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mates worth a grain of salt. The reviewer recalls only two in England and one in America.
AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW, July, 1903, Vol. VIII, No. 4, pp. 613-856. Andrew C. McLaughlin, editor. Macmillan Company, publishers, New York, $4.00 yearly.
Contents: The early Norman Jury, by Charles H. Haskins; 2. Some French Communes in the Light of their Charters, by Earle Wilbur Dow; 3. The Youth of Mirabeau, by Fred M. Fling; 4. St. Eustatius in the American Revolution, by J. Franklin Jameson (26 pp., sketches the rise into importance of this Dutch island as a base from which arms and ammunition were brought into the colonies. The island was later captured by Admiral Rodney and the plunder to which it was subjected was without parallel in the history of nations); 5. Correspondence of Comte de Moustier with the Comte de Montmorin, 1787-9 (in French, deals with the organization of the American government and shows the gradual change in French sentiment then taking place); reviews, notes and news, index.
The GENEALOGICAL QUARTERLY MAGAZINE, April, 1903, Vol. 4, No. 1, new series, pp. 88, $3.00 yearly, 75 cents singly, Boston, Mass.
Contents: 1. Births, marriages and deaths in Lynn (8 pp., from court records of Salem, dates 1640-1680); 2. Salem tax list of 1700 (6 pp., about 550 names); 3. Vital records from the New Hampshire Gazette, 1765-1800 (5 pp., births, deaths, marriages); 4. Genealogical records of Harpswell, Me., continued (4 pp., 19 family names, with children, dates of births, deaths, marriages); 5. South Kingston, R. I., marriages (3 pp., about 1710-1790); 6. From a genealogist's note book (2 pp., about 1650, includes some "vill abstracts); 7. Catalogue of the names of the particular members of the church at Marblehead (I p., about 1684-1710, 54 members' names); 8. Henry F. Waters' genealogical researches in England (3 pp.); 9. Genealogical gleanings in England, by Henry F. Waters (11 pp., English will abstracts chiefly 1600-1660); 10. Early records of the First church in Cambridge, Mass. (40 pp., names and dates of baptisms and membership as far back as 1658, with few minutes, church letter of 1772); 11. Book notes (2 pp., genealogical works).
THE AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE for May, 1903 (Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 639-961, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, organ D. A. R., Washington, D. C.) gives up the most of its space to a childish imitation of the United States Senate, in the stenographic report of the 12th Continental Congress held last February 23-28. Actually there is the ridiculous farce of an "executive session,” so as to keep the secrets. The mere notion of several hundred women keeping a secret all to themselves! How fantastic! The best thing to be said about the June issue (pp. 967-1351+xvi of index) is that it ends this silly performance of a stenographic account.
THE CONFEDERATE VETERAN for May, 1903 (Vol. 11, No. 5, 4to, pp. 195-235, monthly, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Nashville, Tenn.) contains an extract from N. O. Picayune of May 29, 1876, contributed by John Moore, claiming that Robert D. Compton, of the 24th Texas regiment fired the shot that killed General J. B. McPherson, July 22, 1864. It is Compton's version from memory, related several years after the event. Other accounts have been lately published, agreeing in the main points, so it is safe to say that the facts are all recorded.
June contains the full address of Judge J. H. Rogers, of Arkansas, the orator at the Confederate Reunion in New Orleans, May 19-22.
It is the usual constitutional argument based on court decisions, on utterances of public men and on legislative resolutions, all followed by warmest tributes to valor and fortitude in the Civil War.
The Lost Cause for April, 1903 (Vol. 9, No. 3, 4to, pp. 34-45, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Louisville, Ky.) has a long letter from C. H. Tebault, Surgeon-General of U. C. V., on medical conditions during the Civil War, in which he ignorantly accepts the exploded view that only 600,000 men enlisted in the Southern armies.
THE OLYMPIAN for June, 1903, has the story of Sam Davis, the Confederate spy who was hanged in Pulaski, Tenn., Nov. 27, 1863. The writer, Octavia Z. Bond, does not make acknowledgment to Confederate Veteran, and does not seem to add any new facts, but gives a very readable account. J. J. Vertrees, in "The Negro Problem," urges the repeal of the 15th Amendment as the solution of the puzzle. The diary of a journey to Santa Fe in 1841, by H. R. Buchanan, is continued. The stories and light articles are good, far ahead of the average magazine. There is promise of a strong periodical being developed if proper support can be found, but that does not appear at all hopeful to anyone acquainted with the history of such ventures in the South. (Vol. i, No. 6, pp. 507-606, monthly, $1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Nashville, Tenn.)
