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bama; Miss Ethel Sylvey, of Mississippi; Miss Elliott Todhunter, of Missouri; Miss Elizabeth Fleming, of Florida; Miss Estelle Cartwright, of Texas; Miss Bessie Rogers, of Arkansas; Miss Madeline Bridgeford, of Kentucky; Miss Bessie Utz, of Louisiana, and Miss Bennett A. Coleman, of Indian Territory.

Among other well known persons in attendance on the reunion were Hon. John H. Reagan and wife, General Joseph Wheeler, Mrs. “Stonewall” Jackson, Mrs. E. Kirby Smith, Mrs. Braxton Bragg and Mrs. Thomas J. Semmes.

In conjunction with the reunion were meetings of the Sons of Veterans, Confederated Women's Memorial Association and of the surgeons of both Northern and Southern armies.

The Veterans re-elected old officers as follows: Commander-in-Chief, General John B. Gordon, Atlanta, Ga.; Commander Army of Northern Virginia Department, General C. I. Walker, Greenwood, S. C.; Commander Army of Tennessee Department, Lieutenant General S. D. Lee, Columbus, Miss.; Commander Trans-Mississippi Department, Lieutenant General W. L. Cabell, Dallas, Texas; Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, Colonel William E. Mickle, Mobile, Ala.

The Sons of Veterans chose officers as follows: Commander, W. McL. Fayssoux, New Orleans, La.; Commander Department of Northern Virginia, Kearfott, W. Va.; Commander Department of Tennessee, W. G. Daniel, Miss.; Commander Trans-Mississippi Department, N. R. Tisdale, Texas.

The choice of place for next meeting was left to the executive committee, though selection will undoubtedly be limited to the three places presented for consideration, Louisville, Nashville, St. Louis. Arrangements, if possible, will be made to allow a visit to the St. Louis fair on one railroad ticket, whichever city is named.

WASHINGTON AND LAFAYETTE. Judge P. W. Strother calls the editor's attention to what he thinks an injustice to the memory of Washington in the sub-head, "Washington underhanded about Lafayette," (p. 158, Vol. 5) in the article "Sketch of William Vans Murray," contributed to these PUBLICATIONS by Mr. Clement Sulivane. On reference to Sparks's Washington (Vol. II, pp. 325, 377, 459) it does not seem very clear that Mr. Sulivane and the Secretary of the Pa. Hist. Soc. had very strong grounds for representing Washington as deceptive with Lafayette. Of course the editorial sub-head was based on the views of the article. But from the original sources mentioned above, it is learned that on October 18, 1798, Washington wrote to Timothy Pickering that he hoped Lafayette would not come to this county then as there was such strong feeling against France. The following December 25, he plainly indicated as much to Lafayette himself. October 26, 1799, he urged Vans Murray to dissuade Lafayette from visiting us at that crisis.

From this evidence it does not at all appear that Washington was double dealing. He is not as open with Lafayette as with the other two, but it is only natural in such a case to speak more directly about your friend to a third party than to him. In fact it is unnecessary to be so plain with the friend, as very often a mere hint is sufficient for him to get the meaning. But Washington's language to Lafayette was significant enough for even a dull brain.

Of course, Mr. Sulivane may have other proof, as Washington's attitude may have changed during the year 1799.

THE ANNUAL CONFEDERATE REUNION of South Carolina was held in Columbia May 12-14, being one of the largest gathering of old soldiers the organization has yet had. Entertainment, both lodging and food, was free for the great bulk. Quarters were cheerfully given in numerous private houses.

PEDAGOGICAL HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION.-On March 13-14 last the first meeting of the "Historical Association of the Middle States and Maryland” was held at Columbia University, New York city, with an attendance of some 150 at the opening session. The pedagogical side of the subject was emphasized, though at least one paper on general history was presented. The organization is an outgrowth of the Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools of the Middle States and Maryland, the history teachers in that body having decided in 1901 to unite for their special branch. The constitution makes anyone “interested in the study" of history eligible, fixing the annual fee at one dollar. At this session the title was changed to “The Association of History Teachers of the Middle States and Maryland," and Miss Lucy M. Salmon was elected president. Thus far the organization does not give promise of doing anything very serious or substantial. It will be very difficult to maintain interest on such narrow basis. Indeed, if history is to be separated from life outside of the school, and then to be segregated from the other subjects within, it will be a credit to the breadth of the members if they do not pay much regard to the movement, unless it can be broadened. As if effectually to cork themselves in a jug, there seems no provision for publishing. The secretary is Professor E. H. Castle, Columbia University, New York city, now absent, but his place is filled meanwhile by Professor A. C. Howland, same address.

CONFEDERATE MONEY.-According to the Charlotte Observer (Charleston News, reprint, April 12, 1903,) the State of North Carolina owns a "complete collection of Confederate money," which has all been arranged chronologically, and framed for easy inspection.

PHILADELPHIA TAMMANY.—It seems from records that this staid old city had the first of the Tammany societies in this country, furnishing a model for the more widely known New York organization. There were also associations in memory of the same chieftain in Virginia and North Carolina and perhaps elsewhere. But with the election of Jefferson it was felt all danger from reactionists towards aristocracy was over, and the more serious lost interest in the order, and designers began to use it for personal advancement and the consequent jealousies and bickerings rent the membership, destroying the society everywhere except in New York. Here, allied with politics, it became a mighty factor in public control. (Pa. Mag., Jan., 1903.)

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