Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

grass very much. Upon the way over I had fed them with ship biscuits, rubbed into powder and mixed with water. For many years I made a good deal of money by showing my tiny animals

to different people and I finally sold them for six hundred 5 pounds.

HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions How did Gulliver arrive at the Why did he not use his strength land of the Lilliputians?

against his enemies ? How was he received by them? What did he decide to do? How did Gulliver prove that he | What great discovery did Gullidid not wish to hurt them?

ver make at Blefuscu? What arrangements did they What provisions did he store in make for his comfort:

the boat? On what conditions was he given What are we told about the eduhis liberty?

cation of children in Lilliput? What great service did he render Why did the people consider the people of Lilliput?

deceit worse than stealing? What did he refuse to do?

What did they think of a person How did the Emperor feel to- who returned evil for good ?

ward him after his refusal? Why were not all the people of How did Gulliver learn of the Lilliput good when they had plot against him?

such good laws ?

Words and Phrases for Study
PRONUNCIATION:
Lil'-li-pūt
ŭn-fôrt'-ū-nāte

fôrt-night
Lil-li-pū’-tians (shăns) court'-iers (yers) pri'-vate-lý
sûr'-geon (jun)

waist'-coat (wāst'-cot) trāi'-tor ru'-ined (roo'-ind) îm-pē'-ri-al

ăd'-mi-rā'-tion reign (rān)

bê-hāv'-ior (yēr) thē'-å-tre (tēr) grā'-cioŭs-lì (shủs) learn'-ěd

ěn-gi-neer' VOCABULARY:

réad'-i-ness — quickness; promptness.
hos'-pï-tăl'-i-ty-kind entertainment of guests or strangers.

ôr’-di-nā-rý - common; usual; customary.
WORDS AND PHRASES:
graciously''

"the Emperor and his train”). “personage!

"confounded with astonishment' “Imperial Majesty'

"a capital crime"

BOOK FOUR

ROBINSON CRUSOE

DANIEL DEFOE

HOW I WENT TO SEA AND WAS SHIPWRECKED

I was born at York, in England, on the First of March, 1632. From the time when I was quite a young child I had felt a great wish to spend my life at sea, and as I grew, so did this taste grow more and more strong; till at last on September 1st, 1651, I ran 5 away from my school and home, and found my way on foot to Hull, where I soon got a place on board a ship.

Never any young adventurer's misfortunes began sooner or continued longer than mine, for when we were far out at sea,

some Turks in a small ship came on our track in full chase. 10 After a long pursuit our vessel was captured and all on board were taken as slaves.

The chief of the Turks took me as his prize to a port which was held by the Moors. There I remained in slavery for several

years, and bitterly did I repent my rash act in leaving my good 15 parents in England.

At length I found an opportunity to escape to a vessel that was passing by and was kindly received by the captain, who proved to be an English sailor bound on a voyage of trade.

I had not been aboard more than twelve days, when a high 20 wind took us off we knew not where. All at once there was a

cry of “Land !” and the ship struck on a bank of sand, in which she sank so deep that we could not get her off. At last we found that we must make up our minds to leave her, and get to shore as

well as we could. There had been a boat at her stern, but we 25 found it had been torn off by the force of the waves. One small boat was still left on the ship's side, so we got in it.

There we were all of us on the wild sea. The heart of each now grew faint, our cheeks were pale, and our eyes were dim, for there was but one hope, and that was to find some bay, and so get in the lee of the land.

The sea grew more and more rough, and its white foam would curl and boil till at last the waves, in their wild sport, burst on 5 the boat's side, and we were all thrown out.

I could swim well, but the force of the waves made me lose my breath too much to do so. At length one large wave took me to the shore, and left me high and dry, though half dead with

fear. I got on my feet and made the best of my way for the 10 land; but just then the curve of a huge wave rose up as higii

as a hill, and this I had no strength to keep from, so it took me back to the sea. I did my best to float on the top, and held my breath to do so. The next wave was quite as high, and shut me up

in its bulk. I held my hands down tight to my sides, and then 15 my head shot out at the top of the waves. This gave me breath, and soon my feet felt the ground.

