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gether with Ingratitude, Ferocity, and which will, I suppose, suffice to justify Lying, I need not mention Eloquence me in every body's Eyes, and in my and Invention, form the whole of the own, for the publication of his letters Composition.

and my narrative of the Case. You When he arrived at Paris, all my will see by the papers that a new letter friends. who were likewise all his, of his to M. D. which I imagine to be agreed totally to neglect him : The Davenport, is published. This letter public too disgusted with his multiply'd was probably wrote immediately on his and indeed criminal Extravagancies, arrival at Paris; or perhaps is an effect show'd no manner of concern about of his usual inconsistence : I do not him. Never was such a Fall from the much concern myself which : Thus he time I took him up, about a year and has had the satisfaction, during a time, a half before. I am told by D'Alem- of being much talk'd of, for his late bert and Horace Walpole, that sensible transactions; the thing in the world he of this great alteration, he endeavoured most desires : But it has been at the Exto regain his credit by acknowledging pense of being consign'd to perpetual to every body his fault with regard to neglect and oblivion.-My complime : But all in vain : He has retir'd to ments to Mr. Oswald ; and also to Mrs. a village in the mountains of Auvergne, Smith. I am Dear Smith, Yours sinas M. Durand tells me, where nobody cerely. enquires after him. He will probably (Sd.) David HUME. endeavour to recover his fame by new London, 8. of Oct. 1707. publications; and I expect with some P. S. Will you be in town next Wincuriosity the reading of his Memoirs, ter.

ADDRESS TO THE ORANGE TREE AT VERSAIGLES, CALLED THE GREAT

BOURBON, WHICH IS ABOVE 400 YEARS OLD.

When France with civil wars was torn,
And heads, as well as crowns, were shorn

From royal shoulders,
One Bourbon, in unalter'd plight,
Hath still maintaind its legal right,
And held its court-a goodly sight

To all beholexrs.
Thou, leafy monarch, thou alone,
Hath sat uninjur'd on thy throne,

Seeing the war range ;
And when the great Nassaus were sent
Crownless away, (a sad event!)
Thou didst uphold and represent

The House of Orange.
To tell what changes thou hast seen,
Each grand monarque, and king,and queen,

Of French extraction ;
Might puzzle those who don't conceive
French bistory, so I believe
Comparing thee with ours will give

More satisfaction.
Westminster-hall, whose oaken roof,
The papers say, (but that's no proof,)

Is nearly rotten ;
Existed but in stones and trees
When thou wert waving in the breeze,
And blossoms, (what a treat for bees !)

By scores hadst gotten.
Chaucer, so old a bard that time
Has antiquated every chime,
And from his tomb outworn each rhyme

Within the Abbey ;

And Gower, an older poet, whom
The Borough Church enshrines, (his tomb
Though once restor'd, has lost its bloom,

And got quite shabby,)
Liv'd in thy time—the first perchance
Was beating monks", when thou in France

By monks wert beaten,
Who shook beneath this very tree
Their reverend beards, with glutton glee,
As each downfalling luxury

Was caught and eaten.
Perchance, when Henry gain'd the fight
Of Agincourt, some Gaulish Knight,
(His bleeding steed in woeful plight,

With smoking haunches,)
Laid down his helmet, at thy root,
And as he pluck'd thy grateful fruit,
Suffer'd his poor exhausted brute

To crop thy branches.
Thou wert of portly size and look,
When first the Turks besieg'd and took

Constantinople ;
And eagles in thy boughs might perch,
When leaving Bullen in the lurch,
Another Henry changed his church,

And used the Pope ill.
What numerous namesakes hast thou seen
Lounging beneath thy shady green,

With monks as lazy ;
• There is a tradition, (though not authenticated)
that Chaucer was fined for beating a friar in Flee,
Street.

Louis Quatorze has press'd that ground, Whilst thou, serene, unalter'd, calm,
With his six mistresses around,

(Such are the constant gifts and balm A sample of the old and sound

Bestow'd by Nature ! . Legitimacy.

Hast year by year renew'd thy flowers, And when despotic freaks and vices

And perfum'd the surrounding bowers, Brought on the inevitable crisis

And poir'd down grateful fruit by showers, Of revolution,

And profier'd shade in summer hows Thou heard'st the mobs' infuriate shriek,

To man and creature.
Who came their victim Queen to seek, Thou green and venerable tree!
On guiltless heads the wrath to wreak Whate'er the future doom may be
Or Retribution.

