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First-That there should be no undue haste in publishing the proposed publication, but that all the time necessary be given the States to complete their rosters as far as possible before they are placed in permanent form.

Second-That prior to final publication, the representatives of the several States, be given an opportunity of examining the proof sheets of the compilation, for the purpose of correcting errors in names, dates and facts therein, and that they be also allowed to suggest corrections or alterations, to be embodied, either as foot notes or in some other appropriate way, in the roster when published.

Third—That each State may be permitted to submit to your department its Confederate pension records for use in the said compilation.

Fourth—That your department as soon as practicable supply to the duly appointed commissioner from each State, who may apply therefor, and upon the payment of lawful fees for transcription, a check list of the rosters or rolls of the commands from said State, in order that the said commissioners may more intelligently direct their labors towards supplying deficiencies. This list need show nothing except a mere statement of the regiments, battalions, or other commands, with the rolls and the date of each that may be on file. And, finally,

Fifth—That in the said compilation the detailed record of each soldier be given as far as possible.

Sixth-That in each and every case where no roster of a command is to be found, or where only an imperfect or incomplete roster is preserved, you will admit for the purpose of said compilation a compiled roster, certified by the Governor of the State, offering the same as carefully, accurately and correctly made up, and as being the only available record of said command discovered and known to him after diligent search on the part of the commissioner or other representative of the State charged with making search for the same.

Your memorialists, representing in an official way their several States, and after careful and mature deliberation and consultation together respectfully prefer the above petition. Early attention is asked, and you are requested to reply to the several commissioners to their addresses as indicated below. And your memorialists will ever pray, etc.

It has been suggested that Congress be petitioned to change the law, but a more liberal reading of the provision appears clearly within the power of the War Department. Historical students everywhere would certainly implore that the best be done, and if that best is not perfect, let it be as near perfect as possible with a plain statement to that effect. There will never be as good chance for doing this work as the present, because more and more losses will occur as the years roll by. Certainly secondary sources are not as good

as the original sources, but they are far better than none. Gen. F. C. Ainsworth, who has the immediate charge of the matter, can put history everlastingly in his debt by making the lists as complete as he can, if necessary using secondary, even tertiary, sources so long as reasonable inferences can be drawn that they are substantially safe guides.

SOUTHERN INDUSTRIAL HISTORY—“The South of to-day is not a new South but a revival of the old South” is the theme of two addresses in June before technical colleges in Alabama and Mississippi by Mr. R. H. Edmonds, editor of the Manufacturers' Record. In a masterly way and most unprejudiced spirit does he paint the energy and progressiveness of the ante-bellum South in material development. “There is scarcely an important railroad in the South today which was not outlined prior to 1860.” Industrial conventions directed attention to projected lines “from New Orleans to Washington," from "Charleston to Cincinnati," "to the Pacific coast," and "steamship lines to Europe.” It carried many undertakings of this kind to success "and to-day we are but taking up the unfinished work of the Old South so rudely interrupted by the shock of war." As compared with the section northward the South in the decade following 1850 increased its railroad mileage by 400 per cent., while the Middle and New England States added only 100 per cent. Similar gratifying growth was observable in lumbering and iron and cotton manufacturing. Well he may say that “the new South is the child of the old South.” How educative it would be to distribute his pamphlets so widely that we could no longer see great institutions endorsing ignorant talk about the “stagnation” and “shiftlessness” of the slavery South. (Tasks of Young Men of the South, delivered at Miss. Agri. and Mech. College, June 2, 1903, paper, pp. 12; The Old South and the New, delivered at Ala. Polytech. Inst., June 10, 1903, paper, pp. II.)

GASTRONOMICS AND A SKILFUL SECRETARY—It is the feasting element that accounts for the rapid growth of the Pennsylvania Society, of New York. Organized four years ago, it now has more than 500 names on its list, with annual dues of $5.00 to resident members and $2.00 to non-resident ones. Headquarters are in New York City, and it means some interest in historical matters that the Secretary, Barr Ferree (7 Warren street), can use this social interest to aid, even slightly, in the cause of history. He is forming a "library of Pennsylvania books," to some exent by gifts, and he gets out a Year Book (8 vo., pp. 208, 1903, cloth, $2.00) with more than half the space given to record of current Pennsylvania events and to reviews of Pennsylvania literature, permanent and periodical. In thus summarizing the past and present of the State, Mr. Ferree is perhaps doing what is done nowhere else. There is a discriminating tone in the reviews, showing conception of scientific standard, though, naturally, the strain of eulogy is heard when we reach the books written by members. The Annual Dinner talks and annual sermon are printed. There are numerous illustrations.

