm. Christian, that in the month of October following the army (after having erected a fort, storehouses, &c., on Holston) marched against the Cherokee Indians, and after destroying seven of their towns & much of their stock and provisions returned to the fort on Holston in the month of November following. This declarant continued in the service as orderly sergeant in this expedition five months. That about the month of December following, the army was disbanded with the exception of four or five hundred men who were enlisted to remain upon the frontiers until peace should be concluded with the Indians. This declarant again enlisted and received from Col. Anthony Bledsoe, then in command, the appointment of Sergeant Major in which office he served for seven months, and was discharged with the army after the conclusion of peace with the Indians in the latter part of the month of July, 1777. He then returned to the County of Henry and was commissioned an Ensign in a company of Militia commanded by Capt. Brice Martin. That in the summer of 1780, he was in the service one month as an Ensign having been called into the service with Capt. Martin's Company and marched against the Tories who had assembled at a place called a Hollow near the head of Dan & Arrarat Rivers. That early in the year 1781 this declarant, then a Lieutenant in Capt. Brice Martin's Company, marched with his company and others under the command of Col. James Lyon to join Genl. Green on Dan River, but before they reached Green's army, Lyon himself deserted and most of the troops returned to their homes, and the remnant of the troops amongst whom was this declarant after being in the service for one month were discharged by Genl. Greene in consequence of the large disproportion of officers.
MAJ. JOHN REDD'S SKETCH OF GENERAL JOSEPH MARTIN.
Agreeable to your request I now Sit down to give you a detail of the life of Genl. Jos. Martin & others of Such incidents in their lives as have come under my own observation and facts that I have obtained from reliable Sources. In performing this duty I shall have to mention my own Services in connection with the distinguished men of whom you seek information. I do this not for the purpose of giving publicity to the part which I took in the frontier Settlement, but that you may understand fully the Services of Martin & others.
My first acquaintance with Genl. Martin was when he married his first wife, Miss Sarah Lucas, of Orange County, Va., in the neighborhood where I lived, at which time I was about 10 years of age; he remained in the neighborhood many years. In the year 1773 he purchased land in the County of Pittsylvania, now Henry, on Smith's river, and in the following winter moved his family out. In Mar., 1774, he returned to Orange and gave me as an overseer at his new home in the same year the Shoanise Indians declared war against the whites, they made several excursions in the waters of new river, and did a great deal of damage to persons and property. The Legislature of Va. passed a law to raise an army immediately to be put under the Command of Col. Andrew Lewis, for the purpose of meeting the Indians. Genl. Martin was appointed first Lieut. in the Company of Capt. Abram Penn. Capt. Penn's company was ordered to Culbertsons bottom on new river for the purpose of building a fort to protect the Whites, this order of Capt. Penn's was immediately carried into affect.
Genl. Martin remained in this fort in the capacity of first Lieutenant until the battle between Col. Lewis and the S. Indians at the point near the mouth of the Kanawha river,
after the battle the Indians sued for peace. Capt. Penn's company was discharged and Genl. Martin returned home about the first of Dec. and arriving home Genl. Martin gave notice that he wished to raise a company to go out and settle Powells Valley, the company was soon raised, and on the 28th of December we set out, the company was composed of 16 or 18 men with all necessary implements to Settle. Early in January, 1775, we arrived in the Valley and halted in a large old Indian field where a few years before Genl. Martin attempted to make a Settlement, of Genl. Martin's first trip to Powells Valley I know nothing excepts such facts as I obtained from the Genl. and his brother Brice. In his first trip to Powells Valley he was accompanied by only 5 or 6 men, the day after he arrived in the Valley a large Company of Indians who were on a hunting expedition came to his Camp, the Indians appeared to be very friendly and delighted at seeing their white brethren, most of them had very inferior Guns and Seemed to be pleased with the appearance of the Guns of Martin's men, the Indians seemed to be very talkative, but unfortunately none of the whites could speak the Indian language nor the Indians the language of the Whites. Genl. Martin perceiving that the Indians took a great fancy to his guns, gave his men orders not to let the Indians take any of them out of their hands—the Indians soon gave Signs to Martin and his men that they wished to exchange their guns with the whites their offers in every instance were Sternly rejected. Martin Set his gun down and the moment he turned his Eye from it a very large Indian picked it up and put his gun in the place of it and walked off a few yards to his companions, as soon as Martin discovered that his gun was gone, he picked up the old one lying in the place of his and walked to where the Indians were. Seeing the Indian with it in his hand, he threw the old gun at the feet of the Indian and laid hold of his
See Weeks' Martin, pp. 412-415.
own the Indian refused to give it up a scuffle ensued, Martin threw the Indian down wrenched the gun from his reluctant grasp, the Indians who were standing by and witnessed the Scuffle between their companion and Martin raised a great Laugh and yelled at the Scuffle, the Indian from whom the gun had been taken was very much annoyed and soon went off with his companions, on leaving the Indian Said a great deal in a very excited tone. Martin not understanding his Language took all he said to be threats of revenge after the affair of the gun. Martin and his men held a counsel and concluded that they had better return home for they knew not to what extent the Indians might carry their revenge accordingly the next morning they set out for home. We immediately set to work and built several strong cabins and Stockaded them which made it a good fort for defence. We then fenced in with brush and rails a large portion of the old field in which we made a large crop of corn. The Valley abounded in almost every Species of game, and the time we had to spare from cultivating our corn was employed in killing game, we soon had a large supply of meat.
(To be Continued.)