Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry: With Their Applications to Heights and Distances Projections of the Sphere, Dialling, Astronomy, the Solution of Equations, and Geodesic Operations
Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1816 - 244 páginas
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altitude apparent application base becomes body called centre chap chapter circle computation consequently construction corresponding cosc cosec cosine declination deduced demonstration described determine dial difference distance dividing draw drawn earth equa equal equation evident Example expression figure former formulæ given gives half height Hence horizon hour line inclination included known latitude less logarithmic longitude means measured meridian method natural Note observed obtain opposite parallel passing perpendicular plane plane triangle pole positive preceding problem projection prop quadrant quantities radius regarded respectively right angled rules secant sides sine solid angle sphere spherical triangle star Substituting supposed surface tables taken taking tangent theorem third tion trigonometry values vertical whence yards
Página 4 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds.
Página 225 - ... third of the excess of the sum of its three angles above two right angles...
Página 19 - In any plane triangle, as twice the rectangle under any two sides is to the difference of the sum of the squares of those two sides and the square of the base, so is the radius to the cosine of the angle contained by the two sides.
Página 30 - TO THEIR DIFFERENCE ; So IS THE TANGENT OF HALF THE SUM OF THE OPPOSITE ANGLES', To THE TANGENT OF HALF THEIR DIFFERENCE.
Página 249 - OSTELL'S NEW GENERAL ATLAS; containing distinct Maps of all the principal States and Kingdoms throughout the World...
Página 34 - Call any one of the sides radius, and write upon it the word radius ; observe whether the other sides become sines, tangents, or secants, and write those words upon them accordingly. Call the word written upon each side the name of each side ; then say, As the name of the given side, Is to the given side ; So is the name of the required side, To the required side.
Página 69 - Being on a horizontal plane, and wanting to ascertain the height of a tower, standing on the top of an inaccessible hill, there were measured, the angle of elevation of the top of the hill 40°, and of the top of the tower 51° ; then measuring in a direct line 180 feet farther from the hill, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower was 33° 45' ; required the height of the tower.
Página 18 - AC, (Fig. 25.) is to their difference ; as the tangent of half the sum of the angles ACB and ABC, to the tangent of half their difference.