Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

flect these properly, he can inflect any number of examples, and by attention to the following rules, he will be able to apply the inflections correctly in reading

1. A period requires the falling inflection, as : “ The Lord knoweth them that are his'," 2 Tim. ii. 19.

2. A loose sentence, that is, a sentence where the sense is not dependent upon, or modified by, sentences that follow, requires the falling inflection, thus : “ For whatsoever things were written aforetime', were written for our learning'; that we, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures', might have hope'," Rom. xv. 4.

3, Negative sentences, or members of negative sentences, require the rising inflection, as: “ Not that I speak in respect of want': for I have learned in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content',” Phil. iv. 11.

4. The commencing part of a sentence requires the rising inflection, thus: “ If Christ be not raised your faith is vain'; ye are yet in your sins!," 1 Cor. xv. 17.

5. A simple commencing series, that is, a sentence whose members consist of single words, is inflected as follows: Of two members, 1'2'; of three, l'23'; four, 1' 2' 3'4'; five, l' 2' 3'4' 5'; six, l' 2' 3'4'5'6'; seven, 1/2 31 4' 5'6' 7'; eight, l' 2' 31 41 59678; nine, l' 2' 3' 4' 5' 6' 7' 8'9'. Example of nine members :

:-“ Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these : Adultery, fornication, uncleanness', lasciviousness', hatred', envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings', and such like": of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things' shall not inherit the kingdom of God,” Gal. v. 19_21. 76. In a simple concluding series, the inflections are reversed, thus : )' 2; 1 2 3'; 1' 2' 3' 4'; 1' 2 3!.4! 5.; J'23' 4!, 5' 6'; 1'2' 3'4' 5' 6' 7'; 1' 234 4° 5! 6 7 8; 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9Example of nine members: “ The fruit of the Spirit is love', joy', peace', long-suffering, gentleness, goodness', faith', meekness', temperancel: against such there is no law,” Gal. v. 22–23.

Note.—If the commencing series consist of more than nine members, the first three have the falling inflection, the second three, the rising inflection, and so on alternately.

Theo tuncluumg strios is reversodan 7. In a compound coinmencing series, that is, a sentence whose members consist of two or more words, every member except the last, has the failing inflection, thus : Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true', whatsoever things are honest', whatsoever things are just', whatsoever things are pure', whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report'; if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise', think on these things'," Phil. iv. 8.

8. In a compound concluding series, every member except the last but one, has the falling inflection, thus : “ To one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom'; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit'; to another faith by the same Spirit";

[ocr errors]

to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit'; to another the working of miracles'; to another prophecy'; to another discerning of spirits'; to another divers kinds of tongues'; to another the interpreta. tion of tongues'," 1 Cor. xii. 8-10.

9. Questions asked by verbs require the rising inflection, as : “Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize ? So run, that ye may obtain," 1 Cor. ix. 24.

10. But when the question refers to two (or more) objects taken disjunctively, the first has the rising, the last the falling inflection, as : “ Is Christ divided'? was Paul crucified for you'? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul ?" I Cor. i. 13.

11. Questions asked by adverbs require the falling inflection, as : “ Where is the wise'? where is the scribe'? wliero is the dispuler of this wualdi, hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world! ?" 1 Cor. i. 20.

12. Questions asked by relative pronouns require the falling inflection, as : “ Who hath believed our report'?” and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed'? Isa. lüïi. l.

13. The first member of an antithesis, requires the rising inflection, as : “ The lip of truth shall be established for ever': but a lying tongue is but for a moment'," Prov, xii. 19.

14. The rising inflection takes place at a concession, thus: “I know, O Lord, that thy judgments are right', and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me', Ps. cxix. 75. Righteous art thou, O Lord,

when I plead with thee' ; yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments': Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously' ?” Jer. xii. 1.

15. The circumflex (that is the union of both inflections upon the same syllable) is used to express irony, as: “And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said', Cry aloûd; for he is a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or peradventure he sleepeth', and must be awâked',” 1 Kings xviii. 27. “ And Job answered and said, No doubt but yê are the people, and wisdom shall diě with you,” Job xii. 1, 2.

16. A parenthesis should be pronounced more rapidly and lower than the rest of the sentence, as : “ For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but (as it is in truth) the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe,” i Thes. ii. 13.

17. Climax requires an increasing energy of voice and earnestness of manner, corresponding with the nature and gradual unfolding of the subject, as : “ And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the Lord. And, behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains', and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord'; but the Lord' was not in the wind'; and after the wind an earthquake'; but the Lord' was not in the earthquake': And after the earthquake a fire, but the

Lord' was not in the fire'; and after the fire a still small voice'," 1 Kings xix. 11, 12, “ For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the first-born' among many brethren'. Moreover, whom he did predestinate', them he also called'; and whom he called', them he also justified'; and whom he justified', them he also glorified'. For I am per. suaded, that neither death', nor life', nor angels', nor principalities', nor powers', nor things present', nor things to come', nor height', nor depth, nor any other creature', shall be able to separate us from the love of God', which is in Christ Jesus' our Lord'," Rom. viii. 29, 30, 38, 39.

18. Exclamation.-- An exclamation should be de. livered with force and feeling, like to a climax, thus: “O the depth of the riches' both of the wisdom' and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments', and his ways' past finding out' !” Rom.

xi. 33.

[ocr errors]

Note. A climax and exclamation are inflected in the same manner as other sentences similarly constructed.

19. The monotone, or sameness of sound, is re, quired in some solemn and sublime passages ; but as there is no definite rule for its application, the judgment of the Elocutionist imụst be his director. In passages similar to the following one it may be used with propriety:-“I beheld the ēarth, and lo, it was without form and võid ; and the hēavens, and they had no līght: I beheld the mountains, and lo, they trēmbled, and all the hills moved lightly.... I

« AnteriorContinuar »