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of the mighty chief, whose fame will live as long van de magtige bevelhebber, wiens roem zoo lang zal bestaan des maechtigen befehlshabers, dessen ruhm bestehen wird so lange as the ocean which supported him als de oceaan die hem in zyn triumph als der ocean, der ihn trug in his triumph, shall roll his waves. droeg zyne baaren rollen zal. in seinem triumph, wird seine wellen wälzen. No solumn music announced its approach, Geen solemneel muziek verkondigde zyn naadering, keine feierliche musik verkündigte seine ankunft,
or closed its melancholy movement. of sloot zyn droevige beweeging. oder beendigte seine melancholische bewegung: A line of mourning coaches succeeded, Een rey van gemeene rouw koetzen volgde, Eine reihe von gemeinen trauerwagen folgte, at unequal distances. in ongelyke aftsanden. in ungleicher entfernung Many of them, having been left behind, Verscheide zyndeagter af gebleeven, Viele von ihnen, die zurück geblieben waren; drove furiously along the streets, reede met drift door de straaten, fuhren wüthend durch die strassen, and so closed this public spectacle, en zoo sloot dit algemeen spectakel, und so endigte sich dieses æffentliche schauspiel, upon which enormous sums were lavished to show voor het welke groote somme weggeworpe waaren omde, auf welches grosse summen sind verschwendet worden, zu zeigeti, the nation's love of valour, and its want of taste. . natsie haar liefde voor moed, & gebrek aan smaak te tonen. der nation's liebe für tapferkeit, & ihren mangel an geschmack:
DEXTERITY OF BOATMEN....OVERCHIE....DUTCH GINGERBREAD...
A FRENCH SAYING....DELFT CHINA....DELFT....DUTCHMAN'S REMARK ON THE WAR.....NEW CHURCH ....ANECDOTE OF GROTIUS.....AFFECTIONATE STRATAGEM......GROTIUS's REMARKS ON EDUCATION.....BARNEVELT.....NOBLE FEMALE ANECDOTE .....THE CARILLONS.....CARILLONEURS.....DUTCH FRUGALITY TOWARDS THE DEAD......REVOLUTIONARY MODERATION...... FIRMNESS OF MANUFACTURERS.
MY companions continued smoking, and enjoying the delightful novelty of our aquatic conveyance and the surrounding scenery. We met several boats, and the dexterity by which the line was slackened by one boat, to permit the other, which kept its towing mast standing, to pass over the cord, according to the custom which governs this sort of rencontre on the canal, was admirable, as also was the ease and skill with which the skipper who has the care of the line throws it up on one side, and catches it on the other of a bridge under which the boat is obliged to pass.
At Overchie, a village about three miles, or one hour from Rotterdam, the houses are close to the water, and little children were playing on its very margin without exciting any apprehension. In this town the prospect of a late dinner induced me to taste its gingerbread, for which Holland is very justly celebrated. Before every cottage, brass kettles and pans just cleaned were placed upon stools in the open air, or were polishing under the hands of their indefatigable owners; and even certain utensils shone with such resplendent brightness in the sun, that the well-known saying which the French whimsically apply to the grave and thoughtful, Il est serieux comme un pot de chambre, would lose the fidelity of its resemblance here.
We were passed by several curricles, a very common carriage in this part of Holland, the horses in rope harness, going to and from Rotterdam. In the roof of the boat were some ladies and gentlemen, who, as well as I could discern through the smoke, seemed pleased to see me so with their country. The land all the way on each side was rich pasture. On our left, a short distance from Delft, we passed a cannon foundry, and on our right some potteries, where the Delft china, formerly much prized all over Europe, and which Vandevelt and other eminent artists embellished with their pencils, used to be manufactured in great abundance. These potteries, since last war, have greatly declined, to the severe injury of the adjoining town.
The principal cause of the decay of these potteries has been the vast quantities of porcelain which, for more than a century and a half, have been imported from China into Europe, and the great improvement of that beautiful manufacture in England and Germany. Some years since the earth-ware of Staffordshire was so much admired in Holland, that to protect the manufacture of Delft from utter ruin, the States General imposed a duty upon its importation into the republic, that nearly amounted to a prohibition. Hence the name of an Englishman is not very popular in Delft. I tasted some excellent beer in this town, which is celebrated for its breweries, and produces an admirable imitation of London bottled porter.
