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he had given so long notice, we cannot learn; but it seems now he has passed that point, and obtained leave to bring in a bill. The title of this also varies considerably from the words of the notice; it is more comprehensive and general. To this there can be no objection; but past experience, on this very question, induces a fear, that by grasping at too much, little or nothing may be obtained; and that the very desirable reforms of the patent law, specified in the notice may be neglected, or omitted, among the numerous provisions which must necessarily be subjects of discussion in a satisfactory bill for the better encouragement of the arts and manufactures.

Patent Law Grievance. No. IV. The penalties inflicted on the inventive genius of Britain during the present year, up to the 25th ult., in the shape of government stamps and fees on patents, amount to more than £21,000 !

N.B. This sum has been paid in ready money, on taking the first steps, and as many of the inventors are poor men (operatives), and a great many others of them persons to whom it would be very inconvenient to pay at least £100. down, they have been obliged to go into debt, or mortgage or dispose of their inventions, either wholly or in part, &c.

NEW PATENTS. 1836.

ENGLISH.

N. B.-The first Date annexed to each Patent, is that on which it was sealed and granted; the second,

that on or before which the Specification must be delivered and enrolled. — The abbreviation For. Comm., signifies that the invention, &c., is “a communication from a foreigner residing abroad."

GRANTS.
MAY contd.

for improvements in capstans. June 130. JOSEPH BENCKE GEROTHWOHL, Cam

4.-Dec. 4. berwell-grove, Surr., Merchant; for 135. MANSAH BOWER, Birmingham, War., improvements in filtration. May 28.

for improvements applicable to vari-Nov, 58. For. Comm.

ous descriptions of carriages. June 131. FRANCIS Petit Smith, Hendon, Mid.,

7.-Dec. 7. Farmer, for an improved propeller for 136. JOHN YOUNG, Wolverhampton, Staff., steam and other vessels. May 31.

Patent Lock-smith, for improvements Nov. 30.

in the making or manufacturing of Total, Mar...29.

metal hinges for doors and other purposes.

June 7.- Dec. 7. 137. DANIEL CHAMBERS, Carey-st., Lin

JUNE.

coln's Inn, Water-closet manufac132. WILLIAM GOSSAGE, Stoke Prior, Wor., turer, and JOSEPH HALL, Margaret

for improvements in the apparatus, st., Cavendish-sq., Plumber, for an or means, used for evaporating water improvement in pumps. June 7.from saline solutions, and in the con- Dec. 7. struction of stoves for drying salts. 138. MILES BERRY, Chancery-lane, Middx., June 2.-Dec. 2.

Mechanical Draftsman, for improve133. LUKE HEBERT,

Paternoster-row, ments in machinery, or apparatus for Lond., Patent Agent, for improved cleaning, purifying, and drying wheat. machinery and processes for econo- or other grain or seeds. June 7.mizing and purifying the manufacture Dec. 7. of bread, a part of which is appli- 139. Amos GERALD Hull, Cockspur-st., cable to other purposes. June 2.- Charing-cross, Middx., Esq., for his Dec. 2,

invention of improvements in instru134. BARON HENRY DE BODE, Maj. Gen. ments for supplying the prolapsed

Russian service, Edgware-rd., Middx. Uterus. June 9.-Dec. 9.

140. EDWARD Massey, King-st., Clerken- | 152. John Young, Wolverhampton, Staff.,

well, Middx., Watchmaker, for im- Patent Lock-Smith; for improveprovements in the apparatus used for ments in manufacturing boxes and measuring the progress of vessels pullies for window-sashes and other through the water, and for taking purposes. June 21.-Dec, 21.

soundings at sea. June 13.-Dec. 13. 153. Robert Smith, Manchester, Lanc., 141. JACOB PERKINS, . Fleet-st., Lond., Engineer; for improvements in the

Civil-engineer; for improvements in means of connecting metallic plates apparatus for cooking. June 13. — for the construction of boilers and Dec. 13.

other purposes. June 22.-Dec. 22. 142. Miles Berry, Chancery-lane, Middx. 154. WILLIAM Wright, Salford, Lanc.,

Civil-engineer; for improved appa- Machine maker; for improvements ratus for torrefying, baking and roast- in twisting machinery used in the ing vegetable substances ; which preparation, spinning or twisting of with certain modifications and addi. cotton, fax, silk, wool, hemp, and tions is also applicable to the evapo

other fibrous substances. June 22.ration and concentration of saccharine Dec. 22. juices and other liquids. June 13.- 155. CHARLES PEARCE CHAPMAN, CornDec. 13. For. Comm.

hill, Lond., Zinc manufacturer; for 143. ALEXANDER RITCHIE, Leeds, York, improvements in printing silks,

Merchant; for an improvement in calicoes, and other fabrics. June 22.
dressing and finishing woollen cloths, -Dec. 22.
and other woven fabrics. June 13.– 156. William Bamatt, Brighton, Sussex,
Dec. 13.

