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his amazement increased when a sharp and I have sworn it : seek not to know shrill voice called out, Ho! brother, why nor wherefore-but, Lord, send what are you doing now?' A voice us thy blessed morn-light. The wife still shriller responded from the other looked for a moment in her husband's haunted ship. I'm making a wife to eyes, and desisted from further entreaSandie Macharg!' and a loud quaver- ty. • But let us send a civil message ing laugh running from ship to ship, to the gossips, Sandy; and hadnae ye and from bank to bank, told the joy better say I am sair laid with a sudden they expected from their labour. Now sickness ; though it's sinful-like to send the laird, besides being a devout and the poor messenger a mile agate with a a God-fearing man, was shrewd and lie in his mouth without a glass of bold; and in plot, and contrivance, brandy.' « To such a messenger, and and skill in conducting his designs, was to those who sent him, no apology is fairly an overmatch for any dozen land needed,' said the austere laird, so elves: but the water elves are more let him depart.' And the clatter of a subtle ; besides, their haunts and their horse's hoofs was heard, and the mutdwellings being in the great deep, pur- tered imprecations of its rider on the suit and detection is hopeless if they churlish treatment he had experienced. succeed in carrying their prey to the Now Sandie, my lad,' said his wife, waves. But ye shall hear. Home laying an arm particularly white and flew the laird, collected his family round about his neck as she spoke, around the hearth-spoke of the signs are you not a queer man and a stern? and the sins of the times, and talked of I have been your wedded wife now mortification and prayer for averting these three years; and, beside my calamity; and finally taking his father's dower, have brought you three as bonBible, brass clasps, black print, and nie bairns as ever smiled aneath a sumcovered with calf-skin, from the shelf, mer sun. O man, you a douce man, he proceeded without let or stint to and fitter to be an elder than even Wilperform domestic worship. I should lie Greer himself, I have the minister's have told ye that he bolted and locked ain word for't, to put on these hardthe door, shut up all inlet to the house, hearted looks, and gang waving your threw salt into the fire, and proceeded arms that way, as if ye said, I winna in every way like a man skilful in take counsel of sic a hempie as you, guarding against the plots of fairies and your ain leal wife; I will and I maun tiends. His wife looked on all this have an explanation. To all this with wonder; but she saw something Sandie Macharg replied, "It is written in her husband's looks that hindered - wives obey your husbands;" but her from intruding either question or we have been stayed in our devotion, advice, and a wise woman was she, so let us pray;' and down he knelt: Near the mid hour of the night the rush his wise knelt also, for she was as deof a horse's feet was heard, and the vout as bonnie; and beside them knelt sound of a rider leaping from its back, their household, and all lights were exand a heavy knock came to the door tinguished. Now this beats a',' mut. accompanied by a voice, saying, “The tered his wife to herself; however, I eummer drink's hot, and the knave shall be obedient for a time; but if I bairn is expected at Laird Laurie's to- dinna ken what all this is for before night; sae mount, good-wife, and the morn by sunket-time, my tongue is come.' Preserve me!' said the wife nae langer a tongue, nor my hands of Sandie Macharg; that's news in- worth wearing.' The voice of her deed; who could have thought it ? the husband in prayer interrupted this laird has been heirless for seventeen mental soliloquy; and ardently did he year! Now Sandie, my man, fetch beseech to be preserved from the wiles me my skirt and hood. But he laid of the fiends and the snares of Satan; his arm round his wife's neck, and from witches, ghosts, goblins, elves, said, "If all the lairds in Galloway go fairies, spunkies, and water-kelpies; heirless, over this door threshold shall from the spectre' shallop of Solway; you not stir to-night; and I have said, from spirits visible and invisible; from
the Haunted Ships and their unearthly to open the door; and when the like tenants; from maritime spirits that success attended every new stratagem, plotted against godly men, and fell in silence for a little while ensued, and a love with their wives — Nay, but his long, loud, and shrilling laugh wound presence be near us !' said his wife in up the dramatic efforts of the night. In a low tone of dismay. "God guide the morning, when Laird Macharg my gude-man's wits : I never heard went to the door, he found standing such a prayer from human lips before. against one of the pilasters a piece of But Sandie, my man, lordsake rise: black ship oak, rudely fashioned into what fearful light is this-barn, and something like human form, and which byre, and stable, maun be in a blaze; skilful people declared would have and flawkie and Hurley, Doddie, and been clothed with seeming flesh and Cherrie, and Damson-plum, will be blood, and palmed upon him by elfin smoored with reek, and scorched with adroitness for his wife, had he admit. flame.' And a flood of light, but not ted his visitants. A synod of wise so gross as a common fire, which as- men and women sat upon the woman cended to heaven and filled all the of timber, and she was finally ordered court before the house, amply justified to