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The same sun that saw the Spartan

Shed his patriot blood in vain, Now beheld the soul of freedom,

All unconquered, rise again.

See! See! The dense crowd quivers

Through all its lengthy line, As the boy beside the portal

Looks forth to give the sign! With his little hands uplifted,

Breezes dallying with his hair, Hark! with deep, clear intonation,

Breaks his young voice on the air.

Hushed the people's swelling murmur,

List the boy's exultant cry! “Ring!” he shouts, “ring ! grandpa,

Ring! oh, ring for Liberty !” Quickly at the given signal

The old bell-man lifts his hand, Forth he sends the good news, making

Iron music through the land.

How they shouted! What rejoicing !

How the old bell shook the air, Till the clang of freedom ruffled

The calmly gliding Delaware ! How the bonfires and the torches

Lighted up the night's repose, And from the flames, like fabled Phønix, Our glorious Liberty arose !

8 That old State House bell is silent,

Hushed is now its clamorous tongue;

But the spirit it awakened

Still is living-ever young;
And when we greet the smiling sunlight

On the Fourth of each July,
We will ne'er forget the bell-man

Who, betwixt the earth and sky,
Rung out loudly, “Independence;"

Which, please God, shall never die!

HELPS TO STUDY Historical: In June, 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia offered a resolution in Congress, "that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states.” This motion was seconded by John Adams of Massachusetts and carried on July 2.

John Adams, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, and Robert Livingston of New York were chosen to draw up a declaration which should contain this resolution. The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by Congress July 4, 1776.

The old State House, Philadelphia, in which Congress met, is now known as Independence Hall.

Notes and Questions Where did the events related in, mentioned by the people ? this story take place?

| What reason had the people for What city is meant by the thinking that the nation's life

"quaint old Quaker town''? 1 was “at hazard”, that is, in Where were the people of the danger . city gathered ?

What portal is referred to in the Why were they so excited ?

fourth stanza? To what is the pressure of the What is a patriot?

people against the building | Who were the Spartans? compared ?

For what did they fight? How many people are represented What did the ringing of the bell

as speaking in the third stanza? tell to the people? How do you know this?

How did they show their joy? Why are the sentences in this Why should we remember the stanza so short ?

bell-man on the “Fourth of Why are Adams and Sherman each July''?

Words and Phrases for Study PRONUNCIATION: tū'-múlt sweat

hăz'-ard

chămo-or-ous quāint tūr'-bū-lent pa-tri-ốt

fā'-bled (b'la) Qnāk'-er sti'-fing

dăl’-ly-ing Phe'nix (fē’-niks) VOCABULARY: bleak---cold and cutting. děnse-close; compact; thick.

rē-pose'-quiet; rest; calm. WORDS AND PHRASES: "bleak Atlantic currents” "turbulent with sound"

“Spartan’-a native of Sparta, one of the states of ancient Greece. At the battle of Thermopylæ three hundred Spartans under Leonidas held a narrow pass against a large Persian army, until every Spartan was slain,

“Phønix'-a bird which the ancient Egyptians believed visited their country once in several hundred years. They thought this bird burned itself to death and from its ashes sprang a new Phænix.

THE OLD OAKEN BUCKET

SAMUEL WOODWORTH Samuel Woodworth (1785-1842), an American poet and editor, was born in Scituate, Massachusetts. He was a printer by trade. He wrote patriotic songs, but of all his writings the “Old Oaken Bucket” is best liked.

1
How dear to my heart are the scenes of my childhood,

When fond recollection presents them to view!
The orchard, the meadow, the deep tangled wild-wood,

And every loved spot which my infancy knew;
The wide-spreading pond, and the mill that stood by it;

The bridge and the rock where the cataract fell;
The cot of my father, the dairy-house nigh it,

And e'en the rude bucket which hung in the well: The old oaken bucket, the iron-bound bucket,

The moss-covered bucket which hung in the well.

That moss-covered vessel I hail as a treasure;

For often, at noon, when returned from the field,
I found it the source of an exquisite pleasure,

The purest and sweetest that nature can yield.
How ardent I seized it, with hands that were glowing,

And quick to the white-pebbled bottom it fell;
Then soon, with the emblem of truth overflowing,

And dripping with coolness, it rose from the well : The old oaken bucket, the iron-bound bucket,

The moss-covered bucket arose from the well.

3
How sweet from the green mossy brim to receive it,

As poised on the curb, it inclined to my lips !
Not a full blushing goblet could tempt me to leave it,

Though filled with the nectar which Jupiter sips;
And now, far removed from thy loved situation,

The tear of regret will intrusively swell, As fancy reverts to my father's plantation,

And sighs for the bucket which hangs in the well: The old oaken bucket, the iron-bound bucket,

The moss-covered bucket which hangs in the well.

HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions What “scenes” of his childhood | How does the poet describe the does the poet remember?

bottom of the well? What words does he use to de: | What does this tell you of the scribe the bucket?

depth of the well ? On what part of the bucket did What does the poet say is the the moss grow?

emblem of truth? When did the boy find greatest How did the boy drink from the

pleasure in the old oaken bucket? bucket

What does the poem tell us could What do you think he did in the not tempt the boy to leave the field

old oaken bucket?

Words and Phrases for Study. PRONUNCIATION: dai-ly ēx'-qui-sìte

rěc-õl-lēc'-tion în-tru’-sive-ly (tro) něc'-tår

Jū-pi-ter (300) VOCABULARY:

-grět'-longing; sorrow.

glow'-ing—warm with exercise. WORDS AND PHRASES: “tangled wildwood.

exquisite pleasure" “rude bucket”

"infancy' "intrusively swell”

“The cot of my father'' “blushing goblet”—a goblet filled with wine which would give a

red color to the glass. Jupiter”—The Romans believed in many gods and goddesses. The

chief of all their gods was called Jupiter. “nectar'—the name given by the Greek poets to the drink of the

gods. It was supposed to resemble red wine.

WOODMAN, SPARE THAT TREE

GEORGE P. MORRIS George P. Morris (1802-1864) was born in Philadelphia. He was an editor and a poet and was connected with a number of newspapers in New York City. His poems and songs are particularly pleasing.

1
WOODMAN, spare that tree !

Touch not a single bough;
In youth it sheltered me,

And I'll protect it now.
'Twas my forefather's hand

That placed it near his cot;
There, woodman, let it stand;

Thy ax shall harm it not:

That old familiar tree,
Whose glory and renown

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