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THE remarks made in a Tour through North Wales having met with a very flattering reception, it was suggested by friends, that unless I paid an equal attention to South Wales, I should justly stand charged with partiality to one part of the principality: especially as I had traversed both with similar views of information and research.

I have been thus induced to submit the following observations on a very important part of the country to the public view ; fully sensible that if they possess any claim to attention it must be found in accuracy of investigation, and faithfulness of description. Most of them having been made with the objects in sight; and while present at the places to which they refer. If it should be urged, that many have travelled over this country, and that even Gleaning's have been published on the beauty of its scenery, and the peculiarity of its customs, I must reply by an observation made on a former occasion. Every man sees, or fancies that he sees, something unobserved before, and that error is detected, and truth confirmed by plenitude of information. In describing a beaten tract the utmost caution is necessary to escape animadversion; and if in such a case the description should possess any novelty, the author cannot justly be charged with indolence or inattention.

It may be added that few have travelled over this country

in a scientific view : little therefore has been added to the stock of general information, which

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Preface. Wales, from its numerous productions, it calculated to afford. The remarks of those who have travelled for pleasure have generally partaken of the nature of their motives; and the inaccuracy of their descriptions has, too often, resembled the rapidity of their steps. Useful travel has a twofold object. It endeavours to benefit the country it visits, while it labours to accumulate advantages for its own.

If in ascertaining facts I have sometimes slightly ánimadverted upon authors, who fancy themselves entitled to more veneration and respect, and who conceive I have been too free with their works, I say, disclaiming every idea of personality, “ Amicus Plato, Amicus Socrates, sed magis amica Veritas.

The detail of castles and battles may, to the superficial reader, appear tedious and dull; but it was impossible for a mind awake to the reminiscence of the past not to advert to such eventful periods; and with the proud remains of other times in view not to recur to such extraordinary transactions.

The investigation of antiquities of a still moro early date, if not calculated to please, are interesting in a more important view; as tending to illustrate the obscure parts of British history; ushering into view facts mistated or suppressed ; raising up heroes inadvertently or politically consigned to oblivion ; and thus giving to historic truth its just celebrity. In this respect the otherwise puerile knowledge termed numismatology rises into consequence in the scale of science. For any digression of this nature therefore utility must be my apology.

LETTER J.

Fine view from the Gam-Superstitious pilgrimage to a tomb

in Christ-church--Newport-Tale of Mrs. Williams-Its cas-
tle-Treachery of the English under Henry II.-Ryd pen karn
-An oracle of Merlin respecting that ford-Goldcliff--Pyrit-
bus rocks-Tredeguar-Caerdiff-Its Canal-Castle-Fitzha.
mon's invasion, and consequent partition of the country among
his twelve knights-Description of the Castle-Anecdote of
Robert Curtoise Duke of Normandy-Llandaff-Its Cathedral-
Errors of Architects-River Taaffe-Scenery of its vale-Pont
y Prydd-William Edwards, a remarkable genius--Sengennith
Castle confounded by antiquarians with the more modern edi-
fice of Caerphyli-Barrington's errors respecting Wales--Iron

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LETTER VI.

Neath, its castle and abbey-Gnoll Castle-Observation on arti-

ficial rivers-Cadoxton-Pedigree of the Williams's family-
Family distinctions not peculiar to the Welsh-Vale of the Nedd

-Pont Nedd Vychan-British fortifications-Various water-
falls--Porth Ogo-Bwa Maen, or the curved rock-Valuable

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marble--Swansea-Origin of the name-Its Castle, Abbey
-Its port and commerce-Coal works-Copper works-
Smelting-Bathing place-Contrast to Weymouth-Hot and
cold baths- Effects of the effluvia from the neighbouring works
- Beauty of its bay-Evening's walk on the beach-Reflec-

tions and lines on the occasion..

Page 147

LETTER VIII.

Llanelly-Iron works-Its Priory--Cidwelly-Its Castle-Prowess

of Gwenllian, wife of Gryffydd ap Rhys-New town, coal works
-Canal-Shifting sand-Marsh famous for feeding sheep
Vales of Gwendraeth Vawr and Vychan–Iron mines-Source
of these two rivers-Caer Cennin Castle, a British fortress
-Another wonder of Wales Slovenly state of husbandry
Exceptions-Cultivation of furze as food for cattle-Improved
mill for bruising it-Two species of furze Failure of water-
meads accounted for-Lead and copper ore- -Welsh mode of
brewing and fining Cwrw, or ale, a liquor of ancient use
Cocklers-Mode of taking cockles-Salmon fishing in coracles
-Baskets and wicker-work of Celtic origin—Caermarthen-
Anecdote of Sir Richard Steele-Quay-Trade-Religious
houses—Birth-place of Merlin-Of Roman origin-Castle
Mendicity prevalent-Observations on the administration of

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