be devoured by fire, and that in the the good wife's suspicions. But to the open air. A fire was soon made, and terrors of fire Sandie was as immoveainto it the elfin sculpture was tossed ble as he was to the imaginary groans from the prongs of two pair of pitchof the barren wife of Laird Laurie ; forks. And the blaze that arose was and he held his wife, and threatened awful to behold; and hissings, and the weight of his right hand and it burstings, and loud cracklings, and was a heavy one-to all who ventured strange noises, were heard in the midst abroad, or even unbolted the door. of the flame; and when the whole sunk The neighing and prancing of horses, into ashes a drinking cup of some preand the bellowing of cows, augmented cious metal was found ; and this cup, the horrors of the night; and to any fashioned no doubt by elfin skill, but one who only heard the din it seemed rendered harmless by the purification that the whole outstead was in a blaze, with fire, the sons and daughters of and horses and cattle perishing in the Sandie Machary and his wife drink out flame. All wiles, common or extraor- of to this very day.” dinary, were put in practice to entice Lammerlea, Cumberland. or force the honest farmer and his wife
TO AN INFANT DAUGHTER.
By John Clare, the Northamptonshire Peasant. SWEET gem of infant-flowers !
That youth beguiles.
And much I wish, whate'er may be
The lot, my child, that falls to thee,
Nature may never let thee see
Her glass betimes, Thou, daisy-like of early spring,
But keep thee from my failings free,
Nor itch at rhymes.
Lord knows my heart, it loves thee much ;
And may my feelings, aches, and such,
The pains I meet in folly's clutch
Be never thine : "Tis thine to meet the frowns of fate, Child, it's a tender string to touch, The harpy grin of envy's hate,
That sounds " thou'rt mine."
time he sees them. The Dauphin, as M Y Dear Smith,*I have been I am told from all hands, declares him
V three days at Paris, and two at self on every occasion very strongly in Fontainbleau, and have every where met my favour, and many people assure with the most extraordinary honours, me, that I have reason to be proud of which the most exorbitant vanity could his judgement, even were he an indiwish or desire. The Compliments of vidual. I have scarce seen any of the Dukes and Marischals of France, and Geniuses of Paris, who, I think, have foreign Ambassadors, go for nothing in general great merit as men of letters; with me at present: I retain a Relish But every body is forward to tell me for no kind of flattery but that which the high panegyrics I receive from comes from the Ladies. All the Cour- them; and you may believe that tiers, who stood around when I was in- approbation which has procured troduc'd to Mde. de Pompadour, as- me all these civilities from the Coursured me she was never heard to say tiers. so much to any man ; and her Brother, I know you are ready to ask me, my to whom she introduced me, But dear friend, if all this does not make I forget already, that I am to scorn all me very happy : No, I feel little or no the civilities of Men. However, Me. difference. As this is the first letter I Pompadour's civilities, were, if possi- write to my friends at home, I have ble, exceeded by those of the Dutchess amus'd myself, (and I hope I have de Choiseul, the Wife of the favourite amus'd you) by giving you a very and prime Minister, and one of the La- abridg’d Account of these transactions: dys of the most distinguish'd merit in But can I ever forget, that it is the France. Not contented with the very very same Species, that wou'd scarce obliging things she said to me on my show me common civilities a very few first introduction, she sent to call me years ago at Edinburgh, who now refrom the other end of the room, in or- ceive me with such Applauses at Paris? der to repeat them, and to enter into a I assure you, I reap more internal satshort conversation with me; And not isfaction from the very amiable mancontented with that, she sent the Dan- ners and character of the family in ish Ambassador afier me, to assure me, which I live, (I mean Lord and Lady that what she said was not from polite- Hartford and Lord Beauchamp than ness, but that she seriously desir'd to from all these external Vanities; and be in friendship and correspondence it is that domestic enjoyment which with me. There is not a Courtier in must be considered as the agreeable France, who wou'd not have been circumstance in my situation. During transported with joy, to have had the the two last days in particular, that I half of these obliging things said to him have been at Fontainbleau; I have by either of these great Ladies; but suffer'd (the expression is not imwhat may appear more extraordinary, proper) as much flattery, as almost any both of them, as far as I could conjec- Man has ever done in the same time: ture, have read with some care all my But there are few days in my life, when Writings that have been translated in- I have been in good health, that I to French, that is, almost all my Writ- would not rather pass over again. Mr. ings. The King said nothing particu- Neville, our Minister, an honest worlar to me, when I was introduced to thy English Gentleman, who carry'd him; and (can you imagine it) I was me about, was astonish'd at the civile become so silly, as to be a little morti- ities I met with; and has assurd me, fy'd by it, till they told me, that he neve that on his return, he will not fail to in er says any thing to any body the first form the King of England and the En• Dr. Adam Smith.
glish Ministry of all these particulars.
But enough of all these follies: You us to leave the place, till we were fully see I trust to your Friendship, that you agreed on all points of controversy. I will forgive me; and to your Discre- expect General Conway here tomortion, that you will keep my secret. row, whom I shall attend to Roseneath,
I had almost forgot, in these effusions, and I shall remain there a few days. shall I say of my Misanthropy or my On my return, I expect to find a letter Vanity, to mention the subject which from you, containing a bold acceptance first put my pen in my hand. The of this defiance. I am Dear Smith Baron d'Holbac, whom I saw at Paris, Yours sincerely. told me, that there was one under his (Sd.) David Hume, eye that was translating your Theory of
CO of Augt. 1769. Moral Sentiments; and desired me to inform you of it: Mr. Fitzmaurice,
No. VIII. your old friend, interests himself strongly Dear Smith, I shall give you an in this undertaking: Both of them wish Account of the late heteroclite Exploits to know, if you propose to make any of Rousseau, as far as I can recollect alterations on the Work, and desire you them: There is no need of any Secreto inform me of your intentions in that sy : They are most of them pretty pubparticular. Please direct to me under lic, and are well known to every body cover to the Earl of Hertford at Nor- that had curiosity to observe the Acthumberland House London. Letters tions of that strange, undefineable Exso directed will be sent to us at Paris. istence, whom one would be apt to imI desire my Compliments to all friends. agine an imaginary Being tho’ surely I am My Dear Smith Your's sincerely, not an Eus rationis.
(Sd.) David HUME. I believe you know, that in Spring Fontainbleau, 30 Oetr. 1763.
last, Rousseau apply'd to General Con
way, to have his pension. The GenNo. VII.
eral answered to Mr. Davenport, who Dear Smith,-I am glad to have come carry'd the application, that I was within sight of you, and to have a view expected to town in a few days; and
of Kirkaldy from my windows: But as without my consent and approbation I wish also to be within speaking terms he wou'd take no steps in that affair.
of you, I wish we could concert meas. You may believe I readily gave my ures for that purpose. I am mortally consent: I also solicited the affair, sick at sea, and regard with horror, thro’ the treasury; and the whole beand a kind of hydrophobia, the great ing finished, I wrote to Mr. Davenport, gulph* that lies between us. I am al- and desired him to inform his guest, so tir'd of travelling, as much as you that he needed only appoint any perought naturally to be, of staying at home. son to receive payment. Mr. DavenI therefore propose to you to come port answered me, that it was out of hither, and pass some days with me in his power to execute my commission : this solitude. I want to know what For that this wild Philosopher as he you. have been doing, and propose to called him had eloped of a sudden, exact a rigorous account of the method, leaving a great part of his baggage bein which you have employ'd yourself hind him, some money in Davenport's during your retreat. I am positive you bands, and a letter on the table, as odd, are in the wrong in many of your spec- he says, as the one he wrote to me, ulations, especially when you have the and implying that Mr. Davenport was misfortune to differ from me. All these engaged with me in a treacherous Conare reasons for our meeting, and I wish spiracy against him. He was not you would make me some reasonable heard of for a fortnight, till the Chanproposal for that purpose. There is chellor receiv'd a letter from him, dated no habitation on the Island of Inch- at Spalding in Lincolnshire ; in which keith otherwise I should challenge you he said, that he had been seduced into to meet me on that spot, and neither of this country by a promise of hospitali• The Frith of Forth.