Founder; for improvements in appa144. CHARLES SCHAFHAUTL, Dudley, Worc., ratus for generating and purifying gas

Gent. ; for improved apparatus for for the purposes of illumination.

puddling iron. June 13.-Dec. 13. June 22.-Dec. 22. 145. THOMAS Vaux, Woodford-bridge, 157. HAMER STANSFELD, Leeds, York,

Essex, Land-Surveyor ; for a mode Merchant; for improvements in maof constructing and applying a revol- chinery for preparing certain threads ving harrow for agricultural purposes. or yarns, and for weaving certain June 13.-Dec. 13.

fabrics. June 22.-Dec. 22. 146. JOHN WHITE, Southampton, Engi- 158. John WOOLRICH,

Birmingham, neer; for improvements on rotary Warw., Professor of Chemistry ; imsteam-engines, which implements or provements in producing or making parts thereof are applicable to other the substance commonly called, or

useful purposes. June 15.—Dec. 15. known by the name of, carbonate of 147. JAMES DREDGE, Bath, Som., for im- baryta or carbonate of barytes. June

provements in the construction of sus. 22.—Dec. 22.
pension chains for bridges, viaducts, 159. HENRY DUNNINGTON, Nott., Lace-
aqueducts, and other purposes, and manufacturer; for improvements in
in the construction of such bridges, making or manufacturing lace, June
viaducts, or aqueducts. June 17.- 22.-Dec. 22.
Dec. 17.

160. John Mc Dowall, Johnstone, Ren148. JOHN HOPKINS, Exmouth-st., Clerk- frew, N. Brit., and of Manchester,

enwell, Middx., Surveyor; for im- Lanc., Engineer ; for improvements provements in furnaces for steam- in the machinery for sawing timber, engine boilers and other purposes.

and in the mode of applying power June 18.-Dec. 18.

to the same.

June 24.-Dec. 24. 149. Louis GACHET, Cambridge-Heath, 161. GEORGE RICHARD ELKINGTON, Bir

Middx., Gent. ; for improvements in mingham, Warw., Gilt Toy-maker; machinery for manufacturing and for an improved method of gilding producing velvets and certain other copper, brass, and other metals, or fabrics. June 18.-Dec. 18.

alloy of metals. June 24.-Dec. 24. · 150. JOSEPH BUNNETT, Newington-cause- 162. SAMUEL HALL, Basford, Nott., Gent. ;

way, Southwark, Window-blind ma- for improvements in propelling vesker; for improvements in window- sels, also improvements in steamshutters, which improvements may engines, and in the method or methods also be applied to other useful pur- of working some parts thereof, some poses. June 18.-Dec. 18.

of which improvements are applicable 151. WILLIAM Watson, Liverpool, Lanc., to other purposes. June 24.-Dec. 24.

Merchant; for improvements in the 163. ALEXANDRR STOCKER, Birmingham, manufacturing of sugars from beet- Warw. Gent. ; for improvements in root, and other substances. June 18. machinery for making files.

June —Dec. 18.

25.-Dec. 25.

[graphic]

METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL FOR MAY, 1836; KEPT AT BLACKHEATH ROAD.

Luna-
tion.

Var.

N.E.

Mon.

W.

Day of Month

Barom.