By fortune givin, 0! of what follies, vice, and crime,

Remember that a rhymester brought Hast thou, in thy eventful tiine,

From foreign shores thine umbrage sought, Been made beholder!

Recall'd the blessings thou hadst wrought, What wars, what feuds—the thoughts appal! And, as he thank d thee, rais'd his thought Each against each, and all with all,

To heav'n! Till races upon races fall

New Mon. Mag In earth to moulder.

(English Magazines, for November 1821.)

Biography
OP REMARKABLE CHARACTERS RECENTLY DECEASED.

THOMAS PLEASANTS, A NAME never to be forgotten ders attending such privations. la h in the annals of charity and be- consequence of such complicated misenevolence; when time shall have ries, the woollen weavers and the artidrawn the curtain of oblivion, before sans concurred in 1809, in presenting the records of wit, learning, and talent, a memoir to their landlord the tari of his name shall live in the breast of vir- Meath, the Farming and Dublin 30tue, and cheer distant generations by cieties, the lord mayor, and other dise monuments of utility.

tinguished personages, praying them to He was born in the county of Car- take into consideration their distressed low, and died in Dublin, in the nine- state; and to adopt some measures, tieth year of his age, March 1st, 1818; whereby their warps, wool, and cloth, was educated for the bar, but never might be dried in the winter and wet practised. He possessed strong pow. weather. For this purpose, many ers of mind, and great classical attain- meetings took place, and it was at ments, and profound knowledge of the length determined, that an application laws of his country. Enjoying inde- should be made to the Imperial Parliapendent property in the shades of re- ment, for about £3,500 sterling, which tirement, he considered how he might they supposed might be sufficient for a employ it usefully, encourage industry, building to answer the purposes prayed and mitigate distress. But here it may for. Accordingly, this affecting ap be necessary to advert to the wretched peal was laid before the Dublin Sociestate of the woollen weavers in the ty, 2d of March, 1809, who admitted, populous and manufacturing districts that the importance of the subject de of the city, and Earl of Meath liberty manded their protection and recomadjoining. It has been calculated, that mendation, but that they could not at about twenty-two thousand persons present make an application to parlia supported themselves by this branch of ment on the subject, and finally poste trade, during those seasons of the year poned its consideration to a future day. in which they could dry the wool It was then proposed to raise the sun warps and cloths in the open air ; but by shares on transferable debentures of in the winter, when rain, snow, or frost ten pounds each. This proposal also set in, they were thrown out of em- failed, though it held out the probabiliploy, and then suffered all the miseries ty of its proving productive of emolo of hunger, cold, and the usual disor- ment to its humane and patriotic pro

moters. In short, nothing towards the to build an operating rool relief of this complicated misery was the interest of the residue effected, until Thomas Pleasants, be- for ever to purchase wine a fore whose name, no most noble, or cessaries for the afflicted. right honourable caught the admiring sented the Dublin Society gaze, purchased these titles in perpet- worth of valuable books; and, at the uity, from every being who bows at expense of near £700 he erected the the shrine of virtue, from every heart beautiful gates and lodges at their bothat expands at the touch of feeling, tanical garden, at Glassnevin, near the humanity, or charity.

city. It is impossible to enumerate He purchased a piece of ground, the extent of his private charities—he April, 1814, and proceeded to the erec- seemed only to exist for the purpose of tion of that useful and elegant fabric, benevolence and liberality, and to difthe Stove Tenter House, at an expense fuse comfort in the habitations of the of upwards of £14,000, being four wretched. By his will, after legacies times the amount of the sum solicited to a surviving brother, to some other as a subscription amongst wealthy in relations, his law agent, surgeon, apothdividuals and patriotic societies !!! ecary, and domestics, he appoints three This admirable fabric is two hundred trustees, to whom he gives £100 per and sixteen feet long, and twenty-two annum each, for life, in consideration wide, it has three lofts, supported by of their trouble; and, after their deiron pillars, with floors of the most in- cease, the same sum to the senior cugenious construction; the admirable rates of St. Peter's and St. Brides's yet simple manner with which the iron parishes, who are to be trustees for tenters, stoves, and other apparatus are ever. To these trustecs he bequeaths combined, exhibits skill and strength his house and garden in Camden street, that cannot be surpassed; it is like- and £15,000 to found a school for prowise rendered fire-proof. A few hours testant females, where as many as the now effect, in perfection, what hereto- funds will permit are to be lodged, fore could not be attained in an imper- dieted, clothed, and educated, so as to fect manner in many days. In various render them useful members of society, parts of the building are appropriate and the trustees are to be residuary mottoes cast on plates of iron, to attract legatees to all his remaining property the attention of the artisans employed, for the funds of this school. To the and impress on their minds the max- schools and alms-houses of St. Brides's ims of industry, sobriety, and morality. parish he bequeathed £6,000. To The Meath or County Hospital, situa- the parishes of St. Luke and St. Catheted in the same populous district, from rine £1,000 each, and the same sums want of sufficient funds, could not af- to the Fever and Meath hospitals. His ford relief to the numbers who claimed fine collection of paintings, by Rubens, it; and there being no operating room, Vandyke, Schalken, Rembrandt, &c. the surgeons and patients were dis- to the Dublin Society for the Encourtressed by the necessity of performing agement of the Fine Arts in Ireland, all in the open wards. Mr Pleasants that country he so much loved, and of could not contemplate, unmoved, such which he was one of the brightest orcalls on humanity, and at one time he naments. sent the sum of £6,000-£4,000 of it

MRS. SARAH BOND. DIED, Oct. 7, 1821, Sarah Bond, kept constantly secured, and the signal

an old maiden lady, upwards of of the milkman, or any one applying 70 years of age. She was a most sin- for admission, was by throwing a stone gular character. She kept no servant, against the door or window. A neigh associated with none of her neighbours, bour's daughter was in the habit of goand her only intimate was a favourite ing every morning to procure her wacat. Her doors and windows were ter ; but on the 8th inst. after repeated signals she could get no entrance. The at first declined, saying she was not in girl went for her mother, and with a want of money. diamond ring they cut a pane of glass, The death of this eccentric woman got admission, and proceeded up stairs. created a great sensation in the neighThere they found the old lady, by the bourhood where she dived, among such side of her bed, with her clothes on, of her own sex as now and then could and a small piece of cat's meat in her get a bird's-eye glimpse of her while hand. They soon discovered that she living; one lamented that she was not was dead. It is supposed she died of so fortunate as to have proffered her serapoplexy, as no marks of violence ap- vices ; another that she had not offered peared, nor was any of the property to make her bed, and assist her in her disturbed. From the abstemious man- domestic arrangements, &c. so as to ner of her living, it was supposed her have a chance of coming in for some circumstances were very limited ; but part of her immense wealth. In 1812, on examining her drawers, Stock Re- it is said she had £30,000 in the funds, ceipts and Government Securities were and the same year she had £15,000 found to the amount of near £100,000 left her ; at that time she had sunk sterling! She always declared she £12,000 for a proportionate liseannuity. would make no will, for “ the King" Living in so abstemious a manner, no should have all her money. Every doubt the interest and compound intersearch has been made but no will found. est of all her money have ever since Her sister died a few years ago and left been accumulating. her £7,000, which it now seems, she

GODFREY MIND, THE CAT PAINTER.

REFORE speaking of a man whose lieve Herodotus, when the house of an D whole life was spent in the com- Egyptian took fire, he first hastened pany and contemplation of cats, I am to convey his cats to a place of securitempted to offer a few observations up- ty, and afterwards looked about for his on the singular fate of these animals, wife and children. The father of his who have experienced such various tory has, perhaps, a little exaggerated treatment from mankind, and upon the love of the Egyptians for their fourwhom such dissimilar and clashing footed favourites; yet some are bold opinions have been entertained. . Idol- enough to assert, that, even at the preized by one people, contemned by sent day, there are persons who, though another; classed by naturalists in the otherwise excellent good Christians, rather unamiable family of lions and would, under similar circumstances, tigers ; gifted with the boss of murder become Egyptians. by the craniologists of these latter days; One is inclined to think that the cats, if they were endowed with the Greeks, who were indebted for so mafaculty of reflection, might, with good ny things to the inhabitants of the land reason, feel astonished at the strange of pyramids, would have also inherited and capricious destiny reserved to their affection for these animals; but them. It was the custom formerly, in it is rather surprising that there is not some cities of Europe, to burn on St. a single passage concerning them in John's day one of these animals, with any of the Greek naturalists. Plutarch, all the honours of an auto da . The who wrote a treatise upon the instinct Egyptians, on the contrary, worship- of beasts, tells several anecdotes of the ped them as gods. In their ancient sagacity of most species of animals. catacombs the mummies of cats are He speaks of a goose that evinced the found in such immense numbers, that most tender attachment to an Egypone is led to suppose that the individ- tian young man ; and of an elephant, nals of the feline race must have been which every morning paid his addresa amongst the most distinguished bene- ses to a flower girl, to the very great factors of the human kind. If we be- annoyance of the grammarian Aristo

