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accused Alabama alleged American appropriate Arkansas arrested assault Association attack Attempted authority Beaten believe bill body Burned cause charged citizens City colored committee Congress Constitution constitutionality conviction County court crime crowd Date death denial deny duty enforce equal protection executive fact fails Federal figures Florida follows fourteenth amendment Georgia girl give Government guaranteed guilty hands Hanged included jail James John JOHNSON July June jurisdiction jury Justice killed legislation Louisiana Manner of lynching mean ment Miss Mississippi Missouri murder Name negro North Carolina offense officers opinion persons Place prevent prohibitions provision punish question race rape reason record represent Robert Senator King sentiment Sept sheriff Shot Smith South statement taken Texas thing United unknown victims Virginia West white woman women
Página 33 - A State acts by its legislative, its executive, or its judicial authorities. It can act in no other way. The constitutional provision, therefore, must mean that no agency of the State, or of the officers or agents by whom its powers are exerted, shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Página 30 - The equality of the rights of citizens is a principle of republicanism. Every republican government is in duty bound to protect all its citizens in the enjoyment of this principle, if within its power. That duty was originally assumed by the States ; and it still remains there.
Página 33 - Whatever legislation is appropriate, that is, adapted to carry out the objects the amendments have in view, whatever tends to enforce submission to the prohibitions they contain, and to secure to all persons the enjoyment of perfect equality of civil rights and the equal protection of the laws against state denial or invasion, if not prohibited, is brought within the domain of congressional power.
Página 32 - Though the law itself be fair on its face and impartial in appearance, yet, if it is applied and administered by public authority with an evil eye and an unequal Opinion of the Court. hand, so as practically to make unjust and illegal discriminations between persons in similar circumstances, material to their rights, the denial of equal justice is still within the prohibition of the Constitution.
Página 33 - That no citizen possessing all other qualifications which are or may be prescribed by law shall be disqualified for service as grand or petit juror in any court of the United States, or of any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude ; and any officer or other person charged with any duty in the selection or summoning of jurors...
Página 32 - ... an administration directed so exclusively against a particular class of persons as to warrant and require the conclusion that, whatever may have been the intent of the ordinances as adopted, they are applied by the public authorities charged with their administration, and thus representing the state herself, with a mind so unequal and oppressive as to amount to a practical denial by the state of that equal protection of the laws...
Página 33 - State is a denial of the equal protection of the laws, within the meaning of the amendment.
Página 30 - US 214, where the court said that "rights and immunities created by and dependent upon the Constitution of the United States can be protected by Congress. The form and manner of the protection may be such as Congress, in the legitimate exercise of its discretion, shall provide. These may be varied to meet the necessities of the particular right to be protected.
Página 33 - ... constitutional inhibition; and as he acts in the name and for the State, and is clothed with the State's power, his act is that of the State. This must be so, or the constitutional prohibition has no meaning.
Página 32 - The fact of this discrimination is admitted. No reason for it is shown, and the conclusion cannot be resisted, that no reason for it exists except hostility to the race and nationality to which the petitioners belong, and which in the eye of the law is not justified.