« AnteriorContinuar »
seizing the captain and officers, and was then first lieutenant, to go into a crying out Liberty! Captain Turner port, and cut out some vessels, of which was standing on the companion with a they had information; but, when this spy glass in his hand, when a man of party were out of sight of the ship, it the name of Griffiths, took him by the was agreed by those who remained on legs and threw him off. The first lieu- board, to steer her to the Sandwich tenant, Mr. Coran, was in the cabin Islands and sell her, which they accordgetting his pistols, when he heard the ingly did. Upon our obtaining this the noise on deck, and found the ship information of the Santa Rosa, we sent in possession of the mutineers; he fired an account of it to Tameameah, who his pistols up the companion by which gave orders for the men to be distributed one man was wounded. The captain among the chiefs, each to have a cer. called out to him to blow the ship up; tain number under his charge to be an. to prevent which, the sailors broke the swerable for ; shortly after this, the sky-light, and got down and secured party, who had been away under the him. All the officers were then con- command of Mr. Griffiths, arrived at fined in irons in the forecastle, and a Owhyhee in a small brig, which they master's mate, named M‘Donald, took had captured. They were outrageous. command of the vessel. When they at finding the ship in possession of the got off Valparaiso, they sent the cap- King, and wanted him to give her up, tain and officers on shore (excepting offering him the brig and all her cargo Mr. Prockley, the master, whom they in exchange; but he refused to do so, kept to navigate the ship.) They then saying, they were robbers, and he would ran for Juan Fernandes to water, and hold the ship for the owners. He had stood along the coast, where they cap- her accordingly hauled close in shore, tured and destroyed many Spanish ves- and a number of white men and natives sels. Their next run was to the Galli- continually on board, and the guns pagos Islands to refit, where a second double shotted. Mr. M ́Donald made mutiny was set on foot, but discovered. his escape on board the brig; they They sent the principals on shore, one touched at Woahoo; I went on board, of whom was drowned in landing. Here and they gave me letters for England, Mr. Prockley, the master, left them, which I since delivered Hence they and went off in an English whale ship. ran to Atooi and ack to Woahoo, Mr. M.Donald then assumed the name hovering about the islands for some of Tumier, took the command, and ap- time in hopes of s aling their ship. pointed officers. .
In the middle of me, Captain JenWhen the ship was fitted and water- nings returned from Owhyhe, leaving ed, they again run in for the shore, the King in a poor state of health ; and where they took towns, destroyed ves- we now only awaited the arrival of sels, robbed and burnt churches; in American N. W. ships (which geneshort, they became the terror of the rally call here in their passage to China.) coast. They sent a party of forty men, to freight our wood to Canton.. under the command of Griffiths, who
BY JOHN CLARE.
I wish not birds' forgotten strain;
Those hours are fled—and I'm distrest. To warm, and wake, and feel again. I would not wish, in reason's spite;
But, ah! what once was joy is past; I would not wish new joy to gain ;
The time's gone by; the day and hour I only wish for one delight
Are whirring fled on trouble's blast, To see those hours of bliss again.
As winter nips the summer flower. There was a day, when love was young, A shadow is but left the mind,
And nought but bliss did there belong ; . Of joys that once were real to view ; When blackbird's nestling o'er us sung, An echo only fills the wind,
Ab me! what sweetness wak'd his song. With mocking sounds that once were true
BUCKINGHAM, THE TRAVELLER. FROM materials collected chiefly the Red Sea. It being represented to • from the East India Journals, we him, that a competent knowledge of are enabled to present our readers with the navigation of this ocean was desira biographical notice of the enterprising able, he resolved to accomplish the attraveller, Buckingham, whose tour in tainment of it. Buckingham advanced Palestine, through the countries of Ba- to Keneh, in order to cross from thence shan and Gilead, east of the river, have to Kossier, having with him excellent recently been announced for publica- instruments for nautical purposes ; Hertion.
mopolis, Antinoe, Panopolis, Abydos, J. S. Buckingham was born about Diosopolis, and Zentyra, were succesthe year 1786, and left his paternal sively the objects of his attention. home, to brave the dangers of an un- In the midst of obstructions which ruly element as a sailor, at the early would have appalled an ordinary traage of nine years. In one of his first veller, Buckingham spread his sail for cruises he was made a prisoner of war, the more southern cities of the Nile. and carried with his shipmates by thé At Thebes he remained a week. At Spaniards (who at this period were the Latopolis he met with the late amiable allies of the French) into the port of and accomplished traveller Burckhardt. Corunna. They were, however, speed- They passed a few days together, and ily set at liberty, and proceeded on foot then separated, Burckhardt for the desto Lisbon, on their journey to which ert and Buckingham to pursue his course place our young traveller was gratified up the Nile. with abundant opportunity of encour- Our adventurer next visited the cataaging his itinerant propensities.
racts, and the various stupendous monWhilst yet a boy, he made a series uments of art, at Zaesa, Gulabshee, of voyages to America, the Bahama Gartaarsy, Garfeecey, and Nubia. It Islands, and the West Indies, and thus was at this juncture that an attack of strengthened still more his passion for the ophthalmia deprived him for a time novelty and research.
almost entirely of sight. In his passage The Mediterranean was the next through the Desert Keneh he was plunscene of his wanderings. From this dered of cloths, money, papers, arms, period he seems to have cherished the and instruments, and left to pursue his idea of visiting Egypt, Greece, Phæni- journey over a rocky path, naked and cia, Italy, and Mauritania. Sicily, Mal- barefoot, scorched by day and frozen ta, the Islands of the Archipelago, the by night, it being the middle of an coast of Asia Minor, were alternately Egyptian winter. The hospitable manvisited by this juvenile adventurer, and sion of Colonel Missett, the Consulthe more he saw and read of these in- general for this country, at Keneh, afteresting classical countries, the stronger forded him a temporary asylum. Durgrew his thirst for information, and his ing his second stay at Cairo, he applied desire to explore other regions, of which himself to the study of the Arabic lanhe could form no idea. The lif. of a guage, and, having acquired a partial sailor afforded him but slender oppor- knowledge of it, he crossed the desert tunities of study, and every moment of Suez to examine its port, and finally that could be spared from his maritime returned to Alexandria, the point from duties was employed by him in acquir- which he set out. ing information of the geography of the A short time subsequent to this, in countries which surrounded him. the dress of a Mameluke, he journeyed . He visited the port of Alexandria, with a caravan of fifty thousand camels ascended the Nile, and investigated the and about as many pilgrims to Mecca. Pyramids. From thence he directed On his arrival at Jedda, our adventurer his course towards India, by way of found himself so ill that he was obliged to be carried on shore in a litter. Hav- Gilead, and the Auranites ; crossed ing no means of prosecuting his journey Phænicia and part of Syria, and from to Mecca, he was compelled to send a Antioch proceeded to Aleppo. He messenger to Mr. Burckhardt, then at passed through Mesopotamia by Ur of the holy city, who visited him at Jedda, the Chaldees, to Nineveh and Babylon; and remained with him several days, and so visited on his way Diarbeker, giving him, ere he left, the most une- Mosul, and Baghdad. He was subquivocal proofs of his friendship and jected to repeated illnesses on this exbenevolence.
pedition ; for his recovery, on one acAt this time the Luffenut-ul-Russool casion, he was indebted to the kind hosship, under English colours, arrived pitality of Lady Hester Stanhope; and, from India. Buckingham, at the re- on another, to Mrs. Rich, who was at quest of her worthy captain, went on that time a resident at Baghdad. His board, where he rapidly recovered Arabic studies were continued, as far from his indisposition. With this com- as the duties of his situation would admander, Captain Boog, he proceeded mit, at Bassorah, Bushia, and Muscat. to Bombay, during which voyage he After returning to Bombay, he sailed, collected materials for a chart of the in order to complete his voyage, (touchRed Sea. He returned from India in ing at most of the ports on the Malabar the course of a few months with a Mr. coast,) to Calcutta. It was, on his arBabington, and materially increased, rival at this place, that Buckingham set during the voyage, his stock of hydro- about condensing his memoranda for graphical knowledge.
the purpose of publication, and he has At Cairo, a third time, he encoun- been encouraged in this object by the tered his friend, Mr. Burckhardt; but patronage of the Marquis of Hastings, his stay in Egypt, on this occasion, was the Bishop of Calcutta, Colonel Macof short duration. His next route was kenzie, the Surveyor General of India, by Syria and Mesopotamia. In the and Dr. Lumsden, Professor of Arabic course of his journey he visited Pales- in the College of Fort William. The tine and the country beyond Jordan; results of these labours will, we underthe eastern parts of Moab, Bashan, stand, be speedily laid before the public.
FROM THE OLD FRENCH.
MAJD, where are the violets sweet,
Past, O youth ! is Spring's fair day,
With it violet died away.
Maiden! fled is Summer's day,
Rose, alas ! soon pass'd away.
Suns too ardent scorch'd full sore,
2R ATHENEUM VOL. 10.
Lead me then to bow'r so green,
Cruel storm and hail came o'er,
Bower, alas! is green no more.
Short, O youth ! is mortal hour,
Faded, too, is beauty's flower !
Life, o maid ! is quickly o'er,
BUCKINGHAM'S TRAVELS IN PALESTINE.*
Literary Gazette. SINCE the publication of our last the objects which have engaged his
number, Mr. Buckingham's splendid attention. volume has issued from the press ; Mr. Buckingham left Alexandria in and, as the curiosity of our readers will, a skutoor, or small vessel peculiar to in some measure have been excited by the Syrian coast, on the 25th of Dethe notice already given of this distin- cember, 1815. The captain and crew, guished traveller, we shall hasten to lay altogether ten in number, were Syrian before them an account of the work it. Arabs of the Greek religion. They sell, with extracts from such portions appeared to be entirely ignorant of navof the relation, as would seem to us igation, and quite incompetent to manmost novel and interesting. There age the vessel. Besides these men, have, it is true, been many travels there were on board about ten passenthrough the Holy Land in the course gers of different countries and persuaof the last twenty years : but the cradle sions, who were, for the most part, of our religion, the birth-place of classic compelled to remain upon the deck, as fable, the scene of all that is venerable the cabin was so small as scarcely to in Holy Writ, and the theatre of the admit of a person sitting upright in it. most heroic exploits, during the Jewish, The following instance of superstition the Roman, and the Saracenian wars, is related by Mr. Buckingham; they cannot well be too frequently or too had all suffered considerable inconvenminutely described ; and that authorience from a dead calm and want of must be dull indeed, who should prove water :unable either to correct or add his share “The moon had set in a dark bed of information to the labours of those of rising clouds, and the whole appearwho have gone before him.
ance of night portended a western gale. “I come like those who have pre- Not more than twenty quarts of water, ceded me (says Mr. Buckingham) with and this extremely foul, now remained a profession of dissatisfaction at the in- for the subsistence of about twenty percompleteness of all that has been writ- sons, so that the anxiety with which ten before, and with the belief and as- every eye was directed towards the surance that I am able to add something quarter from whence the wind was denew to the general fund of human know- sired, may be readily conceived. ledge, and, more particularly, to our “ The dawn opened, however, and local acquaintance with Judea.” not a breath of air was yet stirring.
By far the most important part of Prayers and incense were resorted to, these travels, and that which may be and the tone of all those engaged in termed entirely new, is the description offering them, had sunk from confidence of Bashan and Gilead, east of the Jor- to melancholy despair. The men were dan. No traveller, whose works are evidently terrified at the prospect of before the public, has ever hitherto ex- approaching death, and their whole conplored the country beyond this river; duct, in this respect, (they were of the and as Mr. B.'s account of this neigh- Greek church,) formed a striking conbourhood occupies the greater portion trast to the calm resignation of the Maof his volume, the acquirement of much homedans on board, who continued to and valuable information will naturally preserve all their former tranquillity, result from the perusal of his pages; and console themselves with the assurrendered as they are peculiarly pleasing, ance of their prophet, God is great by a correct and elegant style, and a and merciful, and what he hath decreed clear but comprehensive description of must come to pass.'
* Travels in Palestine, through the countries of Bashan and Gilead, east of the river Jordan ; including a visit to the cities of Geraza and Gamala, in the Decapolis. By J. S. Buckingham, Esq. Member of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta, &c. &c.
“When prayers were ended, a straw “In the court of the house where we mat, on which the captain slept, was let lodged, (says Mr. Buckingham,) I obdown into the sea, and with the shreds served a female, whose garments apof another mat torn up for the purpose, peared to resemble those of the Jewish a fire was kindled thereon, and the women in Turkey and Egypt. The whole was pushed from the vessel's side face and bosom were exposed to view, as a burnt offering to the God of the and the waist was girt with a broad girWinds. I had at first conceived that dle, fastened by massy silver clasps. the object of this ceremony was chiefly This woman, who was a Christian, to mark the direction which the smoke wore also on her head a hollow silver would take when free from the influ- horn, rearing itself upwards obliquely ence of those eddies always occasioned from her forehead, being four or five by the flapping of a ship's sails in a inches in diameter at the root, and calm; but it afterwards appeared that pointed at its extreme; and her ears, it was, in every sense,'a sacrifice, from her neck, and her arms, were laden the peculiar marks of which our future with rings, chains, and bracelets. fate was augured. If the flame burnt “ The first peculiarity reminded me clear and bright, so as to be distinguish- very forcibly of the expression of the ed plainly through the thick smoke of Psalmist, “Lift not up thine horn on the damp straw; if it continued unex- high; speak not with a stiff neck : all tinguished until the fuel became a heap the horns of the wicked will I cut off, of ashes, and if it returned not again to but the horns of the righteous shall be the vessel, but drifted in some other exalted.'" course, all these were to be so many After paying a bill at the inn at Soor proofs that the fire thus kindled should of seventy-four piasters for only two triumph over the element on which it days, and reading the inhabitants a sefloated ; and that the God, to whom it vere lecture on their rapacity, Mr. Buckascended, had heard our prayers, and ingham and his companion pursued would not suffer that element to witness their route from Soor to Acre. On his our destruction. Every omen was fa- arrival at El Mufshoor, a village in its vourable; the mat floated from us from vicinity, he was informed that the strugthe mere impulse with which it was gle between the French and English for pushed from the ship, and the heat of that place was still remembered. The the flame was sufficient, amid the still- latter are uniformly spoken of with the ness of the calm, to attract around it a highest consideration and respect. An sensible motion of the colder air, so as old man, who had been an eye witness, to feed the fire till most of the fuel was recounted to them, with much minuteconsumed.
ness, the circumstances of the siege of “The joy of every one was not only Acre. The amount of the charges extreme but almost as boisterous as their against them was very different from rage and disappointment on the pre- that paid at Soor; the whole demand, ceding day; and, to crown the whole, including provisions for four persons in less than an hour afterwards, the and their animals, was only three pias. glassy surface of the waters began to be tres and a half, or little more than half ruffled by light airs from the south and a dollar. They entered the town that from the west."
evening on foot. : After weathering a very severe gale, « The approach to this city (says our during which Mr. Buckingham's per- authorj is rendered interesting by the sonal exertions were put in requisition appearance of gardens and cultivated to save the vessel, she passed into the land without, and by the full foliage of harbour of Soor. In this place, the an- innumerable trees, rearing their heads cient Tyre of the Scriptures, our travel within the walls. The town itself ler observed an article in the costume stands at the extremity of a plain on the of the women of that city, which seems sea shore, insomuch that we were oblig. to illustrate an hitherto obscure passage ed to descend on approaching its southin the Psalms.
eastern gate of entrance."