Ther.
Barom. Ther. Thermometer Daily Solar Clouds. Wind. Direction of wind

Rad.
9 A.M. attch. 3 P.M. attch. Min. Max. Temp

A.M.P.MA.M.P.M| A.M. P.M.
Sun. 1 29.931 50° 29.935 52° 31°5 50°641.0 19° 1 29° 5

3 3:
•4

N.E.
Mon. 2 29.975 52 30.040 54 38.6 54.0 46.3 15.4 | 38 | 10 8 5 4 N.E. N.E.
Tues. 3 30.100 | 51 | 29.995 53 39:1 51.5 45.3 12.4 | 3810 94 3 N. b E. n. b E.
Wed. 4 29.824 | 52 | 29.804 54 43.0 55.0 49.0 12.043 10 62 2 NE,

N.E.
Thurs. 5 29.808 53 29.902 54 41.2 54.547.9 13.3 41 10 9 2 2 E. b s.
Friday, 6 30.192 53 30 • 230 55 40.9 57.0 49.0 16:140 7 42 2 E.N.E. N.E.
Satur. 7 30.411 55 30.392 56 40:0 58.249.1 18.2 38 03 2 N.E. N.N.E.
Sun.
8 30•400 56 30.355 57 42.5 58.350•4 15.8 42

2 x b E. N.E.
9 30•378 57 30•350 | 58 42:0 57:149•6 15140

3 2 N.N.E. N.N.E.
Tues. 10 30.339 56 30.314 | 59 | 42.2 / 58.249.2 18.0 38

2 2 N.E. E.N.E.
Wed 11 30•345 55 30.274 61 33.0 64.9 48.9 31.9 31

1 S.W.
Thurs. 12 | 30.346 62 30.350 63 41:9 | 67.054.4 25.138

1 W. W.
Friday, 13 30•480 63 30 • 482 64 40•3 66.5 53•4 26•237 01

W. NW.
Satur. 14 30.665 62 30.680 64 42.0 66.8 54.4 24.8 40

0 1

1 N.N.E. E.
Sun. 15 | 30.700 63 30.650 66 40.6 66.0 53.3 25.4 38 0 10 1 N.N.E. N.E.S. E
Mon. 16 30.665 64 30.606 66 43.5 69.156.3 25.6 40 0 1

N.E. N.E.
Tues. 17 | 30.652 64 30.580 66 | 44.0 | 69.5 56.7 25.5 41

2 2

E.
Wed. 18 30.500 63 30.431 | 66 47.2 65.0 56:1 | 17.8 44

2 2 2
Thurs. 19 30•426 60 30-334 65 48.0 | 59.2 53.6 11.246 7 02 2 ENE.
Friday, 20 30.218 61 30 • 126 66 41.3 66.8 54.1 25.5 38 01 2
Satur. 21 30 132 62 30.150 64 48.5 62.0 55.3 13.5 43

2 2 N.E. E.
Sun.
22 30.112 62 30.045 62 39.154.146.6 15.035

2

E.
Mon. 23 29.984 61 30.030 61 41:4 | 58.0 49.7 16.6 39 93

N.E. E.N.E.
Tues. 24 30.215 60 30.251 | 60 46.5 58.5 52.5 12.0 43

2

N.E. N.N.E.
Wed. 25 30 381 58 30 350 60 41.5 59.4 50•4 17.9 38 2 2

N.E.

N.E.
Thurs. 26 30 440 59 | 30•45160 42.5 57.0 49.7 14.5 40

3 E.N. E. E. b N.
Friday, 27 30.528 58 30.501 60 38.0 | 58.8 48.4 20.8 | 34 03

E.
Satur. 28 30-502 59 30 • 435 60 | 35.6 62.5 49:1 26.9 31 1 52 2 N. E. E.N.E.
SUN. 29 30.439 59 30•420 61 46:1 64.0 55.0 17.943 03 3

N.E. NE.
Mon. 30 30•415 58 30 320 61 41.0 65.2 53:1 24.236 3 42 2

N.E. N.E.
Tues. 31 | 30.225 59 30.109 62 47.0 68.0 58.5 21.0 42 5 3 2 2:31 N.E. E.

Mean | 30•311 | 58 | 30.287 | 60 41:54 60741 51•12 19:20

Cold wind ; cumulus & nimbus, with squalls of sleet.
A heavy gale of wind with rain ; inclement and cold.
Wind very high ; rainy evening; ditto.
Overcast, with showers.

(night.
Heavy showers; clear from 8 to 11 P.M.; stratus at
Cumuli ; air fine and drier; clear night.
Fine and clear, A.M.; cloudy night; cold wind.
Fine; scud; windy; cirrus.
Ditto ditto ditto.
Cloudy at sunrise; fine and clear throughout.
Fine ; cirrus, with haze.
Cloudless.
Ditto.
Clear.
Ditto; a few scattered clouds ; cumuli ; a haze to
Ditto
ditto.

