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who were either distinguished then or subsequently became so, and many of them give us hints of the history of the social life and conditions in South Carolina at the time. The mechanical execution of the volume is not altogether satisfactory to me, and I have myself to blame for some blunders in copy and on proof-sheets, but, taken as a whole, I believe that the work will prove valuable to the genealogist and the student of South Carolina history.

A. S. SALLEY, JR.

GENEALOGICAL RECORDS OF THE DINWIDDIE CLAN OF NORTH WESTERN INDIANA, by T. H. Ball, editor and publisher, Crown Point, Ind. 12 mo., pp. 120, many illus., 1902, cloth, $1.50.

Beginning with David Dinwiddie who came to this country from Ireland about 1740 Mr. Ball has traced the family lines of this local branch to the last day of 1900, giving us a compact, orderly arrangement, with clear statements as to sources, mingled with sensible observations on difficulties and dangers of such work, and with safe reflections on life. He points out that tho "a man has no choice as to his ancestry,” it is yet "desirable for any one to have back of himself a good ancestral line.” With such views he might have been tempted to make up worthy forefathers, but names as “my best and first class authorities” "the old family Bible," "the will of David Dinwiddie," and "the Cuthbertson sketch." All the material was gathered by Oscar Dinwiddie who labored at the task for 25 years, and then turned over his accumulations to Mr. Ball who quaintly disclaims perfect accuracy in spelling as so many names came to him like music, "with variations." He thinks tho that even if there are over a hundred different forms, they all relate to one progenitor if records could be found ancient enough. It turns out that one of President Roosevelt's grandmothers was a Dunwoody. The Scotland Dinwiddies, "other Din

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widdies" in U. S., letters of commendation, an index of one page, complete the book.

The PUBLICATIONS of the American Jewish Historical Society, No. 10, contains amongst other valuable historical papers, one of special interest to Southern readers: “The Jews of Georgia in Colonial Times" by Leon Hühner, A. M., LL. B. The story of the Jews of Georgia has been written several times and Mr. Hühner's article is for the most part familiar to students of the history of that State, being largely a restatement of previously published facts. Mr. Hühner differs from the English writer Picciotto as to the part played by the London Jewish community in the emigration of the Jews to Savannah in 1733. It is a pity that the documents in the British Public Record Office were not consulted. These documents would probably settle the question conclusively. Mr. Hühner claims that there were two sets of Jewish emigrants, one of German Jews, assisted by the London community and another, of Portuguese Jews, who came at their own expense. From the discrepancy in the dates in the Trustees' entries and Sheftall's diary--the former giving the date of the Jews' arrival as July 7 and the latter as July 11-he argues that the two parties must have come in separate vessels. This is purely surmise and is not borne out by the record of ship arrivals at Savannah in July, 1733. The main value of the paper lies in the attention which the author calls to references to German Jews in Urlsperger's Ausfuhrliche Nachrichten, the only sources of information concerning them. There are many statements to which exception must be taken. The London committee was probably not composed of the persons mentioned by Mr. Hühner (p. 67). The reasons given for the Jews leaving Georgia in 1741 are contradictory (pp. 82, 3, 4 & 6.). Mr.

"See Elzas Documents relative to a proposed settlement of Jews in South Carolina, p. 13.

Hühner confuses the name Ottolenghi of Georgia with that of Cttolengui of Charleston and misquotes the Charleston Year Book (p. 90.). We might make a number of further objections, but space forbids.

ALBEMARLE COUNTY, IN VIRGINIA. By Rev. Edgar Woods. (Charlottesville, Va.: The Michie Company, Printers. 1901. O., pp. iv+412.) .

) This valuable study in the history of the older Virginia counties is well done. It is based on the public records and treats the earlier generations with much more fulness than the later ones. There are sections on each of the dominant Protestant churches, a short account of the University and something on reconstruction, although the Civil war, strange as it may seem, occupies little space. The appendixes give valuable lists of names of county officers, representatives, and soldiers while one gives what we do not remember to have seen anywhere else, a list of emigrants from this country to other States in which Kentucky is far ahead of all others. More than half the volume is given up to family data although not arranged in genealogical form. It includes notes

