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Mr. Lewis was a member of the Committee on Manufactures and of the Committee on Indian Affairs in the first session of the 22d Congress, and the chairman of the later committee in the second session of this Congress and the first session of the next. Again during the last session of the 25th Congress he was a member of the Committee on Indian Affairs. He was twice a member of the Committee on Ways and Means, once in the first regular session of the 27th Congress, 1841-2, and again in the first session of the 28th Congress, 1843-4. In the less numerous Senate more committee business was given to him. He was on the Committees on Roads and Canals, Patent and Patent Office, and Library one session each. He was twice a member and once chairman of the Committee on “Retrenchment.” In the 29th Congress he was on the Committee on Finances, and was serving as its acting chairman at the time the Walker tariff was passed and was the regular chairman in the next session.

In the first session of the 26th Congress he came at one time within four votes of being elected speaker. This was the Congress in which the organization of the House was delayed by the struggle over the disputed New Jersey credentials. When at last the balloting for speaker began, on December 14, 1839, the Whig strength was concentrated on John Bell and the Democratic on J. W. Jones, of Virginia, but neither had a majority. On the third ballot the most of the Whigs voted for W. C. Dawson, of Georgia; and on the fourth the bulk of the Democratic vote was divided between R. M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, and Mr. Lewis. On the eighth ballot Lewis received 113 votes in a total of 233, but on the eleventh Hunter received 119, two more than a majority.

Though the amount of committee work which he did was not very large, and though he took a less prominent position on the floor than might be expected of one who had served so long he must yet be reckoned one of the most influential men in party councils on his side of the House.

His position on the tariff question endeared him to the commercial men of New York City and it was as their guest that he went to that city in the fall of 1848. While there he was seized with an acute and unexpected illness and died on October 25. Two days later his funeral was attended by representative citizens and municipal officers of the city. He was buried in Greenwood cemetery on a lot that was donated; but the other funeral and monumental expenses were defrayed by the family.

At his death he left a widow (the daughter of General John A. Elmore, a Revolutionary officer) and six children. He suffered throughout his life from an excessive weight of flesh. When twentyone years old he weighed 330 pounds and at his death his weight was scarcely under 450 pounds. He was obliged to provide himself with special furniture wherever he was for his own comfort and safety, and when traveling in public conveyances he was accustomed to engage accommodations for two passengers for his own use.'

* Compiled from Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, the Congressional Globe, and a letter from a grandson, Mr. D. H. Lewis, of Waverly, Texas.


RICHARD KENNER CRALLE. "Richard Kenner Crallé, who was born in Lynchburg county, Va., in 1800 was the eldest son of Richard Kenner Crallé, Sr., and his wife Lucy (Jones) Crallé. On the paternal side he was descended from the Kenners and Balls of Northumberland and Westmoreland counties in the same State; and on the maternal side was a greatgrandson of Peter Jones, of Dinwiddie county, who was an engineer in the exploration of the Dismal Swamp conducted by Col. Wm. Byrd and for whom Col. Byrd named the city of Petersburg, Va.'

"Mr. Crallé after preparatory education was a student at William and Mary College, receiving honorable mention there in 1821 for progress in his studies, but owing to loss of the college books there is no record of date of entrance, or of length of stay or of his graduation; thereafter adopting the law as a profession he was duly admitted to the bar of his native county, but his decided literary bent soon led him to abandon his profession and to devote most of his after life to pursuits in harmony with that inclination.

"On February 5th, 1829, he married Judith Scott, daughter of Dr. Jno. Jordan Cabell, of Lynchburg, Va., and his wife, Henry Anne (Davies) Cabell, by whom he had two daughters, but one of whom survived and left descendants. Mrs. Judith S. Crallé died in 1835, and about 1842, he married for his second wife Elizabeth Morris, a descendant of Richard Morris, of Hanover county, Va., of which union there are sons and daughters now living.

"Mr. Crallé, through the influence of his first wife, became a devout receiver of the doctrines and philosophy of the New Jerusalem Church (Swedenborgian) in which faith he continued during his life and to the service of which he devoted, to a considerable extent, the use of his graceful and accomplished, and not infrequently caustic, pen. He also was the author of a number of lyrical poems, some of which were published anonymously, but most of them remained in the original MSS. in the possession of his family.

“In politics Mr. Crallé was a Democrat, and for years was engaged as editor of various newspapers published in the interests of his party, first the “Jeffersonian and Virginia Times,' owned by his father-in-law, Dr. Cabell, in Lynchburg; subsequently in Richmond, and finally in Washington, where he first formed, I think, his personal acquaintance with Mr. J. C. Calhoun. Upon the latter's appointment to the portfolio of the Secretary of State by Mr. Tyler, Mr. Crallé yielded to Mr. Calhoun's personal solicitation and accepted the chief clerkship under him, chiefly for the purpose of aiding in the correspondence with the representative of Great Britain in regard to the establishment of the northwestern boundary line between this country and Canada.

"When Mr. Calhoun returned to the Senate in 1845 Mr. Crallé resigned his position. Thereafter his life was passed uneventfully, except for his work as Mr. Calhoun's literary executor in the publication of the well-known works of the Carolina statesman issued from the Appleton house.

See Westover MSS.

"Mr. Crallé was a man of exceptionally refined, even fastidious, nature and life, in no respect fitted for the practical life of a politician, whose practices, even such as are not equivocal from a moral standpoint, were utterly repugnant to the feelings of one whose proper field of activity was the library and who found in the companionship of his wife and children and a few chosen friends of similar tastes, all the human association his appetite craved. Utterly intolerant of vice, even in the mildest forms and of the coarseness which is so often its outward sign, the charm which Mr. Calhoun had for him was evidently that statesman's personal purity and intellectual refinement rather than their coincidence of political faith.

"Mr. Crallé occasionally talked with that conversational eloquence for which he was noted to Mr. Calhoun upon what he deemed the most important as it was the most interesting of all topics, the system of theology and philosophy taught in the New Jerusalem Church. From an auditor of some of these conversations, I have heard that Mr. Calhoun was deeply impressed and expressed regretfully his inability to give the subject that study and reflection which were engrossed by the cares of his public life.

"Mr. Crallé divided his residence after Mr. Calhoun's death between Lynchburg and his estate of 'Meadow Grove' in Greenbrier county. From this last named home he was compelled by the military operations in 1863 to remove his family for security to Lunenburg county and here, at the home of a brother, he was stricken with paralysis, to which he succumbed June 10, 1864."1

CALHOUN AS SEEN BY HIS POLITICAL FRIENDS. [With regard to the following it is important to bear in mind that the "Seminole Correspondence" was published in February, 1831, and early in April following the reorganization of the cabinet was begun.]

From-Duff Green.

To-Messrs. Cabell & Co, Editors Jeffersonian, Lynchburg, Va.

Dated-Washington, April 16, 1831.

Mortified that his “motives and character are misconceived,” he professes to have acted in the belief that "adherence to the principles of our political faith would best ad


Mr. Richard K. Campbell, an officer in the United States Bureau of Immigration, Washington, C., kindly furnished this sketch of his grandfather, Mr. R. K. Crallé.

vance his private interests, and most promote the public good;” and regrets that the newspaper press has fallen to mere printers,” subservient to "politicians who unknown to the public use its columns for mere individual purposes."

The "opposition" has ceased to attack him while and because they think he is assailing Jackson.

He must and will expose Van Buren's factional manipulation of the spoils of office.

From-Duff Green.
To-Doctor Cabell, Lynchburg, Va.
Dated-Washington, June 4, 1831.

Shows that Green has in mind a purpose to bring out Calhoun as a candidate (for the presidency).

From-J. J. Cabell & Co. [In Crallé's handwriting. ]
ToDuff Green, Washington.
Dated-Lynchburg, Va., June (11 ?], 1831.
Green's letter of June 4 acknowledged.

"The untiring efforts of Jackson and Clay men here require our utmost exertions to sustain our grounds. Of the two, the former are probably the most inimical though fewer in number.”

The President is “the acknowledged enemy," and the Vice-President is “the last hope of the old Republican party."

"We never saw nor had the least intercourse directly or indirectly with” Calhoun. “But we feel the firmest assurance that upon his future success hangs the principles of the Old Republican Party—perhaps the security of the popular liberties, and the permanency of our institutions.”

The plan to bring out Calhoun for the presidency canvassed. (Denny Coll.]

From-Duff Green.

To-Cabell, Esq., Editor of the Jeffersonian, Lynchburg, Va.

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Dated—Washington, June 21, 1831.

Relating incidents of a bloodless scene in Treasury Building on June 20 between Eaton and Ingham, the sequel to Ingham's refusal to accept Eaton's challenge to a duel.

The Clintonians in New York and Ingham in Pennsylvania counted on to support Calhoun's candidacy.

From Duff Green.

To-Messrs. Cabell & Co., Editors (Jeffersonian] Republican, Lynchburg, Va.

Dated- June 26, 1831, Washington.
Favorable outlook for Calhoun's nomination.

Loss of not to exceed 400 subscribers to the Telegraph since the adjournment of Congress.

From Duff Green.

To/Messrs. Cabell & Co., Editors Jeffersonian, Lynchburg, Va.

Dated—Washington, July 17, 1831.
Prospects for Calhoun's nomination continue bright,

Effect of the Eaton affair and Cabinet crisis on Jackson's political standing.

Suggestion that Cabell & Co. move their press to Richmond the better to cope with Ritchie.

From—Duff Green.
To-The Editor of the Jeffersonian, Lynchburg, Va.
Dated- Washington, August 7, 1831.

Mr. Gilmer having failed in his plan to start the Times in Richmond, the editor of the Jeffersonian is urged to take up the enterprise for political reasons.

Green has "numerous letters” and “new facts” to show that Virginia cannot support Jackson.

From-Duff Green.
To_Col. S. A. Storrow, Culppeper Court House, Va.
Dated—Washington, August 9, 1831.

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