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GENERAL JOSEPH MARTIN.
BY JOHN REDD.
WITH ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS.
(Concluded in this number.)
APPENDIX I. DRAPER'S COMMENTS ON REDD'S SKETCH. Haywood states that Walden, Cox, Blivins & some 16 others visited Powell's & Carter's Valleys & established a station there in 1761. Draper did not believe this & asks Redd of it. Redd had never heard of it; the Indians were then at war with the whites; the long hunters hardly ever went more than 2 or 3 together & he does not think the statement true. He thinks they may have established a hunters station there a few years after 1761.
Martin's fort (station) was on Martin's Creek, north side, several fine springs near it. It consisted of 5 or 6 cabins, they were built some 30 feet apart with strong stockades between them; in the stockades were port holes, & the station covered about mile, in slope a parallelogram, woods came near it on north; not re-occupied after abandoned in 1776.
In 1775 Brice Martin made an entry at Beaver Dam Springs some 6 miles below Martin's Station. He made none here in 1769 for he was then with his brother in his effort to settle Powell's Valley, where they remained but one day.
Brice Martin died in Henry Co., Va., in 1817 or 1818. Tall, active muscular, dark hair. Had 2 sons only, Wm., died about same time as his father; Jos. migrated & "was livin Tenn. some 8 or 10 years ago" (1849).
[From Draper Collection.]
JOHNSTON TO MARTIN.
HILLSBOROUGH, July, 12th, 1775. Sir,
The proprietors of the lands purchased of the Cherokee Inds, and whereon you live is a part, have lately been informed that sundry familys are settled down the Valley twenty or thirty miles below the gap; which hath given umbrage to the Indians, and in consequence of some disputes have arrisen & a man or so killed; if this be a truth, we are induced to believe that such settlements have been made without your approbation, as you were desired not to allow any person to settle below a place called the narrows. Such a piece of conduct at this time would be highly prejudicial to the proprietors, and perhaps bring on disputes between us and the Indians, when everything of that kind should be cautiously avoided. Therefore, we hope you will exert your endeavours to put a stop to such procedure, and if any person shall have settled down the Valley as above said, contrary to the proprietors directions, and of course (we suppose) without your consent, you will be pleased to let them know that they will not have lands granted to them there, but ought immediately to remove themselves to some other place, as wecan by no means think of suffering people to settle on our lands in such a manner as to involve us in any dispute with the Indians.—I am for Richd. Henderson & Co.
Sir, Your most obt. Hbt. Servt.
Wm. Johnston. To Capt. Joseph Martin.
[From a copy by L. C. Draper now in the Wisconsin State Historical Society.]
TROOPS ON NORTH CAROLINA FRONTIER, 1777. Report of the committee appointed to enquire into the expediency of keeping a body of militia stationed on the frontier of this State, and to whom were referred letters from the Governor of Virginia, and the President of South Carolina, on the subject of a treaty of peace with the Cherokee Indians.
Your committee having examined Sundry letters, depositions, &c. &c. have obtained well-authenticated information that the Cherokees have committed frequent hostilities on the frontiers of this State, and the State of Virginia, during the last winter and this Spring—and that they have killed nine of the inhabitants since the 20th of January last, with the usual circumstances of savage barbarity.
And that the Indians under the Dragon Canoe and other chiefs, adverse to peace, are still pushing on the war, and perpetrating almost daily acts of cruelty and murder.
Your committee are, therefore, of opinion that there is little or no probability of peace with those savages for the Ensuing Summer.
Your committee are further of opinion that it is expedient and necessary to take into the publc service, and keep in pay, 400 men for the defence of the frontiers of this State, and that the service will be much better performed by Independent companies than by Malitia.
Your committee are, therefore, of opinion, that Eight Independent companies ought to be immediately raised in the District of Salisbury, Each consisting of one Captain, two Lieutenants, two Sergts., one drummer, one clerk of fifty privates. Four companies for Washington, and four companies for Rowan and Tryon—to be employed in building and garrisoning Forts, scouting and ranging Service, and all other public service that shall most conduce to the safety of the inhabitants, and most facilitate the operations of war against the Cherokees and other Indians at war with this State.
Your committee are of opinion that it is expedient to place 2000 of gunpowder and 4000 of lead, as soon as may be, at Colonel Osborne's in Rowan for a public Magazine there, and also 1000 bushels of salt; and that it is expedient to place 500 of gunpowder, and 1000 of lead, at Colonel Carter's in Washington District, as a public Magazine there, and ...... bushels of salt.
Your committee are of opinion that 200 Militia at Washington, and 200 in the frontiers of Rowan and Tryon, should be continued in service until they are relieved by Independent Companies.
Your committee are of opinion that it will be proper and expedient never the less for this State to send one or more Commissioners, properly authorized, who may, in conjunction with Commissioners from our sister States of Virginia and South Carolina, hold the intended treaty of pacification, with such Chiefs as have prayed for it, and showed a disposition for peace. (Signed)
WILLIE JONES, Chair". (Endorsed :) "Committee for Indian Affairs, &c. &c. For Consideration."1
'[Note by L. C. Draper. No date. Perhaps in 1778: In 1779 Tryon County was abolished, and Lincoln and Rutherford Counties formed from its Territory; and as Tryon County is referred to in the preceding report, it was clearly written prior to its extinction. Possibly in Spring of 1777–prior to treaty of Long Isld of Holston.]
[From Draper Collection.] Martin's COMMISSIONS FROM VIRGINIA AND NORTH
CAROLINA. To Captain Joseph Martin:
You are hereby appointed Agent & Superintendent of Cherokee Indian Affairs for the State of Virginia, and you are to reside at some place in that Nation in order to negociate and direct all things relating to the Commonwealth & which concern the Interest thereof, using your best endeavours from time to time to preserve peace with that Nation & to cultivate their present good Disposition. You are also to give Intelligence to the Governor for the time being of all occurrences that happen in your Department which shall concern Government to know, and to counteract the evil Desires of the Enemy and their intrigues to debauch these Indians from our friendship and in all things to promote the Interest of the commonwealth according to the utmost of your skill and Judgement, and all the subjects of this State are required to be aiding and assisting to you herein. Given under my hand & the seal of the Commonwealth at Wmsburgh this 3d day of November 1777.
STATE OF North CAROLINA.
To Joseph Martin Esquire Greeting.
Whereas our General Assembly have nominated you to be our Agent of Indian Affairs. We reposing especial trust & confidence in your fidelity Integrity and abilities. Do by these Presents constitute and appoint you Our Agent of Indian Affairs aforesaid, to have hold and exorcise all the powers authorities by an act of our General Assembly in such case made, together with such emoluments which to the said office belong or of right appertain. Conforming