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were murdered by the Indians. I did not accompany Capt. M. on this expedition for I was appointed Sgt. Major by Col. C. and remained at long Island while Capt. M. was on his way to the Rye Cove, he had to pass through a very dangerous gap called little Mockison gap, at this place the trail went through a very narrow, deep gorge in the mountains: at this place the Indians had killed a great many whites. As Capt. Martin passed through the gap he had his men in very fine order and drawn out in Single file. Just as the head of the column emerged from this narrow place the whole company was fired upon by the Indians from the top of the ridge, they were in a column as long as Capt. Martin's. As soon as the Indians fired they ran off, they did not kill any of Martin's men but wounded one by the name of Bunch; he had five balls shot through the flesh. Capt. Martin finding that the Indians had all fled marched on his way to the Rye Cove unmolested. Capt. M. remained here until the first of May at which time his company was ordered back to long Island, and he remained here until July °77, when the treaty was finally concluded; as soon as peace was concluded the army was disbanded. After the treaty of '77, Capt. Martin received the appointment of Indian Agent for the Cherokee nation. Soon after receiving the appointment he proceeded to build a large Stone house on the Island for the purpose of depositing such goods as the government might send out for the Indians. He soon came in and gave me a draft he received from the government on a house in Charleston South Carolina for a large quantity of Indian goods. I went to Charleston, purchased the goods and handed them over to Capt. Martin. He remained at long Island as Indian Agent until the close of the revolution at which time his Agency expired. About two

See Weeks's Martin, p. 425, about this time the State of North Carolina was considering the employment of troops in the section; see appendix III.

See Weeks's Martin, pp. 425, 456; also appendix iv.

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years before his Agency expired his first wife died. Capt. Martin then came home to live, shortly after his return home he went to Georgia and bought land on Tugalo River, came home and married the second time to Miss Susan Graves. A few months after his second marriage he went to the west to close all of his unsettled business, he remained in the west several months and again came home on Capt. Martin's arrival at home his wife informed him that her Brother Jno. Graves had during his absence been very unkind to her and treated her very badly, the next morning Capt. Martin sent over for Graves when Graves arrived several of his neighbors had called in to see Capt. Martin, he informed Graves that he had treated his wife very little like a Sister during his absence, that for your conduct you deserve a good whipping but he should look over the offense for this time but if he ever did it again he would treat him as he deserved. At this Graves left in a violent rage, during the evening Capt. Martin received a note from Graves informing him that he had been grossly insulted, and that no apology he could make would be sufficient to atone for the insult, that if Martin was a man of courage he must meet him the next morning at an old field about one mile off, and decide it at the mouths of their pistols. Capt. Martin after reading the note put it in his pocket and said nothing to Mrs. Martin, or any other person about it, the next morning about 10 o'clock Capt. Martin went to the field of Battle, when he arrived at the field John Graves and his 3 seconds were there awaiting his arrival, Graves' Father was about 50 yards off Setting on his horse waiting patiently to see the duel come off. As soon as Martin arrived he walked up to John Graves pulled the challenge out of his pocket, and asked if he wrote it. Graves answered he did, Martin knocked him down with his fist gave him two or three kicks -the seconds and the old man ran off and as soon as John

* See Weeks's Martin, p. 439; also appendix v.

could get up he put out at the top of his Speed leaving Martin master of the field. Shortly after this Capt. Martin went again to Georgia and sold all of his land there and came home. In the year 89-90 & 91 he was elected to the Legislature of Va. in 92. 93. 94 I served with him in the Legislature in 95 & 96 I did not offer my services but Martin was elected both years in 97, 98 & 99 I served again with him. I declined offering my Services any more, but Martin was elected several years afterwards. I omitted to say we both voted for the famous Va. resolution of 98 &99 during my services in the Legislature I do not recollect the precise year a vacancy occurred for Brigadier Genl., Capt. Martin was a candidate for the office, his opponent was a Mr. Clay, Clay was a man of high Standing and a considerable debater in the Legislature and had been a member of Congress, Martin was elected by a handsome majority. About the time Martin was elected Genl. he was appointed by the Legislature in company with Genl. Peter Johnson Chaunlar Cread Taylor, to meet with three Commissioners appointed by N. Carolina to extend the line between Va. and North Carolina,’ to the Cumberland mountains this business they transacted to the satisfaction of both States. The line they run crossed in the old Cumberland gap on a tree which was the corner tree of Kentucky, N. C. & Va. When Genl. Martin declined representing his county in the Legislature he sold out all of his lands on Smiths River and moved to Leatherwood in the same county and fixed himself comfortably and remained there as long as he lived. He was respected by all who knew him.

* This was the Virginia-Tenessee boundary survey, see Weeks's Martin, p. 472.

(To be continued.)



[Recovery from revulsion, on firmer ground nothing about devotion to Mexico, intimation of open resistance in their refusal to give up any man to the military: considering a scheme for uniting all


COLUMBIA TO ALL TEXAS. At an adjourned meeting of the citizens of the town of Columbia held in Columbia, on Saturday the 15th day of August, Wm. H. Wharton, Esqr., was called to the Chair, and Wm. T. Austin appointed Secretary, when the following resolutions were adopted :

Resolved, That a Consultation of all Texas through her representatives is indispensable.

Resolved, That a committee composed of fifteen persons, to be called a Committee of Safety and Correspondence for the Jurisdiction of Columbia, be elected and that they be instructed to prepare an address to all the Jurisdictions of Texas requesting them to co-operate with us in the call of a consultation of all Texas.

Resolved, That the Committee communicate with all Texas in the most prompt manner by sending confidential agents to each jurisdiction and that said committee keep the people correctly advised of all political intelligence of general interest and that they continue to act until displaced by the people or the consultation.

Resolved, That we hold ourselves bound to pay our proportion of all expenses incurred by said committee in sending expresses, printing, &c.

Resolved, That we invest the committee of safety and correspondence as our agents with full power to represent the Jurisdiction of Columbia, to use the most efficient means to call the consultation, and to use all means in their power to secure peace and watch over our rights.

Resolved, That we will not give up any individual to the Military authorities.1

In complyance with the second resolution the following gentlemen were elected a committee of safety and correspondence: John A. Wharton, W. D. C. Hall, Henry Smith, Silas Dinsmore, James F. Perry, John G. McNeel, Robert H. Williams, W. H. Jack, F. A. Bingham, John Hodge, Wade H. Bynum, B. T. Archer, Wm. T. Austin, P. Bertrand and Isaac T. Tinsley.

Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the Texas Republican.

Resolved, Thanks of the meeting be given to the Chairman and Secretary. Resolved, That this meeting adjourn.

WM. H. WHARTON, Chairman,
Wm. T. AUSTIN, Secretary.


VELASCO, August 18th, 1835. Pursuant to the second resolution adopted by the meeting held in the town of Columbia, on the 15th inst. a meeting of the committee of Safety and correspondence was held in the town of Velasco, on the 18th inst. members present, John A. Wharton, Wm. H. Jack, Warren D. C. Hall, Branch T. Archer, Isaac T. Tinsley, Henry Smith, Robert H. Williams, Francis A. Bingham, Peter Bertrand, John Hodge, Silas Dinsmore, W. H. Bynum, and William T. Austin, when Branch T. Archer was called to the Chair and Wm. T. Austin elected Secretary.

"Refers to order of Mexican commander, Cos, that certain men, including Travis, active in the agitation, should be given up to the military authorities.

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