[the westward.
Ditto

ditto.
Stratus, A.M.; very clear, P.m.; a stratus at night.
Scud, A.M.;

ditto; Aurora Borealis at night.
Ditto
ditto

ditto.
Rain fell early, A.M. ; fair; cold wind and haze.
) Windy, with loose scud.

Rain at seven A.M.; evening and night overcast.
Cumuli; mostly clear; cold.
Ditto

ditto.
Clear sky with wind.
Hoar frost at sunrise; cloudless.
Ditto; cold dry wind; cumuli.
Ditto ditto ditto.
Ditto ditto ditto.
Sky turbid, A.M. ; clouds; evening overcast.

E.

E.

E.

E.

E.

E.

Bar. Max, 30 in. • 725 on the 14th.
Bar. Min. 29 in. . 800 5th.

Ther. Max. 69°5 on the 17th.
Ther. Min. 31°5

1st.

Lowest point of Rad. 29°, on the 1st.
Rain fallen 1 in. . 220.

INDEX.

at, 136

ABYSSINIA, elephants, hail, &c., in, 137 Astronomy, popular Course of.
Academy of Sciences, Paris, appointments Stars, fixed, probable distance of, 36

Stars, multiple, 39, 41
Adelaide-Street Gallery, (see Gallery of Stars, observation of the, 161
Practical Science.)

Aurora Borealis at Oxford, 65
Algebra and Geometry, distinction be- Baily, Mr., his memoiron Flamsteed,
tween, 101, 255

Halley, and Newton, 83
Algebraic Signs + and -, origin of, 291 Barometer, remarkable depression of, 270
Altitudes, on the correct mode of measur- Becquerel, M., on electro-chemical decom-
ing, 364

position, 136
Animal heat, new apparatus for examin- Beet-root sugar, manufacture of, 68
ing, 257

Bequest to the ingenious, 340, 398
Animal substances, new mode of preparing, Blood, circulation of the, Professor He-
335

ring on, 29
Antilles, temperature of the, 138

Botanical Rambles near Dovor, 315
Arago, M., questions by, for solution, 328 Books, reviewed :

Atmospheric temperatures, noctur- Artisans and Machinery. By P.
nal, 331

Gaskell, Esq., 123
Calorific action of the solar rays, 330 Astronomical Society, Annual Re-
Mean temperatures in equinoctial

port of, 197
countries, 332

Doctrine of Proportion applied to
Meteorological phenomena, 329

expanding or diminishing drawings, 122
Radiation of the sky, 331

Jerrard's Mathematical Researches,
Temperature of the globe, 329

58
Thermal springs, 333

Minerals and Metals, 59
Arnold and Dent, Messrs., their standard Navier, M. on Railways and Locomo-
clock, 113

tive engines. Translated by M'Neill, 60
Ashmolean Society of Society of Oxford, Optical Investigations. By the Rev.
number of members of, 334

H. S. Johnson, 193
Assay-weights, French, 274

Parnell, Sir H., on the Construction
Astronomical Society, their medal for 1836, of Coaches, 56
276

Perspective Rectified. By Arthur
Number of the Fellows of, 274 Parsey, 195
Astronomy, popular Course of, 33, 161, 368 Ritchie on the Differential and In-

Astronomer and the Universe, 368 tegral Calculus, 63
Clouds, nature of the, 162

Three Addresses to the Society of
Derivation of the term, 161

Literature and Science at Staines. By
Geodesy, science, of, 371

the Rev. R. Jones, D.D., 129
Earth, axis, poles, equator, and me- Simms's Treatise on Mathematical
ridian of the, 371, 372

Instruments, 265
Earth, circumference of the, 168

Student's Cabinet Library, 59
Earth, curvature of the, 167

Young on Algebraic Equations, 59
Earth, density and temperature of Brewster, Sir David, his relation of an
the, 371

incredible experiment, 104
Earth, polar and equatorial diame- Brinkley, Dr., memoir of, 197
ter of the, 168

British Association and the Quarterly
Earth, revolution of the, 369

Review, 97
Earth, spherical form of, 162, 374 Researches of, on geology, 75
Earth, surface and interior of, 370 Sixth Meeting, 401
Earth, the, its vastness, 369

on the Tides, 17, 20
Heavens, changes in the, 33 Brussels, weather at, 273
Kepler's laws, 40

Canton and Macao, temperature of, 66
Latitude and longitude, 372 Cast-iron softened by water, 275
Mythology and astronomy, 34 Caustics, investigation of, 193
Natural science, truths of, 41 Cavern of Guachara described, 356
Nautical astronomy, 370

Chemistry, a popular Course of, 180, 233,
Parallax, the, 37

293
Planets, changes in the, 40

Affinity, 241
Planets, naming of the, 34

Air, decomposition of, 297
Polar Star and Greater Bear, 166

Alchemy, 180, 300

Chemistry, a popular Course of.

