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college curriculum, by Prof. E. M. Marvin (10 pp., urges greater attention to history and sociological studies); 9. Women novelists and marriage, by Mrs. J. D. Hammond (5 pp., obscure, but writer seems to believe that women are not by nature morally superior to men); 10. John Keats, by S. A. Link (9 pp., sketch and study, in average stock style); II. Methodist hymnology, by W. F. Tillett (16 pp., historical sketch, chiefly as to work of Watts and the Wesleys; uncritical); 12. Educational departments (68 pp., book and periodical reviews, the Bible in eastern explorations, missions, educational work, note on gambling.
CON FEDERATE VETERAN, March, 1903, Vol. II. No. 3, 4to., pp. 99-135. illus., $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Nashville, Tenn.
An echo of Senator Hanna's bill for pensioning old slaves appears in a letter from Mrs. T. M. Green, of Wilkes county, Georgia, strongly urging the passage of the measure as a matter of charity. She mentions several pathetic cases of suffering in helpless old age, and argues that only national aid will relieve such wholesale want. The editor reprints an editorial of ten years ago advocating the purchase of homes by the general government for the freedmen. As if to strengthen these views there immediately follows a very touching little sketch of the life of an aged negro, just died, Frederick Pouncey who had drawn an Alabama State pension for a number of years because of his "loyalty to the Confederate Cause,” having been a faithful body servant for his white owners during the Civil War. He made a collection of battlefield relics, beginning at Shiloh. He bequeathed them all to the Sophia Bibb chapter of the U. D. C. He was 77 years old at death, (born March 25, 1825, died August 15, 1902) and his funeral was attended by his white friends. Presumably it was they who penciled on the head-board “A Christian and a Soldier.” Facing each other, on one page is the eloquent tribute to Lee by C. F. Adams in New York on January 26 last that a statue should be erected to Lee in Washington, while on the opposite page are the reactionary resolutions of the Lincoln Post of the G. A. R., of Topeka, Kansas, bitterly condemning such spitit as Adams manifested.
The Lost CAUSE, February, 1903, Vol. 8, No. 7, 4to., illus., pp. 98-110, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Louisville, Ky.
A good deal of space is given to the history of slavery to show that the prejudice against color goes back to colonial days in all the settlement along the Atlantic. There is also a sketch of Dr. J. L. M. Curry, who used to declare that the South did not import any slaves herself but only took those brought over by the Northern traders.
THE AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE, March, 1903, Vol. 22, No. 3, illus., pp. 215-319, organ D. A. R., $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Washington, D. C.
Two pages of "Revolutionary Records" about cover the additions to historical knowledge in this issue.
FLORIDA MAGAZINE, April, 1903, Vol. 6, No. 4, illus., pp. 173-226, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, monthly, Jacksonville, Fla.
There is one paper of historical interest, the account of phosphate mining in Florida, from the beginning in 1889 to present.
NOTES AND NEWS.
HISTORY TEACHING IN THE South is deplorably deficient in men and means, and lamentably indefinite in purpose, according to an article in the February School Review. In many of the sixty odd collegiate institutions examined, incompetent and untrained persons have charge of the history classes. Some offer less than six hours weekly to the subject and only 16 offer as much as 12 hours, both required and elective. In only a few does an instructor give his whole time to history, usually having economics also. In nearly half history is yoked with philosophy; in very many it is arbitrarily linked with “any old thing” that happens to be lying around loose. As for books, the best that can be said is that "library facilities are only fair," with but comparatively few volumes, and these largely out of date, with exceptions, of course. The poorly paid professors often have to place their private collection at the disposal of the students, to piece out appliances. But most distressing is the vagueness of aim. A foggy conception will do nothing even with a multitude of material. No less than five different objects were observed; information, government, interpretation, investigation, and a jumble of all of these. The bewilderment of teachers and consequent floundering of students may be imagined. But that vagueness is no worse there than in the rest of the country, perhaps not as bad.
The gathering of these facts grew out of a conference of some of the Southern members of the American Historical Association at the annual meeting in Washington, December, 1901. A committee, Professor F. W. Moore, Vanderbilt University, chairman, was appointed to secure data on which to base an effort for improvement. They have made a comprehensive enquiry, and their report as to conditions is authoritative. Their conclusion that it is “exaggerated and undiscriminating" to charge Civil War sentiment with sole responsibility for backward conditions must be accepted as final. It is to be regretted tho that the committee did not openly frown on the weak presumption of a half dozen or so institutions in trying to give graduate courses and degrees. The Johns Hopkins alone, south of Mason and Dixon's line is competent to do this. But the best part of this sane report is the hopeful tone and the positive conviction that matters are growing steadily better. (School Review, February, 1903, pp. 107-122. Reprint.)
TRUTH REGARDLESS OF SENTIMENT.-Great credit is due the Confederate Veteran, (Nashville, Tenn.) for its openmindedness in publishing articles to prove that the South furnished more than 600,000 men to her armies. It has been a sad Southern weakness to cling to this figure without demonstrating its correctness, but light is gradually breaking in. In the March Veteran Mr. H. D. Loftis, of North Carolina, from a survey of State statistics concludes "that the South from first to last put over one million men in the field.” He also refers to the usual average of one soldier to five inhabitants, giving a million men out of a population of five million whites. It is most encouraging to see such freedom from petty sectionalism. Though no reference is made to him, Mr. T. L. Livermore, of Massachusetts, can feel that the seed he sowed is bearing fruit.
THE VIRGINIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY at its annual meeting January 16, 1903, chose Captain W. Gordon McCabe president, in place of Mr. Joseph Bryan who had served continuously for ten years. A loving cup was presented to him “in recognition of his executive ability as president of the society, 1893-1903.” The official report showed a member
ship of 758, or a decrease of ten; total receipts of $3,938.00, a surplus of $467.00; and a permanent fund of nearly $4,000. The formal address was delivered by Professor A. B. Hart on "Historical Societies and Historical Research."
THE HISTORIC PRESERVATION SPIRIT in Alexandria, Va., has been instrumental in saving from destruction what is claimed (Washington Times, March 30, 1903) to be the oldest house in that town, that built by J. C. Carlyle in 1752. It is believed to have been Braddock's headquarters when he met the colonial governors for consultation over his proposed expedition against Fort Duquesne. It has now been obtained by a local society to be kept as a historical site.
The JACKSON PAPERS have been presented to the Library of Congress by the descendants of Montgomery Blair who was postmaster-general in Lincoln's cabinet. They are a large collection, going back in dates prior to 1800. They will be arranged for public inspection as rapidly as possible.
CARDS AND HISTORY—not library cards but cards with spots on them are meant. The feminine mind is not perplexed with methods of history, but goes ahead and fuses all ways and means to one end. The Habersham Chapter of the D. A. R. for advancing the cause of history, gave a "progressive euchre tournament" lasting two days, February 17, 18. We may in time see mock marriages, horse races and bull fights all adapted to the cause of history.