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SUGAR-CANE AT WOLLONGBAR EXPERIMENTAL FARM. THROTGII the courtesy of the Colonial Sugar Coy., a number of canes grown at the Government Esperimental Farm were analysed at the Broadwater Mill, Richmond River. The results, which are given below, are stated by Me. Guthrie, the Departmental Chemist, to be interesting and satisfactory, the effect of the application of lime being well shown in the case of the Chenoma variety :

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mths. White Bamboo

14 Green Tanna

134 Violet ...

141 Hope...

131 Queensland ...

14 Striped Tanna

14 Lahaina

141 Sabsoiled to a depth of

Cheribon (Lord

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Island) ...

15
Louzier ...
Chemija ..
Moore's Purple

... ...
Morris Seedling
Mahoaovu ...
Black Tanna

Chenoma ...
Subsoiled and lime applied
12 cwt. per acre ... ... Chenoma

| Cheribon (L Но

Island) ... Land broken to 6 inches in

depth ... ... ... Striped Tanna ... ... 14

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TREE-PLANTING IN CAPE COLONY, To show the importance attached to forest lands in Cape Colony, the Department of Agriculture of that Colony, as a result of a resolution of the House of Assembly, have offered a series of prizes for plantations of forest trees, subject to conditions which are published in the Agricultural Journal of Cape Colony. There are three prizes of amounts not exceeding £500, £300, and £200, for first, second, and third prizes respectively. The awards will be made by the Secretary for Agriculture upon the report of a committee of Judges, consisting of two Forest Officers and one competent assessor. The plantation, excluding roads, fire-paths, watercourse, rocks, or other ground unsuitable for planting, shall contain not less than 100,000 forest timber trees, planted or sown in one block, which, however, must be subdivided into compartments by fire-belts. If the block be shaped as a band or shelter-belt, its narrowest part shall not be less than 100 yards. The trees shall be spaced at an average distance of not less than 3 ft. X 3 ft. apart (= 4,810 per acre), nor more than 6 ft. x 7 ft. apart (= 1,037 per acre). Trees standing closer than 3 ft. x 3 ft, apart will be reckoned at 4,810 per acre. Trees planted sparser than 6 ft. x 7 ft., or averaging less than 1,000 per acre when inspected by the Judge, will be excluded from the competition. The plantation must be clean and regular, the trees evenly distributed, and efficiently

protected against danger by fire or grazing. Where the plantation consists of more than one species, each species shall be planted in separate groups, unless there be some sylvicultural reasons for mixing the species. Any competitor may, on application to the Secretary for Agriculture, obtain the advice of the Forest Department as to site for planting, the preparation of the ground, the species and grouping of trees, fire protection, &c. The Forest Department will be prepared to supply seeds and transplants at its tarif rates. Planting accepted for competition must be at least three and not more than six years old, from seed, and have reached the stage of clean stems and close canopy.

The above conditions have been somewhat fully reproduced in order to show the method of working the competition. It will be seen that a considerable amount of intelligence and Tabour will have to be expended in order to succeed in winning either of the prizes, and for at least three years. What would, however, appear to be the most important point for digestion by landowners in Australia is the fact that the Government of Cape Colony has found it necessary to take a step of the kind. It is to be hoped that the present waste of our forest timber will cease, and that steps will be taken by individuals to reafforest even to a small extent. There is no doubt the continuous and repeated droughts of later years are to a great extent caused by the unnecessary clearings of forest lands, and, at the least, landowners should leave or plant trees on roadsides through their land.

125

AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES SHOWS, 1996.

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1896. Society.

Secretary.

Date. Dapto A. and H. Society ... ...

... A. B. Chippindale Jan. 7, 8 Albion Park A. and H. Association

... T. Armstrong ... „ 15, 16 Kiama Agricultural Association ...

... J. Somerville ... , 23, 24 Gosford A. and H. Association ...

... W. McIntyre ... » Wollongong A., H., and I. Association

... J. A. Beatson ... , Berry Agricultural Association ...

... A. J. Colley ... Feb. 6, 7 Shoalhaven A, and H. Association

T.C. Kennedy... , Ulladulla Agricultural Association

C. A. Cork ... Cobargo A., P., and H. Society ... ...

... T. Kennelly ... » Berrigan A. and H. Society ...

... R. Drummond... Kangaroo Valley A. and H. Association... .. ... H. Joyce ... „ 21, 22 Southern New England P. and A. Association (Uralla) J. D. Leece ... Tumut A. and P. Association ... ... ... ... N. Emanuel Alstonville and Richmond River F., C., A., and H. Society ...

... ... ... ... ... H. R. Elvery ... , 25, 26 Candelo A., H., and Dairy Farmers' Association ... J. H. Brooks ... „ 25, 26 Camden A., H., and I. Society ... ... ... ... W. S. Cranfield , 26, 27, 28 Lithgow A., H., and P. Society ...

