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will confer a favor upon the Department and myself by advising me freely and fully with regard to your views.”

The subject has prompted a slight inquiry into what has already been done by the various States of the Confederacy towards preserving the records of their troops.

In March the editor addressed a note to the Secretary of State, to the leading historical authority in the State, and to others asking two questions: 1. What has your State done towards getting her Confederate rosters in shape and ready for publication ? 2. What has it published of those rosters up to the present time?

The answers are printed below seriatim:

ALABAMA. Thomas M. Owen, Esq., Director of the Department of Archives and History, writes under date of April 8:

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Replying to your postal I beg to say (1) Alabama has in this Department partial rosters of her troops in the Confederate States army, which have been augmented from time to time by the gift of others, both before and since the formation of the Department, and (2) nothing has heretofore been done looking to the publication of our rosters, except the enactment of the provisions on the subject to be found in sub-division 4 of section 3, and in section 6 of the act of establishment.

You may find in the second volume of the Transactions of the Alabama Historical Society, a full account of W. H. Fowler's efforts

(4) He shall have the control and direction of the work and operations of the Department, he shall preserve its collections, care for the official archives that may come into its custody, collect as far as possible all materials bearing upon the history of the State, and of the territory included therein, from the earliest times, prepare the biennial register hereinafter provided, diffuse knowledge in reference to the history and resources of the State; and he is charged with the particular duty of gathering data concerning Alabama soldiers in the war between the States.

SECTION 6. Be it further enacted, That the Department is charged with the duty of making special effort to collect data in reference to soldiers from Alabama in the war between the States, both from the War Department at Washington, and also from private individuals, and to cause the same to be prepared for publication as speedily as possible.

toward the collection of the records of our troops during the struggle. Examine the sub-division on page 328 et seq. of the Report of the Alabama Historical Commission for further data on the subject, the extent of our rosters, etc.

Since entering upon my work as the Director of the Department, I have collected a large number of original or contemporary records. What we had on hand, together with the use of what is in the War Department, we expected to publish in the next two or three years.

The recent law of Congress, however, providing for the compilation and publication by the United States Government of all the rosters of both armies, will preclude the necessity of any further action on our part looking to State publication. The Governor of Alabama has directed me as the head of this Department to extend the fullest coöperation to the War Department in its plans. I am preparing to place in the hands of Col. F. C. Ainsworth all of our records, and shall probably visit Washington in the coming May for that purpose.

Just one year ago, in April, 1901, I visited the War Department with a view to arranging to secure copies of what records they had in reference to Alabama troops, for publication under our first plan above outlined. I then discovered that the Department was loath to permit us to secure copies, although we had the right to them under the law. Colonel A. told me that it was his desire to round out the work already begun in the "Official Records,” by publishing the personnel of both armies. He then intimated that it would be many years before the work was undertaken. I urged immediate action, and to that end talked to Senator Pettus, of the committee on military affairs of the Senate, as well as to other Senators. Later, after a conference with me on the subject, Hon. Dunbar Rowland, Director of the Mississippi Department of Archives and History, visited Washington on a like mission. He met practically the same reception as I did, but his urgency was productive of the enactment of the provision under which this compilation is to be made, and Senator Jones, of Arkansas, introduced the amendment to the legislative, executive and judicial appropriation bill, which is now the law. While the plan looking to the publication of these records was not a new one, yet I think to Mr. Rowland and the cooperation of Southern Senators must be accredited the honor of initiating the present legislation. More remotely my visits to Washington, antedating Mr. Rowland's by only three or four months, had its influence.

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FLORIDA. Mr. J. Clifford R. Foster, Adjutant General, writes under date of April 9:

Your letter of March 26th to the Secretary of State has been referred by him to this office for reply. In answer to your inquiries beg to say that this State has, as yet, done nothing toward compiling rosters of those of her soldiers who served in the Confederate army. The Legislature now in session has been petitioned to take the matter up, but it is impossible to say what will be done. The records in this office are very incomplete.

GEORGIA. Question 1, nothing; question 2, nothing.

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KENTUCKY. Mr. Ed. Porter Thompson, Jr., writes from the Adjutant General's office, March 31, 1903:

The Legislature of 1902 ordered the Adjutant General to get together all obtainable data regard to the Kentuckians who did service with the Confederate army during the War of 1861-65. We have been at this work for some months past and have on hand a great deal of material, but, as yet none of it has been put into proper form, and it will be some time before it is ready for the printer.

