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knows his field. In carefully proportioning his work, in touching only the salient episodes, in carefully suppressing details, in avoidance of temptation to go into fine writing on picturesque places, in broad insight and philosophic judgment the volume stands very high in the series to which it belongs.
REVIEWS AND NOTICES.
SOUTHERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS, volume 30, paper, pp. 376, 1902. Richmond, Va.
There are forty contributions, mostly reprints, some adding but little either to knowledge or expression, but the whole volume is an invaluable repository of data.
In an address of great force and beauty, delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa of Chicago June 17, 1902, Charles Francis Adams defends Lee's conduct in going with his State, and urges the eminent fitness of a statue to Lec, in the same way the English have erected one to Cromwell. “Shall Cromwell have a statue?" 33 pages.
The military record of Confederate West Point graduates has been listed by Captain W. Gordon McCabe. “Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point, N. Y., who served in the Confederate States army,” PP. 3476.
In his report to the Confederate Camp at Wytheville, Va., Oct. 23. 1902, Hon. Geo. L. Christian, chairman of the History Committee, masses considerable evidence from original sources, that on the U. S. authorities should rest the great mortality in Southern prisons during the Civil War, as they refused to exchange captives. Unhappily the tone is not judicial enough. This is the fifth report by this committee, all touching on the attitude of school histories. The four others argued that (a) the South did not fight for slavery, (b) the right of secession was the issue, (c) the North was the aggressor, and (d) that the South was humane and North inhumane in the conduct of the war. "Treatment and exchange of prisoners," pp. 77-104.
From the standpoint of a private, Samuel D. Buck gives incidents of the disastrous defeat of Early, due to straggling of his men, even though he was outnumbered three or four to one. "Battle of Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 1864," pages 104-110. Additional matter by M. N. Moorman, pp. 371372.
The perennial interest in the question of the shooting of Jackson is illustrated in the collation from diary and memory of Major Marcellus N. Moorman, with letter from Randolph Barton, arguing that it was done by the 28th North Carolina. Narrative of Events and observations connected with the wounding of General T. J. (Stonewall) Jackson. Pages I 10-117
General Joe Shelby, according to Wallace Putnam Reed, aimed to keep up the fight west of the Mississippi by forming an alliance with Maximilian, and did go over into Mexico—nothing new in this account. The last forlorn hope of the Confederacy. Pages 117-121; from Sunny South Nov. 30, 1902.
At the 13th annual banquet of the Confederate Veteran Camp of New York, Jan. 26, 1903, Chas. F. Adams declares Lee's "humanity in arms" "his surest and loftiest title to enduring fame,” and again calls for a monument to him. Henry Watterson pays tribute to Lincoln and Davis. Lee, Davis and Lincoln. Pages 121-124.
Charles L. C. Minor holds that “the best technical education that the world has ever seen” was the negro training in slavery. The Old System of Slavery. Pages 125-129, from Baltimore Sun June 14, 1902.
A horrible incident, if true, is given by Capt. James Dinkins, the military execution by General Hooker of an illiterate Confederate boy as a guerrilla, in the latter part of May, 1865, at Cincinnati, but article refers to no authorities. The Last Tragedy of the War. Pp. 129-134, from N. 0. Picayune, Jan. 18, 1903.
War, from the woman's viewpoint, does Mrs. G. G. Wilcox paint. War times in Natchez. Pp. 135-138, from Picayune, Jan. 18, 1903.
The State College of South Carolina closed in 1862, as all the students went to the field. Carolina Cadets. Pp. 138-141, from Dispatch, April 6, 1902, originally in News and Courier, Dec. 19, 1901.
The work of a famous cavalry corps of Virginia is described by “R. S. P.” who does not state his sources. Black Horse Troop, pp. 142-146, from Baltimore Herald, Feb., 1902.
Prof. J. M. Garnett entertainingly relates his experiences. Personal Reminiscences of Seven Days' battles around Richmond, pp. 147-151, Baltimore Sun, June, 1902.
Col. L. L. Langdon maintains that Major A. H. Stevens “raised the first national flag over the State House in Richmond” after the surrender. The First Federal to enter Richmond, pp. 152-153, Dispatch, Feb. 10, 1903.
Roster of the Buckingham Yancy Guard. Records to date of this Virginia company that led at Gettysburg, pp. 154-160, from Dispatch, June 23, 1902.
Elliott Grays of Manchester, Va. Roll and history; names in bronze on monument, pp. 161-164, from Richmond Times, Nov. 28, 1902.
Torpedo boat Hunley, by W. A. Alexander. Account from memory by one of constructors of the building and loss of boat in 1863-64; pp. 164-174, from Dispatch, July 21, 1902, originally from Picayune ; also reprinted in Gulf States Hist. Mag., Sept., 1902.
Johnston's Last Volley. Humorous account by private D. M. Sadler of the firing by Texans, drunk on applejack, April 26, 1865; also Joseph Wheeler's scheme to escort Davis to Mexico, pp. 174-178, from Charlotte Observer, Nov., 1902.
Battle of Chicamauga: Description by newspaper eyewitness; pp. 178-188, from Picayune, Nov. 9, 1902, originally from Cincinnati Commercial, Sept. 28, 1863.
Lest we forget-Ben Butler, by Capt. James Dinkins.
Stinging characterization of Butler, composed of address by J. Y. Brown, editorials in London Saturday Review and Nashville American; pp. 188-195, from Picayune, Feb. 1, 1903
The first ironclad. No authorities given, but claimed that "the Confederate ram Manassas was the first ironclad ever built.” It was made by sheathing a Mississippi river towboat, Enoch Train, with two thicknesses of railroad iron, and fixing on a ram. All this was done at New Orleans, and then the Manassas, under Captain Charles W. Austin, sank the U. S. Richmond and a coal schooner, but did no more service. Austin's subsequent adventurous career as blockade runner is sketched; pp. 196-204, from Houston Chronicle, Nov., 1902.
Confederate ram Albemarle, by Capt. James Dinkins. This boat, built by Gilbert Elliott, of pine with shield protected by two inch iron plates, in 1864 destroyed several U. S. vessels, clearing the Roanoke, Neuse and Pamlico rivers. It is a secondary account, sources not stated, sensational in style, as nearly every sentence is a paragraph; pp. 205-214, from Picayune, Dec. 28, 1902, and Jan. 4, 1903.
Johnson's ride around Baltimore in 1864, by Bradley T. Johnson. When Early made his move against Washington he ordered Johnson to dash to Point Lookout, liberate the 10,000 prisoners there and advance on Washington. Plan failed because J. W. Garrett railroaded troops to Washington. Valuable contribution, by leader himself. pp. 215-225, from Journal of U. S. Cavalry Association, Sept., 1889.
Jackson and McGuire at Winchester, 1862, by S. E. Lewis, M. D. It is claimed, supported by references to sources, that for the world, "the humane exchange of medical officers was first suggested and practiced by Gen. (T. J.) Jackson,” after conference with his medical chief. pp. 226-236, from Southern Practitioner, Oct., 1902.
Fatal Wounding of General J. E. B. Stuart, by G. W. Dor