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NOVEMBER is, usually, a very ation of any sort can make it a very

gloomy month, yet there are in- agreeable thing to feel as if one's body tervals of clear and pleasant weather : were wrapped round with cold wet pathe mornings are occasionally sharp, per. But the mind can often help it. but the hoar frost is soon dissipated by self with agreeable images against the sun, and a fine open day follows. disagreeable ones; or pitch itself round Mists and fog's sometimes continue, to the best sides and aspects of them. yet fogs and mists have their bright The solid and fiery ball of the sun, sides. Being nothing but vapours, stuck, as it were, in the thick foggy which the cold air will not suffer to atmosphere; the moon just winning evaporate, they must have body enough her way through it, into beams; nay, to present a gorgeous aspect next the the very candles and gas-lights in the sun. To the eye of an eagle, or what- shop windows of a misty evening, all ever other eyes may be to look down have in our eyes, their agreeable varieupon them, they must appear like mas- ties of contrast to the surrounding haze. ses of cloudy gold. In fact, they are The poets have, in numberless pasbut clouds unrisen. The city, in this sages, done justice to these our melanmonth, is often literally a city in the choly visitors. Examples might be clouds. Its inhabitants walk through produced from Homer, Virgil, Milton the same airy heaps, which, at other and others; we can only find a place times, float afar over their heads in the for the following from SPENSER. It is sky, or minister with glorious faces to a scene thickly beset with horror. Sir the setting sun.

Guyon, in the course of his voyage We do not say, that any one can through the perilous sea wishes to stop hold a fire in his hand, by thinking and hear the Syrens ; but the Palmer, on a fine sunset; or that sheer imagin- his companion, dissuades him ;

When suddenly a grosse fog over spred
With his dull vapour all that desert has,
And heaven's chearefull face enveloped,

That all things one, and one as nothing was,
And this great universe seemed one confused mass.
ATHENEUM VOL. 10.

M

Thereat they greatly were dismayd, ne wist
How to direct theyr way in darkness wide ;
But feared to wander in that wastefull mist
For tombling into mischiefe unespyde :
Worse is the daunger hidden then descride.
Suddeinly an innumerable flight
Of harmless fowles about them fluttering cride,

And with theyr wicked wings them oft did smight,
And sore annoyed, groping in that griesly night.

Even all the nation of unfortunate
And fatall birds about them flocked were,
Such as by nature men abhorre and hate;
The ill-faced owle, deaths dreadful messengere :
The hoarse night-raven, trump of dolefull drere :
The lether-winged batt, dayes enimy :
The rueful stritch, still waiting on the bere :

The whistler shrill, that whoso heares doth dy :
The hellish harpies, prophets of sad destiny :
All these, and all that els does horror breed,
About them flew, and fild theyr sayles with fear;
Yet stavd they not, but forward did proceed,

Whiles th' one did row, and the other stifly steare. Whether November be gloomy or of a ruddy milk-maid, who, undisturfine should be immaterial to the reflect- bed by doubt, hears the sermon with ing mind; we must not suffer our hap- humility every Sunday, not having conpiness to depend on the state of the founded the sentiments of natural duty weather : a much smaller portion of in her head by the vain enquiries of this grand elirir vitæ is to be attribu- the schools, who may be more learned, ted to climate than is generally imag- yet, after all, must remain as ignorant. ined. Under all climates and seasons, And, after having seen part of Asia man is the cause of his own disap- and Africa, and almost made the pointments and vexations. Not the tour of Europe, I think the honest circumstances that surround him, English Squire more happy, who vewhether he be placed among the fer- rily believes the Greek wines less devid plains of India, the sandy deserts licious than March beer ; that the of Arabia, the temperate vales of Eu- African fruits have not so fine a flavour rope, or the snow-clad regions of the as golden pippins; that the becafigas Poles, are to blame : man is not, there- of Italy are not so well tasted as a fore, either happy or unhappy. Wheth- rump of beef, and that, in short there er he enjoy the perpetual spring of Qui- is no perfect enjoyment of this life, to, the verdant summer of Britain, the out of Old England. rich autumn of Italy, or the winter The naturalist, who lately contemthe long-long winter of Lapland, plated the trees and shrubs in all their and the Arctic circle; they are all beauty of outline, foliage, blossoms, equally indifferent to his real happiness. colours, and lights and shadows, must

• The partiality for our native coun- now contemplate them in their ramifitry,' it has been well observed by a cations, sprays, buds, and barks, in lively writer, was certainly given us which he will still find abundance of by nature, to prevent rambling, the ef- beauty and wonder. Thus, we admire fect of an ambitious thirst after knowl- the symmetry of form, the sparkling edge, which we are formed to enjoy. eye, the blooming cheek, and the curAll we get by it is a fruitless desire ling lock, in the human, especially the of mixing the different pleasures and female, figure ; but who does not, likeconveniences which are given to the wise, admire the proportion and polish different parts of the world, and can- of the bones, and the admirable connot meet in any one of them. After trivance of the joints of the bare skehaving read all that is to be found in leton ? It was the contemplation of a the languages I am mistress of, and skeleton which turned Galen from behaving decayed my sight by midnight ing an atheist into a worshipper of the studies, I envy the easy peace of mind Great Jehovah !