. on the families of Abell, Alphin, Anderson, Ballard, Barclay, Barksdale, Bibb, Boaz, Bowcock, Bowen, Bramham, Brand, Brockman, Brooks, Burch, Burnley, Buster, Carr, Carter, Clark, Clarkson, Cochran, Cole, Coles, Craven, Dabney, Davis, Dawson, Dickerson, Duke, Durrett, Dyer, Early, Everette, Ficklin, Fretwel, Fry, Garland, Garrett, Garth, Gentry, Gilmer, Gooch, Goodman, Grayson, Hamner, Hardin, Harper, Harris, Hart, Harvey, Henderson, Henig, Hopkins, Hudson, Hughes, Irvin, Jameson, Jefferson, Jones, Jouet, Kerr, Key, Kinkead, Kinsloving, Leake, Levy, Lewis, Lindsay, Lynch, McGehee, Magruder, Martin, Massie, Maupin, Mays, Meriwether, Michie, Mills, Minor, Moon, Moore, Moorman, Morris, Nicholas, Norris, Peyton, Randolph, Rea, Rives, Rodes, Rodgers, Scott, Shelton, Smith, Southall, Stockton, Suddarth, Sumter, Sutherland, Terrell, Thomas, Thompson, Walker, Wallace, Watson, Wheeler, White, Wingfield, Winn, Wood, Woods, Woodson, Yancey, Yergain.

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THE HISTORY

OF

MECKLENBURG COUNTY, (North Carolina), from 1740 to 1900. By J. B. Alexander, M. D. (Charlotte, N. C. Observer Printing House, 1902. O., pp. 'iv+431, 25 portraits, i map and one illus., cloth, $2.00.)

North Carolina is one of the States which can boast of very few county histories. There is a history of Rowan county published 22 years ago, one of Alamance and one of Guilford, both recently published; these together with the volume now under consideration complete the tale so far as the writer now recalls of separate and distinct volumes. Dr. Alexander's work seems to be mainly a compilation. He acknowledges indebtedness to Foote, to Wheeler and Martin, the last two being very dangerous authors to quote when one is interested in the accuracy of his statement. He also drew from the manuscripts of Mrs. H. M. Irvin deposited with the Mecklenburg Historical Society and from the manuscript history of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence of Dr. Lyman C. Draper in the Wisconsin State Historical Society although the author nowhere states that Draper arrived at the conclusion that the Declaration, as contradistinguished from the Resolves, was spurious. Much space is occupied in the present volume in arguing for the genuineness of the 20th oʻ May Declaration and there are many notes in regard to the personal history of the signers. It does not appear that Dr. Alexander has made any minute examination or extensive use of either manuscript county records or of the printed Colonial and State Records. To write on the colonial or revolutionary history of the State without these is the play of Hamlet with Hamlet left out. Further, the book as a whole has an air of scrappiness and in places does not rise above the level of remi

niscence. While there are such headings as "the Lutheran church," "Steele Creek church,” “Baptist denomination,” &c., the treatment is brief and unsatisfactory and that too when in some instances the material is known to be abundant. The strongest work is probably in the great number of biographical sketches, many of which, especially those of Presbyterian ministers, come from Foote. The pictatorial portions are for the most part poor. A roster of the 2700 troops in the C. S. A. from Mecklenburg county is printed and there is a chapter on reconstruction. There is no index, a help which is imperatively necessary in a work of this size and character. Of the new and greater life which has come to the city of Charlotte since the war, of the industrial growth of this center of textile manufacture in the South, hardly a word is said. Nor is there anything on the cotton mills and machine shops which have made this growth possible, nor on the rise of independent journalism in the South as personified in the excellent and aggressive Charlotte Observer. It is understood that Mr. D. A. Tompkins is also at work on a history of Mecklenburg county. Since Dr. Alexander has treated the family and personal side of the history with such fulness it is hoped that Mr. Tompkins will devote his work more exclusively to the industrial side of this leading county of the new South which still presents all the best traditions of the old.

JOSEPH GALLOWAY, THE LOYALIST POLITICIAN. A Biography. By Ernest H. Baldwin, Ph. D. (Philadelphia, 1902. O., pp., 113. To be had of Edward P. Judd & Co., New Haven, Conn., paper, $1.00.)

In this scholarly monograph, reprinted from the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Dr. Baldwin sketches briefly the public career of Joseph Galloway, one of the best known of all the men who sided with the mother country in the struggle for independence. Galloway was

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