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only subsists still, but through mortified pride & disappointment ,ambition is increased to a degree of infatuation, which, in my opinion, threatens the mistaken leaders with ruin & destruction, for what with their opposition to congressional measures in general & the illiberal spirit & Jealousy of the Whigs themselves against many of the most respectable members of the late Congress, wee are in danger of having no Congress at all; the consequences of which are too obvious to mention. Some of our old & intimate friends who have been warmest in their opposition, now begin to see the danger of their situation, and wou'd gladly compound for present safety with submission to the resolves of an unconstitutional body. They even go so far as to hope & wish the Honorable Continental Congress wou'd pass some resolves to prevent the violences committed by one Province against another, & to secure the persons & property of individuals from lawless invasion by persons acting without proper authority. What proselytes to truth & reason do fear & self-interest make in this world. For my own part having neither private interest or ambition for the motives of my political conduct, I see enough to blame on all sides, yet I never hesitated one moment which to chuse, and am willing to share my country's fate whatever it be. However, I cou'd really wish to see some wise & spirited resolves from the continental Congress to prevent the violences of such madmen as Capt. Sears which must infallibly introduce utter anarchy & confusion. If the matter was not too serious to laugh at, I cou'd divert you with the account of his assuming the title of Excellency as annexed to his Generalship, & Woodward the Grocer stiling himself Secretary. All which were related to me as facts by a gentleman of veracity who was an eye witness."

The family of Parson Seabury, who they have carried captive to New Babylon, is left in great distress & I am endeavoring to make some collection for them. As to the Parson himself, though I have much personal regard & respect for him, yet I think his conduct as a partisan of the Ministry so unbecoming a genuine clergyman & honest American, that he has earned some corporal sufferance, but his innocent family are real objects of compassion.

Our Governor has just got leave to go home, & if the rest of our American Governors had the wisdom of Sancho, they would, like that honest ruler, take up their shoes & stockings & quit their Governments the moment they found themselves unequal to the task of governing their subjects.

I fancy Mr. Carleton will have but a very indifferent account to give his Royal Master of the Province of Canada, from which he was to pour fifteen thousand Canadians besides the other savages upon the backs of the poor Yankies. Your brother Gardner too was to have slip'd his old friends the Skyrigathies upon them, & they it seems wou'd desire no better sport than murdering men, women & children, which the humane Captain cou'd easily reconcile to his Politics. God forgive me, if it be a sin, to wish he may not escape a small marking with the blazing irons of the Saints.

When you can steal a moment or two from the "ardua negotia regni” I shall be happy to hear how you proceed, & whether wee shall have the pleasure of seeing you here this Winter. I want somebody to second me at the C—b where I stand single & alone against a host of foes, though I do not, like Capt. Bobadil or Sr. James, offer to fight them all.

Adieu my good friend the calls of old women & children oblige me to break off this medly of a letter a little more abruptly than I intended. May Heaven support the virtuous cause of her American Sons & restore you in peace & freedom to your family. I am ever affectionately, yours

J. JONES. New YORK, Dec. 7th, 1775. James Duane Esquire,

at Philadelphia.

JOHN JONES TO JAMES DUANE. It is some time my Dear Sir since I had the pleasure of your last favor by General Thompson, whose company I have frequently been in without enjoying the pleasure of his conversation, and this principally oweing to the nature of our situation & circumstances, which are constant to nothing but continual change: wee have had a new general almost every other day, for these last three weeks, and yesterday afternoon the Commander in chief of all the continental forces arrived in Town with his whole suite, which effectually constitutes New York the Head Quarters of the Army of the United Colonies.

What new terms and titles! & how unthought of a few years ago by the ablest Politicians of England or America. You would no longer know your native city, without reconnoitering well the Batteries & Barriers which block up every street & avenue to its approach, while all the Eminencies of the Environs are converted into Forts, and lines, breastworks and redoubts stare you in the face from every shore. In short we are to all intents and purposes a Garrison Town, & the few inhabitants who are left, down to the very Dogs (of Doctors I mean) dare not stir out after Tatoo beating, without the countersign; and Rumtee-toodlee wou'd shoot, even his mothers breeding sow, was she to show her nose after nine o'clock without squeaking Virginia, or New Jersey. The Social Club may be literally said to be drummed out of town, there not being one member left, save myself; Bangar & I having spent the last evening at Hulls, like the Dean & Roger, & wee closed the night with shutting up the Club Book & delivering it into the hands of Mr. Hull, to be by him preserved till some happier day.

“Quis talia fando temperet a lachrymis.” If you do not shed a few sympathetic drops at the sad relation of this melancholy tale I shall pronounce you to be a false hearted man, which I wou'd not do for one half of my estate in Socialborough.

Mr. Livingston, who is lately returned from you, informs me the Congress really expect commissioners—If they come quickly and offer you something like a carte-blanche, perhaps wee may have peace upon the footing of reconciliation, otherwise, from the rising spirit and temper of the people, I presume you will be under a necessity of declaring yourselves the High & Mighty States of the Thirteen United Colonies, and trust to your arms for the support of your Titles. And if wee look into the History of most ages and Nations wee shall find the respective Governors of them, whatever pretensions they make to Law, Justice or right divine, in their formal claims, yet generally take possession with the sword, & hold it by the same strong tenure. For myself, who am not even a rower in the Boat, I suppose I shall be permitted to exercise the weapons of my Profession, while the custom of breaking heads and shins continues to be in Fashion.

I wou'd go on and extend this letter to the bottom of the next page, for your edification & improvement as a Politician, Statesman & Legislator, but that I am just now called to an old Gentlewoman who has burnt her navel, by having her petticoats set on fire & you know my attentions to the sex in particular, as well as a general sense of duty, supersede all other considerations. Adieu then, my old Friend & whatever firing or blistering or burning may happen, let you & I possess our Spirit in patience, & calmly bear those evils wee can neither prevent or cure. I am ever sincerely & affectionately Yours,

J. JONES. New York, 14th April 1776.

James Duane, Esquire.

John JONES TO JAMES DUANE. After so long an absence I am very sorry, my Dear Friend that fortune cou'd not indulge us with a single hour to ourselves.

I had many things to say to you, which can not be so properly conveyed in a letter. I must, however, make some little addition to the conversation which passed between us the last evening at General Schuyler's. The reasons I there assigned for not attending the Senate this winter are such as I flatter myself will fully absolve me with those few whose approbation I wish to obtain. For the rest of the world, as popularity or power were never the objects of my pursuit, I am perfectly indifferent about the matter. My political creed is, I am persuaded, too continental for the meridian of any particular latitude. For this reason, did my health & other circumstances permit me, I am convinced that what few talents I am master of out of the line of my profession, wou'd only serve to chagrin & mortify me when brought into the field of political controversy. Whenever occasions offer where I can render the least services to my country, whether in or out of the line of my profession, I hope no private or selfish motives will influence me to decline them, but I must beg leave to judge of the fitness or propriety of my own conduct. Agreeably to your request I have visited Mr. McFarlan, whose local complaints appear to me by no means so allarming as his general bad habit of body, which can only be corrected by a proper diet with a little bark, the mode of taking which I have pointed out in a few short directions.

I am just now setting out for Hurly where I expect to pass a day or two with my brother & so home-delightful name-Would to Heaven wee were all seated in our respective ones in peace. Patience & perseverence will, I hope, at last accomplish this truly desired end of all our toils & dangers. My best wishes attend Mrs. Duane yourself & family.

From your sincerely

Affectionate Friend ALBANY 16th. January 1778.

John Jones. James Duane Esquire.

(To be continued.)

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