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In the ATLANTA MONTHLY for May, 1903, Mr. A. H. Stone, of Mississippi, has a very pregnant article on the mulatto as the real difficulty in the negro problem, because he has enough of "white" blood in him to be discontented with his inexorable lot among his black kin. Hence from his class come the murmurs, complaints, protests, though of course only types are of this unhappy assertiveness, not the bulk. The genuine black does not at all realize that he is in need of any sympathy whatever. But Mr. Stone insists on the doctrine of racial characteristics, and holds that these African peoples among us have ineradicable traits that will prevent equality of association between the two colors. He points out that practically all the instances of progressiveness and intellectual power among negroes are of mixed descent. Only by recognizing these ethnical conditions, he believes, can this mighty question be treated in an intelligent manner.
THE AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE, April, 1903, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 327-638, monthly, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, organ D. A. R., Washington, D. C. The number is filled mostly with the doings of the chapters and the reports of the State Regents to the Congress held last February—the usual string of teas, receptions, fairs, card parties, luncheons, and other social matters. There is one essay, sketch of Lyman Hall of Georgia, apparently no new material used.
The Lost CAUSE (March, 1903, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 14, 4to, $1.00 yearly, Louisville, Ky.) has a detailed account by a participant, T. P. Sanders, of the capture, in February, 1864, of Colonel Rose, of the 77th Pennsylvania Regiment, who had made himself famous by tunneling out of Libby Prison.
THE CONFEDERATE VETERAN for April, 1903, Vol. II, No. 4, 4to, pp. 147-181 (Nashville, Tenn., $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly), contains very interesting accounts by privates of the
battle of Franklin, 1864. There is an account of the secret order that Confederate prisoners formed in Camp Douglas, Ohio, with the aim of breaking out of confinement, but their plans miscarried though not through the treachery of any member. For the first time in its history the Veteran announces a decrease in circulation, though not large. This seems natural, considering the death rate among the veterans, but the editor offers a half rate for those unable to pay full price.
NOTES AND NEWS.
THE THIRTEENTH CONFEDERATE VETERANS' REUNION, at New Orleans, May 19-22, was one of the most successful ever held. There were 10,000 members on hand, and more than 100,000 visitors, but through the hospitality of the city all were entertained pleasantly. The decorations by citizens generally were considered as elaborate as ever made anywhere for any occasion, with the Confederate colors as the most prominent feature. The auditorium, seating 10,000, and built for the purpose of this meeting, was found satisfactory. Formal addresses of welcome were given by Hon. E. B. Kruttschnitt, of New Orleans, and Gov. W. W. Heard, of Louisiana.
The Commander-in-Chief, General J. B. Gordon, was unable to preside at all the meetings on account of a sudden attack of sickness which did not prove serious. The sentiment of his opening speech is evidenced in the following extracts:
“We will not indulge on this centennial—this political millennial morning—nor at other times, in any bitterness. We feel none. We pity those who do. ...... We are satisfied with our record. are heirs, joint heirs, with the republic's children in the inheritance of freedom left by our sires. We are proud of all the past. Moreover we are now facing a future pregnant with tremendous possibilities. ... As we go hence we will calmly drop our mantles on the shoulders of our sons who will worthily wear them and in no crisis of the republic whether in forum or field will they be found wanting."
Besides the regular meetings the usual memorial services to the Confederate dead and to Jefferson Davis were held, the latter on 19th. At the former, on 20th, General B. H. Young made the customary invocation. Rev. J. J. Finley, Fisherville, Va., preached the annual sermon, and Generals W. L. Cabell and J. A. Chalaron paid tributes to General
George Moorman, late Adjutant General of the Veterans, who died December 16, 1902.
General Clement A. Evans, of the Battle Abbey Committee, reported subscriptions of $204,471, more than half in cash, and it was decided to begin work as the minimum of $200,000 set at start, is in hand. Generals Gordon, Young, A. P. Stewart, Dr. G. H. Tichenor and others urged that untiring efforts be made to erect a monument to the Southern women of the Civil War. The Sons were very earnest in the matter, pledging their co-operation, and imposing a per capita tax of one dollar on members. They took up subscriptions of some $260.
Dr. Tichenor, for the Southern Memorial Association, reported that the fund for the Davis memorial had been finally collected, but a few minutes after Judge Christian, of the Monument Committee, stated that only $57,000 of the required $75,000 was in bank subject to draft.
A resolution of thanks was passed to Congress and Secretary of War, Elihu Root, for the proposed publication of Confederate rosters. An amendment for appointing a Confederate committee of three to insure fair treatment was withdrawn after strong protest by General S. D. Lee, who voiced the view of all in declaring implicit faith in the integrity of the officials.
The report of the historical committee was presented by Generals J. J. Horner and S. D. Lee, discriminating among the numerous histories of the war times.
In the course of the debate on monuments, H. T. Davenport, Americus, Ga., denounced Lincoln as a traitor, but evidently he had but few sympathizers.
The financial report of Adjutant General Mickle showed receipts from Camp dues $1,212, from commissions and membership certificates $31, from donations $838, total $2,081; disbursements $1,267, leaving balance of $814. He reported also 1,523 camps organized.
Resolutions were adopted that no person be chosen sponsor unless the wife or lineal descendants of an honorably discharged Confederate soldier or sailor; that more moderation in expense be shown by cities entertaining the reunions ; that Sons of Veterans have full privilege of the floor at reunions, but without the right to vote, that they be the special escort of Veterans in parades, that they be allowed enrollment by the Veterans as associate members, that they be uniformed in Confederate gray but without insignia of rank, and that all military titles be abolished among them. These resolutions with regard to the Sons were the report of a committee on closer relation between the two organizations, composed of Generals C. I. Walker, B. H. Young, Robert White, J. A. Webb, W. P. Tarry, Van Sant and Felix Robertson. They were appointed after the enthusiastic presentation of greetings from the Sons made by W. P. Lane, of Texas.
The most prominent social features were two balls; one on 19th by Washington Artillery at their armory in honor of sponsors and maids of honor; the other on 21st at the auditorum in honor of Veterans and allies. The exercises at the latter were opened with a quadrille danced by sixteen Veterans, and sixteen young ladies, each wearing the blue cross of the Confederacy on her bosom.
The parade on 22d was led by General J. B. Levert, chief marshal, with about 10,000 men in line from the three departments, Northern Virginia, Tennessee and Transmississippi, in this order, followed by a good representation of the Sons. One of the most effective scenes in the procession was a highly decorated float with these sixteen heralds of the reunion on it dressed in white: Miss Eunice Michie, of Virginia; Miss Willie Henry, of Louisiana, for Maryland ; Miss Julia Alexander, of North Carolina; Miss M. E. Watrous, of South Carolina ; Miss Elise Vance, of Tennessee; Miss Frances Moldrim, of Georgia; Miss Willie Haralson, of Ala