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The first public movement was made in 1862, and again in 1864 by the legislative appointment of Prof. W. J. Rivers for compiling data. After the close of the struggle, the matter was advanced by the voluntary association of Confederate survivors until the task was again assumed by the government in 1893 when General J. B. Kershaw was chosen for the duty on regular salary. He was succeeded by General H. L. Farley and then Col. Thomas. Under their efforts five bound volumes of rolls have been gathered and are now deposited in the Capitol.
The collection must be nearly complete, but it seems ungracious that the Legislature cut off even the pittance the historian received, $40 monthly. But so devoted was Colonel Thomas to the cause that he served a year for nothing. Colonel Thomas urges that the State continue its efforts to carry out the original purpose in the act of 1891 to publish not only the names of the men but the descriptive part to show the records of each, both officer and private, and appropriate sketches of the various commands from the State so as to indicate the part of the State in the Civil War.
TENNESSEE.—Mr. A. V. Goodpasture, editor of the American Historical Magazine, writes, March 17:
Tennessee has done nothing towards getting the roster of her Confederate soldiers in shape, and, of course, has taken no steps towards having them printed. Dr. J. Berrien Lindsley, in his Military Annals of Tennessee (Confederate), has preserved much of that sort of matter.
TEXAS.—Mr. C. W. Raines, Librarian of Texas, writes,
In reply to your card of the 23d inst., will say that the Adjutant General of Texas is now looking up the rosters of the Confederate troops from our State with a view to coöperation with the Honorable Secretary of War. From present appearances, it seems that Texas is going to make a very poor showing, as but few Confederate muster rolls have been found in our archives. They must have disappeared in reconstruction times.
VIRGINIA.- No report.
WEST VIRGINIA.-Mr. A. S. Hutson, Assistant Adjutant General, writes, March 30:
Your letter of March 26th, addressed to Honorable Secretary of State, has been referred to this office, for reply of which I have the honor to advise you that this department is making preparations as speedily as possible for the Secretary of War, Washington, D. C., of such information as I can possibly gather, relative to Confederate rosters of soldiers during the Civil War, so they can be compiled by the War Department.
Up to the present time, this State has never published any roster of the above and you can readily see that it is quite a task to gather up any information from the various Confederate camps in this State. CALHOUN AS SEEN BY HIS POLITICAL FRIENDS: LETTERS OF DUFF GREEN, DIXON H. LEWIS RICHARD K. CRALLE DURING THE PE
RIOD FROM 1831 TO 1848.
EDITED BY FREDERICK W. MOORE, Ph. D., VANDERBILT
(To be continued.)
Duff Green, famous as the editor of the once powerful "Telegraph," Dixon H. Lewis, Congressman from Alabama, and Richard K. Crallé, editor of political papers in Lynchburg, Richmond and Washington, Chief Clerk in the Department of State under Calhoun, and editor of Calhoun's Works, were close personal and political friends of the great South Carolinian. Their letters to each other abound in personal references to him and to the political life of the times in which he was an important, and, to them at least, the foremost figure. The extracts from their letters, which are printed below, have been edited because of the interest which it was believed that students of Calhoun and his times would have in them. In making these selections the editor has endeavored to include everything which could possibly be of real political significance or interpretative value. But he has not scrupled to exclude those letters and parts of letters which had no such bearing or were mere repetition or expansion of ideas already clearly set forth. He has ventured to summarize a few passages. But the most of what has been prepared for print he has copied from the manuscript verbatim et literatim to the best of his knowledge and belief and skill in deciphering
The manuscript originals, where not otherwise indicated, are the property of Rev. G. G. Smith, D. D., Vineville, Macon, Ga. A few, marked “Denny Coll.,” are the property of Professor Collins Denny, of Vanderbilt University.
The history of the manuscripts is briefly as follows: Not far from 1870 the widow of Mr. Crallé deposited a quantity of her late husband's papers with Captain A. F. Mathews, of Lewisburg, W. Va., with whom they remained many years. About six years ago the Rev. Dr. Smith, of Macon, Ga., examined and assorted the collection. A few letters of a very private and personal nature were left with Captain Mathews to be destroyed. Dr. Smith took one hundred and sixty-five letters, addressed to Mr. Crallé by various correspondents, practically all that can ever be of any great value; and the rest of the papers, consisting chiefly of accounts, and of scraps of compositions on political and religious subjects in the handwriting of Mr. Crallé, was lately given by Captain Mathews to Professor Denny.
The following sketches will give an idea of the careers and characters of the three correspondents:
Duff Green was born in Woodford county, Kentucky, on August 15, 1791. His father was William Green, a Revolutionary soldier, and his grandmother was a cousin of George Washington. His mother was related to Humphrey Marshall. On his twenty-first birthday he enlisted in the war of 1812.
Some time after the war, he removed to Missouri and took part in the organization of that State. He was a colonel of militia, a member of the Missouri Constitutional Convention and a Senator in the State Legislature in 1823. In the same year he became editor of the St. Louis “Enquirer.” It is said of him that he organized the first line of stage coaches west of the Mississippi river and that he had a large law practice.
He went to Washington in 1825 and purchased the “United States Daily Telegraph," a daily paper, which he ran as an opposition paper for the next few years, and in the columns of which he denounced Clay's alleged bargain with peculiar relentlessness and supported Andrew Jackson for the presidency.
After the election of Jackson, and until the spring of 1831, the "United States Telegraph” was recognized as the administration organ and Green himself was considered one of the most influential members of the "Kitchen Cabinet.” During this period the newspaper was very profitable. In the spring of 1831 came the publication of the Seminole correspondence and the definitive rupture between Jackson and Calhoun. Green took sides with Calhoun, and the letters herewith printed show how devoted he was to Calhoun personally and to Calhoun's political ideas and ambitions as long as that great statesman lived.
Another paper was set up and made the administration organ after the defection of Green, and he and his paper speedily lost prestige and influence and experienced many vicissitudes. In 1835 the “Telegraph” and the “Mirror" were merged, but the "Telegraph” was still published under its old name as late as 1836. In 1838 Green was publishing a weekly paper, called the “Reformer,". and a daily paper. But whether the latter was called "Reformer" or “Telegraph” is not quite clear. R. K. Crallé was the editor.
Meanwhile, and even as early as 1835 at least, Green was seeking to establish a chartered book, textbook, and newspaper publishing enterprise; and he was also working up an interest in some coal and iron property in Virginia, in which he had rights. He went to Europe, on a mission for President Tyler, it is said, and on his return, he and Chevalier Wyckoff published a free trade paper in New York, called “The Republic.” But the enterprise was soon abandoned. In 1844, while Calhoun was Secretary of State, he went to Texas as consul and thence to Mexico as a special bearer of dispatches, but returned to the United States and gave up the consulship before his name had been sent in to the Senate for confirmation. On a few other occasions he was employed for special missions by later Presidents.
In 1848 Green became interested in contracts for the construction of a railroad from Richmond, Virginia, to Knoxville, Tennessee, and also for the construction of the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad. About 1852 or 1853 he settled near Dalton, in Whitfield county, Georgia, and engaged in business with his son-in-law, who was the son of Mr. Calhoun. A favorite idea of his was the development of Dalton into a city of great importance.
No references to his experiences during the period of the Civil War have been found. He was a delegate in 1869 to the Industrial Convention, which was held in Memphis, Tennessee, and was attended by delegates from New York and other States, North and South. He died in Dalton after an illness of several weeks, on June 10, 1875, in the eighty-fourth year of his age. His wife was Lucretia Edwards, daughter of Hon. N. Edwards, who was at one time Governor of Illinois.'
Dixon HALL LEWIS. Dixon Hall Lewis was born in Hancock county, Georgia, August 10, 1802. He was educated at Mt. Zion Academy, where Senator W. T. Colquitt was one of his fellow pupils and where he left a reputation for brightness and intellectual promise, though he was not considered a very close student. Later he attended South Carolina College and graduated from this institution in 1820 with the B. A. degree. While still in his minority he went to Alabama and settled first in Autauga county and later and permanently in that part of Montgomery county which afterwards became Lowndes county. Here he studied law and was admitted to the bar. Politics, however, became his profession.
In 1825 he was elected to the State Legislature from Montgomery county and from that time until his death in 1848 he was continuously in public service. For three successive sessions, in 1826, 1827 and 1828, he was a member of the Alabama State Legislature by the annual choice of the people of Montgomery county. For eight successive Congresses, from 1829 to 1844, he represented the people of Montgomery District in the national House of Representatives. In 1844, upon the resignation of Senator William R. King to become Minister to France, the Governor appointed Mr. Lewis to be United States Senator. The Legislature of Alabama promptly elected him to serve out the remainder of Senator King's term and, in the fall of 1847, re-elected him for the term which began on March 4, 1847. Senator King had meanwhile returned from his mission and was a candidate before the Legislature against Lewis. Only on the eighteenth ballot did he withdraw.
Mr. Lewis was a State rights man and a strict constructionist, and as such he opposed national banks and internal improvements at national expense. He favored Van Buren's independent treasury plan and he was a free trader. He was also pronounced in his attitude on the slavery question and on the public land question he was a strong advocate of the equitable interests of the new States. He was an intimate personal friend of John C. Calhoun and was generally in full political accord with him also.
Compiled from: National Encyclopaedia of American Biography, the Memphis "Avalanche,” June 15, 1875, and the Atlanta "Con. stitution," of June 11, 1875.