The town is very ancient and picturesque; at the place where we disembarked, were several treckschuyts moored under an old castellated gateway, from which, preceded by a commissary or licensed porter, who attends the moment the boat arrives, with his wheelbarrow, to convey the luggage of the passengers, we entered Delft, the capital of Delftland, in the province of Holland, and proceeded to a very comfortable inn, which furnished some good cutlets, and a bottle of claret. Before the hotel all was bustle, from the number of carriages filled with genteel people proceeding to, and returning from the Hague, to and from which boats are passing every half hour.
Here, as in every inn in Holland, however humble, the guest has always the comfort of a silver fork placed by his side, and a tablecloth of snowy whiteness: in the room where I dined was a glass china cupboard, and every article within it bore shining testimony to its having received a due proportion of diurnal care. Delft is a large but gloomy town, and as silent as a monastery, except in the street immediately leading to the Hague; upon quitting which, no sound was to be heard but that of mops and buckets: narrow, green,stagnant canals divide most of the streets, which are generally, for some little distance before the houses, paved with black and white marble, However, the principal part of the town is handsome, having two spacious streets, with broad canals bordered with trees.
The navigation is interrupted from the Rotterdam entrance to that of the Hague, so that the water within it, presents no animating object. In this town turf is principally burnt.
Although the taciturnity of the place would induce a stranger to think its population small, it reckons 13,000 inhabitants, 6000 of whom, since the war, have been reduced to the class of paupers. I met with two or three inhabitants who spoke good English, and expressed in terms of feeling misery, the heavy losses and distresses which they had sustained by a rupture with England; yet, strange as it may appear, they seemed to think well of their new government, and spoke with great esteem of their king, of whom they said they well knew, he felt the impolicy of a war with England as much as any Dutchman, and that he would rejoice at the hour, when the great political events which were passing in other parts of the world, would admit of a renewal of amity and free intercourse with that country; they spoke of the government of the Stadtholder with contempt, and of the Republic with detestation. : I visited the new church, the tower of which is very fine, and of a prodigious altitude. The first object that excited my curiosity, was the tomb of the immortal Grotius, whose remains were brought here, after he expired at Rostock, in 1645, upon his return from the court of Christina, Queen of Sweden, to this, his native city. The tomb erected to his memory is simple, but handsome; it consists of a medallion representing the head of this great
man, and a child leaning upon an urn with a torch inverted. The epitaph in latin is elegant, and expressive of the merits and virtues it perpetuates. I regret, upon opening my memorandums, to find my pencil copy of it so effaced as to be unintelligible: of this great civilian and general scholar, Aubere du Marier, who knew him very intimately said, “ that he was tall, strong, and a well made man, and had a very agreeable countenance. With all those excellences of body, his mind was still more excellent. He was a man of openness, of veracity, and of honour, and so perfectly virtuous, that throughout his whole life, he made a point of avoiding and of deserting men of bad character, but of seeking the acquaintance of men of worth, and persons distinguished by talents, not only of his own country, but of all Europe, with whom he kept up an epistolary correspondence. .
Grotius displayed great precocity of talents. At the age of fifteen, he accompanied the Dutch ambassador, Barneveldt, into France, and was honoured by several marks of esteem by Henry the Fourth, who at that age discovered extraordinary powers in the mind of Grotius, but could not help expressing his surprise, that the States should send a youth without a beard as an assistant to their ambassador; upon which the stripling astonished the great Henry by this brilliant reply: “ Had my country conceived that your Majesty measured ability by the length of the beard, they would have sent in my room a he groat of Norway.”
At seventeen he pleaded as a civilian at the bar in his own country, and was not twenty-four when appointed attorney-general. He escaped from the castle of Louvestéin, where he was condemned to be imprisoned for life, for the share he had in the affairs which proved the ruin of Barneveldt, in the following interesting manner: his wife, Maria Van Reygersbergen, who was most tenderly attached to him, and a lady of great learning and accomplishments, conciliated the esteem of the wife of the governor of the castle so far, as to obtain permission, during the absence of the governor one day, to have removed from her husband's apartment a large quantity of books, which he had borrowed of a friend at Gorcum: by the address and excellent management of a servant