Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

Mémaliki Mahrouséyi Shahané. 29 vilayété taqsim olounour. Bounlardan altîsî. Avropada, yirmi biri Asiyada, biri Afriqada digér biri dakhi Aq dénizdé dîr.

at Ko Conversation.

ممالك شاهانه نه به تقسيم اولنور?

يكرمي طقوز قطعه ولايتلره تقسيم اولنور. بو و لايترك نقدری آوروپاده در ? التي قطعه سي اورو پاده در . آسیاده بولنان ولايتلر قاچ قطعه در يكربی بر قطعه در. [در . ديكر ايكيسي نره لرده در بری آفریقاده و ديكری آق دکنزده لوا و یا خود سانجاق نه در ? ولاتیدن آشاغی اولان تقسیمدر . والى كیمدري

ولايتك اداره سنه مسؤل اولان ذاتدر . لوانك اداره سنه كيم مسؤلدرج متصرفلر مسؤلدرلر. قائممقام کیمدر ?

قضانك اداره سنه مسؤل اولان ناحيه نك اداره سنه كيم مسؤولدر ? مدیرلر مسؤلدر . ذات در . قريه نه ديمك در?

کوی ديمكدر . قريه لرك اداره سنه كيم مسؤلدر ? اختیار مجلسلری و مختارلر مسؤلدرنر. ممالك شاهانه ده کي لوالرك عددی افندم ! اوالرك عددی ۱۱۹ در.

قادر ? قضالرك عددی قادر ?

افندم ! قضالر ۵۰۰ قطعه در . قاچ ناحية و قاچ قريه وار در ناحيه لرك عددی ۱۳۹۰ و قریه لركل

ايسه ۱۰۳۰۷ در. لوایه دها نه دیرلر ?

متصرفلق ده درلر [ده دیرلر. ديكرلرینه نه دیرلر ?

قضایه قائمقا ملق و ناحيه يه مدير لك

.18

Lesson درس ۱۸

.Compound Verbs مرک فعلار

$ 271. Compound verbs are formed by employing Arabic, Persian and Turkish words with the Turkish auxiliary verbs, or by affixing certain particles to nouns and adjectives in order to turn them into verbs.

1. Compound verbs, formed by using nouns

with auxiliary verbs. § 272. I. Compound Transitive verbs are constructed by uniting with nouns and adjectives (generally of Arabic and Persian origin) one of the four purely

or ايلمك ، ايتمك Turkish synonymous auxiliary verbs

Eloab!'ünlo 30 . g. étmék, éylémék, qilmaq, bouyourmaq, all meaning to do, to perform; but the first is most frequently used.

.

، سوال قبلمق‘ سوال ايلمك ‘ سوال اينمك :sinal question سوال .a

.to question سوال بویورمق آزاد بویورمق آزاد قیلمق، آزاد ایلمك ، آزاد ايتمك :azad free آراد .p

.to still
,

to hush صوص اينمك :sous silent صوص .t
.to moisten
;
to wet پاش ايتمك :yash moisture

; wet ياش .t

. ' to free.

: . ; .

Note. The original meaning of gos gu bouyourmaq is to command, to deign, to be kind enough, but as an auxiliary it is used when the agent is a person of rank or is politely treated as such.

$ 273. II. Compound Intransitive verbs are formed by uniting Arabic or Persian adjectives and active and passive participles (ismî fayil, méfuul) to the intransitive verb ölel olmaq “to be, to become”; as:

aims hasta sick: . .

:

öt el we go sous olmaq to be silent. $ 274. III. Compound Passive verbs are constructed with the same kind of words and with the passive form

[ocr errors]

.hasta olmaq to be sick خسنه اولق .memnoun olmaq to be glad ممنون اولمق : memnoun glad ممنون .a

:sous silent صوص .t

,edilmek , qilanmaq بیوراق قبلنمو ، ایدلك of the auxiliaries

bouyroulmaq, or more frequently with the passive forms of the verb ölgl olmaq; viz. önil gl olounmaq to become, to which there is nothing to correspond in English; as: a.

سوال پیورلق سوال قبلنمق سوال اولنمق ، سوال ايدلك :sival سوال .4

to be asked.

آزاد پورمق ، آزاد قبلنمق ، آزاد اوننمق ، آزاد ایدلك :azad آزاد .p

:firoukhte sale فروخت .p

a.

faroukht etdirmek to فروخت ایندرمك qatl etdirmek to cause قتل ایندرمك ihsan bouggourtmaq to احسان بیورمق

تعليم

a.

,tesharif honour تشریف .a

. ?

to be free. $ 275. IV. Compound Causal verbs are constructed with the same kind of words and with the causal forms of the auxiliaries Elostal jälgar étdirmék, bouyourtmaq, to cause to do. :

cause to sell. qatl slaughter:

to kill. a. ülmal ihsan grant:

, bouyourtmaq

help to be granted. ۳۸

to Exercise 38.
Form verbs from the following words:

1. ps kerem kindness. a. l>, riju request. 2. a. sijad invention.

. , visiting. 3. p. 31. shaz glad. a. deilig tebdil change. 4. a. *5.je azimét departure. a. Egge avdét return.

. 5. a. glej talim instruction. a. dã ý térjémé translation. 6. a. job zouhour appearance.

a. la bina building. 7. a. bis, vaz sermon. p. Jó kéôr blind. 8. a.

8. a. bis hifz keeping. a. ☺ri ghayrét labour. . present, gift.

2. Verbs derived from Nouns and Adjectives.

$ 276. 1. Transitive verbs are formed from nouns and adjectives by the addition of zoy lamaq to those containing hard vowels, and Eloa lémék to those containing soft vowels. When this termination is added to a noun, it has the meaning of to provide with, and when added to an adjective signifies to render; as:

hediye هدیه .a

Turkish Conv.-Grammar.

9

:ge0a eye كوز :bash head باش :qara black قره

.ge0zlemek to watch كوزلهمك .bashlamaq to begin باشلامق .qaralamnaq to blacken قره لامق

.
.

. Eload jis témizlémék to clean.

as témiz clean:

$ 277. II. Intransitive and Passive verbs are formed by the addition of law. Y lénmék, lanmaq to nouns or adjectives; as:

. .

.gtazellenmek to grow pretty كوزللنمك

.tolenmek to marry اولنمك .hazarlanmag to be ready حاضر لائق

.kharslannnaq to be angry خرصلانق

:qan blood قان .qanamag to bleed قانامق

:qoja old قوجه .qojamag to become old قوجه مق

:gash age باش .choghalmaq to increase چوغالمق : choq much چوق

.azalmaq to diminish إزالمق

§ 278. III. By adding simply zo -amaq, Elo -émék, öll -almaq, Ell -élmék, to the adjectives or nouns, another kind of Intransitive or Passive verbs is obtained; as:

:
:
:

il yashamaq to live.

: . jī az little:

. $ 279. IV. Some Intransitive verbs are formed

V -lashmaq, meaning to grow, to become, to get (gradually). is féna bad: iniy fénalashmaq To become worse :

(gradually). thened god éyiléshmék To grow better (grad.). § 280.

The same termination, however, added to nouns produces reciprocal verbs; as:

, leshoek- لاشمق، لشمك from adjectives by the addition of

a.

keotaleshmek کوتولشمك :leotid bad کوتو

:egt good ايو

a.

: meltoub letter مكتوب . -mektoublashmaq to corre مكتوبلاشمق

spond. A khaber information: 4:3 khabertéshmét to commu§ 281. V. Causal compound verbs are obtained by inserting • t in the first and 3rd forms and ys dir in the 2nd and 4th forms. 1. se bashlatmaq to let be begun.

nicate (intelligence).

.

.

.tulendirmek to make marry اولندرمك .2

.choghalemag to make abound چوغالتمق .3 .eyileshdirmek to make grow gradually better ایولشدرمك .4

:یان : sari yellow صاری .sousamaq to thirst صوصامق .ouzamaq to elongate اوزامق

.parlamaq to shine پارلامق

§ 282. VI. There are some exceptions to the abovementioned rules; as: üb yan side:

gelib yanashmaq to approach.

Qoylsho sararmaq to grow yellow. . . . incot ajiqmaq to be hungry.

۳۹

تعليم ۳۹

Exercise 39.

yaa باز ,qashe winter قيش ,top ball طوپ .5

.parcha piece yagh ياغ ,tash stone طاش .6

.gta autumn كوز ,summer poul پول ؛ كاغد ,toua salt طوز .

.bagh bind , tie باغ ,oil ,bosh empty بوش ,qourou dry قورو ، اسکی

.postage stamp.III .genj young كنج ,ehshi sour اکشی ,bing countenance بكز و كوج؛ آل ,qonjag bosom قوجاق ,pay portion پای .IV يشيل ‘ red قيزيل ‘ کوچوك

.iri big . VI ایری ,hard

Form verbs from the following words.
I.,II., V.1. 97 av game. 2. p. spo

méôhúr a seal. 3.a. jola hazîr ready. 4. El qat fold, p. oslo apyl paré, para,

, , yaz . , . , ,

. , , béñz , ) .

, .

The Potential Verb. $ 283. To be able to do an action is expressed by the verb Elaks bilmék 'to know, to be able' put after

« AnteriorContinuar »