A few of our forest trees which are common in October and November; called • deciduous' retain their foliage but the partial injury which they ocuntil late in the spring, especially when casion is amply compensated by the shooting from old stools in woods and benefits derived from them in purifying copses, where they furnish a comforta- the atmosphere. ble shelter for many of the small birds

Amid the mighty clouds that move along, during the night, and a covert for the

The moaning winds of Autumn sing their owl by day, as boys well know. The song, leaves of the common elm now strew And shake the red leaves from the forest trees; the ground in profusion, and we tram- And subterranean voices speak.

B. Cornwall. ple over the rustling foliage without noticing any thing remarkable. Should The following lines afford a fine we be led to observe these leaves, we description of the effect of a storm on shall find them marked with a dark the aged tenants of the forest :spot, which is invariably attached to How won

How would each sweeping pond'rous bough some of them, every autumn, more Resist,when straight the whirlwind cleaves, or less; by dissection under the mi- Dashing in strengthening eddies through croscope it forms a very pretty ob- A roaring wilderness of leaves ! ject, constituting one of the numerous

How would the prone descending show'r

From the green canopy rebound ! race of FUNGI, arranging as sphoria How would the lowland torrents pour ! xylomoides ! Perhaps no part of or- How deep the pealing thunder sonad! ganized creation exists for self alone,

Bloomfield. but constitutes a portion of one great In this war of the elements many a union; the fine bearing and connection noble forester is stretched upon the of each fibre may elude our discovery, ground; many a gparled oak sucbut reason and conviction fill up the cumbs to the power of the mighty void. Every known animal yields wind :—but removed and at length support to some other being, either ex- converted into one of Britain's best... ternally or internally; and generally bulwarks, will yet each genus affords something widely

Many a conflict brave, different from the other : the common And many a áreadful storm defy ; laurel and ilex aquafolia have a very Then, groaning o'er the adverse wave, remarkable one attached to their Bring home the fag of victory! leaves, when in a state of decay

"Bloomfield. (sphæria bifrons), unlike any oth- Such is the effect of a storm on the er that we know of; and this spot up- forests in this temperate region ; but on the elm leaf, though not so remark- insignificant is this compared with the able, presents its distinctive character hurricane of America, the progress of as manifestly as in plants of more fre- wlrich is so admirably described by her quent and ready observation. These native bard, Mr. PAULDING. Much as little notices engage our thoughts and we affect to despise the literature of employ our faculties, and the next tran- our transatlantic brethren, and unwilsition perhaps

ling as we are to allow them merit of Fixes on the any kind, the most prejudiced EnglishMind the impress deep of wisdom and of man must, we think, on the perusal of Power, and lifts the grateful soul with joy, the following lines, be convinced that With rapture, and with love.

the Americans possess at least one Violent storms of wind are not un- living poet.'

The forest roared, the everlasting orek .
In writhing agonies the storm bespoke ;
The live leaves scattered wildly every where,
Whirled round in madd'ning circles in the air ;
The stoutest limbs were scattered all around,
The stoutest trees a stouter master found ;
Crackling and crashing down they thund'ring go,
And seem to crush the shrinking rocks below : libera
Then the thick rain in gathering torrents poured,
Higher the river rose, and louder roared,

And on its dark, quick eddying surface bore
The gathered spoils of earth along its shore ;
While trees that not an hour before had stood
The lofty monarchs of the stately wood,
Now whirling round and round with furious course,
Dash 'gainst the rocks that breast the torrent's force,
And shiver like a reed by urchin broke,
Through idle mischief, or with heedless stroke :
A hundred cataracts, unknown before,
Rush down the mountain's side with fearful roar,
And as with foaming fury down they go,
Loose the firm rocks and thunder them below;
Blue lightnings from the dark cloud's bosom sprung,
Like serpents, menacing with forked tongue;
While many a sturdy oak that stiMy braved
The threat'ning hurricane that round it raved,
Shivered beneath its bright, resistless flash,
Came tumbling down amain, with fearful crash:
Air, earth, and skies, seemed now to try their pow'r,
And struggle for the mastery of the hour.

Backwoodsman.

The 11th of November is celebrated What though wynter has begunne as St. Martin's Day.

To push down the summer sunne,

To our fire we can betake, He was a native of Hungary, and

And enjoy the crackling brake; for some time followed the life of a sol Never heedinge wynter's face dier ; but afterwards took orders, and On the day of Martilmasse. was made Bishop of Tours in France, The 22d of November is celebrated in which see he continued for twenty- as St. Cecilia's Day. six years. Martin died about the year Cecilia was a Roman lady, who re397. Formerly a universal custom fusing to renounce her religion, was prevailed of killing cows, oxen, swine, thrown into a furnace of boiling water, &c. at this season, which were cured and was scalded to death. Others say for winter consumption; as fresh pro- that she was stifled in a, bath, a punvisions were seldom or never to be had ishment frequently inflicted, at that during the dreary months which suc- time, on female criminals of rank. She ceed November. This practice is yet suffered martyrdom about the year 225. retained in some country villages. Cecilia is regarded as the patroness of It is the day of Martilmasse,

music, and is represented with a regal Cuppes of ale should freelie passe,

in her hand.

ON MUSIC.

BY WM. STRODE.
WHEN whispering streams do softly steal
With creeping passions through the heart;
And when, at every touch, we feel
Our pulses beat, and bear a part ;

When threads can make

A heart-string quake,
Philosophy

Can scarce deny
The soul can melt in harmony.
O lull me, lull me! charming air,
My sense is rocked with wonders sweet,
Like snow on wool thy fallings are,
Soft, like a spirit's, are thy feet;

Grief who need fear.
That hath an ear ?
Down let him lie,

And slumbering die,
And change his soul for harmony. >

ORIGIN OF RINGS, AND SUPERSTITIOUS RESPECT FOR THE VIRTUES

OF RARE GEMS.

A CCORDING to the accounts of when the Hebrews were to be punish

the heathen mythology, Prome- ed by death for their sins; when they theus, who in the earliest ages had dis- were to fall by the sword, it appeared covered a great number of secrets, hav- of a blood colour ; if they were innoing been delivered from the chains by cent, it sparkled as usual. which he was fastened to Mount Cau- It is observable that the ancient Hecasus, for stealing fire from heaven, in brews used rings in the time even of memory or acknowledgment of the fa- the war of Troy. Queen Jezebel, to vour he had received from Jupiter, destroy Naboth, as is related in the made himself a ring of one of those third book of Kings, made use of the . chains, in whose collet he represented ring of Ahab, King of the Israelites, the figure of the rock where he had her husband, to seal the counterfeit been detained : or rather, as Pliny says, letters that ordered the death of that set in it a bit of the same rock, and put unfortunate man. Judah, as is menit on his finger. This was the first tioned in Genesis, chapter xxxviii. ring and the first stone.

abused his daughter-in-law, Thamar, But we otherwise learn that the use who had disguised herself, by giving of rings is very ancient, and that the her his ring and bracelets as a pledge Egyptians were the first inventors of of the faith he had promised her. them; which seems confirmed by the Though the great Homer is silent in person of Joseph, who as we read in regard to rings, both in his Iliad and Genesis, chap. xli. for having inter- Odyssey, they were, notwithstanding, preted Pharaoh's dream, received not used in the time of the Greeks and only his liberty, but was rewarded with Trojans; and it is from them several the Prince's ring, a collar of gold, and other nations received them. the superintendency of Egypt.

The ring was reputed by some na

tions a symbol of liberality, esteem, Josephus, in the third book of the Jewish Antiquities, says, that the Is

and friendship, particularly among the raelites had the use of them after their

Persians, none being allowed to wear passing the Red Sea; because Moses,

any, except when given to them from at his return from Mount Sinai, found

the hand of the King himself. This is that they had forged the golden calf

what may be also reinarked in the per

son of Apollonius Thyanneus, who, as from the rings of their wives.

a token of singular esteem and great The same Moses, which was up- liberality, received one of surprising wards of four hundred years before the virtue from the great Tarchas, the war of Troy, permitted the priests he Prince of the Gymnosophists, who were had established the use of gold rings, the ancient priests of the Indies, and enriched with precious stones. The dwelt in forests, as our bards and druids, high priest wore upon his ephod, which where they applied themselves to the was a kind of caftan, rich rings that study of wisdom, and to the speculaserved him as clasps; and between tion of the heaven and stars. This two of these clasps a large emerald philosopher, by the means of that ring, was set, and engraven with mysterious learned every day the greatest secrets names. The ring he wore on his fin- in nature. ger was of inestimable value and celes- The Lacedemonians, as related by tial virtue.

Alexander ab Alexandro, pursuant to Had not Aaron, the high priest of the ordinances of their King Lycurgus, the Hebrews, a ring on his finger, had only iron rings, despising those of whereof the diamond, by its virtue, op- gold; either that their King was willerated prodigious things ? for it chang- ing thereby to retrench luxury, or not ed its livid lustre into a dark colour, to permit the use of them.

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