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ADAPTED TO

MURRAY'S

ENGLISH GRAMMAR,

CONSISTING OF

EXERCISES IN PARSING; INSTANCES OF FALSE ORA
THOGRAPHY; VIOLATIONS OF THE RULES OF

SYNTAX; DEFECTS IN PUNCTUATION:

AND

VIOLATION OF THE RULES RESPECTING PERSPICU.

OUS AND ACCURATE WRITING..

DESIGNED FOR THE

BENEFIT OF PRIVATE LEARNERS,

AS WELL AS

FOR THE USS OF SCHOOLS.

BY LINDLEY MURRAY.

Baltimore:
PUBLISNED BY CUSHING & JEWETT, F. LUCAS, JR.

AND ARMSTRONG & PLASKITT,

BENJAMIN EDES, PRINTER

1828.

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INTRODUCTION.

THE principles of knowledge become most intelligible to young persons, when they are explained and inculcated by practical illustration and direction. This mode of teaching is attended with so many advantages, that it can scarcely be too much recommended, or pursued. Instruction which is enlivened by pertinent examples, and in which the pupil is exercised in reducing the rules prescribed to practice, has a more striking effect on the mind, and is better adapted to fix the attention, and sharpen the understanding, than that which is divested of these aids, and confined to bare positions and precepts; in which it too frequently happens that the learner has no further concern, than to read and repeat thein. The time and care employed in practical application, give occasion lo survey the subject minutely, and in different points of view: by which it becomes more kuown and produces stronger and more durable impressions.

These observations are peculiarly applicable to the study of grammar, and the method of teaching it. The rules require frequent explanation; and, besides direct elucidation, they admit of examples erroneously constructed, for exercising the student's sagacity and judgment. To rectify these, attention and reflection are requisite; and the knowledge of the rule necessarily results from the study and correction of the sentence. But these are not all the advantages which arise from Grammatical Exercises. By discovering their own abilities to detect and amend errors, and their consequent improvement, the scholars become pleased with their studies, and are animated to proceed, and surmount the obstacles which occur in their progress. The instructer, too, is ieved and encouraged in his labours. By discerning exactly the powers and improvement of his pupils, he perceives the proper season for advancing them; and by observing the points in which they are deficient, he knows precisely where to apply his directions and explapations.

These considerations have induced the Compiler to collect apd arrange a variety of erroneous examples, adapted to the different rules and instructions of English Grammar, and to the principles of perspicuous ond accurate writing. It has not indeed been usual, to make Grammatical Exercise, in our language, very numerous and extensive; but if the importance and usefulness of them be us great as they are conceived to be. no apology will be necessary for the large field of employment, which the following work presents to the student of Daglish Grammar. If be be detained longer Dean is

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