Corn, preservation of, in granaries, 212
Alkahest, the, 184

Cross-bill

, the, in Fifeshire, 208
Alkalies, decomposition of, 297 Current-meter, Saxton's, description of,
Amalgam, 241

108
Analysis, 241

Death, uncertainty of the signs of, 273
Animated nature, 185

Dovor, botanical rambles near, 315
Attraction of cohesion, 233

Plants, list of, 316
Capillary attraction, 239

Soil, nature of the, 315
Chemical action, the laws of, 70 Earth's surface, figure of the, in France,
Combustion, supporters of, 294

135
Crystal, origin of the term, 238 Eclipse of the sun, recent, remarks on, 338
Crystallization, 235

Effort, human, instance of, 211
Definite proportions, theory of, 302 Electro-chemical apparatus, new,

69
Distillation, 241

Electró-chemical decomposition, without
Earths, decomposition of, 297

heat, 136
Elements, 293

Experiment, incredible, related by Sir
Elements, the ancient, 294

David Brewster, 104
Elementary substances, 294 Fata Morgana, at Gibraltar, described,
Elements, imponderable, 296

322
Elements, mechanical properties of Fire-proof chest, construction of, 276
the, 294

Flamsteed, Halley, and Newton, Mr.
Elixir of life, 183

Baily's memoir on, 83
Experimental chemistry, 184 Gallery of Practical Science, some account
Filtration, 238

of, 9, 113, 189
Fire not an element, 297

Automatic ship and sea, 190
Gases, properties of the, 294, 300 Cal-oxi-hydrogen microscope, 11
Heat, agency of, 234

Carrara marble figures, 71
Inflammable substances, 295

Circular to provincial societies, 121
Metals named, 181

Combustion of steel, 11
Metals, physical characters of, 295 Compressibility of water, apparatus
Metals, chemical properties of, 296 for showing, 11
Nomenclature, abstract of, 298

Lens, large, 11
Philosopher's stone, the, 180

Magnets at, 11
Porosity and shrinkage, 239

Medal described, 9
Repulsion, 240

Visiters in 1835, 12
Results, familiar chemical, 186, 187 Manby's lecture on saving lives from
Salts, chemical, 236

wrecks, 189
Silver and mercury experiment, 240 Perkins's new steam-boiler, 48
Solids, elementary, 295

Saxton's current-meter, 111
Solution and evaporation, 235

Saxton's magnetic-needle, 192
Sublimation of camphor, 237

Standard clock, by Messrs. Arnold
Synthesis, 241

and Dent, 113
Transmutation, 180

Steam-gun, the, 11
Water, decomposition of, by Caven- Gill, Mr., on steel beads and studs, 42
dish, 297

Geodeesical operations in India, grand, 71
Coach-springs, improvement in, 140 Geology, recent researches in, 73
Coast-survey, national, of the United Agassiz, on, 75
States, 138

Earthquake waves, 82
Comet, the, of 1835, appearances of, 136, Elevation and subsidence of land, 80
242, 248, 249

Fossil fishes, 75
Cometary system, on the, 242

Murchison, Mr., and Professor Sedg-
Comets, eccentricities of, 245

wick, on, 74
Ellipses, 244

Silurian and Cambrian formations,
Identity, 245

74
Number, 246

Geological map of France, 206
Orbits, 247

Geometry and Algebra, on the elementary
Perihelion passage, 250

study of, 100, 251
Return, 243

Euclid, 252, 255
Cometary and Planetary Systems, dis- Mathematics, utility of, 256
tinction of, 247

Powell, Professor, on the theory of
Damoiseau and Pontécoulant on, 249 ratio and proportion, 251

Halley, Encke, and Biela, comets of, Quantities, 254
246

Whewell, Rev. Mr., on Mathe-
Halley's comet, 136, 242, 248, 249 matics, 251
Laplace, on Halley's comet, 248 Gibraltar, fata morgana at, described, 322
Lexel's lost comet, 248

Gold-mines in Lanarkshire, 229

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