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sum of not less than one nor more than five dollars, to go into the revenue of the *
III. Any member may be expelled from the * by a majority vote of the officers and ghouls of the Den to which he belongs, and if after such expulsion such member shall assume any of the duties, regalia or insignia of the * or in any way claim to be a member of the same, he shall be severely punished. His obligation of secrecy shall be as binding upon him after explusion as before, and for any revelation made by him thereafter, he shall be held accountable in the same manner as if he were then a member.
IV. Every Grand Cyclops shall read or cause to be read, this Prescript and these Edicts to the † of his Den, at least once in every three months,And shall read them to each new member when he is initiated, or present the same to him for personal perusal.
V. Each Den may provide itself with the Grand Banner of the †
VI. The fs of Dens may make such additional Edicts for their control and government as they shall deem requisite and necessary. Provided, No Edict shall be made to conflict with any of the provisions or Edicts of this Prescript.
VII. The strictest and most rigid secrecy, concerning any and everything that relates to the † shall at all times be maintained.
VIII. Any member who shall reveal or betray' the secrets or purposes of this † shall suffer the extreme penalty of the Law.
Hush, thou art not to utter what
Ne quid detrimenti Respublica capiat.
1 Notice of expulsion is to be published throughout each Realm of the Empire.
No Den, officer, or members to operate beyond prescribed limits unless invited or ordered by competent authority.
L' ENVOI. To the lovers of Law and Order. Peace and Justice, we send greeting; and to the shades of the venerated Dead, we affectionately dedicate the #
Nos ducit amor libertatis.
A SOUTHERN TRAVELER'S DIARY IN 1840.
(The Association is indebted to Prof. Geo. S. Wills for this account. Subheads are inserted by the Editor.]
Journal of travels from Tarboro to the Southern Country in the spring of 1840 by Wm. H. Wills.
TO WASHINGTON VIA RICHMOND AND POTOMAC CREEK.
April ist. Left home this day at 1 o'clock P. M. in Elliott's Hack for the Falls and arrived there at 4 o'clock P. M.good driving for a hack. Here I expected to take the Rail Road Cars pretty early, but they did not get up until between 6 & 7 o'clock. At that time I left and arrd at Weldon between 9 & 10, some detention putting out passengers, shifting baggage, &c. Those intending to go by Norfolk left soon after to ride all night. I preferred the Petersburg route and soon after, going over to Garey's after getting supper, &c. went to bed.
Thursday 2 Apr. Up early, got breakfast & at 7 o'clock off again with some fifteen to 20 passengers. After several stoppings arrd at Petersburg 12} P. M. Went to Frenchs where I paid one dollar for dinner. One would think these were not hard times judging from this charge. I orice paid this price for a dinner at the Astor House, N. Y, so this is No. 2—2 p. m. for Richmond and arrived at 4,—then to Fredericksburg and from thence to Potomac Creek by stages where we found steam Boat
[Ms. illegible) at II o'clock. I was soon in bed and asleep but not soundly being awakened by her arrival in Washington City and could not sleep well after it.
To BALTIMORE IN Two HOURS.
Friday 3rd. Up at 5 o'clock, dressed and baggage seen after on the omnibus for the Rail Road Depot. ó o'clock, and again puff, puff, puff, and off for Baltimore where we arrived at 8 o'clock just two hours from Washington 40 miles. This is a little better travelling than Charley in the sulky would do. I stopped at Barnum's hotel, my old stopping place and where I have always been well treated. Had no reason to complain this time. I got breakfast, had my hair cut shaved up and went out to make some purchases for Anna Maria [his wife] and myself and others. This kept me very busy until dinner, indeed and after, so that I feared I should not accomplish in time to leave in the 4 o'clock Cars. However, adopting the sentiment of a very practical man “if one man could do a thing, he could do it just as well”—I determined to try and so by 31 p. m. I lad all bought and packed and trunk taken down to Steam boat to be sent home. At 4 o'clock I took my seat in the Cars of the
B. & O. AND PATAPSCO RIVER.
Baltimore and Ohio R. Road, and for one mile ding ding ding went the jolly bells of the slick horses, after which they were exchanged for the gruff old puffing steam engine “All right”—“go ahead” and off were we in a hurry. This road for ten miles retraces the Balt. & Washington R. Road for 10 miles, or rather the latter is a branch of this road & running to the Patapsco, the latteral goes direct to Washington and the main road to Frederick. All other R. Roads on which I ever traveled shorten distances but this one lengthens it.
Thus the common road from Balt. to Frederick is 45 miles, whereas the R. R. is 60, and is accounted for from the fact that the latter is built directly upon the banks of the river and follows it in all its serpentine course. Although at Baltimore the Patapsco is a noble stream capable of floating any vessels that come to the wharves, yet but a few miles it looses its importance and is perhaps not larger than fishing creek and before arriving at Frederick on some parts of it I could almost jump over it. The Country is hilly and rocky & having cut for itself a channel, the surrounding country rises up into precipices the whole course of the river is through a narrow valley from 50 to 100 yards wide, hence the R. R. is constructed on the banks of the river to avoid the deep cuts that otherwise must have been made. Some 20 miles from Balt. is Ellicotts Mills a place famous for manufacturing Flour & wild indeed is the place. Here are several dwellings, one of them standing on a very high eminence approached by steps and barricaded with rocks. In the porch children were playing and so feet under them the stream lashing itself into a foam against the rocks below. I could not be satisfied to have my children exposed to such danger, they were running about here however as if not aware of any exposure. The country to Frederick presents pretty much the same appearance, at which I arrived about
FREDERICK TO HAGERSTOWN AND HANCOCK.
9 o'clock p. m. I soon had my baggage on the stage and ready for another start glad of the change from R. R. and steam boats to that of the stage. “Gee up”—crack went the whip and off we go cheered with the prospect of two nights and days travel in the stage. A ride of 26 miles brought us to Hagerstown at 21 a. m. this place contains about 4,000 inhabitants, and we found some of them quite merry even at that late hour in anticipation of the Harrison meeting to be held there next day.
26 miles further brought us to Hancock at 8 a. m. of Saturday the 4th—here we got breakfast and taking in two more passengers (making our company in all six persons) off we