THE FLORIDA HISTORICAL SOCIETY was organized November 26, 1902, in the office of the Times-Union and Citizen, Jacksonville, Fla. Major George R. Fairbanks was chosen President and George W. Williams, Jacksonville, Secretary. Annual dues are $5.00. The first article of the constitution states that “The object of this society shall be the collection and presentation of all material pertaining to the history of Florida.” In the preliminary statement by the organization, this idea of a library and museum is expanded, but nothing is said about publishing. Presumably the aim is to arouse enough interest to induce the Legislature to establish a State department of history on the lines of the active one in Alabama alongside, which would be the best thing to do.

Then in time a magazine or annual volume based on the same appropriation could be started to be restricted absolutely, it is to be hoped, to faithful copies or transcripts of original material. Several western States provide for a publication from the treasury, but unfortunately the issues are practically worthless, as they are often filled with the "fine writing" and ambitious essays of incompetent men whose only qualifications are leisure for scribbling and an itch for publicity.

EARLY GEORGIA RECORDS—In his Report to the Go or, Hon. Allen D. Candler tells of the progress he is making in compiling for publication the colonial, revolutionary and Confederate records of Georgia. He began this work Jan. 1, 1903, and now has ready for the printer 1,250 pages of typewritten matter covering nearly all the available materials of the first twenty years, the government of the trustees. It is estimated that this material will make 1,000 printed pages of the size and type of the N. C. Colonial Records. Georgia, like other Southern States, has suffered a frequent change of capitals, but many of its most important records are still in London. In 1837 the Rev. Charles Wallace Howard was commissioned to make copies; these copies filled 22 large manuscript volumes and cost $7,000. In 1890 or 1891 all of this material except four volumes was destroyed by fire. B. F. Stevens & Brown have recently examined British public records for Georgia and report 76 manuscript volumes containing materials, more or less, relating to the State. It is estimated that copies of all papers of particular value can be secured for $2,000 since “many of these books and papers are of comparatively little importance, and can, without detracting greatly from the value of our compilation, be left out!" What a marvelous display of ignorance of the duties of his office is here presented! How humiliating to a great State such a report should be! It is not the province of the editor of such a compilation to say what should be left out. It is his plain duty to put in everything. What may seem of least importance to an editor may be of the greatest value to the scholar.

ALAMO MONUMENT—Shortly after the massacre, the walls of the fort were dismantled, and the stones scattered about. Two men of some skill in stone work, Nangle and Joseph Cox, constructed from the ruins a monument some ten feet high, inscribing on it the names of the defenders, making Travis, Bowie, Bonham and Crockett most prominent. As a private speculation it was exhibited at different places, finally landing in a junk shop in New Orleans, where it remained for several years. But in 1858 it was purchased by the State of Texas and placed in the capitol, but when this structure was burned in 1881, only a fragment of this "priceless memento" of the Alamo was preserved. Fortunately this relic, now in State Library, contains the heroic inscriptions. (C. W. Raines, Texas His. Quarterly, April, 1903.)

THE INSATIATENESS OF HISTORY—The cruel demands of modern historiography on time, labor and purse are strikingly illustrated in an account contributed to the Charleston Sunday News of August 30, 1903, by Rev. Dr. B. A. Elzas, of his researches last summer into the "history of the Jews of South Carolina.” For this comparatively limited topic, he felt it incumbent on him to visit Toronto, New York, Phladelphia, and Washington, delving into the printed, manuscript and material sources of all the libraries and museums that gave promise of even a grain of wheat. He looked into some dozen of repositories in all, generally finding the greatest courtesy and capability among the custodi

The net result of all this expenditure of effort and money was almost nothing as to data, but a vast deal as to

ans.

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