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made up my mind upon it myself. I doubt not but I could engage in business in Marianna under as favorable circumstances as any other man, but there are two difficulties which cause me to waver, and indeed determine not to settle there until I have look'd farther. One is, that the Town is situated on a stream which is only Navigable in wet weather ; and in low water, should have to Waggon my goods 18 miles. This is always an obstacle in Mercantile enterprise. The other difficulty is, that I doubt the permanency of those who have settled and are settling in Jackson County from No Ca. As I before remarked, there can be no doubt of the sickliness of the County and I apprehend that many of them after being there a while will become dissatisfied and remove, at least in the summer. And those that will do so, will be among the number upon whom I should rely for support, and whose Society we should enjoy. Then the question is, shall we settle in a place from which we may again have to remove, or shall we go to a place where we may feel ourselves permanent? I think you will decide with me that the latter is preferable. I have not abandoned the idea however of locating in Marianna, but still you must not too strongly anticipate it. In the evening we went to your Fathers. His land is 12 miles Northwest of Marianna. From all I saw there can be no doubt of its being a first rate piece of land but to me it was really a gloomy place; and I am not surprised that his letters to No Ca bear marks of gloom and depression of spirit. I remained in the neighborhood until Friday, May 5th, in the meantime visiting Mr. Duke Howe; Drs. Edward and Saml. Bellamy and some others. Dr. Saml. Bellamy is very anxious for me to go to Marianna and promises to build me a church if I will do so. It is very uncertain when your Father will start for home. Your Uncle Baker has several sick negroes and as your Father will wait for him, I would advise you not to look for




him until you see him, nor be disappointed at his not returning very early.

From Marianna I proceeded on May 5th sometimes travelling in Alabama and then crossing the Chatahoochee, going up on the Georgia side, and arrived in Irwinton in Alabama on Sunday evening last. Of this place I have heard much, and can say that so far as respects its locality and its future prospects I was not disappointed. It is one of the handsomest situations for a Town which I have ever seen. It is on the bank of the Chatahoochee river, about 200 feet above the level of the water. Near the Town are several fine springs and the water is very good. I can see nothing to render the place sickly and I think you would be delighted with its appearance. It has only been in existence about 30 months and is rapidly improving. But like all places I have yet seen there are too many merchants there. After getting to Irwinton, I made enquiries and look'd around me and have paused whether I could engage in business there advantageously or not. think it is destined to become a great place, but at present are enough there to do the business.

So I shall go on a little further. I left Irwinton on Tuesday and Wednesday evening got to Fort Mitchell. This is a sorry looking place indeed.

I commenced writing this letter at Irwinton, but finding the mail leaves there but once a week, I suspended it,

and shall finish and mail it at Columbus. But for the delay of the mail, you would have received this a week earlier than otherwise you will receive it.

I cannot say when I shall write you again, nor do I know what course I shall pursue from Columbus, probably from thence to Montgomery, Wetumpka, &c.


will write me immediately directed to “Macon, Georgia” I may probably get






Columbus, Ga., 13th May, 1837


The space

between my two last letters was somewhat longer than I intended it should be, owing to the fact that I was for sometime travelling through a country where there was no mail.

My last letter, tho' mailed here, was written in the neighborhood of Fort Mitchell; and on the 13th Inst. I arrived here. When I came to Columbus, I contemplated spending a few days here, then leaving my horse to rest and taking the stage for some of the Western Towns of Alabama. But I found the stage fare so enormously high, and the price of keeping my horse so extravagant, that I determined on continuing my route in my sulky. So after remaining here two days, on Monday evening last I left for the West. Since then I have visited Tuskegee, Wetumpka, Montgomery and one or two other Towns, and after spending some little time in each of them I returned to this place, in health and safety, this evening. Although but 8 days have passed since I made the last excursion, yet I have been thrown into much of different kinds of company, I have seen some romantic scenery, some beautiful country, and have been much pleased with my trip.

I have not received one single line from a human being since I left home, except a short note from a gentleman on busi





Columbus, Georgia, Sunday night, 21st May, 1837.

I expect to leave Columbus this morning for the interior, and do not know that I shall write you again in sometime, if indeed at all. You need not look for me until you see me; but of this be assured that I shall return to No Ca as soon as practicable..

(To be continued.)





(Clearly straddling now, looking down both directions, claim Texas to be "in a state of anarchy," believe the militia should be organized but declare they are peaceable and loyal, and wish “ to remain attached to the federal government of Mexico," nervously anxious to keep well balanced they indulge in considerable repetition of these sentiments.]

At a very large and respectable meeting of the citizens of the Jurisdiction of Columbia, on the 28th day of June, 1835, held in pursuance of a previous call for the purpose of considering the present situation of the country, and determining upon the course of conduct for the people of this Juris diction to pursue in the present and appalling crisis.-Col. W. D. C. Hall was called to the chair and Byrd B. Waller elected Secretary.

The letter of the Political Chief of this department together with a number of documents throwing light upon the situation of the country having been read to the meeting, Messrs. John A. Wharton, W. D. C. Hall, H. Smith, J. F. Perry, J. H. Bell, S. Whiting, G. B. McKinstry, W. C. White, P. B. McNeel, F. Bingham, J. A. E. Phelps, Edwin Waller, E. Andrews, J. P. Caldwell, and E. G. Head were unanimously chosen to prepare a report and resolutions to be submitted for the consideration of the meeting. The committee retired but shortly returned with the following report and resolutions which were unanimously adopted:

To the citizens of the Jurisdiction of Columbia: Your committee having given the subject upon which they were to report as thorough an investigation as the time and circumstances will permit, beg leave to submit the following report:

Your committee view with the deepest regret and greatest alarm the present political situation of Texas, and recommend to this meeting, and their fellow-citizens generally, union, moderation, organization, and a strict adherence to the laws and constitution of the land Your committee protest against the acts and conduct of any set of individuals (less than a majority calculated to involve the citizens of Texas in a conflict with the Federal Govertiment of Mexico, and particularly protest against the proceedings of those persons at Anahuac who gave the collector of customs, Don Jose Gonzalez a series of resolutions declaring that they would not obey the revenue laws of Mexico. They denounce such persons as foreigners, and disclaim all participation in the act whatever. Your committee further declare that they are the faithful and loyal citizens of Mexico, and that they are disposed and desirous to discharge their duty as such and that it is their wish and interest to remain attached to the Federal Government of Mexico. Your committee recommend to the Political Chief the adoption of the most prompt and energetic measures to chastise the savages that have lately committed depredations on our frontier citizens; and beg leave to present the following resolutions:

Resolved, That inasmuch as Texas is left in a state of anarchy, and without governor, vice-governor, or council, that we recognize the Political Chief as the highest executive officer, and that we earnestly recommend an immediate organization of the militia for the protection of the frontier, and that he suspend further orders until the whole people are consulted, and also that he recommend a similar course to the Chiefs of the other departments of Texas.

Resolved, that the Political Chief be requested to correspond with the other Chiefs of departments in Texas, and request them to co-operate with him in electing three depu

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