ty, that he had met with the worst t A barren Island in the Frith of Forth. u sage, that he was in danger of his life from the plots of his Enemies, and that private; as he is unhappily a man too he applied to the Chancellor, as the well known, not to have enquiries first civil Magistrate of the Kingdom, made after him, should he disappear of desiring him to appoint a guard at his a sudden : He promises, on condition of own (Rousseau's) Expense, who might his being permitted to depart the King safely conduct him out of the kingdom. dom, to speak no ill of the King or The Chancellor made his Secretary Colgtry, or Ministers, or even of Mr. reply to him, that he was mistaken in Hume: As indeed says he, I have perthe nature of the Country, for that the haps no reason; my jealousy of him first post boy he could apply to, was as having probably arisen from my own safe a Guide as the Chancellor could suspicious temper, sour'd by misforappoint. At the very same time that tunes. He says, that he wrote a Vol Rousseau wrote this letter to the Chan- ume of Memoirs, chiefly regarding the cellor, he wrote to Davenport, that he treatment he has met with in England : had eloped from him, actuated by a he has left it in safe hands, and will order very natural desire, that of recovering it to be burned, in case he be permitted his liberty; but finding he must still be to go beyond seas, and nothing shall in captivity, he preferred that at Woot. remain to the dishonour of the King and ton : For his captivity at Spalding was his Ministers. This letter is very well intolerable beyond all human patience, wrote, so far as regards the style and and he was at present the most wretch- composition; and the author is so vain ed being on the face of the globe : He of it, that he has given about Copies, as wou'd therefore return to Wootton, if of a rare production. It is indeed, as he were assured that Davenport would General Conway says, the Composition receive him. Here I must tell you, that of a whimsical man, not of a madman. the Parson of Spalding was about two But what is more remarkable, the very months ago in London, and told Mr. same post, he wrote to Davenport, that Fitzherbert, from whom I had it, that having arrived within sight of the Sea, he had passed several hours every day and finding that he was really at liber. with Rousseau, while he was in that ty to go or stay as he pleas'd, he had place ; that he was cheerful, and good intended voluntarily to return to him; humoured, easy, and enjoy'd himself but seeing in a Newspaper an Account perfectly well, without the least fear or of his departure from Wootton, and complaint of any kind. However this concluding his offences were too great may be, our Hero, without waiting for to be forgiven, he was resolr'd to deany answer, either from the Chancellor part for France. Accordingly, withor Mr. Davenport, decamps on a sud- out any farther preparation, and withden from Spalding, and takes the road out waiting General Conway's answer, directly to Dover; whence he writes a he took his passage in a packet boat, letter to General Conway seven pages and went off that very Evening Thus long, and full of the wildest extrava- you see, he is a composition of whim, gance in the world. He says, that he affectation, wickedness, vanity, and Inhad endur'd a captivity in England, quietude, with a very small if any inwhich it was impossible any longer to gredient of madness. He is always submit to : It was strange, that the complaining of his health ; yet I have greatest in the Nation, and the whole scarce ever seen a more robust little Nation itself, should have been seduced man of his years : He was tir'd in Engby one private man, to serve his ven- land, where he was neither persecuted geance against another private man; He nor caressed, and where, he was sensifound in every face that he was here the ble, he had exposed himself: He ree object of general derision and aversion, solved therefore to leave it; and have and he was therefore infinitely desirous ing no pretence, he is obliged to coli to remove from this country. He there- trive all those absurdities, which he fore begs the General to restore him to himself, extravagant as he is, gives no his liberty, and allow him to leave En- credit to. At least, this is the only gland ; He warns him of the danger key I can devise to his character. The there may be of cutting his throat in ruling Qualities abovemention'd, to