I stood quite still for a short time, to let the sea run back from me, and then I set off with all my might to the shore, but yet the waves caught me, and twice more did they take me back, and twice more land me on the shore. I thought the last wave would have been the death of me, for it drove me on a piece of rock, and with such force as to leave me in a kind of swoon. I soon regained my senses and got up to the cliffs close to the

shore, where I found some grass, out of the reach of the sea. 25 There I sat down, safe on land at last.

I felt so wrapt in joy, that all I could do was to walk up and down the coast, now lift up my hands, now fold them on my breast and thank God for all that He had done for me, when the

rest of the men were lost. All lost but I, and I was safe! I now 30 cast my eyes round me, to find out what kind of place it was

that I had been thus thrown in, like a bird in a storm. Then all the glee I felt at first left me; for I was wet and cold, and had no dry clothes to put on, no food to eat, and not a friend to

help me. 35 I feared that there might be wild beasts here, and I had no

20 2

[ocr errors]

gun to shoot them with, or to keep me from their jaws. I had but a knife and a pipe.

It now grew dark; and where was I to go for the night? I thought the top of some high tree would be a good place to keep 5 me out of harm's way; and that there I might sit and think of

death, for, as yet, I had no hopes of life. Well, I went to my tree, and made a kind of nest to sleep in. Then I cut a stick to keep off beasts of prey, in case any should come, and fell to

sleep just as if the branch I lay on had been a bed of down. 10 When I woke up it was broad day; the sky too was clear and

the sea calm. But I saw from the top of the tree that in the night the ship had left the bank of sand, and lay but a mile from me. I soon threw off my clothes, took to the sea, and swam up

to the wreck. But how was I to get on deck? I had gone 15 twice around the ship, when a piece of rope caught my eye, which

hung down from her side so low that at first the waves hid it. By the help of this rope I got on board.

HOW I MADE AND USED A RAFT I found that there was a bulge in the ship, and that she had sprung a leak. You may be sure that my first thought was to 20 look around for some food, and I soon made my way to the bin

where the bread was kept, and ate some of it as I went to and fro, for there was no time to lose. What I stood most in need of was a boat to take the goods to shore. But it was vain to wish for that

which could not be had; and as there were some spare yards in 25 the ship, two or three large planks, and a mast or two, I fell to work with these to make a raft.

I put four spars side by side, and laid short bits of plank on them, cross-ways, to make my raft strong. Though these

planks would bear my own weight, they were too slight to bear 30 much of my freight. So I took a saw which was on board, and

cut a mast in three lengths, and these gave great strength to the raft. I found some bread and rice, a Dutch cheese, and some dry goat's flesh.

My next task was to screen my goods from the spray of the sea; and this did not take long, for there were three large chests · on board which held all, and these I put on the raft.

“See, here is a prize!” said I, out loud (though there was 5 none to hear me); “now I shall not starve.” For I found four

large guns. But how was my raft to be got to land ? I had no sail, no oars; and a gust of wind would make all my store slide off. Yet there were three things which I was glad of—a calm

sea, a tide which set in to the shore, and a slight breeze to blow 10 me there. .

I had the good luck to find some oars in a part of the ship in which I had made no search till now. With these I put to sea, and for half a mile my raft went well; but soon I found it

driven to one side. At length I saw a creek, up which, with some 15 toil, I took my raft.

I saw that there were birds on the isle, and I shot one of them. Mine must have been the first gun that had been heard there since the world was made; for, at the sound of it, whole flocks of birds

flew up, with loud cries, from all parts of the wood. The shape 20 of the beak of the one I shot was like that of a hawk, but the claws were not so large.

I now went back to my raft to land my stores, and this took up the rest of the day. What to do at night I knew not, nor

where to find a safe place to land my stores on. I did not like to 25 lie down on the ground, for fear of beasts of prey, as well as

snakes, but there was no cause for these fears, as I have since found. I put the chests and boards round me as well as I could, and made a kind of hut for the night.

As there was still a great store of things left in the ship 30 which would be of use to me, I thought that I ought to bring

them to land at once; for I knew that the first storm would break up the ship. So I went on board, and took good care this time not to load my raft too much.

The first thing I sought for was the tool chest; and in it were 35 some bags of nails, spikes, saws, knives, and such things; but

« AnteriorContinuar »