phanes, his rival. But Plutarch ob- turbing the repose of his favourite Griserves the most profound silence with malkin, that had fallen asleep upon it. regard to cats. It appears that this I shall here state an anecdote related animal was not domesticated amongst by M. Ladoucette :-“ Madame Helthe Greeks. Probably the Boileaus of vetius had a wild cat that continually Athens often said, in their satires upon lay at her feet, seemingly always ready that city,

to defend her. It never shewed the

least hostility to the birds which Ma. Yo pense qu'avec eux tout l'enfer est chez moi ;

dame H. kept; and it would receive L'un miaule en grondant comme un tigre en furie, L'autre roule sa voix, comme un enfant qui crie."' food and caresses from no one but its

mistress. At the death of this excelThey were, perhaps, of opinion, that lent and amiable woman, the poor anithe cat was “a selfish and faithless mal was removed from her apartment, servant, that conformed to some of the but it contrived, the next morning, to habits of society, without being imbued make its way thither; it went into the with its spirit, and whose predatory bed, sat upon her chair, slowly and and robber-like disposition had not mournfully paced over her toilet, and been totally eradicated, but only modi- seemed, by its plaintive cries, to be fied, by a careful education, into the calling or regretting its lost friend. It flattering duplicity of a knave.” Frown afterwards escaped from the house, fled not, fair readers; these are the words to the cemetery, and, laying itself down of Buffon, and not mine.

... upon the grave of its mistress, expired This judginent, it must be allowed, apparently from grief and despair.” is rather uncharitable : the more cour- If cats were so inclined, they might teous authors of the new French Dic- form a not disreputable library of the tionary of Natural History have thought works written upon them. The auproper to mitigate its severity.

thor of the 66 Essay upon the Art of I am far from wishing to enter the Pleasing," has not disdained to constilists for the rigid Buffon against his

tute himself their historiographer. Mamore indulgent successors. I should dame Deshoulieres, Delille, and other dread, by taking such a part, to find

poets, have sung their praises ; Gugot myself opposed to the sentiments of the Desherbieres has consecrated an entire fairest portion of my readers.

poem to them. Another of their Rousseau, it is said, preferred the friends (the subject of the present articat to the dog, because the one has pre- cle) devoted his whole life and talents served its freedom and independence, to their service. This artist who died while the other has willingly entered at Bern about eight years ago, was into bondage.

named Godfrey. Mind. He was the The cat is by no means devoid of

son of a poor carpenter. A painter, qualities capable of inspiring attach- who found him while yet a boy in a ment. Petrarch, whose heart was full state of misery and starvation, took of Laura as his mind was full of poetry, compassion on him, gave him some entertained the most lively affection for lessons in drawing, and aroused a latent a cat, the companion of his solitude. taste which he had for that art. Young On visiting the country-house in which Mind shewed a marked predilection for he dwelt, near Padua, one of the first sketching the figures of animals ; but objects that attract attention, is a glazed his progress at first was slow, as all bis niche in one of the apartments, inclos

time was occupied in colouring plates ing an embalmed cat, whose demurely for an engraver of Bern, with whom he proud regard seems to say to the tra- worked by the day. He had so little veller, “ And I also was beloved by capacity for any other kind of instrucPetrarch." The cat has succeeded in tion, that he could scarcely learn to gaining the affections of a much less

write his name. Wearied at length gentle and amiable person than Laura; with colouring engravings from morn namely, Mahomet, who preferred cut- till night, he quitted his employer's ting off the sleeve of his robe to dis- bouse, and established himself for the

2W ATHENEUM VOL. 10.

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