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the Boyne; too dastardly to share their tain it is the present monarch has long death, he excused his cowardice by as- received rather a devotion of the heart, sassinating their memories. Even in than an allegiance from the lips of Ire Ireland's " highest noon” of indigna- land. She evinced this often, but more tion, however, there is something hu- especially on a most momentous occamorous, as there is sometimes a mis- sion-I allude to the period of the late ture of bitterness in her jocularity, King's first unfortunate mental aberraher revenge on the tourist Twiss will tion. At that time it will be recollectnot easily be forgotten; and she has ed with what violence the Whig and given James a Milesian cognomen very Tory parties disputed on the snbject of likely to rival that of Jefferies in the the Regency. The genius of Mr. Pitt nostrils of posterity. In her orator's ruled the ascendant in this country; but words there certainly is not a sweet. Mr. Grattan, at the head of the popular ness in the odour of his memory." His party in Ireland, counterbalanced his conqueror, William, remained bebind triumph, and called upon the Prince, in Ireland, to blight a hero's laurels and by address, to assume the reins of gov. a statesman's wisdom with the crimes ernment. The King happily recover. of vengeance. She felt again, thated just as it was presented, but the though friendship could not restore, Prince, by his answer, pledged his eterhostility could ruin, and William added nal gratitude to the Irish people. From largely to the confiscations which that moment, it is said, Mr. Pitt, exas. Charles's ingratitude had suffered to perated and perhaps alarmed at this remain. With him departed the royal clashing of the legislatures, determined visitor of Ireland up to the present day. on their amalgamation. If this be true, Happy for the country it with him surely the country which lost her parcould have departed also the humilia- liament through an affection for his tion of defeat and the insolence of tri- Majesty, has a peculiar claim on him, umph. They have lived at least up for at least the compensation of an octo the memorable twelfth of August - casional visit. He seems to have so dies creta notandus, it upon it their epi- felt it; and, to do him justice, he has taph has been written; but I fear her acknowledged it, while the mark of the fields are still too furrowed to afford crown was still fresh upon his forehead. space smooth enough for the inscrip- Indeed of this personal sentiment le tion.

had given an early proof by the selecSuch were the specimens which Ire- tion of his more intimate companions. land had, before the present reign of Burke and Sheridan were the ligbts of royal visitations; and it is little to be his youth; Lord Moira the companion wondered at if she received the novelty of his manhood; Londonderry and Welof a monarch's friendship with some lington are the elect of his cabinet, and thing of even more than enthusiasm. to those offices in which perhaps confi

There was much, however, of personal dence is most necessary and most uneaffection in the welcome, and, as far as quivocally expressed, Sir Benjamin regarded the King, it was altogether Bloomfield has succeeded to General free from any taint of inconsistency. Macmahon. This favouritism, it may George the Fourth was always a favour- be supposed, was felt through their ite with the Irish. Whether it resulted respective families in the sister kingfrom his long exclusion from power dom. As a proof of this, I need only which attracted the sympathies of a peo- mention that the high office of Master ple who thought they unjustly partici- of the Rolls is filled, and to say the pated in that exclusion, or from those truth, very satisfactorily, by a brother early whims and gaieties which were of the latter gentleman. That Ireland not either entirely without their sympa- felt and returned these demonstrations thies, or from that mixture of hope and requires no further proof than her conhatred with which an oppressed people duct upon a late melancholy occasion. turn from the possessor to the heir ;- When England and many parts of whether it was from any of those feel- Scotland testified their partizanship by ings, or from an union of them all, cer- the eternal addresses which almost wore the threshold of Brandenburgh-house, the incarnation of all evil, and his adIreland remained not only passive but berents as so many attendant dæmons," indifferent. One solitary address from who are ever warmed by the original a few radicals at Belfast rather insulted principle, no matter how distant may than consoled the Queen by the suspic be the orbit in which they circle round cious peculiarity of its homage.

it. This is innate bigotry in some, Such was the relative situation of Ire- mere pretence in others, affected for the land and the King at the time he de- purposes of interest; in all, however, termined upon his personal excursion. it is the essence of their creed-the It was a determination hazardous in the bond of their union--the sine qua non extreme, and required much delicacy in of their loyal fraternity. They may its execution. Never, perhaps did man transfer to their porch the motto which enter into an atmosphere of more disadorned the gate of one of their chosen cordant elements: he not only trod on cities, the genius which fabricated its embers, but walked amid ligtitnings- rhyme, consorting well with the Chrislike the explorer of a volcano it was im. tianity which propagated its principlepossible to say at what moment the

" Jew, Turk, or Atheist mere pressure of his foot might have

may enter here, raised a flame around him. Happily

But not a Papist.his appearance reconciled, at least At the Revolution this body, though temporarily, the contending factions, not created, was regenerated. It had, Whether that coalition is to be more in some degree, existed since the pale. than temporary, whether the golden It was an association extra the indigeage of unanimity and concord is likely nous Irish, formed at first for the purto continue and produce those results poses of defence, and cemented afterwhich Irish ardour pictures to itself in wards by forfeiture and confiscations. prospect, perhaps a review of those During the period to which I have refactions, as they exist, will be more ferred it took its new and religious, or likely to decide than any visionary rather bigoted, character; still opposed speculation. For myself I have no to the native population it joined King hesitation in saying, I more than doubt William against the Stuarts, abjured either the permanency or the sincerity James, “ Pope and popery, wooden of that coalition, and I doubt it still shoes and brass money,as their more from contemplating the indiscrim- standing toast expresses it, and borinate blandishments which it so sudden- rowed from the Dutch lily an emblem ly squandered, not only upon the King and designation. This party is difbut upon every one of the dramatis per- fused throughout the country in select sonce who stooped to solicit it. If it associations, but the north is their grand was indeed sincere, I have only to say scene of rendezvous : they have their that Ireland is the very cradle of for- lodges, their meetings, their signs and giveness, or that public virtue is noth- secrets - they are stedfast in their prining but a shadow. The least numerous, ciples both of friendship and hostility, but perhaps the most opulent and pow. and so rooted in their tenets that they erful, is the ORANGE PARTY-a relic of have been accused of holding even a the pale, re-baptized at the revolution. conditional allegiance. Be this as it This is composed of friendly brother, may, however, they have hitherto had and occasionally of Masonic societies, no reason to complain of royal disrewith a thick sprinkling of Tory peers, gard. During the late reign they were absentee agents, village drunkards, and almost the monopolists of office, and of corporation expectants. At the head course Mr. Pitt and the Pope constiof this decidedly is Abraham, now Sir tuted the antipodes of their political Abraham Bradley King, who added to world. Since the last Irish rebellion the profit of being crown-stationer, the the gradual pacification of the interior dignity of having been twice Lord May- has in a great measure contracted their or of Dublin. The warwhoop, or rath- operations. But their zeal, though er the password of this party, is “ No sleeping, is not dead. The only difPopery." They consider the Pope as ference is, that the 12th of July, their

grand aniversary, in place of exhibit- had it not been for the sulky reaction ing the Orange pageant and the armed which religious persecution uniforinly procession, is now merely closed by produces. By degrees it has become them in copious libations, during which considerable it was always respecta6 the glorious, pious, and immortal ble. When the penal enactments were memory of the great King William"- so far relaxed as to permit the purchase (I believe, in despite of Glenco, they of estates and the acquisition of knowsometimes add the “good”) floats in ledge, the Catholics participated both whiskey-punch triumphant above their in profession and property, and the own. It was difficult for such a party, educated naturally joined the aristocformed on such principles, cordially to racy of their creed. I say naturally; hail a monarch who had once warmed the rich Catholic looked to parliament in his bosom Burke, Fox, and Sheri- the professional Catholic looked to dan, the three great foster-fathers of office and they both of course attachCatholic emancipation; but their ed themselves to those whose religious niinds had long associated the sounds scruples interfered least with their temof king and office,-if prejudice was poral prospects. Yet this party are strong, place was stronger, and per- now, nevertheless, devoutly rigid in haps they compromised with their con- their faith ;-intolerance has rooted sciences by fancying that the experience what conciliation might have eradicatwhich selected Sidmouth and Liver- ed: their moderation, verging as it pool atoned for the youthful indiscre- now does almost upon servility, is astion which squandered a smile upon sumed for the purposes of ambition, the imps of popery. Thus perplexed, and those purposes once obtained, with William in their hearts and George Catholic prosperity will not fail to exon their lips, they startled the hill of act full indemnity for Catholic degraHowth with their jubilate upon the dation. With these sentiments, it is 12th of August, and scarcely credited little to be wondered at that they were their ears when they heard the echo of not the most lingering or the least loud their loyal chorus, and found it was- amid the worshippers at Howth; Doctor Troy! The Cerberus of they shouted welcome till the very Orangeism, however, has had its sop, echoes became hoarse, and almost fanand Abraham Bradley King is now a cied themselves in St. Stephen's Chabaronet of Great Britain.

pel, when they saw Lord Fingal in the Another party, which cheered the collar of St. Patrick. The compliKing with equal ardour, because with ment conferred, however, upon this more of hope though less of possession, heterodox nobleman was certainly well was the party of Lord Fingal-in other merited: he was always remarkable words, the Roman Catholic aristocra- for a moderate demeanour, and in cy. Proud and poor, the ages which perilous times gave many proofs of the diminished their incomes gave dignity most steadfast loyalty. As a Catholic to their birth, and the loss of an estate his aggrandizement has been considerwas more than counterbalanced by the ed complimentary by all of that body addition of an ancestor. While the who have any consideration, and perPenal Code was unrepealed, or rather haps he was of the entire sect the only unmitigated, these men sought a bitter person upon whom a favour conferred consolation in looking backwards- was not likely to exasperate the Prothey caught a kind of disturbed com- testants. sort in contemplating the shadowy glo- Opposed to this party-opposed to ries of their forefathers. The policy the Orange party-opposed to every of the late reign, however, by lessening party which either seeks power, rethe mound between them and power, spects power, or possesses power, is induced them to look forward ; and the popular faction—that is the faction so inviting was even the prospect of of the Irish Catholic radicals. At the land of promise, that it is believed the head of this is to be found, whoever this party would have regenerated happens to be the ephemeral favourite themselves into Orangemen long ago, of the day-in other words, the man

who combines most talent and most his fearless and confiding spirit to the turbulence with the least principle. very verge of the scaffold :-he dared Its ranks are recruited by all whom power-he defied danger-he lavished poverty makes desperate, or nature health and prospects in their cause, discontented, or laziness seditious. and poured upon their darkness and Yelling for toleration, they are the their discomfiture the full blaze of his most inveterate bigots,--declaiming resplendent intellect. But in his age against slavery, they are the most re- they discovered he could be no longer morseless tyrants. They are the most serviceable, and they affected to deride numerous, and the most dangerous fac- the judgment, which naturally revolted tion in the country; for they are will- at their impolitic and radical denuning instruments in the hands of any ciations of all orders in the state from one, whose perverted ambition con- the King downwards. Invective soon founds notoriety with fame, and who is followed desertion, and the most gifted unprincipled enough to throw society and consistent patriot Ireland ever posinto a ferment, that he and his scum sessed, was driven from the land, for may float upon the surface. There is whose glory he would have died amid nothing which they dread so much as the most cruel, groundless, and unthose concessions which they make the grateful calumnies. His noble heart. pretence for their mischievous activity; felt this treatment deeply, but still the because, once granted, their “ occupa- consciousness of integrity consoled it, tion” ceases. Hence, whenever the and in an unpublished letter, one of genius of Grattan (who was alternately the last he wrote, he foretels, (oh vain the god of their idolatry, and the dæ- prophecy !) that in the grave his counmon of their hate) appeared likely to try would do him justice- E.ctinctus achieve the prayer of their petitions, amabitur idem. Alas, poor Curran! they uniformly started some objection how little did he think that even for to his details, and gave his opponents that grave he should be indebted to an irresistible weapon in their boiste- England, while the hollow blusterers rous, but affected, indignation. Even of his native land were weeping away during the last session, when his politi- their “ Irish hearts" over the failure cal antagonists were struck mute by the of a half-crown subscription for his magnificence of Mr. Plunket's advoca- bust! But happy is he that his resting cy, they raised their horrid din, and place was distant-it did not reverberate burst, with their uplifted fetters, on his the apostate shout which cheered the domestic calamity. Indeed this heart- destroyers of Ireland's independence. Less ingratitude, ever more or less a Attached to this faction, in a great characteristic of the mob, never flour- degree, is the Catholic priesthood-not ished with more poisonous vigour than as participating in their political opinin the faction I am describing; be- ions, but as looking up to them for the cause, in addition to its native virus, it continuance of a spiritual despotism. has the taint of bigotry. Thus, if they The priesthood and this party depend meet a young man, warm from the mutually on each other. The priest contemplation of ancient liberty, or a possesses an unlimited dominion over matured man, whose simplicity sub- his flock, which it has been the invadues suspicion, by every artifice and riable policy of every projected reliefevery fraud, by servility, by adulation, bill to undermine the leader” makes by promises and chimeras, they see such clause the, at least, nominal moduce him into their den; and when his tive for his dissent; talks of his holy powers are exhausted, they invariably Church and his unbroken hierarchy ; discover either that he is a protestant, and calls upon the clergy to unfurl the and not sincere, or only a liberal, and “ oriflame," beneath which he invokes so not to be trusted. A better in- the double crown of a patriot and a stance of this heartless ingratitude can- martyr! The call echoes through the not be selected than the late Mr. Cur- “holy of holies;" the man of God and ran : for many years he was almost the man of the people loudly reciprotheir idol, and in 1798 they shouted cate the most nauseous adulation

while the first is only struggling for his fectly impartial where his interests are saintly despotism, and the last for that not concerned, he still rigidly supports bad and frail ascendancy which has his spiritual ascendancy, and to this he been raised by the storm, and must makes, by a sort of prescription, every sink at its subsiding. It is amusing thing temporal pay tribute. The dairy enough, to one who is in the secret, to and the barn-door furnish his table; read the eulogiums of the Catholic the hen-roost makes his breakfast an leader upon his ecclesiastical co-part- ovation; and the produce of the mounner. They are in the finest strain of tain still pays willing duty to his reveHibernian hyperbole. According to rence's cellar. But, notwithstanding them, he has all the simplicity of a all this, even in his liveliest “jobasaint, the fortitude of a martyr, the tions,he never for a moment forgets temperance of an anchorite, and the the secret of his supremacy. Whether self-devotion of an apostle! Job's pa- over the “ brown jug" negociating a tience, Solomon's wisdom, David's in- marriage, or in his black satin breeches spiration, Paul's eloquence, and Pe- and bright top-boots, waddling forth to ter's orthodoxy, combine in the titular hold the village “ station,” every turn descendants of Saint Patrick, accordseems to announce to the conceding ing to the rank of a Popish radical. If crowd, “you know I'm your priest, they do, however, most assuredly, in and your conscience is mine,—an inthe phrase of a learned professor of timation never either denied or doubtchemistry in Dublin, “ they mutually ed. His very horse (and he requires a devour one another.” The truth is, good one) shares his master's sleekthe Irish priesthood of the present day ness-shining under the potentate of is divided into two classes; those who modern Rome, he need not envy even graduated in the Continental nurseries, the consular dignities which its ancient and those to whom the policy of later liberality destined for his ancestor. It times has given a domestic education is not to be wondered at that this body, at Maynooth. The latter are by no at present actually despotic in their means an improvement. Gloomy, fa- parishes, should loudly declaim against natic, and intolerant, they have all the any emancipatory innovation in any pride, without the learning, of the way affecting their authority. They cloister--the pedantry of the schools do accordingly, and with all their contracts their understanding, and the lungs; but they are, of course, too discipline of the Church formalizes cunning to place it on any ground of their manners. They are, however, individual interest-quite the contrary. certainly zealous in their vocation, and They resort to the first ages of the their dictatorial solemnity sustains the Church, invoke their holy saints and rank which a kindred vulgarity might fathers, supplicate, in preference, the otherwise diminish in the minds of penal re-enactments, refer to their their congregation. The old school, “ unbroken hierarchy," their mountainof whom, however, but few stow re- vigils, their bog-masses, their unknown main, were equally zealous, and much fasts, and invoke the pains of martyr. less repulsive. A foreign education dom, sweetened their brogue and softened “ Luke's iron erown, and Damien's bed of steel," their manners, and gave them an air rather than so heathenish and impious of the world unimagined even by their an emancipation. The poor peasant, successors. It was from this class of alarmed at dangers which he does not the priesthood that the dramatist bor- understand, and proud of the subinis rowed the character of Father Luke, sion which is the purchase of heaven, and most faithfully bas he adhered to echoes his pastor with an accordant. his original. Social, but mysterious— howl, which is instantly reverberated convivial, but authoritative—and per- by the radical leader in the name of

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