... T. Asher ... , 27, 28 Manning River A. and H. Association (Taree) ... ... W. Plummer ... , 27, 28 Robertson Agricultural Society ... .

.., R. G. Ferguson Mar. 3, 4 Bega A., P., and H. Society ... ... ... ... J. Underhill ... „ 4, 5 Inverell P. and A. Association ...

... J. M'Ilveen ... , 5, 6, 7 Luddenham A. and H. Society ...

... R. G. Megarrity „, 10, 11 Tumbarumba and Upper Murray P. and A. Society ... W. Williams ... , 10, 11 Berrima District (Moss Vale) A., H., and I. Society ... J. Yeo ... ... , 10, 11, 12 Tenterfield I., P., A., M., and H. Society ... ... F. W. Hoskin ... » 11, 12, 13 Goulbum A., P., and H. Society ... ...

... J. J. Roberts ... , 12, 13 Cumnock P., A., and H. Association ... ... ... T. Howard ... , 17 Armidale and New England P., A., and H. Association W. H. Allingham

18, 19 Port Macquarie and Hastings District A. and H. Society ... ... ... ...

... J. Y. Butler ... Gundagai P. and A. Society ...

... A. Elworthy ... , 19, 20 Lismore A. and I. Society ... ...

... W. Moses Crookwell P. and A. Association ...

... H. J. Peard ... , 19, 20 Cooma P. and A. Association ...

W.M.Madgwick , 25, 26 Blayney P. and A. Association ...

... J. Clements ... , 26, 27 Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales ... F. Webster ... April 1 to 7 Castle Hill and District A. and H. Association... ... F. H. G. Rogers , 6, 7 Cudal A. and P. Society .. .. .. ... ... C. Schramme ... 8,9 National Pomological Society ...

... H. R. Whittell.. „ 15(about) Molong P. and A. Society ... ...

... W. M. Betts ... , 15 Upper Hunter P. and A. Association (Muswellbrook)... D. H. Allan ... ,, 15, 16 Bathurst A., H., and P. Association

... W. G. Thompson , 15, 16, 17 * Namoi P., A., and H. Association (Narrabri)... ... J. Riddle ... , 15, 16, 17 Warialda P, and A. Association ... ... ... ... W. B. Geddes... ,, 22, 23 Upper Manning (Wingham) A. and H. Association ... P. Doust ... , 23, 24 Hunter River A. and H. Association (West Maitland)... W. C. Quinton , 22, 23, 24 Macleay A., H., and I. Association ... ... ... H. R. Gray ... , 22, 23, 24

Wor

* Abandoned in consequence of drought.

126

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Society.

Secretary.

Date. Richmond River A., H., and P. Society (Casino) ... J. T. Tandy ... April 23, 24 Liverpool Plains P., A., and H. Association (Tamworth) A. M.Leod ... , 28, 29 Clarence P. and A. Society (Grafton) ... ... ... J. C. Wilcox ... ,, 28, 29 Wellington P., A., and H. Association ... ... ... R. Porter ... , 30, Mayl Dubbo P. and A. Association ... ... ... ... H. Junckton ... May 4, 5 Moree P. and A. Society (late Gwydir P. and Society, Moree)... ...

... S. L. Cohen ... „ 6,7 Hawkesbury District Agricultural Association... ... C. S. Guest ... 9, 10, 11 Coonamble P. and A. Association...

... F. R. Salt ... , 13, 14 Walgett P. and A. Association ...

... T. Clarke ... , 27, 28 Cobar P, and A. Association

... W. Redford ... June 3, 4

(about) Warren P. and A. Association

... F. C. Tompison... June 4, 5 Brewarrina P. and A. Association

.. H. Loraine Cathie , Urana P. and A. Society...

... C. N. Culley ... July 18, 19 Hay P. Association ... ... ..

... T. W. Blanche.. , 23, 24 Mossgiel District P. Association ...

... A. D. M‘Innes... y 30 (about) Lachlan P. and A. Association ...

... T. Cadell ... , 31 Mossgiel District P. Association ...

... A. D. M'Innes.. Aug. 5 Forbes P., A., and H. Association

... W. G. Dowling , 6, 7 Northern A. Association ...

.. C. Poppenhagen y 19, 20 Temora A., H., and I. Association ...

... W. H. Tulmar... , 29, 30 Cootamundra P. and A. Association

... T. Williams ... Sept. 9, 10 Albury and Rorder (Albury) P., A., and H. Society ... G. E. Mackay.. , 10, 11 Burrangong (Young) P. and A. Aseociation ... ... C. Wright ... , 16, 19

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Secretaries of Societies are asked to forward dates of forthcoming Shows as EOOD as decided.

[3 Plates.)

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By Authority :
SYDNEY : CHARLES POTTER, GOVERNMENT PRINTER

1896.
[1s. for a Single Number, or 108. per Annum.]

118111-95-6 (a)

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