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ing necessary stores nearly equal to the cost of them at the sea shore, and you know so much of mankind that you would not think it strange in a Government so new as New Hampshire has always been that there is not such a general esteem for learning or disposition to encourage it as may be expected in the State of New York, but as to particulars on this head I must refer you to the Bearers.

I suppose the same incorporation may be continued by an act of your general Assembly or at least of the Continental Congress authenticating the same with another set of Trustees in your State.

The expense of removing must be considerable, in which I must have assistance or it cannot be done, which I suppose may be easily effected if the proposal shall be agreeable to your State, and would not the Continental Congress, should they be well informed in the matter, upon political as well as religious reasons, cheerfully recommend the raising a perpetual fund for support of the President and all necessary Professors and officers in the College and School, and also erecting any such buildings as shall be necessary for the same.

My Honored and dear Sir I repose entire confidence in your friendship, ability, honor and prudence and give you full power to make just such uses and improvement of what I have wrote as you shall think fit.

I imagine that neither you nor the other Gentlemen will think it prudent to come to any such conclusion and determination in a matter of such nature and importance as may be expedient, preparatory to a practice thereon, till we shall see the end of our national dispute, yet as I hope that happy Event may be near and in favor of the United States, I thought it might be prudent to communicate the same to your Assembly, and if you should think fit, to the Continental Congress and know their minds and disposition towards it, that I might know, at least in some respects, how to dispose of such affairs as may be influenced only by probability.

I doubt not but you will afford the gentlemen I have sent any assistance they shall desire within your power. And who knows but the design may happily be effected before another winter. I am much Honored and respected Sir

Your Honor's

Most obedient most humble Servant

ELEAZAR WHEELOCK. The Honorable General Schuyler.

(To be continued.)

THE EXPANSION OF THE OLD SOUTHWEST.

By S. B. WEEKS.

To many people it would seem a far cry from Virginia to Texas. But the distance is not great when measured in miles, less still in days of travel and the two are largely one when we consider them from the standpoint of population.

Virginia has been called the mother of States and of statesmen. Those who use the expression have mainly in mind the fact that the five States of the old northwest territory were carved out of lands that were claimed by Virginia. But in another sense that Commonwealth is more eminently the mother of States. Virginia was the Mecca to which came nearly all of the 17th century immigrants who settled in the South. From Virginia they spread in the closing years of the 17th and the first half of the 18th into North Carolina; from the time of the Revolution to the Civil War they went by thousands to the old Northwest and the old Southwest. The same story is substantially true of the movement of population in North Carolina. No statistics are of course available but the writer is convinced that not

* The True STORY OF CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH. By Katharine Pearson Woods. (New York: Doubleday, Page & Company. 1901. 0. pp. xv+382, 8 parts, maps and ills., cloth.)

REMINISCENCES OF THE GEORGIA BAPTISTS. By Rev. S. G. Hillyer, D. D., with a story of the author's life, by his daughter, Miss Louisa C. Hillyer. (Atlanta, Ga.: Foote & Davies Company. 1902. D. pp. vii+294, cloth.)

ANNALS OF THE FOWLER FAMILY, with Branches in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi, California and Texas. Compiled and Edited by Mrs. James Joyce Arthur. (Austin, Texas: Published by the Author. D. pp. xvi+327, 35 parts, 7 ills., cloth.)

TEXAS: A CONTEST of CivilizATIONS. By George P. Garrison. (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Company. 1903. S. pp. vii+320, 2 maps, facsimile letter, cloth, $1.20, net.)

less than 75 per cent. of the people of North Carolina in 1700 had been immigrants from Virginia or were the children of such. During the next half century this per cent. was sensibly diminished but still remained high. The "old families” of North Carolina are mostly of Virginia ancestry; they are in a literal sense F. F. V's. Migration from North Carolina began before the Revolution. It was first directed to the Watauga and Tennessee country. The Tennessee element was more favorable to freedom than the parent stock, many of them were not slave-holders and many eventually drifted into the free Northwest. The pro-slavery element turned toward the further South. They skipped over South Carolina and settled in Georgia. It is interesting to note here what Dr. Phillips has recently pointed out in his new book, Georgia and State Rights, that the immigrants into Georgia from Virginia and those from North Carolina represented two different social strata, settled in different sections, had different religious beliefs and were opposed to each other in politics, thus erecting in their new homes miniature post types of the States from which they came. From Georgia the northern stream, drawing reinforcements from every State over which it passed, rolled on into Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas.

The subject of these migrations, these völkerwanderungen, is one which has hitherto commanded but slight attention from American students; why should not the subjugation and settlement of America by the English be as thrillingly interesting as the peopling of western Europe by the Teutons ? True, material is yet lacking on which such a study must be based. The U. S. Census has collected and published for its more recent enumerations the number of contributions of population each State and foreign country has made to the history of every other State. The earlier Censuses contain a vast amount of unprinted material of the same character and which is of immense historical importance. Perhaps in the future the death warrant may be read of that secrecy which yet broods over the Census Office and this great mass of material bearing on the planting and evolution of American commonwealths may be made available. Many private studies in this general field will indirectly furnish material, as in the case of family histories which trace their members from one State to another; biographical works, which give attention to sources of families and many church records. The Quakers have been particularly careful in keeping full and accurate notes on the movements of their members and a volume has been published on the history of that sect in the South. It is to be feared that other denominations will by no means measure up to the standard of Friends.

In a word, a study of the growth and advance of English speaking peoples in North America from one State to another must be based on a great mass of widely scattered and hardly accessible materials. It would require a mind of the highest order and of the most thorough training, but it has in it the elements of a most wonderfully fascinating work.

On the very threshold of this subject we would come upon the career of that versatile adventurer and strong aiministrator, Capt. John Smith.

It is hard to find an adventurer even in his age of adventure whose life is fuller of the picturesque than Smith's. True, it was not given him to do such spectacular deeds as Drake and Frobisher, or Raleigh and Gilbert. They dreamed of defeating the world power of their day; they dreamed dreams of the colonial empire, by which this end was to be attained. Smith dreamed the same dreams as they and to him, more than to any other man, is due the foundation of that colonial supremacy which has made England the great

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