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the engagement between the Kearsarge under command of Capt. Winslow and the Confederate vessel Alabama, under Capt. Raphael Semmes, in which the latter was sunk. The engagement lasted about an hour when the Alabama struck and went down within twenty minutes, carrying a number of persons with her. During the progress of the engagement an English gentleman, Mr. John Lancaster, was watching the fight from his private yacht, the Deerhound. When the Alabama went down the Deerhound was near the Kearsarge and Capt. Winslow cried out, "For God's sake do what you can to save them.” Mr. Lancaster immediately ordered the yacht pushed toward them, lowered his two boats and succeeded in saving Capt. Semmes, thirteen officers and some twenty-eight seamen. He then steamed for Southampton and landed them. Capt. Winslow complained very much that Mr. Lancaster landed the rescued men on British soil and insisted that he should deliver them up to him as prisoners. He wrote, “the officer who came to surrender was taken off with Semmes and other officers to England. I shall publish him as disgracing his flag. Had I deemed him mean enough to have done it, I would have opened my guns upon him."

Mr. Lancaster made rejoinder that Captain Wislow's request was not accompanied with any conditions, and that he was under no obligation to consult Captain Winslow as to the disposal of the men rescued.

There was considerable discussion of the case, but opinion now seems settled that Mr. Lancaster's action was generous, noble and humane.

The victory received great applause. The crew was also officially thanked. Captain Winslow was made a commodore, and in 1870 was promoted rear admiral and assigned to the command of the Pacific station. His health failing, he sailed for South America July 4, 1872, and returned in April, 1873, to Washington, without any improvement. He

went from there to Boston, where he died Sept. 29, 1873, in the sixty-second year of his age.

In 1837 Captain Winslow was married to his cousin, Catherine Amelia Winslow,

The Johns Hopkins University has issued a very tasteful volume of the ceremonies at the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the institution and the inauguration of Professor Ira Remsen as President, February 21, 22, 1902 (8 vo, pp. 182, boards). For summarizing what higher education stands for, for defining a university, for setting forth the ideals of scholars, for expressing the dependence of ideals upon material things, there is nothing more authoritative in the language than this score of addresses by college presidents and professors. Naturally the most important utterances are those of the retiring officer, D. C. Gilman, and the incoming one, Ira Remsen. Especially emphatic was the tone of both that a great university can only be made by a great teaching corps.

Professor D. D. Wallace, Spartanburg, S. C., has written up the tea agitation in South Carolina preceding the Revolutionary war, as A Chapter of South Carolina Constitutional History. The public protests against the importation and use of this product led to the formation of extra-legal committees that paved the way for the more important uprising against England a short time after. The study is based on original sources, almost entirely on the S. C. Gasette, and contrary to general belief, shows that the tea was not patriotically allowed to rot in cellars, but was prosaically sold and the money applied to public use. (No. 4, Publications of Vanderbilt Southern History Society, paper, pp. 8, 1900, Nashville, Tenn).

Not even the largest of our universities can show in their publications a stronger instance of the spirit of pure scholarship than Colorado College has in "The Earliest Life of Milton" (Vol. X of Studies, paper, pp. 46, March, 1903, Colorado Springs). This sketch of Milton, author unknown, was found in 1889 in the Bodleian Library, and is now first printed, one page being given in facsimile, all comprehensively edited by Prof. E. S. Parsons. While not adding greatly to our knowledge of the poet, this manuscript supplies the source for nearly half of the first printed biography of Milton, that by Anthony Wood in 1691. A second contribution to this volume is Professor H. A. Smith's "La Femme dans les Chansons de Geste," a study of the life of woman in the Middle Ages. A third paper is on magnetism by Professor J. C. Shedd.

General M. C. Butler's very thoughtful and comprehensive address on Wade Hampton, delivered before the S. C. Legislature January 23 last (noted on p. 124 of present vol.) has appeared in pamphlet form (pp. 23, 1903, Gibbons Bros., Washington, D. C.).

Perhaps some day the librarian of Congress or some other official will see what a waste of money it is to get out bibliographies that are nothing but a string of titles, when their value could be enhanced a thousand fold by a slight additional expense for the services of an authority to edit them. Lately, 1903, under the direction of A. P. C. Griffin, chief of division of bibliography, there have appeared (4 to, paper, except last in boards) ten of these "lists" of "references" or "books" on following topics: Constitution of the United States (pp. 14); Old Age and Civil Service Pensions (pp. 18); Cabinets of England and America (PP. 8); Negro Question (pp. 28); Anglo-Saxon interests (pp. 12); Labor and strikes (pp. 65); Federal Control of Crmmerce and Corporations (pp. 8); Government ownership of railroads (pp. 14); Industrial arbitration (pp. 15); Mercantile marine subsidies (pp. 100, including index).

In other government departments or in the universities and colleges, or in other walks of life, there are competent specialists that could have taken the manuscript, made additions from their own knowledge, prefixed a reading guide, classified and graded the works, pointed out the importance of main types, and sized up leading ones. The fees would have been small, a mere fraction of increased cost, but the library would have then known that it was doing something authoritative. As it is it is pouring out cash for simple mechanical copying. It is only by this union of clerical routine and expert skill that a first class bibliography will be made, but every branch of this great government ought to feel it a solemn duty to have and do nothing but the best.

The SouLS OF BLACK FOLK. By W. E. B. DuBois. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., 12 mo., PP. viii+265, cloth.

In point of literary excellence this collection of articles by Dr. Du Bois is entitled to a place in the first rank of the varied and ever-increasing literature of the "race problem." To the student of the question, to him who is concerned with more than its superficial manifestations, this book is an interesting and valuable study; to him who is looking to the most highly educated, easily the most intellectual, man identified with the negro race, for a deliverance containing something of helpfulness and hope, it is a distinct disappointment.

Throughout the book is tinctured with bitterness, a bitterness unfortunate even though pardonable and easily understood by those who are acquainted with something of the life of its author. It is at once a protest and a plea; a protest against the identification of the individual with the mass,-a plea for public and personal consideration un

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affected by questions of color or race. This does not mean to my comprehension of the book an appeal for "social equality" between white and black, as the world understands that term, a breaking down of social barriers between the races as races, but rather a plea for individual treatment based upon individual character and deserts.

This runs through the book and dominates its entire tone, and after one has finished it and put it down, let him turn back to its very beginning if he would reason for himself upon the question of the attitude of the white race toward those whom the author calls black. He may learn there something of the force of instinct and heredity which exhibits itself in childhood, and so often in maturer years stifies even the voice of sympathy and reason. These pages tell that it was not as a man seeking a school in the South that the author first learned to feel that he "was different from the others;" it was in far off New England, and even as a child, that he first awakened to the presence of "the shadow of the veil."

The statement of the position of Booker T. Washington may be fair enough in its essentials, possibly, but when we read his criticism of it we are prone to ask, “What, then, would Dr. Du Bois have done?" To appeal to reason and sympathy is well enough, but what of a propaganda based upon "demands?” It matters not how much of abstract "justice" or "right" may be behind the move, the history of a long series of "demands," enacted into laws and backed by force, is so recent that he who runs may read the fate of similar efforts in the South. Dr. Du Bois is too thoughtful a man to countenance any such suggestion,-yet until one is prepared to go as far as may be necessary along the line of insistence it is difficult to understand the wisdom of taking issue with Principal Washington's course.

Much might be said by way of moralizing upon the frame of mind which leads to a casual reference to Sam Hose as

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