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action alcohol alkali alumine ammoniac animal appears ascertain axis axle boiling calcareous carbonate carbonic acid cobalt colour combination contained copper decomposed degree disks dissolved dung earth effect employed equal evaporation experiments fastened fermentation fire fixed fluid formed friction wheels furnace gallic acid glue grains gypsum half heat improved inches invention isinglass lamp-black less likewise lime liquid liquor madder magnesia manganese manner manure matter means metal method mixed motion muriatic acid nickel nitric acid observed obtained operation ounces oxyd of mercury oxygen peat phosphate phosphoric acid piece Plate portion potash pounds precipitate present principle produced proportion purpose pyrites quantity red oxyd root round salt scoria screw separate shew soil solid solution spring steam substance sufficient sugar sulphate sulphuric acid surface syrup tain temperature tion turn vegetable vessels VII.—Second Series weight whole wines wood wool
Página 165 - Mollersten do hereby describe and ascertain the nature of my said invention, and in what manner the same is to...
Página 111 - ... stoppers. The quantity of soil most convenient for a perfect analysis is from two to four hundred grains. It should be collected in dry weather, and exposed to the atmosphere till it becomes dry to the touch. The specific gravity of a soil, or the relation of its weight to that of water, may be ascertained by introducing into a phial, which will contain a known quantity of water, equal...
Página 179 - ... the methods of cultivation ; and thus, the plan of improvement would be founded upon accurate scientific principles. If the fertile soil contained a large quantity of sand in proportion to the barren soil, the process of...
Página 176 - ... than sufficient to saturate the soluble earths; the solution must be evaporated, and water poured upon the solid matter. This fluid will dissolve the compounds of earths with the muriatic acid, and leave the phosphate of lime untouched. It would...
Página 180 - The productiveness of soils must likewise be influenced by the nature of the subsoil, or the earthy or stony strata on which they rest ; and this circumstance ought to be particularly attended to, in considering their chemical nature, and the system of improvement. Thus a sandy soil may sometimes owe its fertility to the power of the subsoil to retain water ; and an absorbent clayey soil may occasionally be prevented from being barren, in a moist climate, by the influence of a substratum of sand...
Página 112 - It is of importance, that the specific gravity of a soil should be known, as it affords an indication of the quantity of animal and vegetable matter it contains ; these substances being always most abundant in the lighter soils.
Página 111 - In cases when the general nature of the soil of a field is to be ascertained, specimens of it should be taken from different places, two or three inches below the surface, and examined as to the similarity of their properties. It sometimes happens, that upon plains the whole of the upper stratum of the land...
Página 180 - Lothian afforded in a hundred parts only eleven parts of mild calcareous earth; the finely divided clay amounted to forty-five parts. It lost nine in decomposed animal and vegetable matter, and four in water, and exhibited indications of a small quantity of phosphate of lime. This soil was of a very fine texture, and contained very few stones or vegetable fibres. It is not unlikely, that its fertility was in some measure connected with the phosphate; for this substance is found in wheat, oats, and...
Página 175 - If any soluble quantity of sulphate of lime (gypsum) existed in the soil, a white precipitate will gradually form in the fluid, and the weight of it will indicate the proportion. Phosphate of lime, if any exist, may be separated from the soil after the process of gypsum.