The FLORIDA MAGAZINE for June, 1903 (vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 283-339, monthly, 1.00 yearly, 10 cents singly, Jacksonville, Fla.) has a very entertaining paper, "Camera Folk in Florida," by L. B. Ellis.
NOTES AND NEWS.
PUBLICATION OF CONFEDERATE ROSTERS—As expected by all in any way acquainted with historical material in the South, a great obstacle has been found in the path of the method that the War Department chooses to follow with regard to Confederate rosters. Congress stipulated that only the U. S. "official records" "and such other records as may be obtained by loan from the various States and other official sources” should be used in the compilation of names. The War Department interpreted this to mean restriction "to the use of original records," though it seems a broader construction is perfectly reasonable under the language above. At any rate the South Carolina agent, Col. M. P. Tribble, it is reported, has declared that it will be impossible to get complete lists for that State unless secondary sources are used. Hon. A. D. Candler, speaking for Georgia, finds that after six months of serious effort, he could secure but six original rolls. He concludes that it will be impossible to make the Georgia roster "complete, as well as accurate, without the admission of evidence other than original documents."
So keenly have the commissioners of other Southern States felt the same trouble that at their July meeting, in Atlanta, they addressed the following letter, drawn up by the Hon. Thomas M. Owen, asking for a modification of the Secretary's resolution: To the Hon. Elihu Root, Secretary of War:
Sir-Your memorialists, duly and regularly appointed to act for their respective States in the compilation of the rosters of the Union and Confederate armies, authorized by Act of Congress, February 25, 1903, respectively represent that immediately following their appointment they entered upon the duties required of them, and have diligently labored to render to the War Department all possible assistance.
They had not proceeded far, however, in an effort to perform their part of the work before they realized, under the construction of the statute governing the compilation, as interpreted by Gen. F. C. Ainsworth, the officer of your Department having the work immediately in charge, that so far as the Confederate troops were concerned anything like even an approximately complete or perfect roster could not be made.
The history of Confederate records is doubtless familiar to you. During the progress of hostilities, and since the close of the war, the official records of the Confederate States Government as well as the records of the several Southern States, were subjected to depredations, and in many cases destruction. Many of these records were captured during the war, and fortunately some of them so taken are preserved in your Department, but in other cases the most valuable records were burned. In other cases these records were concealed, and before being brought from their hiding places had suffered in many ways. The result is that no Southern State has a complete body of the records of its soldiers, and in no case are these records complete even where supplemented by the records on file in the War Department. Such being the condition of the Southern States with reference to their records, it is absolutely impossible under the rules laid down by General Ainsworth, above mentioned, to compile the rosters of Confederate soldiers with accuracy and fullness. Inevitably, therefore, grave injustice will be done the South, and the memory of many a gallant and meritorious soldier.
It is conceded that the best records only should be used in the proposed compilation, but it is urged in this connection that the best should have reference to such as are obtainable. In the event that no roster is found to be in existence in any given case it is insisted that a substitute should be allowed. In permitting this course, under appropriate restrictions, no new principle would be invoked, only the well established and universal doctrine that where a record or document has been lost it may be substituted in the proper way, or that the best obtainable evidence in a given case shall be admitted. Your memorialists are well aware that some abuses would occur, but it is believed that rules can be formulated whereby excellent and satisfactory results can be obtained.
It is further submitted that the Confederate pension records of the several States should be used in the compilation. So far from being secondary in point of evidence, these records are in fact a part of the former archives and records of each State, and as such import verity, they are not, therefore, to be classed as ordinary compiled record.
It is further found by your memorialists that their work progresses very slowly even when it is most persistently pushed, and notwithstanding they are using their utmost endeavor they are here unable to indicate how soon they can complete the work.
Realizing the very great importance of the work in hand, and to the end therefore, that a better, more perfect and complete record may be compiled, and in order that full and ample justice be done the several states of the South and the Confederate soldiers, as well as the Union soldiers and the descendants of the men in both armies, and that no criticism may be hereafter urged against the War Department, or against any one connected with the work of the compilation, we most earnestly and respectfully urge and pray: