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ing resided in this house, and used the priests; and store-rooms for the movevery room in which we stood as a kitch- ables of the church, consisting of flags, en, has nothing at all of improbability tapers, silken curtains, silver crosses, in it; and, as excavated dwellings in incense-pots, &c. &c. exhibited on festhe side of a steep hill like this would tival-days." be more secure, and even more com- After accomplishing the ascent of fortable than fabricated ones, it is quite Mount Tabor, they passed on to as probable that might have really been Caypha, distant about three leagues the residence of the Holy Family as from Accho. of any other, since it is here, in the “ Here (says Mr. Buckingham) we midst of Nazareth of Galilee, where visited the monastery which stands on Joseph and Mary are admitted to have the summit of Mount Carmel, near the dwelt, and the child Jesus to have been spot where Elias offered up his sacribrought up.
fice, and which gave rise to, and re“ The church erected over this sa. mained for a long period the headcred spot is large, and well furnished quarters of, the order of Carmelite Friwith some few tolerable paintings, but ars. It appears to have been a fine still more gaudy ones. It has also a building, but it is now entirely abandouble flight of marble steps, and a gilt doned, and the monk who has charge iron rail-way, leading up on each side of it lives in the town of Caypha below. of the grotto, which is left open, and During the campaign of the French in faces the entrance to the church, produ- Syria, the monastery was made an hoscing an impressive effect. Below, in pital for their sick, for which its retired the grotto itself, is an altar of white and healthy situation, as well as its inmarble, very finely executed, and a terior structure, admirably adapted it." painting of the Annunciation, of great Done Cesarea and Jaffa were submerit, as far as could be judged in this sequently visited. We quote Mr. Buckobscure depth, except that its effect is ingham's account of Buonaparte's maslessened by a diadem of gold and pre- sacre of the citizens of this place : cious stones on the head of the Virgin. The fact of Buonaparte's having
6 Among all the pictures I observed murdered his prisoners in cold blood a departure from costume and proprie- had been doubted, from the mere cirty, which could only be accounted for cumstances of the consul having omitby religious zeal. Joseph, the carpen- ted to mention it ; though he had not ter, was arrayed in purple and scarlet ; been once questioned as to the point. Mary, beautiful, and dressed in the This, however, I was resolved to do; richest robes. If the painters could and, in reply, we were assured by this have taken their models from among same consul's son, Damiani, himself an the same class of people at Nazareth old man of 60, and a spectator of all now, they would, perhaps, have ap- that passed here during the French proached nearer to truth ; as these are, invasion, that such massacre did really probably, still very similar in person, take place, and twenty mouths were complexion and apparel, to those de- opened at once to confirm the tale. scribed in the history of those times. It was related to us that Buona. In Europe, remote from the scenes parte had issued a decree, ordering, themselves, Scriptural subjects may be that no one should be permitted to pass treated in any way that best displays freely without having a written protecthe talent of the painter ; but it is im- tion bearing his signature ; but publishpossible to witness certain delineations ing, at the same time, an assurance that of country and costume upon the spot this should be granted to all who would where the scene itself is laid, without apply for it on a given day. The mulbeing forcibly impressed with their titude confided in the promise, and were want of even general resemblance. collected on the appointed day, with
“ There is an organ, which is played out the ci y, to the number of ten or by one of the friars ; an abundance of twelve hundred persons, including men, fonts, and altars, and candlesticks; a women, and children. They were then fine sacristy, or dressing-room, for the ordered on an eminence, and there ar
rayed in battalion, under pretence of upon the pavement, an inlaid star, counting them one by one. When all which is said to mark the spot of the was ready, the troops were ordered to Saviour's birth, and to lie immediately fire upon them, and only a few escaped underneath the point of the Heavens their destructive volleys. A similar where the Star of the East became fixed scene was transacted on the bed of the in its course, to direct the Wise Men rocks before the port, where about three to the object of their search. bundred persons were either shot or “ The facts of this grotto having driven to perish in the sea, as if to re- been a stable, and the place in which new the deed of treacherous murder the star is seen a manger, seem improbwhich the men of Joppe had of old able, chiefly from the difficulty ofaccess practised on the Jews, and which their to it in its present state; but, if the heroic defender had so amply aven- means of entrance were formerly more ged."
open and enlarged, the subterraneous Our traveller next journeyed to excavation might as easily have been Ramlah, and through the mountains of attached to an inn as to any other kind Jerusalem, and visited Bethlehem, and of building. As such, it might have the cave of the Nativity.
been occasionally appropriated to the 6 The principal sanctuary of Beth- reception of guests; particularly on an lehem is the grotto of the Nativity, the occasion like that described by St. descent to which is by twenty or thirty Luke, who says of Mary, And she steps, all below the general level of the brought forth her first son, and wrapchurch. These lead down narrow and ped him in swaddling-clothes, and laid winding passages, so as to render it al- him in a manger, because there was no together certain that this could never room for them at the inn. have been the stable of an inn, without “The possession of this spot, once so some material alterations in its con- mean and insignificant, is now disputed struction ; since, at the present mo- by contending sects of Christians, with ment, it is difficult even for men to de- the same rage and animosity as that scend into it, and cattle could not do so which marks their struggle for the comat all by any passage that I could per- mand of the Holy Sepulchre. During ceive.
the last Christmas only, at the celebra6 Here, however, we were shown a tion of the Feast of Nativity, at which cave, very splendidly ornamented with Mr. Bankes was present, a battle took a marble pavement, recesses decorated place, in which several of the combawith sculpture and painting, and a dou- tants were wounded, and others severeble row of massy silver lamps, of exqui- ly beaten ; and on the preceding year, site workmanship, furnished by the the privilege of saying mass at the altar, patrons of whoever may share the pos- on a particular day, had been foug! t. session of the altars. Among the paint- for, at the door of the sanctuary itself, ings, a concert of angels, celebrating with drawn swords." the birth of Jesus, seemed to possessW e regret that we must break off great merit; though there was some- here at the most interesting portion of thing strange to my eye in observing the volume; for, as we have already one of these angels, whose wings were remarked, the latter half of the work, expanded, seated on a cloud, with a containing the account of Bashan and huge violincello between his legs, and Gilead, and the country beyond the the bow in his right-hand. Another Jordan, is most valuable, because the of the Eastern Magi, adoring the infant subject has never been touched upon Saviour, and angels bearing censers of before. Our next notice will contain incense, was equally beautiful. Be- Mr. Buckingham's visit to Calvary, and neath this last is a marble altar, and the tomb of Christ. stile below it, a semicircular recess, or- [As an appropriate appendage to namented at the back with some fine this article, we copy from the Monthly sculpture on white marble, and hung Magazine for Nov. 1821, Sir Sydney around with large silver lamps kept Smith's late translation of the Saracen constantly burning. Here is shown, capitulation of the Holy City.]
The CAPITULATION granted by the caliph OMAR, Successor of Mahomet, to the Christians of Jerusalem and its dependencies, on the erent of its conquest, in the 15th year of the Hegira ; translated from the Original Text in Arabic, by Sir SYDNEY SMITH.
IN the name of the most merciful and gracious God! Let us praise God, who hath provided for our instruction in Islamism, who hath honoured us with the true faith, and had compassion on us, by sending us his prophet Mahomet. May the divine peace and benediction dwell with him who purified our hearts, who gave us victory over our ene. mies, with habitations in the open countries, and who inspired us with love for our brethren. Let God be praised, by his servants, for this his grace and infinite mercy.
The writing of Omar, the Son of Chattab, granted as a pact and a convention, to the Patriarch Zephyrinus, held in reverence by all his people, Patriarch of the Royal Orthodox sect at Jerusalem, on the Mount of Olives.
This convention comprehends the subjects, the clergy, the monks and religious women, and affords them protection, in whatever places they may reside, or be. We, the true believers and successors, feel it our duty to protect the Christian subject, while he continues to discharge the duties of a subject. This convention shall not be violated, except by their own fault, in attempting to withdraw from obedience and submission. Protection shall be equally afforded to their churches, lands in the country, to the places of their pilgrimage within the city and without, viz. to the Church Ramane (Holy Sepulchre), to Bethlehem, the birth-place of Jesus, to the great church in the cavern, also to the three gates towards the south, the north, and the west. The same privileges to be extended to other Christians that frequent these places ; to the Georgians and Abyssinians, Nestorians, Jacobites, and others that are followers of the Prophet Jesus.
The Christians are entitled to these benefits, as they were formerly honoured by the prophet with a document signed and sealed by himself, wherein he exhorts us to shew them favour, and to grant them protection. In conformity to which, we, true believers, are dispo. sed to act with benevolence towards them in honour of him who recommended benevolence.
They are to be exempted from the capitation tax, and from all imposts and tolls, throughout all the territories and seas of the Moslems. On their entering Ramane (the Holy Sepulchre) and in the rest of their pilgrimage, nothing is to be exacted from them.
Such Christians as visit the Holy Sepulchre to lay down a silver diam and a half, for the patriarch.
All true believers of both sexes, rich and poor, the Sultans and Chiefs not excepted, to yield obedience to these injunctions. Given in presence of all the disciples of the prophet.
ABDALLAH, Osman, B. AFAN, SAAD, ABDOR RAHMAN, IBN Aur. Into whose hands soever this writing shall come, let them give credence to it, that the divine benediction may rest upon the prophet and his disciples.
Let us praise God, Sovereign of the world, on whom we repose, as on the prophet our advocate : the 20th Ribuel, Ewel of the 15th year of the Hegira.
Whoever reads this writing, and acts contrary, from this day to the day of the last judgment, contravenes the convention of God, and of his well beloved prophet.
TO THE CLOUDS.
By John Clare.
O Painted Clouds ! sweet beauties of the sky,
How have I view'd your motion and your rest,
In your thin gauze of woolly-fleecing drest;
Like black deep waters slowly moving by,
With your Creator's dread sublimity,
And I do love to see you idly lie,
Pausing upon the eastern mountain high,
And sweeter still, when in your slumbers sooth
Still as the even-pool, uncury'd and smooth,
And higher still devoutly wish'd to strain,
With all the warmness of a moon-struck brain,
Aud view the dwelling of all majesty.
(English Magazines, Nov.)
THE HAUNTED SHIPS.
_Though my mind's not
a stone cast, lided along the shore till Hodwink'd with rustic marvels, I do think
we came within sight of the ruined There are more this gs in the grove, the air, the flood, Yea, and the chai neli'd earth, than what wise man,
Abbey of Sweetheart. I he green Who walks so proud as if his form alone
mountain of. Criffell ascended beside Fill'd the wide temple of the universe,
us; and the bleat of the flocks from its Will let a frail maid say. I'd write i' the creed
summit, together with the winding of O'the sagest head alive, that fearful forms, Holy or reprobate, do page men's heels ;
the evening horn of the reapers, came That shades, too horijd for our guze, stand o'er
softened into something like music The murderer's dust, and for revenge glare up, over land and sea. We pushed our Even till the stars weep fire for very pity.
shallop into a deep and wooded bay, A LONG the coast of Solway, ro
and sat silently looking on the serene a mantic on the Scottish side, with
beauty of the place. The moon glimits woodlands, and bays, and cliffs, and
mered in her rising through the tall headlands; and interesting on the
shafts of the pines of Caerlaverock, English side, with its many beautiful
and the sky, with scarce a cloud, showtowns with their shadows on the wa
ered down on wood, and headland, and ter, rich pastures, safe harbours, and
bay, the twinkling beams of a thousand numerous ships; there still linger many
stars, rendering every object visible.
The tide too was coming with that traditional stories of a maritime nature, most of them connected with supersti
swift and silent swell observable when tions singularly wild and unusual. To
the wind is gentle; the woody curves the curious these tales afford a rich
along the land were filling with the
flood till it touched the green branches fund of entertainment, from the many diversities of the same story; some
of the drooping trees; while in the cene
tre current the roll and the plunge of a dry and barren, and stripped of all the embellishments of poetry; others dress
thousand pellocks told to the experiened out in all the riches of a supersti
ced fisherman that salmon were abuntious belief and haunted imagination.
dant. As we looked, we saw an old In this they resemble the inland tradi
man emerging from a path that winded tions of the peasants; but many of
to the shore through a grove of dodthe oral treasures of the Galwegian or
dered hazel ; he carried a halve-net the Cumbrian coast have the stamp of
on his back, while behind him came a
girl, bearing a small harpoon with the Dane and the Norsemen upon them, and claim but a remote or faint
which the fishers are remarkably dexaffinity with the legitimate legends of
terous in striking their prey. The
senior seated himself on a large grey Caledonia. Something like a rude prosaic outline of several of the most
stone which overlooked the bay, laid noted of the northern ballads, the ad
aside his bonnet, and submitted his ventures and depredations of the old
bosom and neck to the refreshing sea ocean kings, still lends life to the even
breeze ; and taking his harpoon from ing tale ; and, among others, the story
his attendant, sat with the gravity and of the Haunted Ships is still popular
composure of a spirit of the food, with
his ministering nymph behind im. among the maritime peasantry. One fine harvest evening I went on
We pushed our shallop to the shore,
" and soon stood at their side. “This is board the shallop of Richard Faulder, of Allanbay; and, committing our
old Mark Macmoran, the mariner, with
his grand-daughter Barbara," said Kiselves to the waters, we allowed a gentle wind from the east to waft us at its
chard Faulder, in a whisper that had pleasure towards the Scottish coast.
something of fear in it; “ be knows We passed the sharp promontory of sand, in Solway, -has seen the Spec.
every creek, and cavern, and quick-Siddick; and skirting the and within 2T ATHENEUM VOL. 10.
tre Hound that haunts the Isle of Man; has heard him bark, and at every bark glance of those eyes which retained so has seen a ship sink ; and he has seen, many capricious hearts in subjection. too, the Haunted Ships in full sail; The tide, though rapidly augmentand, if all tales be true, he has sailed in ing, had not yet filled the bay at ou them himself;-he's an awful person.” feet. The moon now streamed fairly Though I perceived in the communi- over the tops of Caerlaverock pines, cation of my friend something of the and showed the expanse of ocean dimpsuperstition of the sailor, I could not fing and swelling, on which sloops and help thinking that common rumour had shallops came dancing, and displaying made a happy choice in singling out at every turn their extent of white sal old Mark to maintain her intercourse against the beam of the moon. I look. with the invisible world. His hair, ed on old Mark the mariner, who, seatwhich seemed to have refused all inter- ed motionless on his grey stone, kept course with the comb, hung matted his eye fixed on the increasing waters upon his shoulders ; a kind of mantle, with a look of seriousness and sorrow or rather blanket, pinned with a wood- in which I saw little of the calculating en skewer round his neck, fell mid-leg spirit of a mere fisherman. Though down, concealing all his nether gar- he looked on the coming tide, his eyes *ments as far as a pair of hose, darned seemed to dwell particularly on the with yarn of all conceivable colours, black and decayed hulls of two vessels, and a pair of shoes, patched and re- which, half immersed in the quicksand, paired till nothing of the original struc- still addressed to every heart a tale of ture remained, and clasped on his feet shipwreck and desolation. The tide with two massy silver buckles. If the wheeled and foamed around them; and dress of the old man was rude and sor. creeping inch by inch up the side, at did, that of his grand daughter was gay, last fairly threw its waters over the top. and even rich. She wore a boddice and a long and hollow eddy showed of fine wool, wrought round the bosom the resistance which the liquid element with alternate leaf and lily, and a kirtle received. The moment they were fairof the same fabric, which, almost touch- ly buried in the water the old man ing her white and delicate ancle, show- clasped his hands together, and said, ed her snowy feet so fairy light and “Blessed be the tide that will break round that they scarcely seemed to over and bury ye for ever! Sad to touch the grass where she stood. Her mariners, and sorrowful to maids and hair, a natural ornament which woman mothers, has the time been you have seeks much to improve, was of bright choked up this deep and bonnie bay, glossy brown, and encumbered rather For evil were you sent, and for exil than adorped with a snood, set thick have you continued. Every season with marine productions, among which finds from you its song of sorrow and the small clear pearl found in the Sol- wail, its funeral processions, and its way was conspicuous. Nature had shrouded corses. Woe to the land not trusted to a handsome shape, and where the wood grew that made ye! a sylph like air, for young Barbara's Cursed be the axe that hewed ye on influence over the heart of man ; but the mountains, the hands that joined had bestowed a pair of large bright ye together, the bay that ye first sFan blue eyes, swimming in liquid light, so in, and the wind that wafted ye here! full of love, and gentleness, and joy, Seven times have ye put my hie in that all the sailors from Annanwater peril, three fair sons have ye swept to far Saint Bees acknowledged their from my side, and two honnie granupower, and sung songs about the bon- bairns; and now, even D ¥, your Wie nie lass of Mark Macmoran. She ters foam and flash for my destruction, stood holding a small gaff-hook of pol- did I venture my infirm limbs in quest ished steel in her hand, and seemed not of food in your deadly bay. I see by dissatisfied with the glances I bestowed that ripple and that foam, and hear by on her from time to time, and which I the sound and singing of your surga held more than requited by a single that ye yearn for another victim, but a