LOUISIANA. The secretary to the Governor writes, April 7:

Replying to your letter of March 26, 1903, which has been referred to me by the Secretary of State, I beg to inform you that thus far the State has gone no farther in the matter of the roster of its Confederate troops than to open correspondence with General F. C. Ainsworth, Chief of Record and Pension Division, War Department, Washington, D. C. Most of the original rosters of these troops are at Washington and General Ainsworth, under recent legislation of Congress, is to conduct the compilation and publication of these rosters. Such original rosters as may be found in the State will be sent to General Ainsworth.

Mr. William Beer, librarian of the Howard Memorial Library, of New Orleans, writes March 27:

The Confederate Memorial Hall contains numerous rosters which were shown to, and listed by, General Marcus Wright, in 1895. Since that date numerous rosters have been received, and are listed in manuscript by Colonel Chalaron, who is in charge of the collection. None of these have ever been printed. The War Office possesses numerous rosters of which at present no list is held in Louisiana, consequently there is no one at present knowing exactly what rosters can be used for the intended publication under governmental editorship.

MISSOURI.—No report.

MARYLAND.—Mr. Williain L. Ritter, Secretary of the Society of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States in the State of Maryland, writes, April 17:

Replying to your letter of the 6th inst., will say that the State of Maryland, to the best of my knowledge, has done nothing in the way of gathering, compiling or printing the rosters of her troops in the Confederate armies.

This Society, through its President, General Bradley T. Johnson, had all the Maryland Confederate muster rolls on file in Washington, D. C., copied and placed at the Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home, Pikesville, Md., where they can be seen by any one who feels an interest in them.

MississiPPI.—Prof. F. L. Riley, of the University of Mississippi, writes, March 26:

Replying to your inquiriy of the 23d inst., I beg to say that the Report of the Mississippi Historical Commission, pages 290-3, represents the beginning of an effort to work the Confederate records of Mississippi. Since that time some progress has been made by the Department of Archives and History of this State. An effort is being made by our representatives in Congress to get an appropriation for publishing rosters of Confederate troops, including those of Mississippi.

In the Gulf States Historical Magazine for September, 1902, pp. 147-9, is an account of the recovery of the muster and pay rolls with detailed historical facts of the troops furnished by the State of Mississippi to the army of the Confederate States. When the Federal troops were about to capture the city of Jackson, in May, 1863, the military records were put into the hands of the Masons who stored them with their archives in the city hall and county court house. Here they remained for 39 years. As they were stored here about May, 1863, it is manifestly impossible for them to be complete.

NORTH CAROLINA. -As early as 1882 this State printed its Roster of Troops in the war between the States in four volumes. They extended to 2548 pages and were edited by Maj. John W. Moore. They were made up from the North Carolina Roll of Honor which was prepared by Major James H. Foote in 1864 and written in blank books that ran the blockade from England; from the muster rolls of North Carolina troops in the Confederate service which were captured in Richmond in 1865 and are now in the War Department at Washington. But many of these were imperfect; many omitted names and scarcely one had full accounts of

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casualties. There have also been grave complaints as to the character and manner of editing, the statements having been made that the editor recklessly substituted the names of other officers when the proper ones were found to be missing from particular organizations. Many company lists could not be found and the whole of the 68th regiment is missing. Some months ago, Dr. B. F. Dixon, State Auditor and a Confederate veteran, began to collect materials looking towards a more complete and accurate roster for the State. He has now been appointed by the Governor to assist General Ainsworth. There are doubtless many original company muster rolls scattered throughout the State. There are a number in the Trinity College Library and some twenty-five or thirty in possession of the writer.

South CAROLINA.—General Hugh L. Farley, who died on Sept. 30, 1897, had been officially engaged for several years in collecting materials in regard to the part of South Carolina in the Civil War. He was succeeded in office by Col. John Peyre Thomas. His annual report appeared in the Charleston News and Courier for Dec. 22, 1898. In it he reports that he had collected "all the Confederate rolls proper, infantry, cavalry and artillery, including field and staff of regiments and battalions," and the “rolls of eighty companies of State troops as well as a number of rolls of various kinds outside of the regular organization, but closely identified therewith, making a grand total of 598 in all.” He finds a total enrollment of 67,000 officers and men and as a number were not enrolled the grand total will probably extend to 74,000. He urges that these rolls be printed by the State. Professor W. J. Rivers, the first State historian of South Corolina had also compiled the records of some 12,000 Confederate soldiers from South Carolina.

In the News and Courier of April 5, 1903, Colonel Thomas gives a full sketch of the effort to get the Confederate rosters published. His statement may be condensed as follows:

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