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to the Centry not to let that Damed Yankey speak to any of the Damed Yankeys, if I did to run the Bayonet through me. Several of my friends came up & spoke to me but I could not speak to them. I remained in this situation for two Hours when the Admiral Cockbourne came to me & after speaking to me for abt 1 an Hour sent me abord the Devastation Bomb Ship where I remained until a Boat could be got ready to take me down to the Fort. I arrived at the Fort & was Passed by the Centries until I got Home, here I was restricted to my yard, a Lieut. & 14 men stationed to Guard me. On the 24th abt 1 o'c a. m. a Guard from the Fort came up for me & guarded me down where they detained me until they had burnt all the Barns & Houses on the Place & then informed me that as they had Evacuated the Place I have permission to return to my family.
They completely Plundered me of Stock Poultry &c. & when they left I had abt 2 days Provisions of Meat & three weeks of Corn. All the Plantations on the Water have shared the same fate as mine. It will take vears to put this part of the Country as well as it was the day they Landed. I have saved all my Negroes, but would have lost them if I had not of staid by them.
They Have taken from this State near 2000 Negroes, young and old: they got abt 1 a million of Dollers in this small Place in Goods, Ships & Provisions. They have left us and I hope never to return.
I am preparing for a Crop, my family are all well. I hope this will find you and yours the same. They all join in Love &c to you all. I remain with Affection
Your Brother Thos. H. MILLER.
DOCUMENTARY PROGRESS OF TEXAS REVOLUTIONARY SENTIMENT AS SEEN IN COLUMBIA.
(Concluded in this number.)
[Now disseminating information to influence all to their side, predicting ruin unless all see as they do.]
The Committee of Safety and Correspondence for the Jurisdiction of Columbia have no additional information to offer the public, in regard to the present crisis than the statements of individuals who have lately arrived from the Interior. Those statements would not be made public but the source from which they are derived is unquestionable. We are informed that the idea of flooding Texas with troops has long since been formed, and that Santa Ana has been heard to declare that he would drive every Anglo-American beyond the Sabine. That the plan adopted for the introduction of Troops into Texas as formed was this, they were to be introduced in small numbers, so as not to excite the apprehension of the Colonists, & for the "express purpose" of enforcing the revenue laws. And that in accordance with that plan, in addition to the troops now at Bexar, five hundred more in the month of May last actually embarked at Tampico for Matagorda, and that after the vessels which were to have transported them had weighed anchor, a courier arrived bringing news of the breaking out of the revolution in Zacatecas, and that they were disembarked immediately, and proceeded forthwith to that place to crush the spirit of republicanism in that unfortunate state,--the result of that expedition will never cease to be regretted whilst liberty has a votary. That that plan is now abandoned, and that the present plan is to introduce an overwhelming force; and at one blow to prostrate Texas. They boast that they will bring 10,000 Soldiers, and that they will be here this fall, or early this Winter. The young officers of the army are particularly chivalrous; and manifest great anxiety to flush their maiden swords in the blood of the citizens of Texas.
This information, coming before the Committee of Safety and Correspondence, for the Jurisdiction of Columbia, from authentic sources; they have thought proper to lay it before their fellow Citizens of Texas; in order that none may be imposed upon by the specious declarations of lurking spies, or Military Commandants :
.A gentleman just from Bexar and Goliad on whose information the most perfect reliance can be placed, assures us that on the 15th of June there were but sixty soldiers at the former place; on the ist of August about 300; on the end of August he met about 300 more near Bexar designed for that place; on the 5th of August he heard the Pilot at Copano say, that he had received orders to be at his post to bring in some vessels expected hourly with from six hundred to a thousand troops from Matamoras, destined for Bexar.
In every respect the information in the letter is confirmed by the gentleman from the Interor. We do not use the name of the gentleman who wrote the letter because it may be used to his prejudice; but so far as his character for veracity is concerned, no person stands higher.
.I now ask, if the statements contained in the letter be true, do they not afford just cause for alarm to the weak and to the strong, to the old and young, to the brave and the timid.
August [ ], 1835. Dear Sir:
By my man I received yours and noticed its contents, since that the Political horizon has so changed that it engrosses all other considerations, we are here in a continual state of alarm, and, indeed there is good reason to be so, our new would be styled government or its minions have commenced, I think, a little too fast to shew the cloven foot. The new Colonel, (Nicolas Condey) commenced in Goliad by putting the Alcalde in the Calaboose, made the Administrador give him $5,000 in ten hours notice or go to Bexar prisoner and on foot. He threatens to be in San Felipe in a month for the purpose of burning it, &c. They have taken the arms that formerly belonged to the town, and always were deposited with the town authorities, and issued an order to press all those that can be got at to enter the ranks of the soldiers; it was given officially that the troops would have to be supported by the people, by five in a family with all its concomitants, &c. I have, as well as others to keep my horse constantly ready to put off, as it is said that I am a liberal, and not in favor of a Military Government; as for myself I know of no other fault, I have taken no other part but expressed my opinion as though I had a right to do so. It cannot be said of me that I am a land speculator, for I have been so lucky, or unlucky, that I have not drawn one inch of land but my lot whereon now stands my house, and for which I paid the former owner $50; nor have I had any other transaction directly or indirectly to the alledged injury to the government, except through the Custom House, to which I have paid more duties than all Bexar and Goliad put together, but the land speculation is all a hoax. This is only a pretext; let any man that is not blind or has common sense look at the acts in all the interior and say if it is not a fact that this plan of Military Government, but under the mask of Centralism was actually out in a state of forwardness a year ago.
The fact is a part of the colonists have acted very strangely by permitting the military to insult us in the arrest of our Governor, &c. Three years since they drove the military out of the country, as they alleged for the same act, and now they suffer them actually to commit this act with impunity. But you must now come to one of three conclusions, which are:
ist. Submit to the military Government with all its grievances.
2nd. Or to pack and get beyond the Sabine to the eastward.
3d. Or to fight and drive those robbers of Zacatecas, whose orders on entering that unfortunate place were to kill all foreigners, one of whom they would not shoot like a soldier, as he desired but shot him in the back like a traitor.
There is about 500 troops now at Bexar, and in about fifteen or twenty days there will be 3 or 400 more, the people of Bexar are waiting anxiously to have us join them in reducing that place and it is confidently reported that the two companies of Bexar will join the citizens against the foreign troops, Goliad has but thirty-five men, as an apology for soldiers; I need not describe them to you, you know the principle part of them; they have intimated that they would be a missing when the Americans would let one or two of their rifles crack. The people as well as the authorities of Bexar, Goliad, and this town have had several invitations to proclaim for Centralism, but have not, nor will they until they are compelled by military force, but they are strongly in the belief that they will be forced to do so. I could fill 2 or 4 pages with various information, but must conclude by wishing that the grand disposer of all events may in his infinite wisdom parry the blow that is at this time aimed at our total destruction.
UNION. The writer of this has thus far taken no active part in the political excitements and discussions which of late have so