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JOHN C. CALHOUN AS SEEN BY HIS POLITICAL FRIENDS: LETTERS OF DUFF GREEN, DIXON H. LEWIS AND RICHARD K. CRALLE DUR

ING THE PERIOD FROM 1831 TO 1848.

EDITED BY FREDERICK W. MOORE, Ph. D., VANDERBILT

UNIVERSITY.

(Concluded in this number.)
From-Duff Green.
ToR. K. Crallê, Lynchburg, Va.
Dated—Washington, December 30, 1843.

Green has arranged to establish “a free press,” the “Republic," in New York.

"Mr. Calhoun has, I hear, written to the Senators from S. Carolina (both of whom are absent) that he will not permit his name to be presented to the Baltimore Convention. Adams & his committee will as I learn report in favor of an amendment to the constitution depriving the south of the representation on account of our slave population. The Van Buren men will yield on the question of slavery and the tariff.”

“We can secure the cooperation of the North West.... The Texas, the Oregon, and the Tariff are all questions cementing the South & N. West. All that is wanting is a spirited development of the policy & tendency of the measures of the Abolitionists of this country & of England & to show the concert between them, to rally the people.”

From-Duff Green.
To-R. K. Crallé, Lynchburg, Va.
Dated-New York, January 20, 1844.

Through "The Republic" Green has issued a call for a convention to meet in Philadelphia on July 4.

“I am laboring to throw on Ritchie the responsibility of defeating the party, and if he does not back out we will be compelled to make war on the Junta, and I know no man so competent as you are to do it. I will get an able writer to do up the Albany Junta, another to do up the Essex Junta, and you must do up Ritchie and the Richmond Junta."

“Benton's purpose is to compel us to choose between Van & Clay, & he is making up his issues for the succession, let who will come in. We have to meet denunciation with denunciation."

"The old set are dying off and we must save the new who are coming on the field. To do this we must give them a platform to stand upon, and to do this we must throw overboard the old party leaders. We must prevent any nomination by the Balt. Convention."

From-A. Jazyck.
To-R. K.. Crallé.
Dated-Aiken, S. C., September 13, 1854.

Is familiar with the rumor that Calhoun was the author "of Johnsons famous Sunday mail Report;" but knows no confirmation of it.

Calhoun's Address to the people of the United States declining to go before the Convention as a candidate for the presidential nomination in 1844, dated February, 1844, “was sent to Charleston to be submitted to some of his friends there for revision before it should be published. I was present at a meeting of some eight or ten for that purpose & after hearing it read was decidedly in favor of publishing it as it came from him without any alterations or omissions, but I was overruled by Gen!. Hamilton, Elmore & some other of the politicians who thought that there were some things in it which would give offence to the Van Buren Wing of the Democratic party & prevent their supporting Mr. C. on some future occasion & accordingly some of the truest & best passages in it were entirely left out & others modified and blunted.”

FromDuff Green.
TO-R. K. Crallé, Lynchburg, Va.

Dated-Washington, March 18, 1844 [Franked by D. H. Lewis).

“I have written to Mr Calhoun that I know that you will accept the situation of Chief Clerk and urged your appt..... There are others pressing for the place— The President wishes you to get it.”

From-Dixon H. Lewis.
To—[R. K. Crallé].
Dated-House of Representatives, March 19, 1844.

“Yours of the 8th reached me, & I showed it to Judge Scott of Richmond, who was one of the signers of the Calhoun Address—He says the concessions were mutual, but that Ritchie suppressed those made by him & his friends & published only the concessions of Mr. Calhoun's. It had a most fatal effect among our friends out of Virginia, by whom it was looked on as unconditional surrender.”

“But it is of no consequence. Everything depends upon the Texas question.. ... The beauty of the thing is that Providence rather than Tyler has put Calhoun at the head of this great question, to direct its force & control its fury. It is understood by letters from him that he accepts. Thus you see that instead of my going into a Department & offering you a clerkship Calhoun will do it--Green has already spoken to Tyler about it & he wants you to be the man. Of course you know Calhoun will prefer you."

“It is understood the preliminaries of the Treaty have already been arranged & only awaits (sic) the special minister who is daily expected."

From-Dixon H. Lewis.
To—R. K. Crallé, Lynchburg, Va.
Dated-House of Representatives, April 2, 1844.

"You cant imagine how much Calhoun was delighted with your offer to take the place. Come & come quickly, as he needs you every hour-& every important matter is now on his hand.”—Denny Coll.

From-Duff Green.
To—R. K. Crallé, State Department, Washington City.
Dated- [City of] Mexico. October 28, 1844.

"I refer you to my note to Mr. Calhoun & to Govt Shannon's dispatches for my view of the state of things here. There is but one move by which we can prevent the British gov. from getting possession of the Californias, & of Oregon. And as that will need some explanation of details, I reserve my views until I see you.”

He does “not wish the president to place [his] name before the Senate" until he returns, as he does "not expect to retain the office (of consul] at Galveston."'ı

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From-R. K. Crallé.
To—[J. C. Calhoun)
Dated-Lynchburg, May 18, 1845.

“The result of our elections shows an increased strength in the Democratic Party in almost every section of the State ;

*Cf. PP: 975-982 in Correspondence of John C. Calhoun. Fourth Report of the Manuscripts Commission, American Historical Association, 1900.

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