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EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT SERIES 276
Signed at Montevideo July 21, 1942.
October 22, 1942.
ton December 2, 1942.
December 3, 1942.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
APR 5 '43
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
WHEREAS section 350(a) of the Tariff Act of 1930 of the Congress of the United States of America, as amended by the Act of June 12, 1934, entitled "AN ACT To amend the Tariff Act of 1930" (48 Stat. 943; U.S.C., 1940 ed., title 19, sec. 1351(a)), provides as follows:
"Sec. 350. (a) For the purpose of expanding foreign markets for the products of the United States (as a means of assisting in the present emergency in restoring the American standard of living in overcoming domestic unemployment and the present economic depression, in increasing the purchasing power of the American public, and in establishing and maintaining a better relationship among various branches of American agriculture, industry, mining, and commerce) by regulating the admission of foreign goods into the United States in accordance with the characteristics and needs of various branches of American production so that foreign markets will be made available to those branches of American production which require and are capable of developing such outlets by affording corresponding market opportunities for foreign products in the United States, the President, whenever he finds as a fact that any existing duties or other import restrictions of the United States or any foreign country are unduly burdening and restricting the foreign trade of the United States and that the purpose above declared will be promoted by the means hereinafter specified, is authorized from time to time
“(1) To enter into foreign trade agreements with foreign governments or instrumentalities thereof; and
“(2) To proclaim such modifications of existing duties and other import restrictions, or such additional import restrictions, or such continuance, and for such minimum periods, of existing customs or excise treatment of any article covered by foreign trade agreements, as are required or appropriate to carry out any foreign trade agreement that the President has entered into hereunder. No proclamation shall be made increasing or decreasing by more than 50 per centum any existing rate of duty or transferring any article between the dutiable and free lists. The proclaimed duties and other import restrictions shall apply to articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of all foreign
countries, whether imported directly, or indirectly: Prorided, That the President may suspend the application to articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of any country because of its di riminatory treatment of American commerce or because of other acts or policies which in his opinion tend to defeat the purpos set forth in this section; and the proclaimed duties and other import restrictions shall be in effect from and after such time as is specified in the proclamation. The President may at
any time terminate any such proclamation in whole or in part.” WHEREAS the period within which the President of the United States of America is authorized to enter into trade agreements under the said section 350(a) was extended by Joint Resolutions of Congress approved March 1, 1937 and April 12, 1940 (48 Stat. 944, 50 Stat. 24, 54 Stat. 107; U.S.C., 1940 ed., title 19, sec. 1352(c));
WHEREAS I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, have found as a fact that certain existing duties and other import restrictions of the United States of America and the Oriental Republic of Uruguay are unduly burdening and restricting the foreign trade of the United States of America and that the purpose declared in the above-quoted provisions of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended, will be promoted by a trade agreement between the United States of America and the Oriental Republic of Uruguay;
WHEREAS reasonable public notice of the intention to negotiate such trade agreement was given and the views presented by persons interested in the negotiation of such agreement were received and considered;
WHEREAS, after seeking and obtaining information and advice with respect thereto from the United States Tariff Commission, the Departments of State, Agriculture, and Commerce, and from other sources, I entered into a Trade Agreement on July 21, 1942, through my duly empowered Plenipotentiary, with the President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, through his duly empowered Plenipotentiary, which Agreement, including two Schedules annexed thereto, in the English and Spanish languages, is in words and figures as follows: